Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. A Proposal for a Bohmian Ontology of Quantum Gravity.Antonio Vassallo & Michael Esfeld - 2013 - Foundations of Physics (1):1-18.
    The paper shows how the Bohmian approach to quantum physics can be applied to develop a clear and coherent ontology of non-perturbative quantum gravity. We suggest retaining discrete objects as the primitive ontology also when it comes to a quantum theory of space-time and therefore focus on loop quantum gravity. We conceive atoms of space, represented in terms of nodes linked by edges in a graph, as the primitive ontology of the theory and show how a non-local law in which (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • In Defense of the Metaphysics of Entanglement.David Glick & George Darby - forthcoming - In David Glick, George Darby & Anna Marmodoro (eds.), The foundation of reality: Fundamentality, space, and time. Oxford University Press.
    Quantum entanglement has long been thought to be have deep metaphysical consequences. For example, it has been claimed to show that Humean supervenience is false or to involve a novel form of ontological holism. One way to avoid confronting the metaphysical consequences is to adopt some form of antirealism. In this paper we discuss two prominent strands in recent literature—wavefunction realism and “Super-Humeanism”—that appear quite different, but, as we see it, are instances of a more general strategy. In effect, what (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Against Fields.Dustin Lazarovici - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (2):145-170.
    Using the example of classical electrodynamics, I argue that the concept of fields as mediators of particle interactions is fundamentally flawed and reflects a misguided attempt to retrieve Newtonian concepts in relativistic theories. This leads to various physical and metaphysical problems that are discussed in detail. In particular, I emphasize that physics has not found a satisfying solution to the self-interaction problem in the context of the classical field theory. To demonstrate the superiority of a pure particle ontology, I defend (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities.László E. Szabó - unknown
    In 1935 Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) published an important paper in which they claimed that the whole formalism of quantum mechanics together with what they called ``Reality Criterion'' imply that quantum mechanics cannot be complete. That is, there must exist some elements of reality that are not described by quantum mechanics. There must be, they concluded, a more complete description of physical reality behind quantum mechanics. There must be a state, a hidden variable, characterizing the state of affairs in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Individuality and the Account of Non-Locality: The Case for the Particle Ontology in Quantum Physics.Michael Esfeld - unknown
    The paper explains why an ontology of permanent point particles that are individuated by their relative positions and that move on continuous trajectories as given by a deterministic law of motion constitutes the best solution to the measurement problem in both quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. This case is made by comparing the Bohmian theory to collapse theories such as the GRW matter density and the GRW flash theory. It is argued that the Bohmian theory makes the minimal changes, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Nature of Einstein's Objections to the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Michel Paty - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (1):183-204.
    In what follows, I examine three main points which may help us to understand the deep nature of Einstein's objections to quantum mechanics. After having played a fundamental pioneer role in the birth of quantum physics, Einstein was, as is well known, far less enthusiastic about its constitution as a quantum mechanics and, since 1927, he constantly argued against the pretention of its founders and proponents to have settled a definitive and complete theory. I emphasize first the importance of the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Fine Ways to Fail to Secure Local Realism.Soazig Le Bihan - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (2):142-150.
    Since he proved his theorem in 1982, Fine has been challenging the traditional interpretation of the experimental violation of the Bell Inequalities. A natural interpretation of Fine's theorem is that it provides us with an alternative set of assumptions on which to place blame for the failure of the BI, and opens to a new interpretation of the violation of the BI. Fine has a stronger interpretation for his theorem. He claims that his result undermines the traditional interpretation in terms (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Is the World Objective?Shantena Augusto Sabbadini - 2014 - Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):107-116.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics.Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 10.1007/S10701-008-9259-4 39 (1):20-32.
    Contrary to the widespread belief, the problem of the emergence of classical mechanics from quantum mechanics is still open. In spite of many results on the ¯h → 0 asymptotics, it is not yet clear how to explain within standard quantum mechanics the classical motion of macroscopic bodies. In this paper we shall analyze special cases of classical behavior in the framework of a precise formulation of quantum mechanics, Bohmian mechanics, which contains in its own structure the possibility of describing (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • On the Paradoxical Book of Bell.Marek Żukowski - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):566-575.
  • On the Paradoxical Book of Bell.Marek Żukowski - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (3):566-575.
  • Rigid Body Motion in Special Relativity.Jerrold Franklin - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (12):1489-1501.
    We study the acceleration and collisions of rigid bodies in special relativity. After a brief historical review, we give a physical definition of the term ‘rigid body’ in relativistic straight line motion. We show that the definition of ‘rigid body’ in relativity differs from the usual classical definition, so there is no difficulty in dealing with rigid bodies in relativistic motion. We then describe The motion of a rigid body undergoing constant acceleration to a given velocity.The acceleration of a rigid (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • On the Limitations and Promise of Quantum Theory for Comprehension of Human Knowledge and Consciousness.Carl S. Helrich - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):543-566.
  • Quantum-Realistic Interpretation.C. F. von Weizsäcker & Th Görnitz - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (3):311-321.
    1. Realism. Physicists claim rightly to speak about reality. But what does “reality” mean?2. The Copenhagen Interpretation (CI). We consider CI as a minimal semantics for quantum theory, leaving ways open for additional interpretation.3. The Measuring Process. Several interpretations of the process as given in the liteature are discussed.4. Realistic Interpretation. Discussion of the de Broglie-Bohm-Bell interpretation. If well formulated, it is not a necessary consequence of quantum theory but cannot be excluded.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Quantum Mechanics and Paradigm Shifts.Valia Allori - 2015 - Topoi 34 (2):313-323.
    It has been argued that the transition from classical to quantum mechanics is an example of a Kuhnian scientific revolution, in which there is a shift from the simple, intuitive, straightforward classical paradigm, to the quantum, convoluted, counterintuitive, amazing new quantum paradigm. In this paper, after having clarified what these quantum paradigms are supposed to be, I analyze whether they constitute a radical departure from the classical paradigm. Contrary to what is commonly maintained, I argue that, in addition to radical (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics.Valia Allori & Nino Zanghì - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (1):20-32.
    Contrary to the widespread belief, the problem of the emergence of classical mechanics from quantum mechanics is still open. In spite of many results on the ¯h → 0 asymptotics, it is not yet clear how to explain within standard quantum mechanics the classical motion of macroscopic bodies. In this paper we shall analyze special cases of classical behavior in the framework of a precise formulation of quantum mechanics, Bohmian mechanics, which contains in its own structure the possibility of describing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Basis Logic for Application in Physics and Its Intuitionistic Alternative.Paul Weingartner - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1578-1596.
    This article proposes a basic logic for application in physics dispensing with the Principle of Excluded Middle. It is based on the article “Matrix Based Logics for Application in Physics (RMQ) which appeared 2009. In his article with Stachow on the Principle of Excluded Middle in Quantum Logic (QL), Peter Mittelstaedt showed that for some suitable QLs, including their own, the Principle of Excluded Middle can be added without any harm for QL; where ‘without any harm for QL’ means that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Classical-Like Description of Quantum Dynamics by Means of Symplectic Tomography.Stefano Mancini, Vladimir I. Man'ko & Paolo Tombest - 1997 - Foundations of Physics 27 (6):801-824.
    The dynamical equations of quantum mechanics are rewritten in the form of dynamical equations for the measurable, positive marginal distribution of the shifted, rotated, and squeezed quadrature introduced in the so-called “symplectic tomography”. Then the possibility of a purely classical description of a quantum system as well as a reinterpretation of the quantum measurement theory is discussed and a comparison with the well-known quasi-probabilities approach is given. Furthermore, an analysis of the properties of this marginal distribution, which contains all the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Causal Interpretation of the Modified Klein-Gordon Equation.P. N. Kaloyerou - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (10-12):1413.
    A consistent causal interpretation of the Klein-Gordon equation treated as a field equation has been developed, and leads to a model of entities described by the Klein-Gordon equation, i.e., spinless, massive bosons, as objectively existing fields. The question arises, however, as to whether a causal interpretation based on a particle ontology of the Klein-Gordon equation is also possible. Our purpose in this article will be to indicate, by making what we believe is a best possible attempt at developing a particle (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Chaos Meets Quantum Mechanics: Possible Nonlinear Vindication of Einstein's Arguments: Paradoxes of the Copenhagen Interpretation: Nonlinear Parallels.Wm C. McHarris - 2007 - Complexity 12 (4):12-18.
  • The Universal and the Local in Quantum Theory.Tim Maudlin - 2015 - Topoi 34 (2):349-358.
    Any empirical physical theory must have implications for observable events at the scale of everyday life, even though that scale plays no special role in the basic ontology of the theory itself. The fundamental physical scales are microscopic for the “local beables” of the theory and universal scale for the non-local beables. This situation creates strong demands for any precise quantum theory. This paper examines those constraints, and illustrates some ways in which they can be met.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • On the Meaning of the Relativity Principle and Other Symmetries.Harvey R. Brown & Roland Sypel - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (3):235 – 253.
    Abstract The historical evolution of the principle of relativity from Galileo to Einstein is briefly traced, and purported difficulties with Einstein's formulation of the principle are examined and dismissed. This formulation is then compared to a precise version formulated recently in the geometrical language of spacetime theories. We claim that the recent version is both logically puzzling and fails to capture a crucial physical insight contained in the earlier formulations. The implications of this claim for the modern treatment of general (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Information Self-Organization and Consciousness—Towards a Holoinformational Theory of Consciousness.Francisco Biasdie & Mario Sergio Rocha - 1999 - World Futures 53 (4):309-327.
    (1999). Information self‐organization and consciousness—towards a holoinformational theory of consciousness. World Futures: Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 309-327.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Coming From Material Reality.Miguel Ferrero & J. L. Sánchez-Gómez - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (2):199-212.
    In a previous essay we demonstrated that quantum mechanical formalism is incompatible with some necessary principles of the mechanism conception still dominant in the physicist’s community. In this paper we show, based on recent empirical evidence in quantum physics, the inevitability of abandoning the old mechanism conception and to construct a new one in which physical reality is seen as a representation which refers to relations established through operations made by us in a world that we are determining. This change (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Limitations of the Projection Postulate.L. E. Ballentine - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (11):1329-1343.
    The projection postulate, which prescribes “collapse of the state vector” upon measurement, is not an essential part of quantum mechanics. Rather it is only an optional discarding of certain branches of the state vector that are expected to be irrelevant for the purpose at hand. However, its use is hazardous, and there are examples of repeated measurements for which the conventional application of the projection postulate leads to incorrect results.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Réalité et physique.Bernard D'Espagnat - 1989 - Dialectica 43 (1‐2):157-172.
    ResumeLes avancées que la physique a effectuées au cours de notre siècle rendent intertables beaucoup des vues de la philosophie réaliste traditionnelle. Mais ce n'est pas à dire que la position réaliste, conçue au sens large, doive, ou même puisse, être abandonée. Le texte vise à montrer qu'il n'en est rien. Plus précisément il cherche àétablir que l'idée ? une réalité dont l'existence ne relève pas de l'esprit humain demeure une idée nécessaire, qu'il est même légitime de concevoir une telle (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Retrodiction in Quantum Mechanics, Preferred Lorentz Frames, and Nonlocal Measurements.O. Cohen & B. J. Hiley - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (12):1669-1698.
    We examine, in the context of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm gedankenexperiment, problems associated with state reduction and with nonlocal influences according to different interpretations of quantum mechanics, when attempts are made to apply these interpretations in the relativistic domain. We begin by considering the significance of retrodiction within four different interpretations of quantum mechanics, and show that three of these interpretations, if applied in a relativistic context, can lead to ambiguities in their description of a process. We consider ways of dealing with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Global Equilibrium as the Foundation of Quantum Randomness.Detlef Dürr, Sheldon Goldstein & Nino Zanghí - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (5):721-738.
    We analyze the origin of quantum randomness within the framework of a completely deterministic theory of particle motion—Bohmian mechanics. We show that a universe governed by this mechanics evolves in such a way as to give rise to the appearance of randomness, with empirical distributions in agreement with the predictions of the quantum formalism. Crucial ingredients in our analysis are the concept of the effective wave function of a subsystem and that of a random system. The latter is a notion (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • On Bell, Suarez-Scarani, and Leggett Experiments: Reply to a Comment by Marek Żukowski in [Found. Phys. 38:1070, 2008].Antoine Suarez - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (2):156-159.
    It is shown that the before-before (or Suarez-Scarani) experiment refutes hidden variable models with a deterministic (“realistic”) nonlocal part, whereas experiments violating Leggett-type inequalities refute models with biased random local part. Therefore the claim that Gröblacher et al. (Nature 446:871–875, 2007) present “an experimental test of nonlocal realism” is misleading, and Marek Żukowski’s (Found. Phys. 38:1070, 2008) comment misses the point. A new experiment is suggested.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Generalization of the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger Algebraic Proof of Nonlocality.Robert K. Clifton, Michael L. G. Redhead & Jeremy N. Butterfield - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (2):149-184.
    We further develop a recent new proof (by Greenberger, Horne, and Zeilinger—GHZ) that local deterministic hidden-variable theories are inconsistent with certain strict correlations predicted by quantum mechanics. First, we generalize GHZ's proof so that it applies to factorable stochastic theories, theories in which apparatus hidden variables are causally relevant to measurement results, and theories in which the hidden variables evolve indeterministically prior to the particle-apparatus interactions. Then we adopt a more general measure-theoretic approach which requires that GHZ's argument be modified (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Spatial Localization in Quantum Theory Based on Qr-Numbers.John Corbett & Thomas Durt - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (6):607-628.
    We show how trajectories can be reintroduced in quantum mechanics provided that its spatial continuum is modelled by a variable real number (qr-number) continuum. Such a continuum can be constructed using only standard Hilbert space entities. In this approach, the geometry of atoms and subatomic objects differs from that of classical objects. The systems that are non-local when measured in the classical space-time continuum may be localized in the quantum continuum. We compare trajectories in this new description of space-time with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Relating Bell’s Local Causality to the Causal Markov Condition.Gábor Hofer-Szabó - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1110-1136.
    The aim of the paper is to relate Bell’s notion of local causality to the Causal Markov Condition. To this end, first a framework, called local physical theory, will be introduced integrating spatiotemporal and probabilistic entities and the notions of local causality and Markovity will be defined. Then, illustrated in a simple stochastic model, it will be shown how a discrete local physical theory transforms into a Bayesian network and how the Causal Markov Condition arises as a special case of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Effect of the Relative Motion of Atoms on the Frequency of the Emitted Light and the Reinterpretation of the Ives-Stilwell Experiment.C. I. Christov - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (6):575-584.
    We examine the process of the emission of light from an atom that is in a relative translational motion with respect to the medium at rest in which the electromagnetic excitations propagate. The effect of Lorentz contraction of the of electron orbits on the emitted frequency is incorporated in the Rydberg formula, as well as the emitter’s Doppler effect is acknowledged. The result is that the frequency of the emitted light is modified by a factor that is identical with what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Effect of Spontaneous Collapses on Neutrino Oscillations.Sandro Donadi, Angelo Bassi, Luca Ferialdi & Catalina Curceanu - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (9):1066-1089.
    We compute the effect of collapse models on neutrino oscillations. The effect of the collapse is to modify the evolution of the spatial part of the wave function and we will show that this indirectly amounts to a change on the flavor components. For the analysis we use the mass proportional CSL model, and perform the calculation to second order perturbation theory. As we will show, the CSL effect is very small—mainly due to the very small mass of neutrinos—and practically (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Local Causality and Completeness: Bell Vs. Jarrett. [REVIEW]Travis Norsen - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (3):273-294.
    J.S. Bell believed that his famous theorem entailed a deep and troubling conflict between the empirically verified predictions of quantum theory and the notion of local causality that is motivated by relativity theory. Yet many physicists continue to accept, usually on the reports of textbook writers and other commentators, that Bell’s own view was wrong, and that, in fact, the theorem only brings out a conflict with determinism or the hidden-variables program or realism or some other such principle that (unlike (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Interpretation of the Quantum Formalism and Bell's Theorem.Emilio Santos - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (2):221-241.
    It is argued that quantum mechanics must be interpreted according to the Copenhagen interpretation. Consequently the formalism must be used in a purely operational way. The relation between realism, hidden variables, and the Bell inequalities is discussed. The proof of impossibility of local hidden-variables theories (Bell's theorem) is criticized on the basis that the quantum mechanical states violating local realism are not physically realizable states.“Einstein had great difficulty in reaching a sharp formulation of Bohr's meaning. What hope then for the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Bell’s Inequality Tests with Meson–Antimeson Pairs.A. Bramon, R. Escribano & G. Garbarino - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (4):563-584.
    Recent proposals to test Bell’s inequalities with entangled pairs of pseudoscalar mesons are reviewed. This includes pairs of neutral kaons or B-mesons and offers some hope to close both the locality and the detection loopholes. Specific difficulties, however, appear thus invalidating most of those proposals. The best option requires the use of kaon regeneration effects and could lead to a successful test if moderate K0 and k̄0 detection efficiencies are achieved.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Quantum Optical Predictions inQ Representation for Bell's Type Experiments.Miguel Ferrero & T. W. Marshall - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (11):1315-1321.
    Using the Q representation, we study the disagreement between quantum optical formalism and local realism and we show that the phenomenon of enhancement, first revealed by the local realist analysis, could receive a simple explanation if we use this particular version of the quantum formalism. Nevertheless, some fundamental difficulties remain.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Manifesting the Quantum World.Ulrich Mohrhoff - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (6):641-677.
    In resisting attempts to explain the unity of a whole in terms of a multiplicity of interacting parts, quantum mechanics calls for an explanatory concept that proceeds in the opposite direction: from unity to multiplicity. Being part of the Scientific Image of the world, the theory concerns the process by which (the physical aspect of) what Sellars called the Manifest Image of the world comes into being. This process consists in the progressive differentiation of an intrinsically undifferentiated entity. By entering (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Einstein’s Boxes: Incompleteness of Quantum Mechanics Without a Separation Principle.Carsten Held - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1002-1018.
    Einstein made several attempts to argue for the incompleteness of quantum mechanics, not all of them using a separation principle. One unpublished example, the box parable, has received increased attention in the recent literature. Though the example is tailor-made for applying a separation principle and Einstein indeed applies one, he begins his discussion without it. An analysis of this first part of the parable naturally leads to an argument for incompleteness not involving a separation principle. I discuss the argument and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Humean Supervenience, Composition as Identity and Quantum Wholes.Claudio Calosi & Matteo Morganti - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (6):1173-1194.
    In this paper, we focus on two related reductive theses in metaphysics—Humean Supervenience and Composition as Identity—and on their status in light of the indications coming from science, in particular quantum mechanics. While defenders of these reductive theses claim that they can be updated so as to resist the quantum evidence, we provide arguments against this contention. We claim that physics gives us reason for thinking that both Humean Supervenience and Composition as Identity are at least contingently false, as the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Measurement and “Beables” in Quantum Mechanics.Jeffrey Bub - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (1):25-42.
    It is argued that the measurement problem reduces to the problem of modeling quasi-classical systems in a modified quantum mechanics with superselection rules. A measurement theorem is proved, demonstrating, on the basis of a principle for selecting the quantities of a system that are determinate (i.e., have values) in a given state, that after a suitable interaction between a systemS and a quasi-classical systemM, essentially only the quantity measured in the interaction and the indicator quantity ofM are determinate. The theorem (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Sraffa's Mathematical Economics: Aconstructive1 Interpretation.K. Vela Velupillai - 2008 - Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (4):325-342.
    The claim in this paper is that Sraffa employed a rigorous logic of mathematical reasoning in his book, Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities (PCC), in such a way that the existence proofs were constructive. This is the kind of mathematics that was prevalent at the beginning of the nineteenth century, which was dominated by the concrete, the constructive and the algorithmic. It is, therefore, completely consistent with the economics of the nineteenth century, which was the fulcrum around which (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • An Analysis of Stapp’s “A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables”.Abner Shimony - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (1):61-72.
    H.P. Stapp has proposed a number of demonstrations of a Bell-type theorem which dispensed with an assumption of hidden variables, but relied only upon locality together with an assumption that experimenters can choose freely which of several incompatible observables to measure. In recent papers his strategy has centered upon counterfactual conditionals. Stapp’s paper in American Journal of Physics, 2004, replies to objections raised against earlier expositions of this strategy and proposes a simplified demonstration. The new demonstration is criticized, several subtleties (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • A Generalized Definition of Bell’s Local Causality.Gábor Hofer-Szabó & Péter Vecsernyés - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    This paper aims to implement Bell’s notion of local causality into a framework, called local physical theory, which is general enough to integrate both probabilistic and spatiotemporal concepts and also classical and quantum theories. Bell’s original idea of local causality will then arise as the classical case of our definition. First, we investigate what is needed for a local physical theory to be locally causal. Then we compare local causality with Reichenbach’s common cause principle and relate both to the Bell (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Re-Thinking Local Causality.Simon Friederich - 2015 - Synthese 192 (1):221-240.
    There is widespread belief in a tension between quantum theory and special relativity, motivated by the idea that quantum theory violates J. S. Bell’s criterion of local causality, which is meant to implement the causal structure of relativistic space-time. This paper argues that if one takes the essential intuitive idea behind local causality to be that probabilities in a locally causal theory depend only on what occurs in the backward light cone and if one regards objective probability as what imposes (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • What Does Noise Do to the Bell Inequalities?Trevor W. Marshall - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (2):209-219.
    We show that a semiclassical theory which takes account of vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field is capable of giving a fully local realist description of the coincidence data from atomic-cascade experiments. Such a theory explains, in a unified manner, why there is a natural upper limit on detector efficiency, and also why, for certain values of the “hidden” variables, there is enhancement of the detection efficiency.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Introduction: Space–Time and the Wave Function.Albert Solé & Carl Hoefer - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3055-3070.
  • Weak Measurements From the Point of View of Bohmian Mechanics.C. R. Leavens - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (3):469-491.
    The theory of weak measurements developed by Aharonov and coworkers has been applied by them and others to several interesting problems in which the system of interest is both pre- and post-selected. When the probability of successful post-selection is very small the prediction for the weak value of the measured quantity is often “bizarre” and sometimes controversial, lying outside the range of possibility for a classical system or for a quantum system in the absence of post-selection (e.g. negative kinetic energies (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Two-Prism Experiment and Wave-Particle Duality of Light.Partha Ghose & Dipankar Home - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (7):943-953.
    A number of papers on wave-particle duality has appeared since the two-prism experiment was performed by Mizobuchi and Ohtake, based on a suggestion by Ghose, Home, and Agarwal. Against this backdrop, the present paper provides further clarification of the key issues involved in the analysis of the two-prism experiment. In the process, we present an overview of wave-particle duality vis-a vis Bohr's complementarity principle.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation