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Nicholas Bardsley (2005). Experimental Economics and the Artificiality of Alteration.

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  1.  10
    Artificiality, Reactivity, and Demand Effects in Experimental Economics.Maria Jimenez-Buedo & Francesco Guala - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (1):3-23.
    A series of recent debates in experimental economics have associated demand effects with the artificiality of the experimental setting and have linked it to the problem of external validity. In this paper, we argue that these associations can be misleading, partly because of the ambiguity with which “artificiality” has been defined, but also because demand effects and external validity are related in complex ways. We argue that artificiality may be directly as well as inversely correlated with demand effects. We also (...)
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  2.  14
    How Validity Travelled to Economic Experimenting.Floris Heukelom - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (1):13-28.
    Validity was first given a more specifically scientific meaning by psychologists in the early twentieth century in the contexts of psychological tests. Following the classification of different validity-types in the American Psychological Association's Technical Recommendations, validity travelled from psychological tests to psychological experiments through the work of Donald Campbell. Thus the idea was introduced that also experiments could be more or less valid. In addition, a distinction was made between the internal and the external validity of an experiment. Of the (...)
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    External Validity and Libraries of Phenomena: A Critique of Guala's Methodology of Experimental Economics.Martin K. Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):247-271.
    Francesco Guala has developed some novel and radical ideas on the problem of external validity, a topic that has not received much attention in the experimental economics literature. In this paper I argue that his views on external validity are not justified and the conclusions which he draws from these views, if widely adopted, could substantially undermine the experimental economics enterprise. In rejecting the justification of these views, the paper reaffirms the importance of experiments in economics.
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  4.  7
    Implementing Theoretical Models in the Laboratory, and What This Can and Cannot Achieve.Stefania Sitzia & Robert Sugden - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (4):323-343.
    We investigate the methodology used in a significant genre of experimental economics, in which experiments are designed to test theoretical models by implementing them in the laboratory. Using two case studies, we argue that such an experiment is a test, not of what the model says about its target domain, but of generic theoretical components used in the model. The properties that make a model interesting as a putative explanation of phenomena in its target domain are not necessarily appropriate for (...)
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  5.  23
    Sociality and External Validity in Experimental Economics.Nicholas Bardsley - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (2):119-138.
    It is sometimes argued that experimental economists do not have to worry about external validity so long as the design sticks closely to a theoretical model. This position mistakes the model for the theory. As a result, applied economics designs often study phenomena distinct from their stated objects of inquiry. Because the implemented models are abstract, they may provide improbable analogues to their stated subject matter. This problem is exacerbated by the relational character of the social world, which also sets (...)
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  6.  36
    The Pitfalls of Deducing Ethics From Behavioral Economics: Why the Association of American Medical Colleges Is Wrong About Pharmaceutical Detailing.Thomas Huddle - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):1-8.
    The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) is urging academic medical centers to ban pharmaceutical detailing. This policy followed from a consideration of behavioral and neuroeconomics research. I argue that this research did not warrant the conclusions drawn from it. Pharmaceutical detailing carries risks of cognitive error for physicians, as do other forms of information exchange. Physicians may overcome such risks; those determined to do so may ethically engage in pharmaceutical detailing. Whether or not they should do so is a (...)
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  7.  27
    On the Autonomy of Experiments in Economics.Martin K. Jones - 2008 - Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (4):391-407.
    Most methodological discussion in experimental economics has been pursued by justifying the use of experiments as theory?testing vehicles. More recently, it has also been argued that the external validity of experiments requires the use of non?experimental field studies. Therefore, it has been proposed, experiments are intermediaries between theories and field evidence. In this paper it is argued that this picture of experiments is mistaken in the general case and that experiments can be justifiably undertaken as autonomous vehicles of discovery, independently (...)
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    Setting the Scene with 'Firms' and 'Workers'.Fredrik Hansen - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):339-352.
    Two articles contributing to the experimental research about incomplete contracts are analyzed in this paper. Especially interesting is their use of the terms ?firms? and ?workers?, although the experiments were performed on students only given information that they were participating in general market experiments. A framework based on Mäki (2004) is used both to emphasize what we aim to explain, and by which we explain. Also the concepts of internal and external validity are important. By showing that the articles refer (...)
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    The 'Materials' of Experimental Economics: Technological Versus Behavioral Experiments.Ana C. Santos - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):311-337.
    In the natural sciences there is a general consensus on the epistemic value conferred by the participation of the ?material world? in the experimental process of knowledge production. This is no different in experimental economics. However, an inquiry into the epistemic role of the ?materials? of economics is still underdeveloped. The present paper is meant as a contribution to this inquiry. Two categories of experiments are identified according to the differentiated role of the ?materials? of economics. It is argued that (...)
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