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Simulacra and Simulation

University of Michigan Press (1981)

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  1. Nimes-Caissargues Rest Area: A Garden for Non-Dwellers.Malcolm Woollen - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (2):153-172.
    This article addresses a project by Bernard Lassus, a celebrated French landscape architect, for a rest area on a highway outside Nimes, France. Using this project as a lens, it asks whether a tourist can approach any sense of Heidegger’s concept of dwelling. It goes on to inquire about fresh visions of places, citing familiar modernist approaches and postmodern ones advocated by Lyotard. After dealing with cultural differences in the promotion of tourist sites, it attempts to dissect Lassus’s motives and (...)
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  • The Immigrant Has No Proper Name: The Disease of Consensual Democracy Within the Myth of Schooling.Carl Anders Säfström - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (5-6):606-617.
    In this article I discuss the role of the immigrant in Swedish society and especially how such a role is construed through what I call the myth of schooling, that is, the normalization of an arbitrary distribution of wealth and power. I relate this myth to the idea of consensual democracy as it is expressed through an implicit idea of what it means to be Swedish. I not only critique the processes through which immigrants are discriminated against or excluded from (...)
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  • "There's Nothing Like the Real Thing". Revisiting the Need for a Third-Order Cybernetics.V. Kenny - 2009 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (2):100-111.
    Purpose: To argue for the need to generate a third - order cybernetics to deal with the problematics of second- order cybernetics. Problem: The recent exponential increase in the use of the internet and other "media" to influence and shape dominant cultural experiences via "virtual reality" exploits a core facility of human psychology - that of being able to accept " substitutions " for the " Real Thing." In this paper, I want to raise some basic questions and dilemmas for (...)
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  • When Organization Theory Met Business Ethics: Toward Further Symbioses.Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens & Andreas Georg Scherer - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (4):643-672.
    Organization theory and business ethics are essentially the positive and normative sides of the very same coin, reflecting on how human cooperative activities are organized and how they ought to be organized respectively. It is therefore unfortunate that—due to the relatively impermeable manmade boundaries segregating the corresponding scholarly communities into separate schools and departments, professional associations, and scientific journals—the potential symbiosis between the two fields has not yet fully materialized. In this essay we make a modest attempt at establishing further (...)
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  • The Specter of AIDS: Testimonial Activism in the Aftermath of the Epidemic.Claire Laurier Decoteau - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (3):230 - 257.
    Reporting on a study of activists living with HIV/AIDS who give testimonials of their experiences with the disease in various educational settings, this article employs the notion of 'haunting' as a means of analyzing the effect of social justice activism in the "aftermath" of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Because of a shift in both the discursive construction of AIDS and the material symptoms of the disease (due to widespread availability of anti-retroviral medication), the signified of AIDS is "out of joint" with (...)
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  • Call for Papers: Special Issue of Journal of Critical Realism on Health and Wellbeing.Leigh Price - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (5):545-547.
    Many people no longer trust mainstream science. It seems reasonable to assume that this unfortunate state of affairs - which...
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  • Simulating the World: The Digital Enactment of Pandemics as a Mode of Global Self-Observation.Sven Opitz - 2017 - European Journal of Social Theory 20 (3):392-416.
    If the twentieth century was the age of the world picture taken as a photograph of the Whole Earth from outer space, today’s observations of the planet are produced by means of computer simulation. Pandemic models are of paramount sociological interest in this respect, since modelling contagion is closely intertwined with modelling the material connectivities of social life. By envisioning the global dynamics of disease transmission, pandemic simulations enact the relationscapes of a transnational world. This article seeks to analyse such (...)
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  • Introduction.Jennifer Nado - unknown
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  • Closing Traps: Emotional Attachment, Intervention and Juxtaposition in Cosplay and International Relations.Katarina H. S. Birkedal - 2019 - Journal of International Political Theory 15 (2):188-209.
    This article explores the everyday emotional attachments to martial discourses through the embodiment of popular culture representations of war bodies in cosplay. In cosplay – the creatio...
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  • Freeze, Wait, Reanimate: Cryonic Suspension and Science Fiction.Grant Shoffstall - 2010 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 30 (4):285-297.
    This essay takes as its chief point of departure Jacques Ellul’s contention that imaginative treatments of malevolent technology in antitechnological science fiction, by way of inviting rejection, refusal, dismissal, or condemnation, conspire in facilitating human acceptance of and adjustment to technology as it otherwise presently is. The author extends Ellul’s argument to accounts of cryonic suspension, or “cryonics,” the practice of freezing human corpses, by way of gradually subjecting them, at the moment of legal death, to extremely low temperatures in (...)
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  • Intelligent Island Discourse: Singapore’s Discursive Negotiation With Technology.Alwyn Lim - 2001 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 21 (3):175-192.
    The small nation-state of Singapore has increasingly been referred to in the popular media as the Intelligent Island of the future. With significant state investment in the promotion and dissemination of information-communications technology and attendant social ramifications, this has become an area that can no longer be ignored or taken for granted. This article intends to map the conditions of possibility on which Singapore can be conceived of as an Intelligent Island, in situating the role of information technology and Intelligent (...)
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  • Technology and Institutions: A Critical Appraisal of GIS in the Planning Domain.Raul P. Lejano - 2008 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 33 (5):653-678.
    GIS has captured planning practice to an unprecedented degree, and this article on how it reconfigures and is configured by institutional context. The author inquires into GIS as a technology for incorporating knowledge into institutional use and includes five propositions: GIS's efficiencies in data processing allows it unprecedented facility and scope of analysis, its use increases alienation, its mimetic language furthers its role in planning, its logic appears rational—purposive, but it conceals an underlying normative logic, and its most profound effect (...)
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  • Can the Worlds Be Changed? On Ethics and the Multicultural Dream.Charles Lemert - 2004 - Thesis Eleven 78 (1):46-60.
    Multiculturalism is, among other things, an attitude toward values - hence, an ethic of a kind. The question it poses, however, is what kind of ethics are possible when it is assumed that the one world culture that stood behind classical social ethics no longer pertains. The issue binds most strictly when it is further assumed that social ethics entail political commitments to change the worlds. Hence, the practical consideration of whether or not plural worlds of incommensurable values allow for (...)
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  • Introduction to the Special Issue on Science Fiction.Andrew Milner & Sean Redmond - 2015 - Thesis Eleven 131 (1):3-11.
    This introduction to a special issue of Thesis Eleven devoted to science fiction begins by exploring the way the genre has been handled by German and French critical theory and their Anglophone equivalents. It proceeds to a discussion of the historical sociology of the genre and, thence, to an account of what it terms the dialectic of science fiction endangerment. Finally, it concludes with a brief overview of the various contributions to the issue.
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  • Crisis and Critique in Jürgen Habermas’s Social Theory.Rodrigo Cordero - 2014 - European Journal of Social Theory 17 (4):497-515.
    At a time when ideas of crisis and critique are at the forefront of public discourse, this article seeks to understand moments of crisis vis-à-vis critique as a key feature of critical social theory. It addresses Jürgen Habermas’s strong claim that this relationship accounts for a ‘model of analysis’ concerned with grasping the ‘diremptions’ of social life. To elaborate this reading, the article pays attention to the main problems Habermas identifies in conventional ways of understanding the concepts of ‘crisis’ and (...)
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  • Revenants: The Visible Human Project and the Digital Uncanny.Catherine Waldby - 1997 - Body and Society 3 (1):1-16.
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  • Challenges And Pressures Of Mediated Images: Exploring Representation Of Postmodern Women In The Leading Magazines Of Pakistan And Understanding The Discourses Of Working Women.Sumera Batool & Sadia Majeed - 2019 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 19:217-238.
    The study deals with the media representation of women in the post-modern era and the pressures they face by such mediated images. The study has explored the nature of identities being represented for women in magazines and has also discussed the challenges and pressures that are being faced by women in building and maintaining their own social identities. The critical issue of the feminist research has rectified the appropriateness between the constructed images of a woman, and the challenges and pressure (...)
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  • Dystopia, Gerontology and the Writing of Margaret Atwood.Helen Snaith - 2017 - Feminist Review 116 (1):118-132.
    Old age and visions of the future are inherently bound with one another, and the realms of dystopian fiction provide scope for a gerontological focus within contemporary literature. A theme that is now being revisited in speculative fiction, this paper aims to assess the role of the elderly within Margaret Atwood's dystopian tales, specifically looking at the role of gerontology in her collection of short stories Stone Mattress: Nine Wicked Tales. I argue that Atwood utilises the dystopian narrative in order (...)
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  • The Limits of Computation: A Philosophical Critique of Contemporary Big Data Research.Anton Törnberg & Petter Törnberg - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (2).
    This paper reviews the contemporary discussion on the epistemological and ontological effects of Big Data within social science, observing an increased focus on relationality and complexity, and a tendency to naturalize social phenomena. The epistemic limits of this emerging computational paradigm are outlined through a comparison with the discussions in the early days of digitalization, when digital technology was primarily seen through the lens of dematerialization, and as part of the larger processes of “postmodernity”. Since then, the online landscape has (...)
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  • The Urban Geographical Imagination in the Age of Big Data.Taylor Shelton - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (1).
    This paper explores the variety of ways that emerging sources of data are being used to re-conceptualize the city, and how these understandings of what the urban is shapes the design of interventions into it. Drawing on work on the performativity of economics, this paper uses two vignettes of the ‘new urban science’ and municipal vacant property mapping in order to argue that the mobilization of Big Data in the urban context doesn’t necessarily produce a single, greater understanding of the (...)
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  • A Critique of Baudrillard's Hyperreality: Towards a Sociology of Postmodernism.Anthony King - 1998 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (6):47-66.
    Through the critical examination of Baudrillard's concept of hyperreality, this article seeks to make a wider contribution to contempor ary debates about postmodernism. It draws on a post-Cartesian, Heideg gerian philosophy to demonstrate the weakness of the concept of hyperreality and reveal its foundation in a Cartesian epistemology. The article goes on to claim that this same Heideggerian tradition suggests a way in which the concept of hyperreality and nihilistic postmodern sociologies more generally might be dialectically superseded. Instead of these (...)
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  • Forgetting and Remembering Alienation Theory.Chris Yuill - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (2):103-119.
    Alienation theory has acted as the stimulus for a great deal of research and writing in the history of sociology. It has formed the basis of many sociological ‘classics’ focused on the workplace and the experiences of workers, and has also been mobilized to chart wider social malaise and individual troubles. Alienation theory usage has, however, declined significantly since its heyday of the 1960s and 1970s. Here, the reasons why alienation theory was ‘forgotten’ and what can be gained by ‘remembering’ (...)
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  • Who Speaks and Who Replies in Human Science Scholarship?Kenneth Gergen - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (3):151-173.
    Intelligibility in the human sciences, as elsewhere, is born of tradition. The present inquiry is into the traditions currently deployed in the human sciences to achieve credibility. In particular, how are we to understand the character of voice in human science writings such that they achieve rhetorical power, and how do these writings variously position their readers? Four traditions of voice are identified: the mys tical, the prophetic, the mythic and the civil. These modes of annunci ation are contrasted with (...)
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  • Metaphysical Reduction of Necessity : A Modified Account.Pak Him Lai - unknown
    This thesis investigates the metaphysical nature of necessity. My study focuses primarily on the reduction of metaphysical necessity and the question of whether a necessary truth can be reductively defined. Theodore Sider develops a new reductive account of metaphysical necessity. Unfortunately, the multiple realizability problem posed by Jonathan Schaffer undermines the credibility of Sider’s account. This underlies my motivation to search for a revised Siderian account of necessity. On this basis, I propose a modified version of Sider’s account and argue (...)
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  • Ecstatic Parenting: The ‘Shareveillant’ and Archival Subject and the Production of the Self in the Digital Age.Kip Kline - 2020 - Ethics and Education 15 (4):464-475.
    ABSTRACT This article situates the recent concept of ‘sharenting’ in relation to the literature on the ‘parenting culture’. Jean Baudrillard’s notion of the ecstatic is then introduced and used as a lens through which to understand and critique this contemporary parenting culture. The discussion that follows covers: ways in which social media contribute to the development of new iterations of the individual subject and their relationship to parenting culture; the congruence between those forms of subjectivity and Baudrillard’s notion of the (...)
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  • After Postmodernism in Educational Theory?Manfred Man-fat Wu - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1406-1407.
  • Fatal Objects: Lacan in Baudrillard Vol 2.Francesco Proto - unknown
    Jean Baudrillard's 3rd simulation stage reinterpreted through the theory of architecture, Marxism and Jaques Lacan.
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  • COVID – 19: A Critical Ontology of the Present1.Moulay Driss El Maarouf, Taieb Belghazi & Farouk El Maarouf - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (1):71-89.
    COVID-19 has crowned1 a number of other disasters, causing panic to click into place and horror to becom...
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  • Nowhere ǁ Erewhon.David R. Cole - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (3):255-264.
    What is nowhere? Is it a non-place that has been created by the disappearance of distinct identities in the spread of standardised, global capitalism? Or has it come about as a result of colonialisation and the separation of indigenous cultures from their lands, and their replacement with vacuous, colonised, globalised non-places? This article suggests that ‘nowhere’, which was satirically entitled, ‘Erewhon’ by Samuel Butler due to the inverted action of machines, is still being created today, but by the combined forces (...)
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  • Good AI for the Present of Humanity.Nicholas Kluge Corrêa & Mariana Dalblon - manuscript
    There is a link between critical theory and some genres of literature that may be of interest to the current debate on AI ethics. While critical theory generally points out certain deficiencies in the present to criticize it, futurology, and literary genres such as Cyber-punk, extrapolate our current condition into possible dystopian futures to criticize the status quo. Given the advance of the AI industry in recent years, an increasing number of ethical matters have been pointed and debated, and we (...)
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  • Subjectivity of Western Personality: Limits of Rationality.Olga Poroshenko - 2020 - Postmodern Openings 11 (3):318-331.
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  • Space Buddhism: The Adoption of Buddhist Motifs in Star Wars.Christian Feichtinger - 2014 - Contemporary Buddhism 15 (1):28-43.
    The Star Wars film-series has been an unprecedented commercial success in the history of cinema and has made a huge cultural impact. This is not least because of its creator George Lucas making wide use of religious and mythological elements, in his search for a new spiritual and moral guidance for a young audience. In this process, Lucas also adopts Buddhist symbols, values, and ideas in his concept of the order of the Jedi and their spirituality. These include sitting meditation, (...)
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  • Chéng Hào.Wai Ying Wong - 2014 - In Berkshire dictionary of Chinese biography (volume 2) = 宝库山中华传记字典 (第二冊). Berkshire Publishing Group. pp. 620-630.
    Cheng Hao was a Confucian thinker during the Song dynasty. He strove to restore and reconstruct classical Confucianism. Although his theses were inherited from the Confucian classic, including the Anatects, Mencius, the Classic of Changes, and the Doctrine of the Mean, his interpretations offer learners new insight and perspective in understanding Confucianism. He and his younger brother, Cheng Yi, are commonly referred to as the “Two Chengs” for their parallel efforts in laying the groundwork of Neo-Confucianism.
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  • “MY NAME IS DANNY”: Indigenous Animation as Hyper-Realism.Jennifer L. Biddle - 2015 - Angelaki 20 (3):105-113.
    This paper offers a close reading of PAW Media animation My Name is Danny. Drawing across a growing body of recent Central and Western Desert experimental cinema, this paper asks what is at stake in the turn to animation. Rather than escapism or otherworldly fabrications which have little to do with lived experience of the “real,” animation in this context has potent everyday exigencies and politics. The capacity for bringing to life literally – animate – is here linked to the (...)
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  • Negotiating Durable Solutions for Refugees: A Critical Space for Semiotic Analysis.Georgia Cole - 2016 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 29 (1):9-27.
    Despite the proliferation of specialised agencies designed to reduce the prevalence of refugees worldwide, the number of individuals fleeing persecution is increasing year on year as endemic violence in countries such as Iraq, Somalia and the Syrian Arab Republic continues. As a result, media broadcasts and political dialogues are saturated with discussions about these “persons of concern”. Fundamental questions nonetheless remain unanswered about what meaning these actors attribute to the label ‘refugee’ and what intent, other than paucity of knowledge, might (...)
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  • Film as Religious Experience: Myths and Models in Mass Entertainment.Alison Niemi - 2003 - Critical Review 15 (3-4):435-446.
    Abstract Popular film has become a significant venue for meaning?making in modern society. Like religion, film provides models for understanding and behaving within the social world. Like religion, film reinforces this content through emotional resonance. Myths slip under a viewer's intellectual defenses in the non?threatening guise of entertainment. In a mainstream culture skeptical of religion, film presents an alternative mechanism for the transmission and processing of ?religious? ideas and ideals.
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  • The ‘Two Marxisms’ Revisited: Humanism, Structuralism and Realism in Marxist Social Theory.Sean Creaven - 2015 - Journal of Critical Realism 14 (1):7-53.
    The ontological and analytical status of Marxian social theory has been a matter of fierce controversy since Marx’s death, both within and without Marxist circles. A particular source of contention has been over whether Marxism should be construed as an objective science of the capitalist mode of production or as an ethico-philosophical critique of bourgeois society. This is paralleled by the dispute over whether Marxism ought to be considered a humanism or a structuralism. This article addresses both sides of this (...)
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  • The Right to Nonparticipation for Global Digital Citizenship.Andrew Iliadis - 2015 - International Review of Information Ethics 23.
    This article argues for the right to nonparticipation for Global Digital Citizenship. It recuperates the notion of political nonparticipation in the context of information and communication technologies and GDC in order to show that nonparticipation can operate effectively in non-State spheres, particularly online. The paper begins with a discussion of nonparticipation in the context of Nation States and non-Statal Organizations before offering a brief survey of the terms Global Citizenship, Digital Citizenship, and GDC. Nonparticipation in an online context is then (...)
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  • Psychoanalysis Beyond the End of Metaphysics: Thinking Towards the Post-Relational.Robin S. Brown - 2016 - Routledge.
    _Psychoanalysis Beyond the End of Metaphysics_ offers a new paradigm approach which advocates reengaging the importance of metaphysics in psychoanalytic theorizing. The emergence of the relational trend has witnessed a revitalizing influx of new ideas, reflecting a fundamental commitment to the principle of dialogue. However, the transition towards a more pluralistic discourse remains a work in progress, and those schools of thought not directly associated with the relational shift continue to play only a marginal role. In this book, Robin S. (...)
     
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  • The Polarized Image: Between Visual Fake News and “Emblematic Evidence”.Emanuele Arielli - 2019 - Politics and Image.
    In this paper, a particular case of deceptive use of images – namely, misattributions – will be taken in consideration. An explicitly wrong attribution (“This is a picture of the event X”, this not being the case) is obviously a lie or a mistaken description. But there are less straightforward and more insidious cases in which a false attribution is held to be acceptable, in particular when pictures are also used in their exemplary, general meaning, opposed to their indexical function (...)
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  • ZooTycoonTM: Capitalism, Nature, and the Pursuit of Happiness.Andy Opel & Jason Smith - 2004 - Ethics and the Environment 9 (2):103-120.
    : This paper is a cultural studies analysis of the Microsoft computer video game, ZooTycoon™. Through a critical reading using the "circuit of culture," questions of the gamer's subject position, the role of wildlife and implicit and explicit messages about contemporary attitudes toward the environment are explored. Drawing on Susan Davis' book, Spectacular Nature: Corporate Culture and the Sea World Experience (1997), this paper unpacks the virtual theme parks created in Zoo Tycoon™ for their (dis)continuities with Davis's findings. The virtual (...)
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  • Performing the Nation: Pedagogical Embodiment as Civic Text.Kyle A. Greenwalt & Kevin J. Holohan - 2011 - Phenomenology and Practice 5 (1):59-83.
    This paper explores the ways in which narratives speak to issues of national identity - its production, reproduction, and contextual performance. Drawing first upon literature in history education, the paper explores the multivoiced nature of the historical narratives which structure American national identity projects. The paper next employs phenomenological methodology in order to explore the narratives produced by students in speaking about school experiences, which they found to have a national component. In this section, there is a particular focus on (...)
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  • Mainstream Media Discourse! Or the Divine Word of the Postmodern?Yasser Rhimi - 2016 - Human and Social Studies 5 (2):40-73.
    This paper calls into question the growing tendency of quasi-absolutism within postmodern mainstream media discourse under the guise of objectivity. The tendency’s major aim is to ascribe more believability to its discourse by re-presenting that which it covers as the vehicle of objective truth to the mainstream audience. Two interweaving discourses have marked such objectivity: one in the form of indoctrinating and omnipresent narratives, which via effective propaganda become tantamount to ritualism, the other epitomised in the nostalgia for rationalisation, already (...)
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  • Playing Patient, Playing Doctor: Munchausen Syndrome, Clinical S/M, and Ruptures of Medical Power. [REVIEW]Jill A. Fisher - 2006 - Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (3):135-149.
    This article deploys sadomasochism as a framework for understanding medical practice on an institutional level. By examining the case of the factitious illness Munchausen syndrome, this article analyzes the operations of power in the doctor-patient relationship through the trope of role-playing. Because Munchausen syndrome causes a disruption to the dyadic relationship between physicians and patients, a lens of sadomasochism highlights dynamics of power in medical practice that are often obscured in everyday practice. Specifically, this article illustrates how classification and diagnosis (...)
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  • Baudrillard and the Viral Violence of Cyber Security.Alex Rivera - 2020 - Dissertation, Western Kentucky University
    This paper explores Jean Baudrillard’s theorization on war and communication, connecting it to recent developments in the field of cyber security. With the important elevation of military forces such as the United States Cyber Command, critical theory needs to interrogate the increasing stature and seriousness of the cyber domain in global military strategies. Baudrillard’s critique shifts the focus from simple military strategies to the globe’s consumption of the information that is offered by the global information complex. This paper explains the (...)
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  • Quantum Anthropology: Man, Cultures, and Groups in a Quantum Perspective.Radek Trnka & Radmila Lorencova - 2016 - Charles University Karolinum Press.
    This philosophical anthropology tries to explore the basic categories of man’s being in the worlds using a special quantum meta-ontology that is introduced in the book. Quantum understanding of space and time, consciousness, or empirical/nonempirical reality elicits new questions relating to philosophical concerns such as subjectivity, free will, mind, perception, experience, dialectic, or agency. The authors have developed an inspiring theoretical framework transcending the boundaries of particular disciplines, e.g. quantum philosophy, metaphysics of consciousness, philosophy of mind, phenomenology of space and (...)
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  • Utopology : A Re-Interrogation of the Utopian in Architecture.Fredrik Torisson - 2017 - Dissertation, Lund University
    Utopia – the word is simultaneously evocative of hope and dread. As a concept it is stupendously problematic, and yet despite its alleged passing into irrelevance, utopia still remains a household word. Why is this so?Utopia has been reduced to a category. We place a solution in the category of the utopian or, conversely, the not-utopian. Without fail, discussions involving utopia will eventually veer toward debates on whether a book, project, or building is utopian or not.Utopia reduced to such a (...)
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  • Neo-Sentimentalism and the Bodily Attitudinal Theory of Emotions.Chun Nam Chan - unknown
    Section 1 of this thesis investigates one issue in meta-ethics, namely, the nature of moral judgments. What are moral judgments? What does it mean by "wrong" when we assert "Killing is wrong?" Neo-sentimentalism is a meta-ethical theory which holds that the judgment that killing wrong is the judgment that it is appropriate to have a particular negative emotion towards the action. In other words, to judge that murder is wrong is to judge that we have a right reason for having (...)
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  • Reconstructing Xunzi's Moral Knowledge.Hok Nam Chan - unknown
    Reconstructing the content of Xunzi’s moral knowledge is the main goal of this thesis. A first main task of this reconstruction is to provide a clarification of the content and functions of li. A second primary goal of the reconstruction is to discuss the roles and functions of the moral sage or morally superior person, junzi, in Xunzi’s account of moral practice. The figure of the sage is important in explaining the rationale of li and exemplifying how to behave in (...)
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  • Globalization, Terrorism, and Morality: A Critique of Jean Baudrillard.Meutia Irina Mukhlis & Naupal - forthcoming - Intellectual Discourse:89-108.
    This paper challenges the claim, made by French sociologist andphilosopher, Jean Baudrillard in The Spirit of Terrorism, that contemporary“Islamic” terrorism as exemplified by the 9/11 attacks in the United States isa phenomenon that defies morality. By considering alternative explanationsand applying a thought experiment, we find that Baudrillard’s claim shouldbe rejected because it is based on invalid premises and inconsistencies.The problematic premises include Baudrillard’s statements that terror is aneffective strategy and the only means available to marginalized group seekingto oppose Western globalization. (...)
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