Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Information vs. entropy vs. probability.Orly Shenker - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):1-25.
    Information, entropy, probability: these three terms are closely interconnected in the prevalent understanding of statistical mechanics, both when this field is taught to students at an introductory level and in advanced research into the field’s foundations. This paper examines the interconnection between these three notions in light of recent research in the foundations of statistical mechanics. It disentangles these concepts and highlights their differences, at the same time explaining why they came to be so closely linked in the literature. In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Arrow of Time and the Nature of Spacetime.George Francis Rayner Ellis - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):242-262.
    This paper extends the work of a previous paper on the flow of time, to consider the origin of the arrow of time. It proposes that a ‘past condition’ cascades down from cosmological to micro scales, being realized in many microstructures and setting the arrow of time at the quantum level by top-down causation. This physics arrow of time then propagates up, through underlying emergence of higher level structures, to geology, astronomy, engineering, and biology. The appropriate spacetime picture to view (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Are Black Holes About Information?Christian Wuthrich - unknown
    Information theory presupposes the notion of an epistemic agent, such as a scientist or an idealized human. Despite that, information theory is increasingly invoked by physicists concerned with fundamental physics, physics at very high energies, or generally with the physics of situations in which even idealized epistemic agents cannot exist. In this paper, I shall try to determine the extent to which the application of information theory in those contexts is legitimate. I will illustrate my considerations using the case of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Eaters of the Lotus: Landauer's Principle and the Return of Maxwell's Demon.John D. Norton - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2):375-411.
    Landauer’s principle is the loosely formulated notion that the erasure of n bits of information must always incur a cost of k ln n in thermodynamic entropy. It can be formulated as a precise result in statistical mechanics, but for a restricted class of erasure processes that use a thermodynamically irreversible phase space expansion, which is the real origin of the law’s entropy cost and whose necessity has not been demonstrated. General arguments that purport to establish the unconditional validity of (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • Causal closure of the physical, mental causation, and physics.Dejan R. Dimitrijević - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):1-22.
    The argument from causal closure of the physical is usually considered the most powerful argument in favor of the ontological doctrine of physicalism. Many authors, most notably Papineau, assume that CCP implies that physicalism is supported by physics. I demonstrate, however, that physical science has no bias in the ontological debate between proponents of physicalism and dualism. I show that the arguments offered for CCP are effective only against the accounts of mental causation based on the action of the mental (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Thermodynamic Cost of Fast Thought.Alexandre de Castro - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (4):473-487.
    After more than 60 years, Shannon’s research continues to raise fundamental questions, such as the one formulated by R. Luce, which is still unanswered: “Why is information theory not very applicable to psychological problems, despite apparent similarities of concepts?” On this topic, S. Pinker, one of the foremost defenders of the widespread computational theory of mind, has argued that thought is simply a type of computation, and that the gap between human cognition and computational models may be illusory. In this (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • On the Origin of Ambiguity in Efficient Communication.Jordi Fortuny & Bernat Corominas-Murtra - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (3):249-267.
    This article studies the emergence of ambiguity in communication through the concept of logical irreversibility and within the framework of Shannon’s information theory. This leads us to a precise and general expression of the intuition behind Zipf’s vocabulary balance in terms of a symmetry equation between the complexities of the coding and the decoding processes that imposes an unavoidable amount of logical uncertainty in natural communication. Accordingly, the emergence of irreversible computations is required if the complexities of the coding and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Does a Computer Have an Arrow of Time?Owen J. E. Maroney - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (2):205-238.
    Schulman (Entropy 7(4):221–233, 2005) has argued that Boltzmann’s intuition, that the psychological arrow of time is necessarily aligned with the thermodynamic arrow, is correct. Schulman gives an explicit physical mechanism for this connection, based on the brain being representable as a computer, together with certain thermodynamic properties of computational processes. Hawking (Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994) presents similar, if briefer, arguments. The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the support for the link between (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Physics of Forgetting: Thermodynamics of Information at IBM 1959–1982.Aaron Sidney Wright - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (1):112-141.
    This paper charts conceptual shifts in the development of the thermo-dynamics of information as practiced at IBM from 1959 to 1982. It begins with a careful examination of how disembodied formal concepts like information were merged with physical concepts like volume and entropy in 1959 at IBM in a discourse about the fundamental limits of computing. A logical operation called “RESTORE TO ONE” became “erasure” and was equivalent to the erasing of logical histories; these logical entities were taken to reside (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Variational Approach to Niche Construction.Axel Constant, Maxwell Ramstead, Samuel Veissière, John Campbell & Karl Friston - 2018 - Journals of the Royal Society Interface 15:1-14.
    In evolutionary biology, niche construction is sometimes described as a genuine evolutionary process whereby organisms, through their activities and regulatory mechanisms, modify their environment such as to steer their own evolutionary trajectory, and that of other species. There is ongoing debate, however, on the extent to which niche construction ought to be considered a bona fide evolutionary force, on a par with natural selection. Recent formulations of the variational free-energy principle as applied to the life sciences describe the properties of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Information-Theoretic Statistical Mechanics Without Landauer's Principle.Daniel Parker - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (4):831-856.
    This article distinguishes two different senses of information-theoretic approaches to statistical mechanics that are often conflated in the literature: those relating to the thermodynamic cost of computational processes and those that offer an interpretation of statistical mechanics where the probabilities are treated as epistemic. This distinction is then investigated through Earman and Norton’s ([1999]) ‘sound’ and ‘profound’ dilemma for information-theoretic exorcisms of Maxwell’s demon. It is argued that Earman and Norton fail to countenance a ‘sound’ information-theoretic interpretation and this paper (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Landauer Defended: Reply to Norton.James Ladyman & Katie Robertson - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):263-271.
    Ladyman, Presnell, and Short proposed a model of the implementation of logical operations by physical processes in order to clarify the exact statement of Landauer's Principle, and then offered a new proof of the latter based on the construction of a thermodynamic cycle, arguing that if Landauer's Principle were false it would be possible to harness a machine that violated it to produce a violation of the second law of thermodynamics. In a recent paper in this journal, John Norton directly (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Decompositional Equivalence: A Fundamental Symmetry Underlying Quantum Theory.Chris Fields - 2016 - Axiomathes 26 (3):279-311.
    Decompositional equivalence is the principle that there is no preferred decomposition of the universe into subsystems. It is shown here, by using a simple thought experiment, that quantum theory follows from decompositional equivalence together with Landauer’s principle. This demonstration raises within physics a question previously left to psychology: how do human—or any—observers identify or agree about what constitutes a “system of interest”?
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamical Irreversibility.Tony Short, James Ladyman, Berry Groisman & Stuart Presnell - unknown
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kT ln 2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Compendium of the Foundations of Classical Statistical Physics.Jos Uffink - unknown
    Roughly speaking, classical statistical physics is the branch of theoretical physics that aims to account for the thermal behaviour of macroscopic bodies in terms of a classical mechanical model of their microscopic constituents, with the help of probabilistic assumptions. In the last century and a half, a fair number of approaches have been developed to meet this aim. This study of their foundations assesses their coherence and analyzes the motivations for their basic assumptions, and the interpretations of their central concepts. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   59 citations  
  • The (Absence of a) Relationship Between Thermodynamic and Logical Reversibility.O. J. E. Maroney - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (2):355-374.
  • The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility.James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):58-79.
    There has recently been a good deal of controversy about Landauer's Principle, which is often stated as follows: The erasure of one bit of information in a computational device is necessarily accompanied by a generation of kTln2 heat. This is often generalised to the claim that any logically irreversible operation cannot be implemented in a thermodynamically reversible way. John Norton (2005) and Owen Maroney (2005) both argue that Landauer's Principle has not been shown to hold in general, and Maroney offers (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • The Arrow of Time in Physics.David Wallace - unknown
    I provide a self-contained introduction to the problem of the arrow of time in physics, concentrating on the irreversibility of dynamical processes as described in statistical mechanics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Complexity of Noise: A Philosophical Outlook on Quantum Error Correction.Amit Hagar - 2011 - Morgan & Claypool Publishers.
    In quantum computing, where algorithms exist that can solve computational problems more efficiently than any known classical algorithms, the elimination of errors that result from external disturbances or from imperfect gates has become the ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • On the System Entropy and Energy Dissipativity of Stochastic Systems and Their Application in Biological Systems.Bor-Sen Chen, Xiangyun Lin, Weihai Zhang & Tianshou Zhou - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-18.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Waiting for Landauer.John D. Norton - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (3):184-198.
    Landauer's Principle asserts that there is an unavoidable cost in thermodynamic entropy creation when data is erased. It is usually derived from incorrect assumptions, most notably, that erasure must compress the phase space of a memory device or that thermodynamic entropy arises from the probabilistic uncertainty of random data. Recent work seeks to prove Landauer’s Principle without using these assumptions. I show that the processes assumed in the proof, and in the thermodynamics of computation more generally, can be combined to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations