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  1. Nurses' Attitudes to Euthanasia: The Influence of Empirical Studies and Methodological Concerns on Nursing Practice.Janet Holt - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (4):257-272.
    This paper introduces the controversy surrounding active voluntary euthanasia and describes the legal position on euthanasia and assisted suicide in the UK. Findings from studies of the nurses' attitudes to euthanasia from the national and international literature are reviewed. There are acknowledged difficulties in carrying out research into attitudes to euthanasia and hence the review of findings from the published studies is followed by a methodological review. This methodological review examines the research design and data collection methods used in the (...)
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  • Research Across the Disciplines: A Road Map for Quality Criteria in Empirical Ethics Research.Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an EE (...)
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  • Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    Background This paper reports the process and outcome of a consensus finding project, which began with a meeting at the Brocher Foundation in May 2015. The project sought to generate and reach consensus on standards of practice for Empirical Bioethics research. The project involved 16 academics from 5 different European Countries, with a range of disciplinary backgrounds. Methods The consensus process used a modified Delphi approach. Results Consensus was reached on 15 standards of practice, organised into 6 domains of research (...)
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  • Was ist empirische Ethik?What is empirical ethics?Bert Musschenga - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):187-199.
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  • Applying Rawlsian Approaches to Resolve Ethical Issues: Inventory and Setting of a Research Agenda.Neelke Doorn - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):127-143.
    Insights from social science are increasingly used in the field of applied ethics. However, recent insights have shown that the empirical branch of business ethics lacks thorough theoretical grounding. This article discusses the use of the Rawlsian methods of wide reflective equilibrium and overlapping consensus in the field of applied ethics. Instead of focussing on one single comprehensive ethical doctrine to provide adequate guidance for resolving moral dilemmas, these Rawlsian methods seek to find a balance between considered judgments and intuitions (...)
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  • An Update on the “Empirical Turn” in Bioethics: Analysis of Empirical Research in Nine Bioethics Journals.Tenzin Wangmo, Sirin Hauri, Eloise Gennet, Evelyn Anane-Sarpong, Veerle Provoost & Bernice S. Elger - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):6.
    A review of literature published a decade ago noted a significant increase in empirical papers across nine bioethics journals. This study provides an update on the presence of empirical papers in the same nine journals. It first evaluates whether the empirical trend is continuing as noted in the previous study, and second, how it is changing, that is, what are the characteristics of the empirical works published in these nine bioethics journals. A review of the same nine journals was conducted (...)
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  • Reproductive Outsourcing: An Empirical Ethics Account of Cross-Border Reproductive Care in Canada.Vincent Couture, Régen Drouin, Jean-Marie Moutquin, Patricia Monnier & Chantal Bouffard - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):41-47.
    Cross-border reproductive care can be defined as the movement from one jurisdiction to another for medically assisted reproduction. CBRC raises many ethical concerns that have been addressed extensively. However, the conclusions are still based on scarce evidence even considering the global scale of CBRC. Empirical ethics appears as a way to foster this ethical reflection on CBRC while attuning it with the experiences of its main actors. To better understand the ‘in and out’ situation of CBRC in Canada, we conducted (...)
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  • The Normative Background of Empirical-Ethical Research: First Steps Towards a Transparent and Reasoned Approach in the Selection of an Ethical Theory.Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):20.
    Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problematic, an ethical framework is needed to determine the relevance of the empirical data for normative argument. While issues of normative-empirical collaboration and questions of empirical methodology have been widely discussed in the literature, the normative methodology of empirical-ethical research has seldom been addressed. Based on our own research experience, we discuss one aspect of this normative (...)
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  • A Systematic Review of Empirical Bioethics Methodologies.Rachel Davies, Jonathan C. S. Ives & Michael Dunn - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):15.
    Despite the increased prevalence of bioethics research that seeks to use empirical data to answer normative research questions, there is no consensus as to what an appropriate methodology for this would be. This review aims to search the literature, present and critically discuss published Empirical Bioethics methodologies.
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  • Illness and Disease: An Empirical-Ethical Viewpoint.Anna-Henrikje Seidlein & Sabine Salloch - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):5.
    The concepts of disease, illness and sickness capture fundamentally different aspects of phenomena related to human ailments and healthcare. The philosophy and theory of medicine are making manifold efforts to capture the essence and normative implications of these concepts. In parallel, socio-empirical studies on patients’ understanding of their situation have yielded a comprehensive body of knowledge regarding subjective perspectives on health-related statuses. Although both scientific fields provide varied valuable insights, they have not been strongly linked to each other. Therefore, the (...)
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  • A Walzerian Approach to ICTs and the Good Life.Pak‐Hang Wong - 2012 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 10 (1):19-35.
    Purpose—The purpose of this paper is to introduce an interpretive approach to examining the relation between ICTs and the good life, based on Michael Walzer’s view of (connected) social criticism. Design/methodology/approach—Through a discussion of Michael Walzer’s view of social criticism, an interpretive approach to normative analysis of ICTs and the good life is introduced. The paper also offers an additional argument for the indispensability of prudential appraisals of ICTs in normative analysis of ICTs and the good life, which in turn (...)
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  • Was ist ein ethisches Problem und wie finde ich es? Theoretische, methodologische und forschungspraktische Fragen der Identifikation ethischer Probleme am Beispiel einer empirisch-ethischen Interventionsstudie.Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (4):267-281.
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  • Klinische Ethik Als Partnerschaft – Oder Wie Eine Ethische Leitlinie Für den Patientengerechten Einsatz von Ressourcen Entwickelt Und Implementiert Werden kannClinical Ethics as Partnership—or How an Ethical Guideline on Fair Resource-Allocation Can Be Developed and Implemented in the Clinic.Stella Reiter-Theil, Marcel Mertz, Heidi Albisser Schleger, Barbara Meyer-Zehnder, Reto W. Kressig & Hans Pargger - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (2):93-105.
    Ethische Leitlinien für die klinische Praxis erfreuen sich zunehmender Beliebtheit. Damit klinisch-ethische Leitlinien aber überhaupt erfolgreich wirksam werden können, ist noch Pionierarbeit zu leisten. Solche Leitlinien müssen wissenschaftlich stärker fundiert und ihre praktische Anwendbarkeit muss verbessert werden. In dieser Arbeit werden die ersten Schritte des Projekts METAP zur methodischen Entwicklung und praktischen Implementierung einer Leitlinie für eine patientengerechte Versorgung am Krankenbett beschrieben und zur Diskussion gestellt. Das Projekt orientiert sich methodisch an der Entwicklung medizinischer Leitlinien und generiert damit eine forschungs- (...)
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  • How to Build a Theory About Empirical Bioethics: Acknowledging the Limitations of Empirical Research.Craig L. Fry - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):83-85.
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  • Kon's Reinvention of the Empirical Bioethics Wheel.S.⊘ren Holm - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):69-70.
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  • How Can Empirical Ethics Improve Medical Practice?Reidun Førde - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):517-526.
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  • Toward Methodological Innovation in Empirical Ethics Research.Michael Dunn, Mark Sheehan, Tony Hope & Michael Parker - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):466-480.
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  • Don’T Solve the Issues!Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):448-456.
  • Good Care in Ongoing Dialogue. Improving the Quality of Care Through Moral Deliberation and Responsive Evaluation.Tineke A. Abma, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (3):217-235.
    Recently, moral deliberation within care institutions is gaining more attention in medical ethics. Ongoing dialogues about ethical issues are considered as a vehicle for quality improvement of health care practices. The rise of ethical conversation methods can be understood against the broader development within medical ethics in which interaction and dialogue are seen as alternatives for both theoretical or individual reflection on ethical questions. In other disciplines, intersubjectivity is also seen as a way to handle practical problems, and methodologies have (...)
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  • The Use of Empirical Research in Bioethics: A Survey of Researchers in Twelve European Countries.Tenzin Wangmo & Veerle Provoost - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):79.
    The use of empirical research methods in bioethics has been increasing in the last decades. It has resulted in discussions about the ‘empirical turn of bioethics’ and raised questions related to the value of empirical work for this field, methodological questions about its quality and rigor, and how this integration of the normative and the empirical can be achieved. The aim of this paper is to describe the attitudes of bioethics researchers in this field towards the use of empirical research, (...)
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  • Empirische Forschung in der Medizinethik: Methodenreflexion und forschungspraktische Herausforderungen am Beispiel eines mixed-method Projekts zur ärztlichen Handlungspraxis am Lebensende.Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):259.
    Der Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung medizinethischer Fragestellungen ist Gegenstand eines aktuellen interdisziplinären Diskurses. Während die Anzahl empirischer Studien, die in medizinethisch relevanten Fachzeitschriften publiziert wurden, in den letzten Jahren zugenommen hat, liegen nach Kenntnis der Autoren kaum methodenreflexive Veröffentlichungen zu konkreten empirischen Forschungsprojekten in der Medizinethik vor. Die Untersuchung der Wechselbeziehungen von Ethik und Empirie anhand ausgewählter interdisziplinärer empirisch medizinethischer Forschungsprojekte erscheint aus mehreren Gründen von Interesse. Zum einen kann auf diese Weise der mögliche Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung (...)
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  • Wofür braucht die Medizinethik empirische Methoden?What does medical ethics need empirical methods for?Marcus Düwell - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):201-211.
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  • ‘Encounters with Experience’: Empirical Bioethics and the Future. [REVIEW]Jonathan Ives - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (1):1-6.
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  • Getting From the Ethical to the Empirical and Back Again: The Danger of Getting It Wrong, and the Possibilities for Getting It Right. [REVIEW]Anna Smajdor, Jonathan Ives, Emma Baldock & Adele Langlois - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (1):7-16.
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  • Jack of All Trades, Master of None? Challenges Facing Junior Academic Researchers in Bioethics.M. C. Dunn, Z. Gurtin-Broadbent, J. R. Wheeler & J. Ives - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (4):160-163.
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  • Mission: Impossible? On Empirical-Normative Collaboration in Ethical Reasoning.Sebastian Schleidgen, Michael C. Jungert & Robert H. Bauer - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (1):59-71.
    During the 1980s, empirical social sciences and normative theory seemingly converged within ethical debates. This tendency kindled new debates about the limits and possibilities of empirical-normative collaboration. The article asks for adequate ways of collaboration by taking a closer look at the philosophy of science of empirical social sciences as well as normative theory development and its logical groundings. As a result, three possible modes of cooperation are characterized: first, the empirical assessment of conditions that actually necessitate the translation of (...)
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  • Pragmatic Neuroethics: Lived Experiences as a Source of Moral Knowledge.Gabriela Pavarini & Ilina Singh - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (4):578-589.
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  • Autonomous Decision Making and Moral Capacities.Albine Moser, Rob Houtepen, Harry van der Bruggen, Cor Spreeuwenberg & Guy Widdershoven - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (2):203-218.
    This article examines how people with type 2 diabetes perceive autonomous decision making and which moral capacities they consider important in diabetes nurses' support of autonomous decision making. Fifteen older adults with type 2 diabetes were interviewed in a nurse-led unit. First, the data were analysed using the grounded theory method. The participants described a variety of decision-making processes in the nurse and family care-giver context. Later, descriptions of the decision-making processes were analysed using hermeneutic text interpretation. We suggest first- (...)
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  • Towards an Empirical Ethics in Care: Relations with Technologies in Health Care.Jeannette Pols - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):81-90.
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  • Geneticization and Bioethics: Advancing Debate and Research. [REVIEW]Vilhjálmur Árnason & Stefán Hjörleifsson - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):417-431.
    In the present paper, we focus on the role that the concept of geneticization has played in the discussion about health care, bioethics and society. The concept is discussed and examples from the evolving discourse about geneticization are critically analyzed. The relationship between geneticization, medicalization and biomedicalization is described, emphasizing how debates about the latter concepts can inspire future research on geneticization. It is shown how recurrent themes from the media coverage of genetics portray typical traits of geneticization and thus (...)
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  • Empirical Ethics: A Growing Area of Bioethics.Lucy Frith - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):51-53.
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  • Critical Realism and Empirical Bioethics: A Methodological Exposition.Alex McKeown - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):191-211.
    This paper shows how critical realism can be used to integrate empirical data and philosophical analysis within ‘empirical bioethics’. The term empirical bioethics, whilst appearing oxymoronic, simply refers to an interdisciplinary approach to the resolution of practical ethical issues within the biological and life sciences, integrating social scientific, empirical data with philosophical analysis. It seeks to achieve a balanced form of ethical deliberation that is both logically rigorous and sensitive to context, to generate normative conclusions that are practically applicable to (...)
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  • Using Empirical Research to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles in Biomedicine.Mette Ebbesen & Birthe D. Pedersen - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):33-48.
    Bioethical research has tended to focus on theoretical discussion of the principles on which the analysis of ethical issues in biomedicine should be based. But this discussion often seems remote from biomedical practice where researchers and physicians confront ethical problems. On the other hand, published empirical research on the ethical reasoning of health care professionals offer only descriptions of how physicians and nurses actually reason ethically. The question remains whether these descriptions have any normative implications for nurses and physicians? In (...)
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  • The Is - Ought Problem in Practical Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (4):277-292.
    This article is concerned with the role empirical research can play in normative practical ethics. There is no doubt that ethical research requires some kind of collaboration between normative disciplines and empirical sciences. But many researchers hold that empirical science is only assigned a subordinate role, due to the doctrine that normative conclusions cannot be justified by descriptive premises. Scientists working in the field of ethics commonly hold, however, that the empirical sciences should play a much bigger role in ethical (...)
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  • Dealing with Bioethical Dilemmas: A Survey and Analysis of Responses From Ministers in the Reformed Churches in South Africa.Magdalena C. De Lange - 2012 - Hts Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  • End Games: Euthanasia Under Interminable Scrutiny.Malcolm Parker - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (5-6):523-536.
    It is increasingly asserted that the disagreements of abstract principle between adversaries in the euthanasia debate fail to account for the complex, particular and ambiguous experiences of people at the end of their lives. A greater research effort into experiences, meaning, connection, vulnerability and motivation is advocated, during which the euthanasia 'question' should remain open. I argue that this is a normative strategy, which is felicitous to the status quo and further medicalises the end of life, but which masquerades as (...)
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  • Why Frailty Needs Vulnerability.H. van der Meide, G. Olthuis & C. Leget - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (8):860-869.
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