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  1. Mapping the Perception-Space of Facial Expressions in the Era of Face Masks.Alessia Verroca, Chiara Maria de Rienzo, Filippo Gambarota & Paola Sessa - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    With the advent of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-Corona Virus type 2 pandemic, the theme of emotion recognition from facial expressions has become highly relevant due to the widespread use of face masks as one of the main devices imposed to counter the spread of the virus. Unsurprisingly, several studies published in the last 2 years have shown that accuracy in the recognition of basic emotions expressed by faces wearing masks is reduced. However, less is known about the impact that (...)
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  • Seeing Through the Shades of Situated Affectivity. Sunglasses as a Socio-Affective Artifact.Marco Viola - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-25.
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  • Wearing the Face Mask Affects Our Social Attention Over Space.Caterina Villani, Stefania D’Ascenzo, Elisa Scerrati, Paola Ricciardelli, Roberto Nicoletti & Luisa Lugli - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Recent studies suggest that covering the face inhibits the recognition of identity and emotional expressions. However, it might also make the eyes more salient, since they are a reliable index to orient our social and spatial attention. This study investigates whether the pervasive interaction with people with face masks fostered by the COVID-19 pandemic modulates the processing of spatial information essential to shift attention according to other’s eye-gaze direction, and whether this potential modulation interacts with motor responses. Participants were presented (...)
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  • The Effects of Separate Facial Areas on Emotion Recognition in Different Adult Age Groups: A Laboratory and a Naturalistic Study.Larissa L. Faustmann, Lara Eckhardt, Pauline S. Hamann & Mareike Altgassen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The identification of facial expressions is critical for social interaction. The ability to recognize facial emotional expressions declines with age. These age effects have been associated with differential age-related looking patterns. The present research project set out to systematically test the role of specific facial areas for emotion recognition across the adult lifespan. Study 1 investigated the impact of displaying only separate facial areas versus the full face on emotion recognition in 62 younger and 65 middle-aged adults. Study 2 examined (...)
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  • (Un)Mask Yourself! Effects of Face Masks on Facial Mimicry and Emotion Perception During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Till Kastendieck, Stephan Zillmer & Ursula Hess - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (1):59-69.
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  • Reading Emotions in Faces With and Without Masks Is Relatively Independent of Extended Exposure and Individual Difference Variables.Claus-Christian Carbon, Marco Jürgen Held & Astrid Schütz - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The ability to read emotions in faces helps humans efficiently assess social situations. We tested how this ability is affected by aspects of familiarization with face masks and personality, with a focus on emotional intelligence. To address aspects of the current pandemic situation, we used photos of not only faces per se but also of faces that were partially covered with face masks. The sample, the size of which was determined by an a priori power test, was recruited in Germany (...)
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  • Face Processing in Early Development: A Systematic Review of Behavioral Studies and Considerations in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic.Laura Carnevali, Anna Gui, Emily J. H. Jones & Teresa Farroni - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Human faces are one of the most prominent stimuli in the visual environment of young infants and convey critical information for the development of social cognition. During the COVID-19 pandemic, mask wearing has become a common practice outside the home environment. With masks covering nose and mouth regions, the facial cues available to the infant are impoverished. The impact of these changes on development is unknown but is critical to debates around mask mandates in early childhood settings. As infants grow, (...)
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  • Understanding the Impact of Face Masks on the Processing of Facial Identity, Emotion, Age, and Gender.Daniel Fitousi, Noa Rotschild, Chen Pnini & Omer Azizi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced new challenges for governments and individuals. Unprecedented efforts at reducing virus transmission launched a novel arena for human face recognition in which faces are partially occluded with masks. Previous studies have shown that masks decrease accuracy of face identity and emotion recognition. The current study focuses on the impact of masks on the speed of processing of these and other important social dimensions. Here we provide a systematic assessment of the impact of COVID-19 masks on (...)
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  • Large Gatherings? No, Thank You. Devaluation of Crowded Social Scenes During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Claudia Massaccesi, Emilio Chiappini, Riccardo Paracampo & Sebastian Korb - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In most European countries, the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic led to the imposition of physical distancing rules, resulting in a drastic and sudden reduction of real-life social interactions. Even people not directly affected by the virus itself were impacted in their physical and/or mental health, as well as in their financial security, by governmental lockdown measures. We investigated whether the combination of these events had changed people's appraisal of social scenes by testing 241 participants recruited mainly in Italy, (...)
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