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  1. Monks Who Have Sex: Pārājika Penance in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms. [REVIEW]Shayne Clarke - 2009 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (1):1-43.
    In the study of Buddhism it is commonly accepted that a monk or nun who commits a pārājika offence is permanently and irrevocably expelled from the Buddhist monastic order. This view is based primarily on readings of the Pāli Vinaya. With the exception of the Pāli Vinaya, however, all other extant Buddhist monastic law codes (Dharmaguptaka, Mahāsāṅghika, Mahīśāsaka, Sarvāstivāda and Mūlasarvāstivāda) contain detailed provisions for monks and nuns who commit pārājikas but nevertheless wish to remain within the saṅgha. These monastics (...)
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  • ‘Lost in Translation’: Reflections on Translating Scatological Language in Buddhist Literature.Andrew Skilton - 2010 - Contemporary Buddhism 11 (1):47-68.
    Sometimes translating religious texts brings us up against the problem of scatological language. The author examines this problem in relation to a story of a former life of the Buddha and explores a variety of avenues for guidance on how to render gūtha ‘shit’ into English. This includes looking at Buddhist monastic law, which does not necessarily give us the guidance we might expect, and how the existing translation of this source of guidance illustrates the very problem in hand. The (...)
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