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  1. Phosphorus-32 in the Phage Group: Radioisotopes as Historical Tracers of Molecular Biology.Angela N. H. Creager - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):29-42.
    The recent historiography of molecular biology features key technologies, instruments and materials, which offer a different view of the field and its turning points than preceding intellectual and institutional histories. Radioisotopes, in this vein, became essential tools in postwar life science research, including molecular biology, and are here analyzed through their use in experiments on bacteriophage. Isotopes were especially well suited for studying the dynamics of chemical transformation over time, through metabolic pathways or life cycles. Scientists labeled phage with phosphorus-32 (...)
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  • “The Awe in Which Biologists Hold Physicists”: Frits Went’s First Phytotron at Caltech, and an Experimental Definition of the Biological Environment.David P. D. Munns - 2014 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (2):209-231.
  • Radium, biophysics, and radiobiology: tracing the history of radiobiology in twentieth-century China.Christine Yi Lai Luk - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):2.
    Radiobiology assesses the biological hazards of exposure to radioactive substances and nuclear radiation. This article explores the history of radiobiology in twentieth-century China by examining the overlapping of radium research and biophysics, from roughly the 1920s Nationalist period to the 1960s Communist period; from the foreign purchase of radium by the Rockefeller Foundation’s China Medical Board during the Republican era, to the institutional establishment of radiobiology as a subset of biophysics in the People’s Republic. Western historiography of radiobiology highlights the (...)
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  • On Labels and Issues: The Lysenko Controversy and the Cold War.William deJong-Lambert & Nikolai Krementsov - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):373-388.
  • The Laboratory Technology of Discrete Molecular Separation: The Historical Development of Gel Electrophoresis and the Material Epistemology of Biomolecular Science, 1945-1970.Howard Hsueh-Hao Chiang - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):495-527.
    Preparative and analytical methods developed by separation scientists have played an important role in the history of molecular biology. One such early method is gel electrophoresis, a technique that uses various types of gel as its supporting medium to separate charged molecules based on size and other properties. Historians of science, however, have only recently begun to pay closer attention to this material epistemological dimension of biomolecular science. This paper substantiates the historiographical thread that explores the relationship between modern laboratory (...)
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  • The Paradox of the Phage Group: Essay Review. [REVIEW]Angela N. H. Creager - 2010 - Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):183 - 193.
  • Alexander Hollaender’s Postwar Vision for Biology: Oak Ridge and Beyond.Karen A. Rader - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (4):685-706.
    Experimental radiobiology represented a long-standing priority for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, but organizational issues initially impeded the laboratory progress of this government-funded work: who would direct such interdisciplinary investigations and how? And should the AEC support basic research or only mission-oriented projects? Alexander Hollaender's vision for biology in the post-war world guided AEC initiatives at Oak Ridge, where he created and presided over the Division of Biology for nearly two decades. Hollaender's scheme, at once entrepreneurial and system-oriented, made good (...)
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