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Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics

Wadsworth/Thompson Learning (2000)

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  1. Moral Agency, Profits and the Firm: Economic Revisions to the Friedman Theorem.Sigmund Wagner-Tsukamoto - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):209-220.
    The paper reconstructs in economic terms Friedman's theorem that the only social responsibility of firms is to increase their profits while staying within legal and ethical rules. A model of three levels of moral conduct is attributed to the firm: (1) self-interested engagement in the market process itself, which reflects according to classical and neoclassical economics an ethical ideal; (2) the obeying of the "rules of the game," largely legal ones; and (3) the creation of ethical capital, which allows moral (...)
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  • The Development and Initial Validation of the Work Convictions Questionnaire to Measure Approaches to Ethical Decision Making in the Workplace: Part 2.Estelle Boshoff, Tina Kotzé & Petrus Nel - 2014 - African Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2).
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  • Zimbardo's “Stanford Prison Experiment” and the Relevance of Social Psychology for Teaching Business Ethics.F. Neil Brady & Jeanne M. Logsdon - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):703 - 710.
    The prevailing pedagogical approach in business ethics generally underestimates or even ignores the powerful influences of situational factors on ethical analysis and decision-making. This is due largely to the predominance of philosophy-oriented teaching materials. Social psychology offers relevant concepts and experiments that can broaden pedagogy to help students understand more fully the influence of situational contexts and role expectations in ethical analysis. Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment is used to illustrate the relevance of social psychology experiments for business ethics instruction.
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  • Social Responsibility and Ethics: Clarifying the Concepts.Josie Fischer - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):381-390.
    Students coming into a third-year business ethics course I teach are often confused about the use and meaning of the terms social responsibility and ethics. This motivated me to take a closer look at a sample of the management and business ethics literature for an explanation of their confusion. I found that there are inconsistencies in the way the two terms are employed and the way the concepts are defined. This paper identifies the different ways the relationship between social responsibility (...)
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  • Business and Games.Peter Heckman - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (12):933 - 938.
    This paper responds to the popular argument that business is like a game and is thus insulated from the demands of morality. In the first half of the paper, I offer objections to this argument as it is put forward by John Ladd in his well-known article, Morality and the Ideal of Rationality in Formal Organizations. I argue that Ladd''s analysis is flawed both because it deprives us of the ability to assert that a business is acting badly or that (...)
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  • Attitudes of Students and Accounting Practitioners Concerning the Ethical Acceptability of Earnings Management.Marilyn Fischer & Kenneth Rosenzweig - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (6):433 - 444.
    There are many ways that accountants and managers can influence the reported accounting results of their organizational units. When such influence is directed at changing the amount of reported earnings, it is known as earnings management. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of surveys of undergraduate students, MBA students, and practicing accountants concerning their attitudes on the ethical acceptability of earnings management. Analysis of the survey results reveals how the attitudes of the three groups differ and (...)
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  • Environmental Costs and Responsibilities Resulting From Oil Exploitation in Developing Countries: The Case of the Niger Delta of Nigeria.Gabriel Eweje - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (1):27-56.
    Interest shown on the environmental impact of operations of multinational enterprises in developing countries has grown significantly recently, and has fuelled a heated public policy debate. In particular, there has been interest in the environmental degradation of host communities and nations resulting from the operations of multinational oil companies in developing countries. This article examines the issue of environmental costs and responsibilities resulting from oil exploitation and production in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The case study is based, in (...)
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  • The Structure of a Rawlsian Theory of Just Work.Lars Lindblom - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):577-599.
    This article outlines the structure of a Rawlsian theory of justice in the employment relationship. A focus on this theory is motivated by the role it plays in debates in business ethics. The Rawlsian theory answers three central questions about justice and the workplace. What is the relationship between social justice and justice at work? How should we conceive of the problem of justice in the economic sphere? And, what is justice in the workplace? To see fully what demands justice (...)
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  • Seven Pillars of Business Ethics: Toward a Comprehensive Framework.William Arthur Wines - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (4):483-499.
    This article first addresses the question of “why” we teach business ethics. Our answer to “why” provides both a response to those who oppose business ethics courses and a direction for course content. We believe a solid, comprehensive course in business ethics should address not only moral philosophy, ethical dilemmas, and corporate social responsibility – the traditional pillars of the disciple – but also additional areas necessary to make sense of the goings-on in the business world and in the news. (...)
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  • The Ethics of Worker Safety Nets for Corporate Change.Marianne M. Jennings, Larry R. Smeltzer & Marie F. Zener - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (6):459 - 468.
    Corporate change and employee dislocation are inevitable in a free market. However, the current employment relationship in the U.S. that affords a perceived employment safety net is contrary to the natural canon of honesty. Employees cannot be guaranteed employment when a company fails or a product is no longer viable. Attempts to provide costly employment safety nets cause a firm to allocate resources to nonproductive programs that may ultimately cause a loss of competitiveness. These strategies to provide alternate employment may (...)
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  • Ethical Theory in Business Ethics: A Critical Assessment. [REVIEW]Robbin Derry & Ronald M. Green - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (7):521 - 533.
    How is ethical theory used in contemporary teaching in business ethics? To answer this question, we undertook a survey of twenty-five of the leading business ethics texts. Our purpose was to examine the ways in which normative moral theory is introduced and applied to cases and issues. We focused especially on the authors' views of the conflicts and tensions posed by basic theoretical debates. How can these theories be made useful if fundamental tensions are acknowledged? Our analysis resulted in a (...)
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  • Safety and Ethics in the Global Workplace: Asymmetries in Culture and Infrastructure.Oswaldo Lorenzo, Paul Esqueda & Janelle Larson - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):87-106.
    This study described and analysed the circumstances surrounding a fatal car accident involving personnel of a multinational corporation in a developing country. For some companies, road accidents are the leading cause of work-related fatalities in developing countries. This reality highlights the ethical dilemmas encountered in a global workplace. Questions as to how a company addresses safety concerns outside the standard work environment, the ethics of operating in a risky environment and the requirements for international consistency in compensation standards for loss (...)
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