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  1. A natureza do poder E as ilusões do contrato social em Robert filmer.Luiz Felipe Netto de Andrade E. Silva Sahd - 2005 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 10 (1).
    O presente artigo procura mostrar a crítica conservadora inglesa do século XVII às noções de liberdade natural e contrato originário, ao deslocar a origem do poder político para as relações afetivas estabelecidas pelos laços sentimentais de família que mantêm pais e filhos unidos. Mais exatamente, a legitimação política do poder teria como fundamento uma autoridade natural semelhante à relação verificada entre pais e filhos. Segundo essa teoria, cujo mais importante representante foi Robert Filmer, o fundamento da autoridade política não é (...)
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  • The Role of Waste in Modern Political Philosophy.Sarah Magdelene Gorman - 2019 - Dissertation, Vanderbilt University
    In my dissertation, I engage in a political history of waste; in particular I look at modern philosophers from the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries and the way that waste functions alongside narratives of civilization, progress, and perfection. I analyze the political, pedagogical, and other theories of John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant. I use Julia Kristevaâs concept of abjection to trace the legacies of these philosophers to the continued and continuing practices of wasting life their work (...)
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  • Lasst uns den Weg einer neuen Ontologie einschlagen! (Teil 1).Gianluigi Segalerba - 2017 - Analele Universitatii Din Craiova, Seria Filosofie 40 (2):91-183.
    The present essay is the first part of an analysis regarding aspects of Aristotle’s ontology. Aristotle’s ontology is, in my opinion, a formal ontology that examines the fundamental structures of reality and that investigates the features belonging to entities such as substance, quantity, quality, universals. Aristotle’s ontology investigates, moreover, the reciprocal relations existing between these entities. Aristotle’s interpretation of universals is not, in my opinion, a nominalist interpretation of universals: I do not think Aristotle regards universals as being only mental (...)
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  • Hobbes’ Anti-Liberal Individualism.James Martel - 2016 - Las Torres de Lucca: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 5 (9):31-59.
    In much of the literature on Hobbes, he is considered a proto-liberal, that is, he is seen as setting up the apparatus that leads to liberalism but his own authoritarian streak makes it impossible for liberals to completely claim him as one of their own. In this paper, I argue that, far from being a precursor to liberalism, Hobbes offers a political theory that is implicitly anti-liberal. I do not mean this in the conventional sense that Hobbes was too conservative (...)
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  • Locke, las bestias salvajes Y el derecho a destruirlas.Olof Page - 2011 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 67:233-250.
    Creo que la defensa de John Locke del derecho a castigar está en tensión con su defensa de la igualdad humana. El propósito central de este artículo es mostrar que esta tensión podría ser resuelta si la justificación del derecho a castigar de Locke se basa en el concepto de confianza. Este concepto es claramente usado por Locke para justificar el derecho de resistencia. Pienso que también es posible usarlo para justificar la existencia del derecho a castigar. Pero, incluso si (...)
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  • El problema de la vigencia de la ley en el estado de naturaleza lockeano.Joan Severo Chumbita - 2016 - Signos Filosóficos 18 (35).
    Este artículo estudia la aplicación de la ley de la naturaleza en el estado de naturaleza. En este sentido, se analizará la definición abstracta de libertad, su correspondencia con el concepto práctico de libertad natural y la oposición de este último con la esclavitud que supone nacer sometido a un gobierno despótico. Posteriormente, se considerará la potestad de infringir castigos bajo pena capital y su derivación, a través de la guerra justa, en la figura de esclavitud legítima. De este modo, (...)
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  • Value and Growth: Rethinking Basic Concepts in Lockean Liberalism.Jennifer Leigh Bailey & May Thorseth - forthcoming - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics.
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  • Quality Check: A Contextual Analysis of the Lockean Proviso.J. K. Numao - 2018 - Libertarian Papers 10.
    Libertarians have long been divided over how best to interpret the Lockean proviso, which requires that one leave “enough and as good” in common for others after one’s appropriation. This article sheds light on this exegetical question in relation to its qualitative part through a contextual analysis of Locke’s often neglected writings on ….
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  • The Weak Principle of Universalization and the Vulnerable: Comments on Minimal Morality.Dominick Cooper - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):116-128.
    In Minimal Morality, Michael Moehler justifies what he calls the weak principle of universalization as a principle of pure instrumental morality. This article addresses the application of this principle and problems associated with it. Specifically, the article focuses on the principle’s ability to protect the interests of the most vulnerable members of society: agents without primary moral standing, specifically non-human animals; and the weakest members of society, either as a result of their diminished relative bargaining power in certain cases of (...)
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  • Between Traditional and Minimal Moralities.Chad Van Schoelandt - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):128-140.
    Michael Moehler’s Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory makes important contributions to the social contract tradition, particularly in exploring how social contract theories can address challenges that arise from deep moral pluralism. Fundamentally, the work provides a multilevel account of morality, though simplified for presentation as a two-level view of morality. These two levels of morality differ significantly in their form and in their contexts of applicability. One level is that of ‘traditional morality’, involving a rich set of practices, (...)
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  • La constitución fiduciaria de la libertad política.Jordi Mundó - 2017 - Isegoría 57:433.
    Algunas formulaciones de la filosofía política reciente han descuidado el carácter históricamente indexado de conceptos como libertad política, propiedad o soberanía, propiciando un uso anacrónico e impreciso de su significado. No obstante, su posición académica y social dominante informa el «sentido común» filosófico- político de nuestra época. Locke constituye un ejemplo de cómo la coyuntura interpretativa liberal, que se desplegó en el siglo XIX y se consolidó en el XX, ha oscurecido una parte de la complejidad y pluralidad de las (...)
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  • Requisitos patrimoniales y participación política en la obra de John Locke.Joan Severo Chumbita - 2018 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 55:337-336.
    La relación entre patrimonio y derechos políticos en la obra de John Locke ha sido ampliamente discutida. Por un lado, se encuentran posiciones como las de Kendall y Tully que atribuyen un carácter democrático a la concepción lockeana sobre la sociedad civil. Por otro, interpretaciones como las de Ashcraft que le asignan un sesgo revolucionario e igualitario, próximo a la concepción de los Levellers. Sin embargo, a la luz de una serie de documentos, es posible discutir estas interpretaciones, como ya (...)
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  • La ley de la Naturaleza como universal abstracto. Un estudio los principios morales de John Locke a la luz de su crítica a la idea de sustancia.Joan Severo Chumbita - 2015 - Endoxa 36:99.
  • Lockean Theories of Property: Justifications for Unilateral Appropriation.Karl Widerquist - 2010 - Public Reason 2 (1):3-26.
    Although John Locke’s theory of appropriation is undoubtedly influential, no one seems to agree about exactly what he was trying to say. It is unlikely that someone will write the interpretation that effectively ends the controversy. Instead of trying to find the one definitive interpretation of Locke’s property theory, this article attempts to identify the range of reasonable interpretations and extensions of Lockean property theory that exist in the contemporary literature with an emphasis on his argument for unilateral appropriation. It (...)
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  • Varieties of Political Thought.Iain Hampsher‐Monk - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 4 (2):409 – 419.
    The Varieties of British Political Thought 1500?1800 edited by J. G. A. Pocock with the assistance of Gordon J. Schochet and Lois G. Schwoerer, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, in association with the Folger Institute, Washington D.C., 1993, pp. 373 + x, ISBN 0 521 443776, £40.00 $59.95.
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  • El derecho a la caridad: repercusiones de la teología cristiana en la teoría de la propiedad de John Locke.Juliana Udi - 2014 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 70:149-160.
    Locke, además de justificar un derecho natural a la propiedad privada, también sostiene que todos los hombres tienen un derecho natural a la caridad. En el presente trabajo me propongo defender la hipótesis de que el derecho a la caridad postulado por Locke se explica por la presencia en su teoría de la propiedad de elementos procedentes de la teología cristiana. Cumpliría la función de garantizar que, en el contexto de una economía monetizada donde los individuos son, además, desigualmente industriosos, (...)
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  • John Locke, Christian Mission, and Colonial America.Jack Turner - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (2):267-297.
    John Locke was considerably interested and actively involved in the promotion of Protestant Christianity among American Indians and African slaves, yet this fact goes largely unremarked in historical scholarship. The evidence of this interest and involvement deserves analysis—for it illuminates fascinating and understudied features of Locke's theory of toleration and his thinking on American Indians, African slaves, and English colonialism. These features include (1) the compatibility between toleration and Christian mission, (2) the interconnection between Christian mission and English geopolitics, (3) (...)
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  • The Ground of Locke's Law of Nature.Thomas G. West - 2012 - Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):1-50.
    Research Articles Thomas G. West, Social Philosophy and Policy, FirstView Article.
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  • Considerações Sobre O Consentimento No Segundo Tratado de John Locke.Alessandra Tsuji - 2018 - Cadernos Espinosanos 38:223-244.
    Neste artigo procura-se destacar alguns pontos acerca do conceito de consentimento no _Segundo tratado sobre o governo, _a fim de fomentar a discussão sobre esse tema, bastante relevante, e ao mesmo tempo complexo, para a compreensão da teoria política de Locke. Neste percurso, busca-se ressaltar algumas passagens mais relevantes para a apreensão dessa noção com base em sua análise tanto no início das sociedades políticas quanto no exercício do governo civil. Além disso, procura-se apontar a conexão entre consentimento e confiança (...)
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  • Justice Et Tolérance. La Question du Hobbisme du Jeune Locke.Gabriela Ratuela - 2015 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 7 (1):166-186.
    This article treats about the influence of Hobbes on the early writings of John Locke, Two Tracts on Government. These Tracts don’t have a particular importance in understanding Locke’s work, but they are important for understanding the spirit of the time and the intellectual development of the author of the Second Treatise. In the Two Tracts, Locke defends a conservative position in the matter of government’s role in regulating the religious policy. Locke was a puritan, but he was part of (...)
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  • The Liar Paradox in Plato.Richard McDonough - 2015 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy (1):9-28.
    Although most scholars trace the Liar Paradox to Plato’s contemporary, Eubulides, the paper argues that Plato builds something very like the Liar Paradox into the very structure of his dialogues with significant consequences for understanding his views. After a preliminary exposition of the liar paradox it is argued that Plato builds this paradox into the formulation of many of his central doctrines, including the “Divided Line” and the “Allegory of the Cave” and the “Ladder of Love”. Thus, Plato may have (...)
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  • Locke, God, and Materialism.Stewart Duncan - manuscript
    This paper investigates Locke’s views about materialism. I focus on the discussion in Essay 4.10. There Locke – after giving a cosmological argument for the existence of God – argues that God could not be material, and that matter alone could never produce thought. I have two main aims. The first is to place Locke’s arguments in a debate. This is partly a matter of identifying the targets of Locke’s arguments. More broadly, however, I wish to show the interaction between (...)
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  • Actores sociales y económicos en las propuestas jurídicas y normativas de John Locke.Joan Chumbita - 2014 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 31 (1):89-105.
    A fin de especificar las formulaciones generales de T. T. acerca de los actores sociales y económicos, se analizarán aquí ciertas propuestas jurídicas y normativas de John Locke. La lectura de la propuesta de una nueva ley de pobres y de la desregulación de la tasa de interés , permitirá dar cuenta de la articulación que Locke establece por un lado entre dejar hacer a los agentes empresarios y proteger la balanza comercial y, por el otro, el disciplinamiento y la (...)
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  • The Political Thought of John Dunn and the Cambridge School.Takamaro Hanzawa - 1994 - History of European Ideas 19 (1-3):179-183.
  • Review Essay / Dworkin's “Full Political Theory of Law”.Thomas D. Eisele - 1988 - Criminal Justice Ethics 7 (2):49-66.
    Ronald Dworkin, Law's Empire Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1986, xiii + 470 pp.
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  • Parsing Macpherson: The Last Rites of Locke the Possessive Individualist.Hugh Breakey - 2014 - Theoria 80 (1):62-83.
    C.B. Macpherson's “Possessive Individualist” reading of Locke is one of the most radical and influential interpretations in the history of exegesis. Despite a substantial critical response over the past five decades, Macpherson's reading remains orthodox in various circles in the humanities generally, particularly in legal studies, and his interpretation of several crucial passages has unwittingly been followed even by his sharpest critics within Lockean scholarship. In order to present the definitive rebuttal to this interpretation, and so finally to lay it (...)
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  • Influence and Development: Two Basic Paradigms of Education. [REVIEW]Jürgen Oelkers - 1994 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 13 (2):91-109.
    The article discusses two basic paradigms of western educational theory, namely the concept of “influence” and the concept of “development”. Two historical contextes are analyzed, John Locke's theory of human learning and Jean-Jacques Rousseau's theory of natural development. Both theories are rejected in favour of a position beyond “influence” and “development”. This position of a theory of education ( Erziehung ) is marked with the term “moral communication”.
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  • Why History of Ideas at All?Melissa Lane - 2002 - History of European Ideas 28 (1-2):33-41.
    This article suggests that the enterprise of Mark Bevir's book , is the reverse of what his title implies. Bevir seeks not to delineate the peculiar logic of a specialised subfield of history called the ‘history of ideas’, but rather the logic which underlies historical pursuit considered in general as the ‘explanation of belief’. If this is so, then the relationship between belief, meaning, and speech act in intellectual texts, and the task and method of the intellectual historian, must be (...)
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  • Self-Transformation and Civil Society: Lockean Vs. Confucian.Kim Sungmoon - 2009 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (4):383-401.
    Although contemporary Confucianists tend to view Western liberalism as pitting the individual against society, recent liberal scholarship has vigorously claimed that liberal polity is indeed grounded in the self-transformation that produces “liberal virtues.” To meet this challenge, this essay presents a sophisticated Confucian critique of liberalism by arguing that there is an appreciable contrast between liberal and Confucian self-transformation and between liberal and Confucian virtues. By contrasting Locke and Confucius, key representatives of each tradition, this essay shows that both liberalism (...)
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  • Hobbes’s and Locke’s Contract Theories: Political Not Metaphysical.Deborah Baumgold - 2005 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (3):289-308.
    Abstract Inspired by Rawls?s admission that his twentieth?century contract theory builds in the parochial horizon of modern constitutional democracy, this essay critically examines two truisms about seventeenth?century contract theory. The first is the stock view that the English case is irrelevant to the logic of Leviathan and the Second Treatise. To the contrary, I argue that their political conclusions depend on introducing constitutional and legal ?facts?, in particular, facts about the constitution of the English monarchy. Second, I challenge the Whiggish (...)
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  • Economies: Good, Bad, Indifferent.Raymond Geuss - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (4):331-360.
    Abstract There has been a strong tendency in economic thought to try to take human wants, desires, and preferences as the basis for deciding how to act. This essay argues that ?needs? constitute a distinct category which cannot be reduced to preference. The reductive strategy is partly connected with a philosophical mistake about the relation between the subjective and the objective. The distinction between needs and wants must be central to any continuing form of human action, but it may also (...)
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  • Are Evolving Human Rights Harmless?Anna Westin - 2014 - The New Bioethics 20 (2):153-173.
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  • Action as a Text: Gadamer's Hermeneutics and the Social Scientific Analysis of Action.Susan Hekman - 1984 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (3):333–354.
    This paper argues that Gadamer's hermeneutics offers a methodological perspective for social and political theory that overcomes the impasse created by the dichotomy between the positivist and humanist approaches to social action. Both the positivists’attempt to replace the actors’subjective concepts with the objective concepts of the social scientist and the humanists’attempt to describe meaningful action strictly in the social actors’terms have been called into question in contemporary discussions. Gadamer's approach, which is based on the hermeneutical method of textual interpretation, offers (...)
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  • Why Equality? On Justifying Liberal Egalitarianism.Paul Kelly - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):55-70.
    The debate over the nature of egalitarianism has come to dominate political philosophy. As ever more sophisticated attempts are made to describe the principles of an egalitarian distribution or to specify the good or goods that should be distributed equally, little is said about the fundamental basis of equality. In virtue of what should people be regarded as equal? Egalitarians have tended to dismiss this question of fundamental equality. In the first part of the paper I will examine some of (...)
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  • Who Are 'We'? Ambiguities of the Modern Self.Quentin Skinner - 1991 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):133 – 153.
    This paper concentrates on three connected features of Taylor's argument. I begin by considering his historical sections on the formation of the modern identity, raising some doubts about the focus of his discussion and offering some specific criticisms in the case of Locke and Rousseau. Next I examine Taylor's list of the moral imperatives allegedly felt with particular force in the contemporary world. I question the extent to which the values listed by Taylor are genuinely shared, and point to a (...)
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