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  1. Mindfulness Reduces Habitual Responding Based on Implicit Knowledge: Evidence From Artificial Grammar Learning.Stephen Whitmarsh, Julia Uddén, Henk Barendregt & Karl Magnus Petersson - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):833-845.
    Participants were unknowingly exposed to complex regularities in a working memory task. The existence of implicit knowledge was subsequently inferred from a preference for stimuli with similar grammatical regularities. Several affective traits have been shown to influence AGL performance positively, many of which are related to a tendency for automatic responding. We therefore tested whether the mindfulness trait predicted a reduction of grammatically congruent preferences, and used emotional primes to explore the influence of affect. Mindfulness was shown to correlate negatively (...)
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  • Fluency Expresses Implicit Knowledge of Tonal Symmetry.Xiaoli Ling, Fengying Li, Fuqiang Qiao, Xiuyan Guo & Zoltan Dienes - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Educating the Design Stance: Issues of Coherence and Transgression.Norman H. Freeman & Melissa L. Allen - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):141 - 142.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) put forth a design stance to fuse psychological and art historical accounts of visual thinking into a single theory. We argue that this aspect of their proposal needs further fine-tuning. Issues of transgression and coherence are necessary to provide stability to the design stance. We advocate looking to Art Education for such fundamentals of picture understanding.
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  • Facial Beauty Affects Implicit and Explicit Learning of Men and Women Differently.Eleni Ziori & Zoltán Dienes - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Does Complexity Matter? Meta-Analysis of Learner Performance in Artificial Grammar Tasks.Rachel Schiff & Pesia Katan - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Learning and Liking of Melody and Harmony: Further Studies in Artificial Grammar Learning.Psyche Loui - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):554-567.
    Much of what we know and love about music is based on implicitly acquired mental representations of musical pitches and the relationships between them. While previous studies have shown that these mental representations of music can be acquired rapidly and can influence preference, it is still unclear which aspects of music influence learning and preference formation. This article reports two experiments that use an artificial musical system to examine two questions: (1) which aspects of music matter most for learning, and (...)
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  • Warmth of Familiarity and Chill of Error: Affective Consequences of Recognition Decisions.Andrey Chetverikov - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (3):385-415.
  • Prior Familiarity with Components Enhances Unconscious Learning of Relations.Ryan B. Scott & Zoltan Dienes - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):413-418.
    The influence of prior familiarity with components on the implicit learning of relations was examined using artificial grammar learning. Prior to training on grammar strings, participants were familiarised with either the novel symbols used to construct the strings or with irrelevant geometric shapes. Participants familiarised with the relevant symbols showed greater accuracy when judging the correctness of new grammar strings. Familiarity with elemental components did not increase conscious awareness of the basis for discriminations but increased accuracy even in its absence. (...)
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  • Knowledge Applied to New Domains: The Unconscious Succeeds Where the Conscious Fails.Ryan B. Scott & Zoltan Dienes - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):391-398.
    A common view holds that consciousness is needed for knowledge acquired in one domain to be applied in a novel domain. We present evidence for the opposite; where the transfer of knowledge is achieved only in the absence of conscious awareness. Knowledge of artificial grammars was examined where training and testing occurred in different vocabularies or modalities. In all conditions grammaticality judgments attributed to random selection showed above-chance accuracy , while those attributed to conscious decisions did not. Participants also rated (...)
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  • Learning to Like It: Aesthetic Perception of Bodies, Movements and Choreographic Structure.Guido Orgs, Nobuhiro Hagura & Patrick Haggard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):603-612.
    Appreciating human movement can be a powerful aesthetic experience. We have used apparent biological motion to investigate the aesthetic effects of three levels of movement representation: body postures, movement transitions and choreographic structure. Symmetrical and asymmetrical sequences of apparent movement were created from static postures, and were presented in an artificial grammar learning paradigm. Additionally, “good” continuation of apparent movements was manipulated by changing the number of movement path reversals within a sequence. In an initial exposure phase, one group of (...)
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  • Eliminating the Mere Exposure Effect Through Changes in Context Between Exposure and Test.Daniel de Zilva, Chris J. Mitchell & Ben R. Newell - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1345-1358.