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Qed: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter

Princeton University Press (2006)

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  1. Modern Nursing and Modern Physics: Does Quantum Theory Contain Useful Insights for Nursing Practice.John Hastings - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (3):205-212.
  • International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2014 - Springer.
    This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the (...)
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  • How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self.M. V. Butz - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):1-37.
    Purpose: Constructivism postulates that the perceived reality is a complex construct formed during development. Depending on the particular school, these inner constructs take on different forms and structures and affect cognition in different ways. The purpose of this article is to address the questions of how and, even more importantly, why we form such inner constructs. Approach: This article proposes that brain development is controlled by an inherent anticipatory drive, which biases learning towards the formation of forward predictive structures and (...)
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  • Inconsistencies in Constituent Theories of World Views: Quantum Mechanical Examples. [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Sonja Smets - 1998 - Foundations of Science 3 (2):313-340.
    We put forward the hypothesis that there exist three basic attitudes towards inconsistencies within world views: (1) The inconsistency is tolerated temporarily and is viewed as an expression of a temporary lack of knowledge due to an incomplete or wrong theory. The resolution of the inconsistency is believed to be inherent to the improvement of the theory. This improvement ultimately resolves the contradiction and therefore we call this attitude the ‘regularising’ attitude; (2) The inconsistency is tolerated and both contradicting elements (...)
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  • Defending the Indispensability Argument: Atoms, Infinity and the Continuum.Eduardo Castro - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):41-61.
    This paper defends the Quine-Putnam mathematical indispensability argument against two objections raised by Penelope Maddy. The objections concern scientific practices regarding the development of the atomic theory and the role of applied mathematics in the continuum and infinity. I present two alternative accounts by Stephen Brush and Alan Chalmers on the atomic theory. I argue that these two theories are consistent with Quine’s theory of scientific confirmation. I advance some novel versions of the indispensability argument. I argue that these new (...)
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  • Towards a Realistic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Providing a Model of the Physical World.Emilio Santos - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (4):357-386.
    It is argued that a realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics is possible and useful. Current interpretations, from “Copenhagen” to “many worlds” are critically revisited. The difficulties for intuitive models of quantum physics are pointed out and possible solutions proposed. In particular the existence of discrete states, the quantum jumps, the alleged lack of objective properties, measurement theory, the probabilistic character of quantum physics, the wave–particle duality and the Bell inequalities are analyzed. The sketch of a realistic picture of the quantum (...)
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  • Mathematical Structure and Empirical Content.Michael E. Miller - unknown - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Approaches to the interpretation of physical theories provide accounts of how physical meaning accrues to the mathematical structure of a theory. According to many standard approaches to interpretation, meaning relations are captured by maps from the mathematical structure of the theory to statements expressing its empirical content. In this paper I argue that while such accounts adequately address meaning relations when exact models are available or perturbation theory converges, they do not fare as well for models that give rise to (...)
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  • Unified Electromagnetic Fields.John Linus O'Sullivan - forthcoming - AuthorsDen.
    Abstract: Standing half wave particles at light speed twice in expansion-contraction comprise a static universe where two transverse fields 90° out of phase are the square of distance from each other. The universe has a static concept of time since the infinite universe is a static universe without a beginning or end. The square of distance is a point of reversal in expansion-contraction between the fields as a means to conserve energy. Photons on expansion in the electric field create matter (...)
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  • Quantum Information Theoretic Approach to the Mind–Brain Problem.Danko D. Georgiev - 2020 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 158:16-32.
    The brain is composed of electrically excitable neuronal networks regulated by the activity of voltage-gated ion channels. Further portraying the molecular composition of the brain, however, will not reveal anything remotely reminiscent of a feeling, a sensation or a conscious experience. In classical physics, addressing the mind–brain problem is a formidable task because no physical mechanism is able to explain how the brain generates the unobservable, inner psychological world of conscious experiences and how in turn those conscious experiences steer the (...)
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  • Antimatter.David John Baker & Hans Halvorson - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (1):93-121.
    Next SectionThe nature of antimatter is examined in the context of algebraic quantum field theory. It is shown that the notion of antimatter is more general than that of antiparticles. Properly speaking, then, antimatter is not matter made up of antiparticles—rather, antiparticles are particles made up of antimatter. We go on to discuss whether the notion of antimatter is itself completely general in quantum field theory. Does the matter–antimatter distinction apply to all field theoretic systems? The answer depends on which (...)
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  • C‐Theories of Time: On the Adirectionality of Time.Matt Farr - 2020 - Philosophy Compass (12):1-17.
    “The universe is expanding, not contracting.” Many statements of this form appear unambiguously true; after all, the discovery of the universe’s expansion is one of the great triumphs of empirical science. However, the statement is time-directed: the universe expands towards what we call the future; it contracts towards the past. If we deny that time has a direction, should we also deny that the universe is really expanding? This article draws together and discusses what I call ‘C-theories’ of time — (...)
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  • Ten Testable Properties of Consciousness.Christopher W. Tyler - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Integration Psychophysics.Norman H. Anderson - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):268-269.
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  • Is a Unified Psychophysical Law Realistic?Jüri Allik - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):267-268.
  • Mirror Symmetry and Other Miracles in Superstring Theory.Dean Rickles - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):54-80.
    The dominance of string theory in the research landscape of quantum gravity physics (despite any direct experimental evidence) can, I think, be justified in a variety of ways. Here I focus on an argument from mathematical fertility, broadly similar to Hilary Putnam’s ‘no miracles argument’ that, I argue, many string theorists in fact espouse in some form or other. String theory has generated many surprising, useful, and well-confirmed mathematical ‘predictions’—here I focus on mirror symmetry and the mirror theorem. These predictions (...)
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  • Understanding the Time‐Asymmetry of Radiation.Jill North - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1086-1097.
    I discuss the nature of the puzzle about the time‐asymmetry of radiation and argue that its most common formulation is flawed. As a result, many proposed solutions fail to solve the real problem. I discuss a recent proposal of Mathias Frisch as an example of the tendency to address the wrong problem. I go on to suggest that the asymmetry of radiation, like the asymmetry of thermodynamics, results from the initial state of the universe.
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  • The Duality of Psycho-Physics.S. Klein - 1991 - In A. Gorea (ed.), Representations of Vision. Cambridge University Press. pp. 231--249.
  • Sound and Fury: McCloskey and Significance Testing in Economics.Kevin D. Hoover & Mark V. Siegler - 2008 - Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (1):1-37.
    For more than 20 years, Deidre McCloskey has campaigned to convince the economics profession that it is hopelessly confused about statistical significance. She argues that many practices associated with significance testing are bad science and that most economists routinely employ these bad practices: ?Though to a child they look like science, with all that really hard math, no science is being done in these and 96 percent of the best empirical economics ?? (McCloskey 1999). McCloskey's charges are analyzed and rejected. (...)
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  • Can Quantum Probability Provide a New Direction for Cognitive Modeling?Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):255-274.
    Classical (Bayesian) probability (CP) theory has led to an influential research tradition for modeling cognitive processes. Cognitive scientists have been trained to work with CP principles for so long that it is hard even to imagine alternative ways to formalize probabilities. However, in physics, quantum probability (QP) theory has been the dominant probabilistic approach for nearly 100 years. Could QP theory provide us with any advantages in cognitive modeling as well? Note first that both CP and QP theory share the (...)
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  • “Shut The Front Door!”: Obviating the Challenge of Large-Scale Extra Dimensions and Psychophysical Bridging.Richard L. Amoroso - 2013 - In Richard L. Amoroso, Louis H. Kauffman & Peter Rowlands (eds.), The Physics of Reality: Space, Time, Matter, Cosmos. World Scientific Publishers. pp. 510-522.
    Physics has been slowly and reluctantly beginning to address the role and fundamental basis of the ‘observer’ which has until now also been considered metaphysical and beyond the mandate empirical rigor. It is suggested that the fundamental premise of the currently dominant view of ‘Cognitive Theory’ - “Mind Equals Brain” is erroneous; and the associated belief that the ‘Planck scale, ‘the so-called basement level of reality’, as an appropriate arena from which to model psycho-physical bridging is also in error. In (...)
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  • Appearing Out of Nowhere: The Emergence of Spacetime in Quantum Gravity.Karen Crowther - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Sydney
    Quantum gravity is understood as a theory that, in some sense, unifies general relativity (GR) and quantum theory, and is supposed to replace GR at extremely small distances (high-energies). It may be that quantum gravity represents the breakdown of spacetime geometry described by GR. The relationship between quantum gravity and spacetime has been deemed ``emergence'', and the aim of this thesis is to investigate and explicate this relation. After finding traditional philosophical accounts of emergence to be inappropriate, I develop a (...)
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  • On the Philosophical Inadequacy of Modern Physics and the Need for a Theory of Space.Henry H. Lindner - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (1):136-180.
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  • [Review] Ronald Dworkin Religion Without God.Alexander Latham - unknown
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  • Quantum Mechanics in a New Light.Ulrich Mohrhoff - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (3):517-537.
    Although the present paper looks upon the formal apparatus of quantum mechanics as a calculus of correlations, it goes beyond a purely operationalist interpretation. Having established the consistency of the correlations with the existence of their correlata, and having justified the distinction between a domain in which outcome-indicating events occur and a domain whose properties only exist if their existence is indicated by such events, it explains the difference between the two domains as essentially the difference between the manifested world (...)
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  • A Re-Interpretation of the Concept of Mass and of the Relativistic Mass-Energy Relation.Stefano Re Fiorentin - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (12):1394-1406.
    For over a century the definitions of mass and derivations of its relation with energy continue to be elaborated, demonstrating that the concept of mass is still not satisfactorily understood. The aim of this study is to show that, starting from the properties of Minkowski spacetime and from the principle of least action, energy expresses the property of inertia of a body. This implies that inertial mass can only be the object of a definition—the so called mass-energy relation—aimed at measuring (...)
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  • Einstein's Impact on the Physics of the Twentieth Century.Domenico Giulini & Norbert Straumann - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (1):115-173.
  • Why Feynman Diagrams Represent.Letitia Meynell - 2008 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):39 – 59.
    There are two distinct interpretations of the role that Feynman diagrams play in physics: (i) they are calculational devices, a type of notation designed to keep track of complicated mathematical expressions; and (ii) they are representational devices, a type of picture. I argue that Feynman diagrams not only have a calculational function but also represent: they are in some sense pictures. I defend my view through addressing two objections and in so doing I offer an account of representation that explains (...)
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  • Path Integral and Transactional Interpretation.Leonardo Chiatti - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (3):481-490.
    The concept of “transaction,” introduced by Cramer in his realistic nonlocal interpretation of quantum mechanics (QM), is herein reformulated in the language of the Feynman graphs' technique.
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  • Simplicity and Theology.Don Fawkes & Tom Smythe - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):259 - 270.
    Richard Swinburne has given a defense of arguments for the existence of God (and in particular of teleological arguments) in his book "The Existence of God" (1979/1991). This paper argues that such theistic arguments fail, and poses some general problems for theistic arguments. Swinburne's use of a principle of simplicity is not given adequate justification and, if justified, works against theism. There are adequate rebuttals to Swinburne's arguments that depend upon there being few particles of basic physics, universal laws of (...)
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  • Models and Theories.Axel Leijonhufvud - 1997 - Journal of Economic Methodology 4 (2):193-198.
    Economic theories are systems of beliefs about the world. Models formalize parts or aspects of theories but leave much of their content out. An example of a component of theories not contained in models are the instructions for how to proceed when a model fails (in Lakatos's terms the 'positive heuristic'). Mathematization gives precision of statement but not of empirical reference. The emphasis on explicit models as the main vehicle for journal communication among economists is questioned. The tendency for top (...)
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  • Quantum Field Theories and Aesthetic Disparity.Gideon Engler - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):51 – 63.
    The theoretical physicist Paul Dirac rejected, explicitly on aesthetic grounds, a successful theory known as quantum electrodynamics (QED), which is the prototype for the family of theories known as quantum field theories (QFTs). Remarkably, the theoretical physicist Steven Weinberg, also largely on aesthetic grounds, supports QED and other QFTs. In order to evaluate these opposing aesthetic views a short introduction to the physical properties of QFTs is presented together with a detailed analysis of the aesthetic claims of Dirac and Weinberg. (...)
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  • Unity and Diversity of Neurelectric and Psychophysical Functions: The Invariance Question.Gerald S. Wasserman & Lolin T. Wang-Bennett - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):297-298.
  • Sensory Magnitudes and Their Physical Correlates.Richard M. Warren - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):296-297.
  • Option 4: Forswear the Psychophysical Law.Lawrence M. Ward - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):295-296.
  • Fantasies in Psychophysical Scaling: Do Category Estimates Reflect the True Psychophysical Scale?Mark Wagner - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):294-295.
  • Sensory Scaling: Unanswered Questions.Michel Treisman - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):293-294.
  • Unified Psychophysics: Wouldn't It Be Loverly….Robert Teghtsoonian & Martha Teghtsoonian - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):292-292.
  • On the Origin and Function of the Psychophysical Transformation.Roger N. Shepard - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):290-291.
  • Is There Really Only One Representation for Stimulus Intensity?Bruce Schneider - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):290-290.
  • Conjuring Fechner's Spirit.Eckart Scheerer - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):288-290.
  • Magnitude Scales, Category Scales, and Number Scales.Stanley J. Rule - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):288-288.
  • Uncertain Size of Exponent When Judging Without Familiar Units.E. C. Poulton - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):286-288.
  • Psychophysical Law: Some Doubts About Unification.Scott Parker - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):286-286.
  • The Fechner-Stevens Law is the Law of Transmission of Information.Kenneth H. Norwich - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):285-285.
  • Nineteenth-Century Attempts to Decide Between Psychophysical Laws.David J. Murray - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):284-285.
  • Rubber Scales and Partial Quantification.William J. McGill - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):283-284.
  • G and S Go Fishing.Lawrence E. Marks - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):282-283.
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  • Psychophysical Laws: A Call for Deregulation.Neil A. Macmillan, Louis D. Braida & Nathaniel I. Durlach - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):282-282.
  • On Various Ways of Establishing a Psychophysical Function Empirically.Josef Lukas - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):281-282.
  • Experimental Evidence for Fechner's and Stevens's Laws.Donald Laming - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):277-281.