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The Neural Basis of Mentalizing

Neuron 50 (4):531-534 (2006)

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  1. The Second-Person Perspective in the Preface of Nicholas of Cusa’s De Visione Dei.Andrea Hollingsworth - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (4):145--166.
    In De visione Dei’s preface, a multidimensional, embodied experience of the second-person perspective becomes the medium by which Nicholas of Cusa’s audience, the benedictine brothers of Tegernsee, receive answers to questions regarding whether and in what sense mystical theology’s divine term is an object of contemplation, and whether union with God is a matter of knowledge or love. The experience of joint attention that is described in this text is enigmatic, dynamic, integrative, and transformative. As such, it instantiates the coincidentia (...)
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  • Preserved Perspective Taking in Free Indirect Discourse in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Juliane T. Zimmermann, Sara Meuser, Stefan Hinterwimmer & Kai Vogeley - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Perspective taking has been proposed to be impaired in persons with autism spectrum disorder, especially when implicit processing is required. In narrative texts, language perception and interpretation is fundamentally guided by taking the perspective of a narrator. We studied perspective taking in the linguistic domain of so-called Free Indirect Discourse, during which certain text segments have to be interpreted as the thoughts or utterances of a protagonist without explicitly being marked as thought or speech representations of that protagonist. Crucially, the (...)
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  • Decision-Making: From Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics—an Overview.Daniel Serra - 2021 - Theory and Decision 91 (1):1-80.
    By the late 1990s, several converging trends in economics, psychology, and neuroscience had set the stage for the birth of a new scientific field known as “neuroeconomics”. Without the availability of an extensive variety of experimental designs for dealing with individual and social decision-making provided by experimental economics and psychology, many neuroeconomics studies could not have been developed. At the same time, without the significant progress made in neuroscience for grasping and understanding brain functioning, neuroeconomics would have never seen the (...)
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  • From a Bodily-Based Format of Knowledge to Symbols. The Evolution of Human Language.Valentina Cuccio - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):49-61.
    Although ontogeny cannot recapitulate phylogeny, a two-level model of the acquisition of language will be here proposed and its implication for the evolution of the faculty of language will be discussed. It is here proposed that the identification of the cognitive requirements of language during ontogeny could help us in the task of identifying the phylogenetic achievements that concurred, at some point, to the acquisition of language during phylogeny. In this model speaking will be considered as a complex ability that (...)
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  • Thinking About Complex Mental States: Language, Symbolic Activity and Theories of Mind.Emanuele Arielli - 2012 - In Sign Culture Zeichen Kultur. Würzburg, Germania: pp. 491-501.
    One of the most important contributions in Roland Posner’s work (1993) was the extension and development of the Gricean paradigm on meaning (1957) in a systematic framework, providing thus a general foundation of semiotic phenomena. According to this approach, communication consists in behaviors or artifacts based on reciprocal assumptions about the intentions and beliefs of the subjects involved in a semiotic exchange. Posner’s model develops with clarity the hierarchical relationships of semiotic phenomena of different complexity, from simple pre-communicative behaviors (like (...)
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  • Using Bayesian Modelling to Uncover the Behavioural and Neural Mechanisms of Social Learning and Decision-Making in Healthy Controls & Psychiatric Disorders.Lara Henco - 2020 - Dissertation, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
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  • Social Exclusion Down-Regulates Pain Empathy at the Late Stage of Empathic Responses: Electrophysiological Evidence.Min Fan, Jing Jie, Pinchao Luo, Yu Pang, Danna Xu, Gaowen Yu, Shaochen Zhao, Wei Chen & Xifu Zheng - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Social exclusion has a significant impact on cognition, emotion, and behavior. Some behavioral studies investigated how social exclusion affects pain empathy. Conclusions were inconsistent, and there is a lack of clarity in identifying which component of pain empathy is more likely to be affected. To investigate these issues, we used a Cyberball task to manipulate feelings of social exclusion. Two groups participated in the same pain empathy task while we recorded event-related potentials when participants viewed static images of body parts (...)
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  • Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous thought is to plan and anticipate (...)
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  • Advancing Emotion Theory with Multivariate Pattern Classification.Philip A. Kragel & Kevin S. LaBar - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):160-174.
    Characterizing how activity in the central and autonomic nervous systems corresponds to distinct emotional states is one of the central goals of affective neuroscience. Despite the ease with which individuals label their own experiences, identifying specific autonomic and neural markers of emotions remains a challenge. Here we explore how multivariate pattern classification approaches offer an advantageous framework for identifying emotion-specific biomarkers and for testing predictions of theoretical models of emotion. Based on initial studies using multivariate pattern classification, we suggest that (...)
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  • Patterns of Contagious Yawning and Itching Differ Amongst Adults With Autistic Traits Vs. Psychopathic Traits.Molly S. Helt, Taylor M. Sorensen, Rachel J. Scheub, Mira B. Nakhle & Anna C. Luddy - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Both individuals with diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder and individuals high in psychopathic traits show reduced susceptibility to contagious yawning; that is, yawning after seeing or hearing another person yawn. Yet it is unclear whether the same underlying processes are responsible for the relationship between reduced contagion and these very different types of clinical traits. College Students watched videos of individuals yawning or scratching while their eye movements were tracked. They completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Autism-Spectrum Quotient, the Psychopathy (...)
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  • Theory of Mind and Its Elusive Structural Substrate.Fernando Lizcano-Cortés, Jalil Rasgado-Toledo, Averi Giudicessi & Magda Giordano - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Is brain structure related to function? Can one predict the other? These are questions that are still waiting to be answered definitively. In this paper we seek to investigate these questions, in particular, we are interested in the relation between brain structure and theory of mind. ToM is defined as the ability to attribute mental states to others. Previous studies have observed correlations between performance on ToM tasks, and gray-matter size/volume in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, temporoparietal junction and precuneus. Despite these (...)
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  • The Evolutionary Puzzle of Guilt: Individual or Group Selection?Michael J. Deem & Grant Ramsey - 2016 - Understanding Guilt.
    Some unpleasant emotions, like fear and disgust, appear straightforwardly susceptible to evolutionary explanation on account of the benefits they seem to provide to individuals. But guilt is more puzzling in this respect. Like other unpleasant emotions, guilt is often associated with a host of negative effects on the individual, such as psychological suffering and social withdrawal. Moreover, many guilt-induced behaviors, such as revealing one’s offenses and placing oneself before the mercy of others, could levy a cost to individuals that is (...)
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  • Self and Other Mentalizing Polarities and Dimensions of Mental Health: Association With Types of Symptoms, Functioning and Well-Being.Sergi Ballespí, Jaume Vives, Carla Sharp, Lorena Chanes & Neus Barrantes-Vidal - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests that the ability to understand one’s own and others’ minds, or mentalizing, is a key factor for mental health. Most studies have focused the attention on the association between global measures of mentalizing and specific disorders. In contrast, very few studies have analyzed the association between specific mentalizing polarities and global measures of mental health. This study aimed to evaluate whether self and other polarities of mentalizing are associated with a multidimensional notion of mental health, which considers symptoms, (...)
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  • Harnessing Neuroimaging to Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Chronic Disease: A Conceptual Framework for Improving Health Messaging.Samantha N. Brosso, Paschal Sheeran, Allison J. Lazard & Keely A. Muscatell - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Socioeconomic status -related health disparities persist for numerous chronic diseases, with lower-SES individuals exhibiting greater risk of morbidity and mortality compared to their higher-SES counterparts. One likely contributor is disparities in health messaging efforts, which are currently less effective for motivating health behavior change among those lower in SES. Drawing on communication neuroscience and social neuroscience research, we describe a conceptual framework to improve health messaging effectiveness in lower SES communities. The framework is based on evidence that health-message-induced activity in (...)
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  • Relations Between Self-Understanding and Other-Understanding: Similarities and Interactions.Adrianna Smurzyńska - 2020 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 11 (2).
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  • Proposers’ Economic Status Affects Behavioral and Neural Responses to Unfairness.Yijie Zheng, Xuemei Cheng, Jialin Xu, Li Zheng, Lin Li, Guang Yang & Xiuyan Guo - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Robots As Intentional Agents: Using Neuroscientific Methods to Make Robots Appear More Social.Eva Wiese, Giorgio Metta & Agnieszka Wykowska - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  • Play Along: Effects of Music and Social Interaction on Word Learning.Laura Verga, Emmanuel Bigand & Sonja A. Kotz - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • An Evaluation of Neurocognitive Models of Theory of Mind.Matthias Schurz & Josef Perner - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Temporarily Out of Order: Temporal Perspective Taking in Language in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.Jessica Overweg, Catharina A. Hartman & Petra Hendriks - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Neuromarketing Highlights in How Asperger Syndrome Youth Perceive Advertising.Patricia Nuñez-Gomez, Anton Alvarez-Ruiz, Felix Ortega-Mohedano & Erika P. Alvarez-Flores - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Suicidal Ideation in Adolescence: A Perspective View on the Role of the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex.Rosalba Morese & Claudio Longobardi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Theory of Mind and the Whole Brain Functional Connectivity: Behavioral and Neural Evidences with the Amsterdam Resting State Questionnaire.Antonella Marchetti, Francesca Baglio, Isa Costantini, Ottavia Dipasquale, Federica Savazzi, Raffaello Nemni, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra, Semira Tagliabue, Annalisa Valle, Davide Massaro & Ilaria Castelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • How Well Can We Assess Our Ability to Understand Others’ Feelings? Beliefs About Taking Others’ Perspectives and Actual Understanding of Others’ Emotions.Jacob Israelashvili, Disa Sauter & Agneta Fischer - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The ToMenovela – A Photograph-Based Stimulus Set for the Study of Social Cognition with High Ecological Validity.C. Herbort Maike, Iseev Jenny, Stolz Christopher, Roeser Benedict, Großkopf Nora, Wüstenberg Torsten, Hellweg Rainer, Walter Henrik, Dziobek Isabel & H. Schott Björn - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • The Principles of Art Therapy in Virtual Reality.Irit Hacmun, Dafna Regev & Roy Salomon - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Emotional Empathy as a Mechanism of Synchronisation in Child-Robot Interaction.Irini Giannopulu, Kazunori Terada & Tomio Watanabe - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Necessity of Ambiguity in Self–Other Processing: A Psychosocial Perspective With Implications for Mental Health.Christophe Emmanuel de Bézenac, Rachel Ann Swindells & Rhiannon Corcoran - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Developmental Origins of the Social Brain: Empathy, Morality, and Justice.Chenyi Chen, Róger Marcelo Martínez & Yawei Cheng - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Role of Eye Gaze During Natural Social Interactions in Typical and Autistic People.Roser Cañigueral & Antonia F. De C. Hamilton - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The Neural Systems of Forgiveness: An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective.Joseph Billingsley & Elizabeth A. R. Losin - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Eye Behavior Associated with Internally Versus Externally Directed Cognition.Benedek Mathias, Stoiser Robert, Walcher Sonja & Körner Christof - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Neural Underpinnings of the Perception of Emotional States Derived From Biological Human Motion: A Review of Neuroimaging Research. [REVIEW]Julia Bachmann, Jörn Munzert & Britta Krüger - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Seeing More Than Human: Autism and Anthropomorphic Theory of Mind.Gray Atherton & Liam Cross - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Help Me If I Can't: Social Interaction Effects in Adult Contextual Word Learning.Laura Verga & Sonja A. Kotz - 2017 - Cognition 168:76-90.
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  • A Reaction Time Advantage for Calculating Beliefs Over Public Representations Signals Domain Specificity for ‘Theory of Mind’.Adam S. Cohen & Tamsin C. German - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):417-425.
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  • Encoding of Others’ Beliefs Without Overt Instruction.Adam S. Cohen & Tamsin C. German - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):356-363.
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  • Both Your Intention and Mine Are Reflected in the Kinematics of My Reach-to-Grasp Movement.Cristina Becchio, Luisa Sartori, Maria Bulgheroni & Umberto Castiello - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):894-912.
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  • Beyond Simulation–Theory and Theory–Theory: Why Social Cognitive Neuroscience Should Use its Own Concepts to Study “Theory of Mind”.Ian A. Apperly - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):266-283.
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  • “Making It Explicit” Makes a Difference: Evidence for a Dissociation of Spontaneous and Intentional Level 1 Perspective Taking in High-Functioning Autism.Sarah Schwarzkopf, Leonhard Schilbach, Kai Vogeley & Bert Timmermans - 2014 - Cognition 131 (3):345-354.
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  • Specialized Mechanisms for Theory of Mind: Are Mental Representations Special Because They Are Mental or Because They Are Representations?Adam S. Cohen, Joni Y. Sasaki & Tamsin C. German - 2015 - Cognition 136:49-63.
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  • Could Acting Training Improve Social Cognition and Emotional Control?Brennan McDonald, Thalia R. Goldstein & Philipp Kanske - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  • The Medial Prefrontal Cortex in Constructing Personality Models.Jonathan B. Freeman & Ryan M. Stolier - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (11):571-572.
  • The “Who” System of the Human Brain: A System for Social Cognition About the Self and Others.Steven Brown - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  • The Proactive Brain: Using Analogies and Associations to Generate Predictions.Moshe Bar - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (7):280-289.
  • Corrigendum: The Proactive Brain: Using Analogies and Associations to Generate Predictions.Moshe Bar - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):372.
  • Being Asked to Tell an Unpleasant Truth About Another Person Activates Anterior Insula and Medial Prefrontal Cortex.Melissa M. Littlefield, Martin J. Dietz, Kasper J. des FitzgeraldKnudsen & James Tonks - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  • Performance and Material-Dependent Holistic Representation of Unconscious Thought: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Tetsuya Kageyama, Kelssy Hitomi dos Santos Kawata, Ryuta Kawashima & Motoaki Sugiura - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  • The Medial Prefrontal Cortex Mediates Social Event Knowledge.Frank Krueger, Aron K. Barbey & Jordan Grafman - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):103-109.
  • Role of Theory of Mind in Emotional Awareness and Alexithymia: Implications for Conceptualization and Measurement.Richard D. Lane, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Dona E. C. Locke, Cheryl Ritenbaugh & Cynthia M. Stonnington - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:398-405.