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  1. Subliminal Action Priming Modulates the Perceived Intensity of Sensory Action Consequences.Max-Philipp Stenner, Markus Bauer, Nura Sidarus, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Patrick Haggard & Raymond J. Dolan - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):227-235.
  • Immediate and Long-Term Priming Effects Are Independent of Prime Awareness.Jolien C. Francken, Simon van Gaal & Floris P. de Lange - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1793-1800.
    Subliminal primes are assumed to produce weaker and short-lived effects on subsequent behavior compared to clearly visible primes. However, this difference in priming effect may be due to differences in signal strength, rather than level of awareness. In the present study we manipulated prime discriminability by using metacontrast masks and pseudomasks, while keeping the prime strength equal. This manipulation resulted in large differences in discriminability of the primes. However, both immediate response priming and long-term response priming was equal for the (...)
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  • The Magnitude of Priming Effects is Not Independent of Prime Awareness. Reply to Francken, van Gaal, & de Lange (2011).Kobe Desender & Eva Van den Bussche - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1571-1572.
  • PRP-Paradigm Provides Evidence for a Perceptual Origin of the Negative Compatibility Effect.Daniel Krüger, Susan Klapötke & Uwe Mattler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):866-881.
    Visual stimuli that are made invisible by masking can affect motor responses to a subsequent target stimulus. When a prime is followed by a mask which is followed by a target stimulus, an inverse priming effect has been found: Responses are slow and frequently incorrect when prime and target stimuli are congruent, but fast and accurate when prime and target stimuli are incongruent. To functionally localize the origins of inverse priming effects, we applied the psychological refractory period paradigm which distinguishes (...)
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  • Inverse Cue Priming is Not Limited to Masks with Relevant Features.Daniel Krüger & Uwe Mattler - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1207-1221.
    Apart from positive priming effects, masked prime stimuli can impair responses to a subsequent target stimulus which shares response-critical features in contrast to a target assigned to the opposite response. This counterintuitive phenomenon is called inverse priming . Here we examine the generality of this phenomenon beyond priming of motor responses. We used a non-motor cue-priming paradigm to study the underlying mechanism of inverse priming for relevant features masks which include task-relevant stimulus features and for irrelevant masks which omit task-relevant (...)
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  • Masked Response Priming in Expert Typists.Alexander Heinemann, Andrea Kiesel, Carsten Pohl & Wilfried Kunde - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):399-407.
    In masked priming tasks responses are usually faster when prime and target require identical rather than different responses. Previous research has extensively manipulated the nature and number of response-affording stimuli. However, little is known about the constraints of masked priming regarding the nature and number of response alternatives. The present study explored the limits of masked priming in a six-choice reaction time task, where responses from different fingers of both hands were required. We studied participants that were either experts for (...)
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  • One Version of Direct Response Priming Requires Automatization of the Relevant Associations but Not Awareness of the Prime.Stuart T. Klapp - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:163-175.
  • The Negative Compatibility Effect with Nonmasking Flankers: A Case for Mask-Triggered Inhibition Hypothesis.P. Jaskowski - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):765-777.
    Visual targets which follow a prime stimulus and a mask can be identified faster when they are incompatible rather than compatible with the prime . According to the self-inhibition hypothesis, the initial activation of the motor response is elicited by the prime based on its identity. This activation leads to benefits for compatible trials and costs for incompatible trials. This motor activation is followed by an inhibition phase, leading to an NCE if perceptual evidence of the prime is immediately removed (...)
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