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  1. The Constructivism of Social Discourse: Toward a Contemporaneous Understanding of Knowledge.Jesús Aparicio de Soto - 2022 - Scientific Research, OJPP 12 (3):376-396; DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2022..
    Constructivism is frequently met with objections, criticism and often equated with nihilism or relativism. Sometimes even blamed for what some would randomly picture as unwanted side effects of radicalism or of a progressivist era: such misconceptions are not only due to an imprecise grasp of the premises shared by the constructivist family of systems. The structure of media, political systems, and economic models, still up today impel societal understandings of knowledge on neo-positivistic grounds. The first part of this essay outlines (...)
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  • Cross-Sectoral Mobility Funding and the Challenge of Immersion: The Case of SSH.Tomas Hellström & Christina Hellström - 2020 - Minerva 58 (3):389-407.
    Project funding rarely demands much change on behalf of the recipient. In contrast, cross-sectoral mobility funding requires recipients to change their environment and often some aspects of their research. There is a need to understand the impact on the researchers’ experiences as knowledge producers within such programs, as part of the broader potential and significance of cross-sectoral mobility funding. This study draws on interviews with participants of the Swedish ‘Flexit’ program in order to develop a framework for assessing the dynamics (...)
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  • Two Conceptions of the Sources of Conservatism in Scientific Research.Baptiste Bedessem - 2019 - Synthese 198 (7):1-18.
    The issue of the conservatism of scientific research questions the nature and the role of the internal and external forces controlling the emergence of new research questions or problems, the exploration of risky directions of research, or the use of risky research methods. This issue has recently gained a new framing in connection with the growing importance of the peer-review process and of the social and economic pressures weighing on the funding of scientific research. Current literature then interrogates the external (...)
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  • Should We Fund Research Randomly? An Epistemological Criticism of the Lottery Model as an Alternative to Peer-Review for the Funding of Science.Baptiste Bedessem - forthcoming - Research Evaluation.
    The way research is, and should be, funded by the public sphere is the subject of renewed interest for sociology, economics, management sciences, and more recently, for the philosophy of science. In this contribution, I propose a qualitative, epistemological criticism of the funding by lottery model, which is advocated by a growing number of scholars as an alternative to peer-review. This lottery scheme draws on the lack of efficiency and of robustness of the peer-review based evaluation to argue that the (...)
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  • Searching for Macro-Meso-Micro-Level Links in Studies of North-South Research Collaborations.Stefan Skupien - 2019 - Minerva 57 (3):391-410.
    Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for possible links between macro-, meso-, and micro-levels of social analysis that has found renewed interest in the sociology of science literature. The approach has the advantage to heuristically systematize the anthropological, sociological and policy-driven approaches (...)
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  • Academic Habitus and Institutional Change: Comparing Two Generations of German Scholars.Hildegard Matthies & Marc Torka - 2019 - Minerva 57 (3):345-371.
    Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and organizational forms are central drivers of this debate – thereby, they change the conditions in which scholars conduct research and advance their careers. However, little is known so far about the impact these institutional changes have on (...)
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