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  1. The Effect of Similarity on Evaluative Priming: Higher Similarity Predicts Stronger Congruency Effects.Juliane Burghardt - unknown
    The evaluative priming paradigm aims to uncover the processes underlying evaluations. For this purpose, this paradigm presents a sequence of two or more stimuli varying on the valence dimension to which participants must provide a response. The “standard” evaluative priming effect is a relative facilitation of the required responses in congruent trials compared to incongruent trials. The following thesis argues that this evaluative priming effect depends on prime-target similarity, with higher similarity between prime and target leading to larger priming effects. (...)
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  • Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition?Brian C. Tietje - unknown
    This article discusses the need for more satisfactory implicit measures in consumer psychology and assesses the theoretical foundations, validity, and value of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as a measure of implicit consumer social cognition. Study 1 demonstrates the IAT’s sensitivity to explicit individual differences in brand attitudes, ownership, and usage frequency, and shows their correlations with IAT-based measures of implicit brand attitudes and brand relationship strength. In Study 2, the contrast between explicit and implicit measures of attitude toward the (...)
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  • Intentional Action and Unconscious Reasons.Fred Vollmer - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (3):315-326.
  • Suboptimal Exposure to Facial Expressions When Viewing Video Messages From a Small Screen: Effects on Emotion, Attention, and Memory.Niklas Ravaja, Kari Kallinen, Timo Saari & Liisa Keltikangas-Jarvinen - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 10 (2):120-131.
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  • The Influence of Intention on Masked Priming: A Study with Semantic Classification of Words.Doris Eckstein & Walter J. Perrig - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):345-376.
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  • Implicit Social Cognition: Attitudes, Self-Esteem, and Stereotypes.Anthony G. Greenwald & Mahzarin R. Banaji - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):4-27.
  • Confidence and Accuracy of Near-Threshold Discrimination Responses.Craig Kunimoto, Jeff Miller & Harold Pashler - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):294-340.
    This article reports four subliminal perception experiments using the relationship between confidence and accuracy to assess awareness. Subjects discriminated among stimuli and indicated their confidence in each discrimination response. Subjects were classified as being aware of the stimuli if their confidence judgments predicted accuracy and as being unaware if they did not. In the first experiment, confidence predicted accuracy even at stimulus durations so brief that subjects claimed to be performing at chance. This finding indicates that subjects's claims that they (...)
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  • Affective Influences on the Attentional Dynamics Supporting Awareness.Adam K. Anderson - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (2):258-281.
  • Lost in Dissociation: The Main Paradigms in Unconscious Cognition.Luis M. Augusto - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:293-310.
    Contemporary studies in unconscious cognition are essentially founded on dissociation, i.e., on how it dissociates with respect to conscious mental processes and representations. This is claimed to be in so many and diverse ways that one is often lost in dissociation. In order to reduce this state of confusion we here carry out two major tasks: based on the central distinction between cognitive processes and representations, we identify and isolate the main dissociation paradigms; we then critically analyze their key tenets (...)
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  • "Consciousness". Selected Bibliography 1970 - 2004.Thomas Metzinger - unknown
    This is a bibliography of books and articles on consciousness in philosophy, cognitive science, and neuroscience over the last 30 years. There are three main sections, devoted to monographs, edited collections of papers, and articles. The first two of these sections are each divided into three subsections containing books in each of the main areas of research. The third section is divided into 12 subsections, with 10 subject headings for philosophical articles along with two additional subsections for articles in cognitive (...)
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  • Affective Twist in Irony Processing.Katarzyna Bromberek-Dyzman - 2012 - Humana Mente 5 (23).
    Traditionally irony has been researched as a verbal mode of communicating non-literal meaning. Yet, the extant literal/non-literal meaning oriented research provided conflicting evidence and failed to explain how irony vs. non-irony is processed. The dominant literal/non-literal meaning approach hasn’t accounted for the role of attitudinal non-propositional contents so crucially involved in irony communication and comprehension. Employed to communicate indirectly, on top of non-literal meaning, irony serves to convey implicit attitudes: emotional load non-propositionally attached to the propositional contents. The role of (...)
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  • Implicit Association Test: Validity Debates.Anthony Greenwald - manuscript
    Note posted 9 Jun 08 : Modifications made today include a new section on predictive validity, and addition of recently published article and in in-press article, both by Nosek & Hansen, under the "CULTURE VS. PERSON" heading, which replaces a previously listed unpublished ms. of theirs. I continue to encourage all interested to send material that they are willing to be included on this page. Please also to let me know about errors, including faulty links.
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  • Unconscious Context-Specific Proportion Congruency Effect in a Stroop-Like Task.A. Panadero, M. C. Castellanos & P. Tudela - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:35-45.
  • The Effect of Reportable and Unreportable Hints on Anagram Solution and the Aha! Experience.Edward M. Bowden - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):545-573.
    Two experiments examine the effects of unreportable hints on anagram solving performance and on solvers' subjective experience of insight. In Experiment 1, after seeing a hint presented too briefly to identify, participants solved anagrams preceded by the solution fastest and solved anagrams preceded by unrelated hints slowest. Participants' “warmth” ratings for solution hints were more insight-like than those for unrelated hints. In Experiment 2 a hint, or no hint, was presented at one of three different exposure durations. Participants benefited from (...)
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  • Reenacting the Route to Interpretation: Enhanced Perceptual Identification Without Prior Perception.Michael E. J. Masson & Colin M. MacLeod - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (2):145-176.
  • Effects on Recognition Memory of Misperceived Spoken Words Following Two Attempts at Initial Identification.Mark T. Stewart & William P. Wallace - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (5):471-474.
  • Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test.Debbie E. McGhee & Jordan L. K. Schwartz - unknown
    in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions oblige highly associated categories (e.g., liower + pleasant) to share a response key, performance is faster than when less associated categories (e.g., insect + pleasant) share a key. This performance difference implicitly measures differential association of the 2 concepts with the attribute. In 3..
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  • Replicable Unconscious Semantic Priming.Sean Draine & Anthony G. Greenwald - 1998 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-General 127 (3):286-303.
  • Availability, Accessibility, and Subliminal Perception.John F. Kihlstrom - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):92-100.
  • Automatic and Controlled Semantic Processing: A Masked Prime-Task Effect.B. Valdés, A. Catena & P. Marí-Beffa - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (2):278-295.
    A classical definition of automaticity establishes that automatic processing occurs without attention or consciousness, and cannot be controlled. Previous studies have demonstrated that semantic priming can be reduced if attention is directed to a low-level of analysis. This finding suggests that semantic processing is not automatic since it can be controlled. In this paper, we present two experiments that demonstrate that semantic processing may occur in the absence of attention and consciousness. A negative semantic priming effect was found when a (...)
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  • The Effect of Reportable and Unreportable Hints on Anagram Solution and the Aha!E. M. Bowden - 1997 - Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):545-573.
    Two experiments examine the effects of unreportable hints on anagram solving performance and on solvers' subjective experience of insight. In Experiment 1, after seeing a hint presented too briefly to identify, participants solved anagrams preceded by the solution fastest and solved anagrams preceded by unrelated hints slowest. Participants' “warmth” ratings for solution hints were more insight-like than those for unrelated hints. In Experiment 2 a hint, or no hint, was presented at one of three different exposure durations . Participants benefited (...)
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  • The Affective Priming Effect: Automatic Activation of Evaluative Information in Memory.Dirk Hermans, Jan De Houwer & Paul Eelen - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (6):515-533.