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  1. Optimization and Quantization in Gradient Symbol Systems: A Framework for Integrating the Continuous and the Discrete in Cognition.Paul Smolensky, Matthew Goldrick & Donald Mathis - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1102-1138.
    Mental representations have continuous as well as discrete, combinatorial properties. For example, while predominantly discrete, phonological representations also vary continuously; this is reflected by gradient effects in instrumental studies of speech production. Can an integrated theoretical framework address both aspects of structure? The framework we introduce here, Gradient Symbol Processing, characterizes the emergence of grammatical macrostructure from the Parallel Distributed Processing microstructure (McClelland, Rumelhart, & The PDP Research Group, 1986) of language processing. The mental representations that emerge, Distributed Symbol Systems, (...)
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  • Reasoning with Vectors: A Continuous Model for Fast Robust Inference.D. Widdows & T. Cohen - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (2):141-173.
  • Protein Analysis Meets Visual Word Recognition: A Case for String Kernels in the Brain.Thomas Hannagan & Jonathan Grainger - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (4):575-606.
    It has been recently argued that some machine learning techniques known as Kernel methods could be relevant for capturing cognitive and neural mechanisms (Jäkel, Schölkopf, & Wichmann, 2009). We point out that ‘‘String kernels,’’ initially designed for protein function prediction and spam detection, are virtually identical to one contending proposal for how the brain encodes orthographic information during reading. We suggest some reasons for this connection and we derive new ideas for visual word recognition that are successfully put to the (...)
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