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New Directions for Nature of Science Research

In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 999-1021 (2014)

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  1. When Modern Physics Meets Nature of Science: The Representation of Nature of Science in General Relativity in New Korean Physics Textbooks.Wonyong Park, Seungran Yang & Jinwoong Song - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (9-10):1055-1083.
    The social reaction to the recent detection of the Higgs boson and gravitational waves provided evidence that public interest in modern physics has reached a high point. Although these modern physics topics are being introduced into the upper secondary physics curricula in a growing number of countries, their potential for teaching various aspects of scientific practice have yet to be explored. This article responds to this call by providing an analysis of new South Korean high school physics textbooks’ representations of (...)
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  • Do Biologists’ Conceptions of Science as a Social Epistemology Align with Critical Contextual Empiricism?Linda Fuselier, Justin McFadden & Katherine Ray King - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (9-10):1001-1025.
    From literature on understandings of the “nature of science”, we know that sometimes scientists and others that participate in teaching and mentoring in the sciences lack an informed view of the philosophical underpinnings of their discipline. In this study, we ask whether biologists who are also teachers or mentors for college students agree with the tenets of critical contextual empiricism, a social epistemology of science that foregrounds the importance of a diversity of voices in knowledge-producing communities. We used a Q-sort (...)
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  • The “Species” Concept as a Gateway to Nature of Science.Jorun Nyléhn & Marianne Ødegaard - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (7-8):685-714.
    The nature of science is a primary goal in school science. Most teachers are not well-prepared for teaching NOS, but a sophisticated and in-depth understanding of NOS is necessary for effective teaching. Some authors emphasize the need for teaching NOS in context. Species, a central concept in biology, is proposed in this article as a concrete example of a means for achieving increased understanding of NOS. Although species are commonly presented in textbooks as fixed entities with a single definition, the (...)
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  • Explanation and the Nature of Scientific Knowledge.Kevin McCain - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (7-8):827-854.
    Explaining phenomena is a primary goal of science. Consequently, it is unsurprising that gaining a proper understanding of the nature of explanation is an important goal of science education. In order to properly understand explanation, however, it is not enough to simply consider theories of the nature of explanation. Properly understanding explanation requires grasping the relation between explanation and understanding, as well as how explanations can lead to scientific knowledge. This article examines the nature of explanation, its relation to understanding, (...)
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  • Images of Objective Knowledge Construction in Sexual Selection Chapters of Evolution Textbooks.Linda Fuselier, Perri K. Eason, J. Kasi Jackson & Sarah Spaulding - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (5-6):479-499.
    Textbooks provide a rich site within which to investigate how members of a scientific discipline choose to represent their research to general audiences. We used critical contextual empiricism as a framework for interrogating how a scientific community is depicted via images in evolution textbook chapters on sexual selection. Textbooks that exhibit science within the tenets of critical contextual empiricism will depict uptake of disciplinary change and acknowledge the inseparability of the social and rational aspects of scientific knowledge construction. Sexual selection (...)
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  • Investigating Coherence About Nature of Science in Science Curriculum Documents.Yi-Fen Yeh, Sibel Erduran & Ying-Shao Hsu - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3-5):291-310.
    The article focuses on the analysis of curriculum documents from Taiwan to investigate how benchmarks for learning nature of science are positioned in different versions of the science curricula. Following a review of different approaches to the conceptualization of NOS and the role of NOS in promoting scientific literacy, an empirical study is reported to illustrate how the science curriculum documents represent different aspects of NOS. The article uses the family resemblance approach as the account of NOS and adapts it (...)
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  • Contributions of the Family Resemblance Approach to Nature of Science in Science Education.Sibel Erduran, Zoubeida R. Dagher & Christine V. McDonald - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3-5):311-328.
    The emergence of the Family Resemblance Approach to nature of science has prompted a fresh wave of scholarship embracing this new approach in science education. The FRA provides an ambitious and practical vision for what NOS-enriched science content should aim for and promotes evidence-based practices in science education to support the enactment of such vision. The present article provides an overview of research and development efforts utilizing the FRA and reviews recent empirical studies including those conducted in preservice science teacher (...)
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  • Goethe’s Conception of “Experiment as Mediator” and Implications for Practical Work in School Science.Wonyong Park & Jinwoong Song - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (1-2):39-61.
    There has been growing criticism over the aims, methods, and contents of practical work in school science, particularly concerning their tendency to oversimplify the scientific practice with focus on the hypothesis-testing function of experiments. In this article, we offer a reading of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s scientific writings—particularly his works on color as an exquisite articulation of his ideas about experimentation—through the lens of practical school science. While avoiding the hasty conclusions made from isolated experiments and observations, Goethe sought in (...)
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  • Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education.Zoubeida R. Dagher & Sibel Erduran - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (1-2):147-164.
    Two fundamental questions about science are relevant for science educators: What is the nature of science? and what aspects of nature of science should be taught and learned? They are fundamental because they pertain to how science gets to be framed as a school subject and determines what aspects of it are worthy of inclusion in school science. This conceptual article re-examines extant notions of nature of science and proposes an expanded version of the Family Resemblance Approach, originally developed by (...)
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  • Reflections on 25 Years of Journal Editorship.Michael R. Matthews - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (5-6):749-805.
    These reflections range over some distinctive features of the journal Science & Education, they acknowledge in a limited way the many individuals who over the past 25 years have contributed to the success and reputation of the journal, they chart the beginnings of the journal, and they dwell on a few central concerns—clear writing and the contribution of HPS to teacher education. The reflections also revisit the much-debated and written-upon philosophical and pedagogical arguments occasioned by the rise and possible demise (...)
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  • History and Philosophy of Science-Based Approach to Science Teaching at its Best.Gürol Irzik - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (7-8):1001-1008.
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  • Discussion of the Controversy Concerning a Historical Event Among Pre-Service Teachers.Rosária Justi & Paula Cristina Cardoso Mendonça - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (7-8):795-822.
    As part of a teacher training project, 16 future chemistry teachers participated in a dramatisation activity, in which they discussed a controversy concerning an event from the history of science: the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Fritz Haber in 1918. Preparations for the role-play activity, the dramatisation of the mock trial, and the subsequent discussions were video-recorded. We also collected the written material produced by the pre-service teachers and the reflective journals they produced during their involvement with (...)
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  • Teachers’ Ways of Talking About Nature of Science and Its Teaching.Malin Ideland, Andreas Redfors, Lena Hansson & Lotta Leden - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1141-1172.
    Nature of science has for a long time been regarded as a key component in science teaching. Much research has focused on students’ and teachers’ views of NOS, while less attention has been paid to teachers’ perspectives on NOS teaching. This article focuses on in-service science teachers’ ways of talking about NOS and NOS teaching, e.g. what they talk about as possible and valuable to address in the science classroom, in Swedish compulsory school. These teachers are, according to the national (...)
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  • Learning About the Nature of Science Using Newspaper Articles with Scientific Content.Antonio García-Carmona & José Antonio Acevedo Díaz - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (5-6):523-546.
    This article presents a study aiming at assessing the efficacy of reading newspaper articles with scientific content in order to incorporate nature of science aspects in initial primary teacher education. To this aim, a short teaching intervention based on newspaper articles was planned and performed under regular class conditions. First, prospective teachers read two newspaper articles related to a recent and controversial scientific research report in the field of physics. Next, they responded reflectively in small groups to various questions related (...)
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  • Understanding the Nature of Science Through a Critical and Reflective Analysis of the Controversy Between Pasteur and Liebig on Fermentation.Antonio García-Carmona & José Antonio Acevedo-Díaz - 2017 - Science & Education 26 (1-2):65-91.
    This article presents a qualitative study, descriptive-interpretive in profile, of the effectiveness in learning about the nature of science of an activity relating to the historical controversy between Pasteur and Liebig on fermentation. The activity was implemented during a course for pre-service secondary science teachers specializing in physics and chemistry. The approach was explicit and reflective. Three research questions were posed: What conceptions of NOS do the PSSTs show after a first reflective reading of the historical controversy?, What role is (...)
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  • Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science.María Pilar Jiménez-Aleixandre - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1241-1244.
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