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  1. Measurement in French Experimental Physics From Regnault to Lippmann. Rhetoric and Theoretical Practice.Daniel Jon Mitchell - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (4):453-482.
    Summary This paper explores the legacy of the great French experimental physicist Victor Regnault through the example of Gabriel Lippmann, whose engagement with electrical standardization during the early 1880s was guided by Regnault's methodological precept to measure ?directly?. Lippmann's education reveals that the theoretical practice of ?direct? measurement entailed eliminating extraneous physical effects through the experimental design, rather than, like physicists in Britain and Germany, making numerical ?corrections? to measured values. It also provides, paradoxically, exemplars of the qualitative theoretical practices (...)
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  • The Magnetic Circuit Model, 1850–1890: The Resisted Flow Image in Magnetostatics.D. W. Jordan - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (2):131-173.
    The magnetic circuit model acts as a unifying principle in descriptive magnetostatics, and as an approximate computational aid in electrical machine design. It was the subject of repeated rediscoveries through the period 1855 to 1886, taking different forms and being provided with different justifications but all motivated by the mathematical difficulty of existing magnetic theory. The process culminated in several competitively-slanted announcements of the principle made during 1884 to 1886, arising in connection with the already comparatively efficient designs of contemporary (...)
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  • The Adoption of Self-Induction by Telephony, 1886–1889.D. W. Jordan - 1982 - Annals of Science 39 (5):433-461.
    Through 1886 to 1889 understanding of the mechanism of telephone transmission was transformed from an electrostatic and traditional view to an electrodynamic one conforming with Maxwell's scheme. Observed at the level of commercial application this painful adjustment occurred via a sequence of controversies connected with self-induction—on techniques of telephony, on electrical measurement, on lightning conductors and on matters of professional ethics—in which the parts played by evidence, by theory, and by authority were strangely mixed. The well-known confrontation of O. Heaviside (...)
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  • Styles of Science and Engineering: The Case of Early Long-Distance Telephony.Helge Kragh - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (3):175-188.
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  • Oliver Heaviside, Maxwell's Apostle and Maxwellian Apostate.Jed Z. Buchwald - 1985 - Centaurus 28 (3):288-330.
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  • Oliver Heaviside and the Significance of the British Electrical Debate.Ido Yavetz - 1993 - Annals of Science 50 (2):135-173.
    Between 1886 and 1889, the British scientific and engineering communities witnessed several controversies regarding the principles underlying certain components of electrical circuits. The purpose of this paper is to show that these controversies should be regarded as reflecting a stage in the emergence of basic industrial research as a mediating agency between practical engineering and pure science. It will be suggested that the resolution of these controversies required careful formulation of approximations guided by a practical familiarity with the details of (...)
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