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Existentialism From Dostoevsky to Sartre

New York: Meridian Books (1956)

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  1. Existential Boundary Crossings: An Archival Exploration of Identity Projects in Nineteenth-Century American Parricides. [REVIEW]Phillip Chong Ho Shon - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (3):445-457.
    As a domain of philosophical enquiry that examines what it means to be, existentialism is a moral project that is centered on the self. While a few have applied the precepts of existentialism to the philosophical implications of homicide offenders, one question that has been overlooked in previous literature is 'what is the offspring attempting to do by killing his/her parent(s)'? Using historical work on nineteenth century parricides in America, this paper examines parricide as an identity project.
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  • Perception of Individualism in American Culture and Education.Robert Beck - 1961 - Educational Theory 11 (3):129-192.
  • Happiness, Despair and Education.Peter Roberts - 2013 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (5):463-475.
    In today’s world we appear to place a premium on happiness. Happiness is often portrayed, directly or indirectly, as one of the key aims of education. To suggest that education is concerned with promoting unhappiness or even despair would, in many contexts, seem outlandish. This paper challenges these widely held views. Focusing on the work of the great Russian writer, Fyodor Dostoevsky, I argue that despair, the origins of which lie in our reflective consciousness, is a defining feature of human (...)
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  • Re-Moralizing the Suicide Debate.Scott J. Fitzpatrick - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):223-232.
    Contemporary approaches to the study of suicide tend to examine suicide as a medical or public health problem rather than a moral problem, avoiding the kinds of judgements that have historically characterised discussions of the phenomenon. But morality entails more than judgement about action or behaviour, and our understanding of suicide can be enhanced by attending to its cultural, social, and linguistic connotations. In this work, I offer a theoretical reconstruction of suicide as a form of moral experience that delineates (...)
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  • That ‘Nothing’ is ‘Something’: A Critique of Sartre’s Existentialism.Anthony Afe Asekhauno - 2017 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 29 (1):339-348.
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  • I Choose for Myself, Therefore I Am.Malte Dold & Alexa Stanton - 2021 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 14 (1).
    Behavioral economics and existentialism both present informative perspectives on human choice. We argue in this article that the dialogue between the two approaches can enrich the current debate about the normative implications of behavioral economics. While behavioral economics suggests that our capacity to choose is constrained by cognitive biases and environmental influences, existentialism emphasizes that we can treat ourselves as free and ‘becoming’ beings in spite of the many constraints we face. Acknowledging these two perspectives in the form of a (...)
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  • Business Ethics and Existentialism.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):218–233.
  • Philosophy as Literature.Jim Marshall - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (3):383–393.
    How best to introduce philosophical ideas? Is the best and only way by studying the history of philosophy and its rational arguments and discussions? But can literature, usually hived off from philosophy, be used instead and can this be as effective as rational argument? This paper explores these questions. First it considers a text which introduces philosophy through the analysis of literature, in particular James Joyce's 'Araby', arguing that the traditional analytic approach employed by the text, by concentrating on epistemology, (...)
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  • The Politics and Limits of the Self: Kierkegaard, Neoconservatism and International Political Theory.Brent J. Steele - 2013 - Journal of International Political Theory 9 (2):158-177.
    This article investigates how Soren Kierkegaard's work developed a key subject utilized in international political theory, and ascribed to particular international actors – the Self. Kierkegaard's core insights on ‘dread’ and its functions, the need for individuals to will a purpose and, finally, the limits of the Self, I argue, provide a basis from which we can understand the anxieties – the insecurities – that attend to the work of and on a ‘Self’, including that of political communities. Specifically, Kierkegaard's (...)
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  • Existentialism and Ecstasy: Colin Wilson’s Phenomenological Account of Peak Experiences.Biagio Gerard Tassone - 2019 - PhaenEx 13 (1):46-85.
    This paper critically examines the philosophical foundations of Colin Wilson’s New Existentialism. I will show how Wilson’s writings promoted a phenomenological strategy for understanding states of ecstatic affirmation within so-called ‘peak experiences’. Wilson subsequently attempted to use the life affirming insights bestowed by peak states to establish an ontological ground for values to serve as a foundation for his New Existentialism. Because of its psychological focus however, I argue that Wilson’s New Existentialism contains an ambivalent framework for establishing ontological categories, (...)
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  • Doubt, Despair and Hope in Western Thought: Unamuno and the Promise of Education.Peter Roberts - 2015 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (11):1198-1210.
    This article examines the importance of doubt in Western philosophy, with particular attention to the work of Søren Kierkegaard and Miguel de Unamuno. Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous author Johannes Climacus ventures down the pathway of doubt, finds it perplexing and difficult and discovers that he is unable to return to his pre-doubting self. In despair, the meaningfulness of his life is called into question. Unamuno, a great admirer of Kierkegaard, acknowledges the suffering that accompanies doubt while affirming the pivotal role of uncertainty, (...)
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  • Pluralistic Internalism.Scott Kretchmar - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (1):83-100.
    The purpose of this paper is to identify and defend a broad biologically informed internalist position. This internalism is pluralistic because it more explicitly identifies the range of ‘best light’ sporting practices than previous internalist literature. As such, it may help to solve a long-standing debate between broad internalists or interpretivists, as they are also called, and conventionalists. I present six models of sport that reflect different normative stances on testing and contesting acts. Each one is grounded in what I (...)
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  • Genetic Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, and Natural Man: An Existential Inquiry Into Being and Rights.Anthony Asekhauno & Wesley Osemwegie - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 13 (28):181-193.
    .It is apt and usual to cogitate and ratiocinate man and human rights; it is less so about or with animal rights; and much more less and lesser so with/about “plant rights” and the rights of cloned/the artificially intelligent agents’. This condition is unfair and not ideal because man, other animals, plants, and other human manipulations from nature constitute varying levels of being; therefore, they possess varying levels of rights. Hence there is need to espouse the nature/levels of being, on (...)
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  • Settled-There: Heidegger on the Work of Art as the Cultivation of Place.Simon Glendinning - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology 1 (1):7-31.
    ABSTRACTThere is only one reference to art in Heidegger’s Being and Time but art is to the fore in his later writings. In this article the path from the earlier to the later writings is traced such that two surprising conclusions can be drawn: first, that Heidegger’s later thinking about art is powerfully pre-figured in the single reference to poetry in Being and Time; and, second, that Heidegger’s later thinking about art does not develop a new discourse on aesthetics but, (...)
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  • Sartrean Existentialism and Ethical Decision-Making in Business.Andrew West - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):15-25.
    A wide range of decision-making models have been offered to assist in making ethical decisions in the workplace. Those that are based on normative moral frameworks typically include elements of traditional moral philosophy such as consequentialist and/or deontological␣ethics. This paper suggests an alternative model drawing on Jean-Paul Sartre’s existentialism. Accordingly, the model focuses on making decisions in full awareness of one’s freedom and responsibility. The steps of the model are intended to encourage reflection of one’s projects and one’s situation and (...)
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  • Camus and Nihilism.Ashley Woodward - 2011 - Sophia 50 (4):543-559.
    Camus published an essay entitled ‘Nietzsche and Nihilism,’ which was later incorporated into The Rebel . Camus' aim was to assess Nietzsche's response to the problem of nihilism. My aim is to do the same with Camus. The paper explores Camus' engagement with nihilism through its two major modalities: with respect to the individual and the question of suicide in The Myth of Sisyphus , and with respect to the collective and the question of murder in The Rebel . While (...)
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  • “Ridiculous” Dream Versus Social Contract: Dostoevskij, Rousseau, and the Problem of Ideal Society.Olga Stuchebrukhov - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (1-2):101 - 169.
    Drawing on the Second Discourse and the Social Contract and Notes from Underground and “The Dream of a Ridiculous Man,” this essay examines the striking similarities and fundamental differences between Dostoevskij’s and Rousseau’s treatment of the problem of individual vs. society and their notions of ideal social relations. The essay investigates Rousseau’s attempt to absorb morality into politics and “to concretize” Diderot’s universal moral man into citizen. It also suggests that Dostoevskij takes Rousseau’s attempt at concretization a step further by (...)
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  • Towards Authenticity: A Sartrean Perspective on Business Ethics.Kevin T. Jackson - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):307-325.
    Taking a Sartrean existentialist viewpoint towards business ethics, in particular, concerning the question of the nature of businesspersons’ moral character, provides for a dramatically distinct set of reflections from those afforded by the received view on character, namely that of Aristotelian-based virtue ethics. Insofar as Sartre’s philosophy places human freedom at center stage, I argue that the authenticity with which a businessperson approaches moral situations depends on the degree of consciousness he or she has of the various choices at stake. (...)
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  • "Distancing": An Essay on Abstract Thinking in Sport Performances.R. Scott Kretchmar - 1982 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 9 (1):6-18.
  • An Essay on Beauty: Some Implications of Beauty in the Natural World.Thomas K. Shotwell - 1992 - Zygon 27 (4):479-490.
  • The Accuracy of Atheism and the Truth of Atheism.Robert E. Lauder - 1989 - Sophia 28 (3):40-48.
  • Business Ethics and Existentialism.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics: A European Review 15 (3):218-233.
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  • Existentialism.Steven Crowell - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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