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  1. An Epistemological Problem for Integration in EBM.Sasha Lawson-Frost - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):938-942.
    Evidence‐based medicine (EBM) calls for medical practitioners to “integrate” our best available evidence into clinical practice. A significant amount of the literature on EBM takes this integration to be unproblematic, focusing on questions like how to interpret evidence and engage with patient values, rather than critically looking at how these features of EBM can be implemented together. Other authors have also commented on this gap in the literature, for example, identifying the lack of clarity about how patient preferences and evidence (...)
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  • Experimental Design: Ethics, Integrity and the Scientific Method.Jonathan Lewis - 2020 - In Ron Iphofen (ed.), Handbook of Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 459-474.
    Experimental design is one aspect of a scientific method. A well-designed, properly conducted experiment aims to control variables in order to isolate and manipulate causal effects and thereby maximize internal validity, support causal inferences, and guarantee reliable results. Traditionally employed in the natural sciences, experimental design has become an important part of research in the social and behavioral sciences. Experimental methods are also endorsed as the most reliable guides to policy effectiveness. Through a discussion of some of the central concepts (...)
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  • Values in Mental and Medical Disorder Concepts: Their Presence is Not the Point, Being Aware of Them Is.Diogo Telles Correia - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  • Moral Entrepreneurship, the Power‐Knowledge Nexus, and the Cochrane “Crisis”.Trisha Greenhalgh, Mustafa F. Ozbilgin, Barbara Prainsack & Sara Shaw - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (5):717-725.
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  • Use of Evidence in Acute Stroke Decision‐Making : Implications for Evidence‐Based Medicine.Timothé Langlois-Thérien, Brian Dewar, Ross E. G. Upshur & Michel Shamy - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  • Patterns of Domain-Specific Learning Among Medical Undergraduate Students in Relation to Confidence in Their Physiology Knowledge: Insights From a Pre–Post Study.Jochen Roeper, Jasmin Reichert-Schlax, Olga Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, Verena Klose, Maruschka Weber & Marie-Theres Nagel - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research FocusThe promotion of domain-specific knowledge is a central goal of higher education and, in the field of medicine, it is particularly essential to promote global health. Domain-specific knowledge on its own is not exhaustive; confidence regarding the factual truth of this knowledge content is also required. An increase in both knowledge and confidence is considered a necessary prerequisite for making professional decisions in the clinical context. Especially the knowledge of human physiology is fundamental and simultaneously critical to medical decision-making. (...)
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  • Burned Out or “Just” Depressed? An Existential Phenomenological Exploration of Burnout.Karin Mohn Engebretsen & Wenche Schrøder Bjorbækmo - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (2):439-446.
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  • Suffering Without a Medical Diagnosis. A Critical View on the Biomedical Attitudes Towards Persons Suffering From Burnout and the Implications for Medical Care.Karin Mohn Engebretsen - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1150-1157.
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  • Evidence‐Based Medicine ‐ 2018. Quo Vadis?Andrew Miles - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):3-6.
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  • Has Evidence-Based Medicine Ever Been Modern? A Latour-Inspired Understanding of a Changing EBM.Sietse Wieringa, Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen & Trish Greenhalgh - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):964-970.
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  • The Hierarchy of Evidence in Advanced Wound Care: The Social Organization of Limitations in Knowledge.Nicola Waters & Janet M. Rankin - 2019 - Nursing Inquiry 26 (4).
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  • A Nonevidence‐Based Lyric Essay on Evidence‐Based Medicine, Part II : Continuing Status Quo Maintenance Education.Shane Neilson - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):584-591.
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  • What Counts as 'What Works': Expertise, Mechanisms and Values in Evidence-Based Medicine.Sarah Wieten - 2018 - Dissertation, Durham University
    My doctoral project is a study of epistemological and ethical issues in Evidence-Based Medicine, a movement in medicine which emphasizes the use of randomized controlled trials. Much of the research on EBM suggests that, for a large part of the movement's history, EBM considered expertise, mechanisms, and values to be forces contrary to its goals and has sought to remove them, both from medical research and from the clinical encounter. I argue, however, that expertise, mechanisms and values have important epistemological (...)
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  • The Values and Ethical Commitments of Doctors Engaging in Macroallocation: A Qualitative and Evaluative Analysis.Siun Gallagher, Miles Little & Claire Hooker - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):75.
    In most socialised health systems there are formal processes that manage resource scarcity and determine the allocation of funds to health services in accordance with their priority. In this analysis, part of a larger qualitative study examining the ethical issues entailed in doctors’ participation as technical experts in priority setting, we describe the values and ethical commitments of doctors who engage in priority setting and make an empirically derived contribution towards the identification of an ethical framework for doctors’ macroallocation work. (...)
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  • Why Health Services Research Needs Bioethics.Lucy Frith - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):655-656.
    It is nearly 20 years since Tony Hope wrote an editorial in this journal on Empirical Medical Ethics,1 arguing for both a recognition of the increasing amount of work being done in ‘empirical ethics’ and for its importance as a new direction for medical ethics research. Since then empirical ethics has flourished, with debates over the role of ‘empirical’ data in ethical reasoning producing a growing body of literature and the JME and other bioethics journals regularly publishing empirical studies. While (...)
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  • Montgomery on Informed Consent: An Inexpert Decision?Jonathan Montgomery & Elsa Montgomery - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):89-94.
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  • Acting by Persuasion— Values and Rhetoric in Medical Certificates of Work Incapacity: A Qualitative Document Analysis.Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen & Anne Kveim Lie - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (1):60-66.
    When the patient applies for disability benefit in Norway, the general practitioner is required by the National Insurance Administration to confirm that the patient is unfit for work due to disease. Considering the important social role of medical certificates, they have been given surprisingly little attention by the medical critique. They may make essential differences to peoples’ lives, legitimise large social costs and, in addition, the GPs report that issuing certificates can be problematic. This article explores values, attitudes and persuasive (...)
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  • Ruling Out Risks in Medical Research.Sten Anttila, Johannes Persson, Måns Rosén, Niklas Vareman, Sigurd Vitols & Nils-Eric Sahlin - 2019 - Journal of Risk Research 22 (6):796-802.
    In medical research, it is not unusual that risks are ruled out without any specification the exact risk that was ruled out. This makes it difficult to balance expected health benefits and risk of harm when choosing between alternative treatment options. International guidelines for reporting medical research results are sufficiently specific when it comes to establishing health benefits. However, there is a lack of standards for reporting on ruling out risks. We argue that transparency is needed, as in the case (...)
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