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  1. Free Will Without Consciousness?Liad Mudrik, Inbal Gur Arie, Yoni Amir, Yarden Shir, Pamela Hieronymi, Uri Maoz, Timothy O'Connor, Aaron Schurger, Manuel Vargas, Tillmann Vierkant, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Adina Roskies - 2022 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 26 (7):555-566.
  • An Analysis of the Impact of Brain-Computer Interfaces on Autonomy.Orsolya Friedrich, Eric Racine, Steffen Steinert, Johannes Pömsl & Ralf J. Jox - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (1):17-29.
    Research conducted on Brain-Computer Interfaces has grown considerably during the last decades. With the help of BCIs, users can gain a wide range of functions. Our aim in this paper is to analyze the impact of BCIs on autonomy. To this end, we introduce three abilities that most accounts of autonomy take to be essential: the ability to use information and knowledge to produce reasons; the ability to ensure that intended actions are effectively realized ; and the ability to enact (...)
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  • Determinism, Freedom and Sin: Reformed Theological Resources for a Conversation with Neuroscience and Philosophy.Neil Messer - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (2):163-174.
    This paper engages with one debate in the emerging field of neuroethics. It is sometimes claimed on the strength of neuroscientific research that our actions are causally determined and therefore not truly free, or more modestly that brain structures or processes constrain some choices and actions, raising questions about our moral responsibility for them. I argue that a Reformed account of providence, sin and grace offers an account of causation able to resist hard determinism, reframes concepts of freedom and responsibility, (...)
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  • Unconscious Modulation of the Conscious Experience of Voluntary Control.Katrin Linser & Thomas Goschke - 2007 - Cognition 104 (3):459-475.
    How does the brain generate our experience of being in control over our actions and their effects? Here, we argue that the perception of events as self-caused emerges from a comparison between anticipated and actual action-effects: if the representation of an event that follows an action is activated before the action, the event is experienced as caused by one’s own action, whereas in the case of a mismatch it will be attributed to an external cause rather than to the self. (...)
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  • Reward Influences Masked Free-Choice Priming.Seema Prasad & Ramesh Kumar Mishra - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    While it is known that reward induces attentional prioritization, it is not clear what effect reward-learning has when associated with stimuli that are not fully perceived. The masked priming paradigm has been extensively used to investigate the indirect impact of brief stimuli on response behavior. Interestingly, the effect of masked primes is observed even when participants choose their responses freely. While classical theories assume this process to be automatic, recent studies have provided evidence for attentional modulations of masked priming effects. (...)
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  • Subliminally and Supraliminally Acquired Long-Term Memories Jointly Bias Delayed Decisions.Simon Ruch, Elizabeth Herbert & Katharina Henke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Instructed Illiteracy Reveals Expertise-Effects on Unconscious Processing.Heiko Reuss, Andrea Kiesel, Carsten Pohl & Wilfried Kunde - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • The Effects of Alerting Signals in Masked Priming.Rico Fischer, Franziska Plessow & Andrea Kiesel - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  • The Impact of Subliminal Effect Images in Voluntary Vs. Stimulus-Driven Actions.Solène Le Bars, Yi-Fang Hsu & Florian Waszak - 2016 - Cognition 156:6-15.
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  • Adjustments of Response Speed and Accuracy to Unconscious Cues.Heiko Reuss, Andrea Kiesel & Wilfried Kunde - 2015 - Cognition 134:57-62.
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  • Time Course of Free-Choice Priming Effects Explained by a Simple Accumulator Model.Uwe Mattler & Simon Palmer - 2012 - Cognition 123 (3):347-360.
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  • Unconscious Activation of Task Sets.Heiko Reuss, Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde & Bernhard Hommel - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):556-567.
    Using an explicit task cuing paradigm, we tested whether masked cues can trigger task-set activation, which would suggest that unconsciously presented stimuli can impact cognitive control processes. Based on a critical assessment of previous findings on the priming of task-set activation, we present two experiments with a new method to approach this subject. Instead of using a prime, we varied the visibility of the cue. These cues either directly signaled particular tasks in Experiment 1, or certain task transitions in Experiment (...)
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  • Probability Judgments of Agency: Rational or Irrational?Thomas Schmidt & Vera C. Heumüller - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):1-11.
    We studied how people attribute action outcomes to their own actions under conditions of uncertainty. Participants chose between left and right keypresses to produce an action effect , while a computer player made a simultaneous keypress decision. In each trial, a random generator determined which of the players controlled the action effect at varying probabilities, and participants then judged which player had produced it. Participants’ effect control ranged from 20% to 80%, varied blockwise, and they could use trial-by-trial feedback to (...)
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  • Guess What? Implicit Motivation Boosts the Influence of Subliminal Information on Choice.Maxim Milyavsky, Ran R. Hassin & Yaacov Schul - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1232-1241.
    When is choice affected by subliminal messages? This question has fascinated scientists and lay people alike, but it is only recently that reliable empirical data began to emerge. In the current paper we bridge the literature on implicit motivation and that on subliminal persuasion. We suggest that motivation in general, and implicit motivation more specifically, plays an important role in subliminal persuasion: It sensitizes us to subliminal cues. To examine this hypothesis we developed a new paradigm that allows powerful tests (...)
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  • Unconscious Manipulation of Free Choice by Novel Primes.Brenda Ocampo - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:4-9.
  • Unconscious Cues Bias First Saccades in a Free-Saccade Task.Yu-Feng Huang, Edlyn Gui Fang Tan, Chun Siong Soon & Po-Jang Hsieh - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:48-55.
  • Unconscious Biases in Task Choices Depend on Conscious Expectations.Carlos González-García, Pío Tudela & María Ruz - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:44-56.
  • Individually Different Weighting of Multiple Processes Underlies Effects of Metacontrast Masking.Thorsten Albrecht & Uwe Mattler - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:162-180.
  • Effect of Aging on Change of Intention.Ariel Furstenberg, Callum D. Dewar, Haim Sompolinsky, Robert T. Knight & Leon Y. Deouell - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  • Manipulating Number Generation: Loud+ Long= Large?Alexander Heinemann, Roland Pfister & Markus Janczyk - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1332-1339.
  • But What If the Default is Defaulting?Ran R. Hassin & Maxim Milyavsky - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):29-30.
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  • Invisible is Better: Decrease of Subliminal Priming With Increasing Visibility.Doris Eckstein, Dennis Norris, Matthew Davis & Richard Henson - 2009 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 15 (2).
    Comparisons of indirect measures with direct measures can help elucidate the relationship between nonconscious and conscious perception. We report three experiments on masked word priming in which we observed a negative correlation between prime discriminability and priming , i.e. where priming decreased with increasing prime visibility. While such observations are rare , they may indicate a conflict between conscious and nonconscious processing when primes are shown close to the subjective visibility threshold for the priming-relevant information. For instance, such a conflict (...)
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  • The Validity of D9 Measures.Astrid Vermeiren & Axel Cleeremans - unknown
    Subliminal perception occurs when prime stimuli that participants claim not to be aware of nevertheless influence subsequent processing of a target. This claim, however, critically depends on correct methods to assess prime awareness. Typically, d9 (‘‘d prime’’) tasks administered after a priming task are used to establish that people are unable to discriminate between different primes. Here, we show that such d9 tasks are influenced by the nature of the target, by attentional factors, and by the delay between stimulus presentation (...)
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  • Sensitivity of Different Measures of the Visibility of Masked Primes: Influences of Prime–Response and Prime–Target Relations.Shah Khalid, Peter König & Ulrich Ansorge - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1473-1488.
    Visual masking of primes lowers prime visibility but spares processing of primes as reflected in prime–target congruence and prime–response compatibility effects. However, the question is how to appropriately measure prime visibility. Here, we tested the influence of three procedural variables on prime visibility measures: prime–target similarity, prime–response similarity, and the variability of prime–response mappings. Our results show that a low prime–target similarity is a favorable condition for a prime visibility measure because it increases the sensitivity of this measure in comparison (...)
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  • Subliminal Priming of Actions Influences Sense of Control Over Effects of Action.Dorit Wenke, Stephen M. Fleming & Patrick Haggard - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):26-38.