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  1. Explanation and Understanding Through Scientific Models.Richard David-Rus - 2012 - Institutul European.
  • Iconically Modeling a Demolition Process in the Photobook Palast Der Republik.Letícia Alves Vitral & João Queiroz - 2018 - Semiotica 2018 (224):191-209.
    Palast der Republik, by the photographer Christoph Rokitta, is an independent photobook published in 2013 in Berlin. In the photobook different semiotic resources are coupled in order to iconically model the demolition of the homonymous building in Berlin. In opposition to the trivial notion of icon as sign that stands for its object in a relation of similarity, we analyze the photobook as an icon whose main feature is the possibility of discovering information about its object through its manipulation. This (...)
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  • How Do Models Give Us Knowledge? The Case of Carnot’s Ideal Heat Engine.Tarja Knuuttila & Mieke Boon - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):309-334.
    Our concern is in explaining how and why models give us useful knowledge. We argue that if we are to understand how models function in the actual scientific practice the representational approach to models proves either misleading or too minimal. We propose turning from the representational approach to the artefactual, which implies also a new unit of analysis: the activity of modelling. Modelling, we suggest, could be approached as a specific practice in which concrete artefacts, i.e., models, are constructed with (...)
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  • Built-in Normativity in Tailoring Identity: The Case of the EU Skills Profile Tool for Integrating Refugees.Merve Burnazoglu - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 27 (2):117-129.
    ABSTRACTIn current European policy debates, identifying refugee skills is considered to be a significant precondition for matching refugees and jobs and thus for labor market integration. Refugees...
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  • From Theory to Technology: Rules Versus Exemplars.Rens Bod - unknown
    How is scientific knowledge used, adapted and extended in deriving real-world systems and technological devices? This paper aims at developing a general model of "applying science" based on the Exemplar-Based Explanation (EBE) model. EBE embodies the view that a real-world system is derived not by solving theoretical laws for specific boundary conditions but by constructing the system out of previously derived systems that function as exemplars. I will discuss a number of artifacts from hydraulics and language technology, and develop an (...)
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  • Towards a General Model of Applying Science.Rens Bod - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):5 – 25.
    How is scientific knowledge used, adapted, and extended in deriving phenomena and real-world systems? This paper aims at developing a general account of 'applying science' within the exemplar-based framework of Data-Oriented Processing (DOP), which is also known as Exemplar-Based Explanation (EBE). According to the exemplar-based paradigm, phenomena are explained not by deriving them all the way down from theoretical laws and boundary conditions but by modelling them on previously derived phenomena that function as exemplars. To accomplish this, DOP proposes to (...)
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  • The Epistemic Role of Intermedial Visual Artworks: An Analysis of the Photobooks Palast der Republik_ and _Domesticidades.Leticia Vitral & João Queiroz - 2018 - Sign Systems Studies 46 (1):64-89.
    This paper presents, describes and analyses two photobooks: Palast der Republik and Domesticidades. We claim that, because of their highly iconic features, they can be regarded as epistemic artefacts since they reveal information about their objects, as well as about their own morphological properties. The analysis focuses on the kind of relations the photobooks establish with their respective objects and on the semiotic couplings that can be found in them – a type of interaction between semiotic resources. We contextualize this (...)
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  • Isolation Is Not Characteristic of Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):119 - 137.
    Modelling cannot be characterized as isolating, nor models as isolations. This article presents three arguments to that effect, against Uskali Mäki's account of models. First, while isolation proceeds through a process of manipulation and control, modelling typically does not proceed through such a process. Rather, modellers postulate assumptions, without seeking to justify them by reference to a process of isolation. Second, while isolation identifies an isolation base?a concrete environment it seeks to control and manipulate?modelling typically does not identify such a (...)
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  • Modelling and Representing: An Artefactual Approach to Model-Based Representation.Tarja Knuuttila - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):262-271.
    The recent discussion on scientific representation has focused on models and their relationship to the real world. It has been assumed that models give us knowledge because they represent their supposed real target systems. However, here agreement among philosophers of science has tended to end as they have presented widely different views on how representation should be understood. I will argue that the traditional representational approach is too limiting as regards the epistemic value of modelling given the focus on the (...)
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  • Beyond Scoring: Facilitating Enhanced Evaluation of the Design Quality of NHS Healthcare Buildings.Derek S. Thomson, Dennis J. O'Keeffe & Andrew R. J. Dainty - unknown
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  • A ‘Semantic’ View of Scientific Models for Science Education.Agustín Adúriz-Bravo - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (7):1593-1611.