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  1. Recommendations for Responsible Development and Application of Neurotechnologies.Sara Goering, Eran Klein, Laura Specker Sullivan, Anna Wexler, Blaise Agüera Y. Arcas, Guoqiang Bi, Jose M. Carmena, Joseph J. Fins, Phoebe Friesen, Jack Gallant, Jane E. Huggins, Philipp Kellmeyer, Adam Marblestone, Christine Mitchell, Erik Parens, Michelle Pham, Alan Rubel, Norihiro Sadato, Mina Teicher, David Wasserman, Meredith Whittaker, Jonathan Wolpaw & Rafael Yuste - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-22.
    Advancements in novel neurotechnologies, such as brain computer interfaces and neuromodulatory devices such as deep brain stimulators, will have profound implications for society and human rights. While these technologies are improving the diagnosis and treatment of mental and neurological diseases, they can also alter individual agency and estrange those using neurotechnologies from their sense of self, challenging basic notions of what it means to be human. As an international coalition of interdisciplinary scholars and practitioners, we examine these challenges and make (...)
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  • Conflicts of Interest Policies for Authors, Peer Reviewers, and Editors of Bioethics Journals.Zubin Master, Kelly Werner, Elise Smith, David B. Resnik & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (3):194-205.
    Background: In biomedical research, there have been numerous scandals highlighting conflicts of interest (COIs) leading to significant bias in judgment and questionable practices. Academic institutions, journals, and funding agencies have developed and enforced policies to mitigate issues related to COI, especially surrounding financial interests. After a case of editorial COI in a prominent bioethics journal, there is concern that the same level of oversight regarding COIs in the biomedical sciences may not apply to the field of bioethics. In this study, (...)
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  • The Emergence and Evolution of the Expression “Conflict of Interests” in Science : A Historical Overview, 1880–2006.Yves Gingras & Pierre-Marc Gosselin - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):337-343.
    The tendency is strong to take the notion of “conflict of interests” for granted as if it had an invariant meaning and an ethical content independent of the historical context. It is doubtful however, from an historical and sociological point of view, that many of the cases now considered as instances of “conflicts of interests” would also have been conceived and perceived as such in, say, the 1930s. The idea of a “conflict of interests” presupposes that there are indeed interests (...)
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  • Addressing Ethical Considerations and Authors' Conflict of Interest Disclosure in Medical Journals in Iran.Akram Heidari, Seyyed Hassan Adeli, Shiva Mehravaran & Fariba Asghari - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):457-462.
    The purpose of this study was to examine how ethical approval and competing interests are addressed by medical journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, 151 journals accredited by the Publications Commission of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education were reviewed. Data collection was carried out by assessing journal guidelines and conducting structured phone interviews with journal managers, focusing on how ethical considerations and conflicts of interest (COI) are addressed. Overall, 135 of the 151 journals (89.4 percent) examined some (...)
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  • Ethics in Context.Michael James Heron & Pauline Belford - 2014 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 44 (2):20-51.
    The delivery of ethical instruction within formal educational contexts is a task that is fraught with difficulties. Real world situations and examples of misconduct abound, but sourcing sufficient material within the constraints associated with developing course materials can be time-consuming. The availability of resources to illustrate relevant aspects may not be available, or may not fully emphasize the issues that educators wish to incorporate into their discussion of the material. At best, such an approach can only highlight in isolation - (...)
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  • The Frequency of Reporting Ethical Issues in Human Subject Articles Published in Iranian Medical Journals: 2009–2013.Behrooz Astaneh & Parisa Khani - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):159-170.
    Researchers should strictly consider the participants’ rights. They are required to document such protections as an ethical approval of the study proposal, the obtaining “informed consent”, the authors’ “conflict of interests”, and the source of “financial support” in the published articles. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of reporting ethical issues in human subject articles published in Iranian medical journals during 2009–2013. In this cross-sectional study, we randomly reviewed 1460 human subject articles published in Iranian medical (...)
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  • Disclosures of Funding Sources and Conflicts of Interest in Published HIV/AIDS Research Conducted in Developing Countries.R. Klitzman, L. J. Chin, H. Rifai-Bishjawish, K. Kleinert & C. -S. Leu - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):505-510.
    Objectives Disclosures of funding sources and conflicts of interests (COI) in published peer-reviewed journal articles have recently begun to receive some attention, but many critical questions remain, for example, how often such reporting occurs concerning research conducted in the developing world and what factors may be involved. Design Of all articles indexed in Medline reporting on human subject HIV research in 2007 conducted in four countries (India, Thailand, Nigeria and Uganda), this study explored how many disclosed a funding source and (...)
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  • Researcher Views About Funding Sources and Conflicts of Interest in Nanotechnology.Katherine A. McComas - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):699-717.
    Dependence in nanotechnology on external funding and academic-industry relationships has led to questions concerning its influence on research directions, as well as the potential for conflicts of interest to arise and impact scientific integrity and public trust. This study uses a survey of 193 nanotechnology industry and academic researchers to explore whether they share similar concerns. Although these concerns are not unique to nanotechnology, its emerging nature and the prominence of industry funding lend credence to understanding its researchers’ views, as (...)
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  • Attitudes of Academic and Clinical Researchers Toward Financial Ties in Research: A Systematic Review.Bonnie E. Glaser & Lisa A. Bero - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):553-573.
    Involvement of industry in academic research is widespread and associated with favorable outcomes for industry. The objective of this study was to review empirical data on the attitudes of researchers toward industry involvement and financial ties in research. A review of the literature for quantitative data from surveys on the attitudes of researchers to financial ties in research, reported in English, resulted in the 17 studies included. Review of these studies revealed that investigators are concerned about the impact of financial (...)
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  • A Comparison of Conflict of Interest Policies at Peer-Reviewed Journals in Different Scientific Disciplines.Jessica S. Ancker & Annette Flanagin - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):147-157.
    Scientific journals can promote ethical publication practices through policies on conflicts of interest. However, the prevalence of conflict of interest policies and the definition of conflict of interest appear to vary across scientific disciplines. This survey of high-impact, peer-reviewed journals in 12 different scientific disciplines was conducted to assess these variations. The survey identified published conflict of interest policies in 28 of 84 journals (33%). However, when representatives of 49 of the 84 journals (58%) completed a Web-based survey about journal (...)
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  • Reflections on ' Real Science: What It is, and What It Means ' by John Ziman.Raymond Spier - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):235-252.
    In these reflections on the recent book by John Ziman entitled ‘Real Science: What it is and what it means’, I have sought to review his main points and carry on the discussion that Ziman seeks to provoke. His approach to this subject arises from what exists on the ground and the way practising scientists view this area. I have taken a wider more abstract view of what is entailed by science than Ziman and have examined the implications of that (...)
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  • A Conflict of Interest Disclosure Policy for Science and Engineering Ethics.Stephanie J. Bird & Raymond E. Spier - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):149-152.
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  • Conflict of Interest and the American Journal of Bioethics.Kelly A. Carroll & Glenn McGee - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):1 – 2.
  • Undisclosed Conflicts of Interest Among Biomedical Textbook Authors.Brian J. Piper, Drew A. Lambert, Ryan C. Keefe, Phoebe U. Smukler, Nicolas A. Selemon & Zachary R. Duperry - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (2):59-68.
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