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  1. Research Methods in Taxation Ethics: Developing the Defining Issues Test (Dit) for a Tax-Specific Scenario. [REVIEW]Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):35 - 52.
    This paper reports on the development of a research instrument designed to explore ethical reasoning in a tax context. This research instrument is a version of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) originally developed by Rest [1979a, Development in Judging Moral Issues (Univer sity of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN); 1979b, Defining Issues Test (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN)], but adapted to focus specifically on the environment encountered by tax practitioners. The paper explores reasons for developing a context-(and profession-) specific test, (...)
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  • Moral Schemas and Tacit Judgement or How the Defining Issues Test is Supported by Cognitive Science.Darcia Narvaez & Tonia Bock - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):297-314.
    Ideas from cognitive science are increasingly influential and provide insight into the nature of moral judgement. Three core ideas are discussed: modern schema theory, the frequency of automatic decision-making and implicit processes as the default mode of human information processing. The Defining Issues Test (DIT) measures the beginnings of moral understanding, which are largely non-verbal and intuitive, in contrast to the Moral Judgement Interview (MJI), which measures the highest level of verbal understanding. The positive attributes of the DIT and its (...)
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  • Moral Development as a Curriculum Emphasis in American Protestant Theological Education.Klaus Issler & Ted W. Ward - 1989 - Journal of Moral Education 18 (2):131-143.
    Abstract The study was an exploratory investigation of the contribution that graduate seminary curriculum (broadly conceived) makes to the moral development of Protestant ministerial students, as perceived by faculty. Personal interviews were conducted with 24 faculty members from six midwestern Protestant denominational graduate schools of theology. Clusters of faculty responses identified five factors which influence students? moral development: 1. challenging and diverse off?campus field and work experiences; 2. personal example of faculty and close faculty?student relationships; 3. sustaining a growing, devotional (...)
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  • The Effects of Happiness and Sadness on Moral Reasoning.Fataneh Zarinpoush, Martin Cooper & Stephanie Moylan - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (4):397-412.
    Three experiments were designed to investigate effects of mood on college students' capacities of moral reasoning. Following a mood induction, the standard or a modified version of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) was administered to measure moral reasoning. The results of Experiment 1, using the standard short form of the DIT, showed elated subjects performed more poorly and took longer than subjects in neutral and sad mood conditions. The results of Experiment 2, using the self-orientated DIT, showed that mildly depressed (...)
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  • Changing Moral Judgement in Divinity Students.Wilton H. Bunch - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (3):363-370.
    Gains in moral judgement, as measured by the Defining Issues Test (DIT), correlate strongly with advancing education. Curricula that are strongly biblically based may not promote, and students with a strong fundamentalist orientation may not demonstrate, such moral growth. Students at an interdenominational, but very conservative seminary, completed the DIT before and after ethics courses conducted in three different formats. Those students who spent 30 hours in small?group discussions of ethical dilemmas improved their moral reasoning scores, while those who had (...)
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  • Consistencies and Inconsistencies in Nurses' Ethical Reasoning.Jeanette A. Lawrence & Ann Helm - 1987 - Journal of Moral Education 16 (3):167-176.
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  • Research Methods in Taxation Ethics: Developing the Defining Issues Test for a Tax-Specific Scenario.Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):35-52.
    This paper reports on the development of a research instrument designed to explore ethical reasoning in a tax context. This research instrument is a version of the Defining Issues Test originally developed by Rest [1979a, Development in Judging Moral Issues ; 1979b, Defining Issues Test ], but adapted to focus specifically on the environment encountered by tax practitioners. The paper explores reasons for developing a context- specific test, and details the manner in which this was undertaken. The study on which (...)
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