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  1. Inclusion of Racial and Ethnic Minorities in Genetic Research: Advance the Spirit by Changing the Rules?Sarah Knerr, Dawn Wayman & Vence L. Bonham - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):502-512.
    As genetic and genomic research has progressed since the sequencing of the human genome, scientists have continued to struggle to understand the role of genetic and socio-cultural factors in racial and ethnic health disparities. Recognition that race and ethnicity correlate imperfectly with differences in allele frequency, environmental exposures, and significant health outcomes has made framing the relationship between genetic variation, race, ethnicity, and disease one of the most heated debates of the genome era. Because racial and ethnic identities reflect a (...)
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  • Inclusion of Racial and Ethnic Minorities in Genetic Research: Advance the Spirit by Changing the Rules?Sarah Knerr, Dawn Wayman & Vence L. Bonham - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):502-512.
    Genetic research aimed at understanding human health and disease is grounded in the study of genetic variation. The inclusion of research subjects with diverse ancestral backgrounds is essential for genetic and genomic research that fully explores human diversity. Large-scale cohort studies and biobanks in Europe and the United States often do not include the breadth of ethnic and racial diversity observed in their countries' citizens. This article explores the findings of a qualitative study of U.S. scientists' understanding and views of (...)
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  • Essential(Ist) Medicine: Promoting Social Explanations for Racial Variation in Biomedical Research.Iliya Gutin - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (3):224-234.
    Biomedical research has a long and complicated history as a tool of oppression, exemplary of the racial science used to legitimise and maintain racial hierarchies in the USA and abroad. While the explicit racism and racial inferiority supported by this research has dissipated and modern methods of inquiry have increased in sophistication and rigor, contemporary biomedical research continues to essentialise race by distilling racial differences and disparities in health to an underlying, biogenetic source. Focusing on the persistence of essentialism in (...)
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  • Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities and Ethics.Howard Brody, Jason E. Glenn & Laura Hermer - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (3):309-319.