Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the UK.Heungsik Park, John Blenkinsopp, M. Kemal Oktem & Ugur Omurgonulsen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (4):929-939.
    This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation, and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions - are there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on these attitudes? In order (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Shaping Ethical Perceptions: An Empirical Assessment of the Influence of Business Education, Culture, and Demographic Factors.Yvette P. Lopez, Paula L. Rechner & Julie B. Olson-Buchanan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4):341-358.
    Recent events at Enron, K-Mart, Adelphia, and Tyson would seem to suggest that managers are still experiencing ethical lapses. These lapses are somewhat surprising and disappointing given the heightened focus on ethical considerations within business contexts during the past decade. This study is designed, therefore, to increase our understanding of the forces that shape ethical perceptions by considering the effects of business school education as well as a number of other individual-level factors (such as intra-national culture, area of specialization within (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  • Values and the Perceived Importance of Ethics and Social Responsibility: The U.S. Versus China.William E. Shafer, Kyoko Fukukawa & Grace Meina Lee - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):265-284.
    This study examines the effects of nationality (U.S. vs. China) and personal values on managers’ responses to the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) scale. Evidence that China’s transition to a socialist market economy has led to widespread business corruption, led us to hypothesize that People’s Republic of China (PRC) managers would believe less strongly in the importance of ethical and socially responsible business conduct. We also hypothesized that after controlling for national differences, managers’ personal values (more specifically, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  • Exporting an Inherently Harmful Product: The Marketing of Virginia Slims Cigarettes in the United States, Japan, and Korea.Timothy Dewhirst, Wonkyong B. Lee, Geoffrey T. Fong & Pamela M. Ling - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (1):161-181.
    Ethical issues surrounding the marketing and trade of controversial products such as tobacco require a better understanding. Virginia Slims, an exclusively women’s cigarette brand first launched in 1968 in the USA, was introduced during the mid 1980s to major Asian markets, such as Japan and Korea, dominated by male smokers. By reviewing internal corporate documents, made public from litigation, we examine the marketing strategies used by Philip Morris as they entered new markets such as Japan and Korea and consider the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Effect of Home and Host Country Cultures on the Manager's Individual Decision Making Related to Ethical Issues in a MNC.Virginija Kliukinskaite Vigil - 2011 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 6 (1):1.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Confucian Dynamism, the Role of Money and Consumer Ethical Beliefs: An Exploratory Study in Taiwan.Long-Chuan Lu, Ya-Wen Huang & Hsiu-Hua Chang - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (1):34-52.
    Consumer ethics is the moral principles and standards that guide consumers to determine the certain consumption behaviors are ethically right or wrong. Whereas cultural and personal dimensions are crucial constructs affecting individual ethical attitudes and behaviors, few studies consider Confucian dynamism and the role of money in consumer ethics. Confucian dynamism, a cultural dimension based on Confucianism, has played a central role in guiding moral obligations and ethics in human relations in several East Asian countries. Thus, this study tested its (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Relationship Between Social Cynicism Belief, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Perception of Unethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Examination in Russia, Portugal, and the United States.Valerie Alexandra, Miguel M. Torres, Olga Kovbasyuk, Theophilus B. A. Addo & Maria Cristina Ferreira - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (3):545-562.
    Most studies investigating the relationship between cultural constructs and ethical perception have focused on individual- and societal-level values without much attention to other type of cultural constructs such as social beliefs. In addition, we need to better understand how social beliefs are linked to ethical perception and the level of analysis at which social beliefs may best predict ethical perceptions. This research contributes to the cross-cultural ethical perception literature by examining the relationship of individual-level social cynicism belief, one of five (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • How Do Power and Status Differ in Predicting Unethical Decisions? A Cross-National Comparison of China and Canada.Yongmei Liu, Sixuan Chen, Chris Bell & Justin Tan - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    This study examines the varying roles of power, status, and national culture in unethical decision-making. Most research on unethical behavior in organizations is grounded in Western societies; empirical comparative studies of the antecedents of unethical behavior across nations are rare. The authors conduct this comparative study using scenario studies with four conditions in both China and Canada. The results demonstrate that power is positively related to unethical decision-making in both countries. Status has a positive effect on unethical decision-making and facilitates (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Multinational Study of Marketing Professionals.Scott J. Vitell, Aysen Bakir, Joseph G. P. Paolillo, Encarnacion Ramos Hidalgo, Jamal Al‐Khatib & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (2):151-171.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  • The Personal Selling and Sales Management Ethics Research: Managerial Implications and Research Directions From a Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Literature. [REVIEW]Nicholas McClaren - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):101-125.
    Research into ethics in personal selling and sales management has increased substantially over the preceding decade by investigating complex dimensions of ethical decision-making in greater depth and with more analytical sophistication. This review of the recent conceptual and empirical literature provides insight into the extent and the direction of this knowledge, recommends managerial action, and discusses areas for future exploration. Future direction is also provided through research propositions. The type of sales practitioner investigated, the main variables examined, and the key (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Measuring Consumers' Ethical Position in Austria, Britain, Brunei, Hong Kong, and USA.Charles C. Cui, Vince Mitchell, Bodo B. Schlegelmilch & Bettina Cornwell - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):57 - 71.
    Previous studies have found Forsyth’s Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) to vary between countries, but none has made a systematic evaluation of its psychometric properties across consumers from many countries. Using confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group LISREL analysis, this paper explores the factor structure of the EPQ and the measurement equivalence in five societies: Austria, Britain, Brunei, Hong Kong and USA. The results suggest that the modified scale, measuring idealism and relativism, was applicable in all five societies. Equivalence was found across (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Multinational Study of Marketing Professionals.Scott J. Vitell, Aysen Bakir, Joseph G. P. Paolillo, Encarnacion Ramos Hidalgo, Jamal Al-Khatib & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (2):151–171.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  • Investigating the Relationship Between Protestant Work Ethic and Confucian Dynamism: An Empirical Test in Mainland China. [REVIEW]Suchuan Zhang, Weiqi Liu & Xiaolang Liu - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (2):243-252.
    This study examined the relationship between the Protestant Work Ethic (PWE) and Confucian Dynamism in a sample of 1,757 respondents from several provinces in mainland China. Mirels and Garrett’s (J Consult Clin Psychol 36:40–44, 1971 ) PWE Scale and Robertson’s (Manag Int Rev 40:253–268, 2000 ) Confucian Dynamism Scale were used to measure the work ethics. The 16 items of the PWE Scale and eight items of the Confucian Dynamism Scale were initially subjected to a principal components analysis. Factor analysis (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Cultural Orientation and Attitudes Toward Different Forms of Whistleblowing: A Comparison of South Korea, Turkey, and the U.K. [REVIEW]Heungsik Park, John Blenkinsopp, M. Kemal Oktem & Ugur Omurgonulsen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (4):929 - 939.
    This article reports the findings of a cross-cultural study that explored the relationship between nationality, cultural orientation, and attitudes toward different ways in which an employee might blow the whistle. The study investigated two questions – are there any significant differences in the attitudes of university students from South Korea, Turkey and the U.K. toward various ways by which an employee blows the whistle in an organization?, and what effect, if any, does cultural orientation have on these attitudes? In order (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  • Comparing Ethical Ideologies Across Cultures.Catherine N. Axinn, M. Elizabeth Blair, Alla Heorhiadi & Sharon V. Thach - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):103 - 119.
    Using measures developed by Singhapakdi et al. (1996, Journal of Business ethics 15, 1131–1140) the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility (PRESOR) is measured among MBA students in the United States, Malaysia and Ukraine revealing a stockholder view and two stakeholder views. Relativism and Idealism are also measured. The scores of MBA students are compared among each other and with those of the U.S. managers who were part of the original study. Managers'' scores tend to be significantly higher on (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  • The Impact of Normative Influence and Locus of Control on Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.John Cherry - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):113-132.
    The study extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cross-cultural setting, incorporating ethical judgments and locus of control in a comparison of Taiwanese and US businesspersons. A self-administered survey of 698 businesspersons from the US and Taiwan examined several hypothesized differences. Results indicate that while Taiwanese respondents have a more favorable attitude toward a requested bribe than US counterparts, and are less likely to view it as an ethical issue, their higher locus externality causes ethical judgments and behavioral (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Confucian Ethics, Moral Foundations, and Shareholder Value Perspectives: An Exploratory Study.Xingyuan Wang, Fuan Li & Qin Sun - 2018 - Business Ethics: A European Review 27 (3):260-271.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Methodology in Empirical Sales Ethics Research: 1980–2010.Nicholas McClaren - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):121-147.
    The study examines the research methodology of more than 200 empirical investigations of ethics in personal selling and sales management between 1980 and 2010. The review discusses the sources and authorship of the sales ethics research. To better understand the drivers of empirical sales ethics research, the foundations used in business, marketing, and sales ethics are compared. The use of hypotheses, operationalization, measurement, population and sampling decisions, research design, and statistical analysis techniques were examined as part of theory development and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • A Value-Based Framework for Understanding Managerial Tolerance of Bribery in Latin America.Juan I. Sanchez, Carolina Gomez & Guillermo Wated - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):341-352.
    The cross-cultural literature is reviewed and integrated together with attitude theories, thereby outlining a model through which certain values influence the intervening variables that ultimately lead managers to tolerate employee bribery. The case of Latin America is employed to illustrate how regionally dominant cultural values may shape managers' attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, which in turn affect tolerance of employee bribery. A series of research propositions and practical recommendations are derived from the model.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Isolating Cultural and National Influence on Value and Ethics: A Test of Competing Hypotheses.Justin Tan & Irene Hau-Siu Chow - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S1):197 - 210.
    We live in an increasingly globalizing world, in which countries are closely linked by international trade and investment ties. Cross-cultural comparative studies of national values and ethics have attracted growing research interest in recent years, because shared practices, values and ethical standards depend on shared beliefs. However, the findings of such studies have been unable to reach a consensus on the impact of culture on ethics-related attitudes and behavior. Empirically, many "cross–cultural" differences reported by previous studies might actually stem from (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • A Global Analysis of Corporate Social Performance: The Effects of Cultural and Geographic Environments. [REVIEW]Foo Nin Ho, Hui-Ming Deanna Wang & Scott J. Vitell - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):423-433.
    As more and more multi-national companies expand their operations globally, their responsibilities extend beyond not only the economic motive of profitability but also other social and environmental factors. The objective of this article is to examine the impact of national culture and geographic environment on firms’ corporate social performance (CSP). Empirical tests are based on a global CSP database of companies from 49 countries. Results show that the Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are significantly associated with CSP. In addition, European companies are (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Consumer Personality and Green Buying Intention: The Mediate Role of Consumer Ethical Beliefs.Long-Chuan Lu, Hsiu-Hua Chang & Alan Chang - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):205-219.
    The primary purpose of this study is to link the effects of consumer personality traits on green buying intention via the mediating variable of consumer ethical beliefs so as to extend the context of green buying intentions with consumer ethics literatures. Based on a survey of 545 Taiwanese respondents, consumer personality traits were found to significantly affect consumer ethical beliefs. The results also indicate that some dimensions of consumer ethical beliefs significantly predict consumer intention to buy green products. Generally speaking, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • The Effects of Attitudes, Subjective Norms, Attributions, and Individualism–Collectivism on Managers’ Responses to Bribery in Organizations: Evidence From a Developing Nation.Guillermo Wated & Juan I. Sanchez - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (2):111-127.
    The goal of this study was to introduce a model explaining how managers' attitudes, subjective norms, attributions, and the individualism-collectivism cultural dimension affect the way managers' deal with employee bribery in organizations. Twenty-six internal and external attributions related to bribery were identified through a series of structured interviews with 65 subject matter experts. These attributions, together with the other variables in the model, were evaluated by 354 Ecuadorian managers. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that attitudes and external attributions significantly predicted managers' (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • International Marketing Ethics: A Literature Review and Research Agenda.Rajshekhar G. Javalgi & La Toya M. Russell - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (4):703-720.
    Globalization has changed the nature of business in the twenty-first century :481–502, 2010). With the increased internationalization of multinational corporations, the need to address international marketing ethics arises :481–493, 2005). Given the diversity of environments and cultures, ethical issues are numerous and complicated :3–24, 2001). The understanding of international marketing ethics is critical to academics as well as practitioners. This paper is a literature review of the study of ethics in international marketing. In order to develop a comprehensive review of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Consumer Ethics: The Role of Acculturation in U.S. Immigrant Populations.Ziad Swaidan, Scott J. Vitell, Gregory M. Rose & Faye W. Gilbert - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (1):1-16.
    This study examines the role of acculturation in shaping consumers’ views of ethics. Specifically, it examines the relationships between the desire to keep one’s original culture, the desire to adopt the host culture, and the four dimensions of the Muncy and Vitell (Journal of Business Research Ethics 24(4), 297, 1992) consumer ethics scale. Using two separate immigrant populations – one of former Middle-Eastern residents now living in the U.S. and the other of Asian immigrants in the U.S. – results indicate (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • The Ethical Profile of Global Marketing Negotiators.Jamal A. Al‐Khatib, Mohammed I. Al‐Habib, Naima Bogari & Najah Salamah - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (2):172-186.
    As international trade and business opportunities grow globally, insight into trading partners’ strategies is essential. One of the major strategies that impact trading partners’ relationships is negotiation strategy employed by each partner. These strategies assume even greater importance when these strategies have ethical content. This study examines the effects of marketing executives’ preferred ethical ideologies, opportunism and Machiavellianism on their perceived appropriateness of unethical negotiation tactics. Utilizing a sample of 995 marketing executives from six countries, cluster analysis and multivariate analysis (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Managerial Perceptions on Profit.Aster Yong - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (4):775-791.
    The study investigated the effects of three cultural variables – country of employment, race/ethnicity and religion – on managerial views of profit and 15 other business priorities. In total, 203 responses were obtained (120 randomly and 83 by quota) from executives and managers belonging to either of two race/ethnic groups (Caucasian and Chinese) and three religious denominations (Christian, Buddhist and Malay Muslim) located in three different countries (Australia, Singapore and Malaysia). Findings indicated that these three different cultural variables affected (to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Ethical Values and Long-Term Orientation.Jennifer L. Nevins, William O. Bearden & Bruce Money - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (3):261-274.
    Lapses in ethical conduct by those in corporate and public authority worldwide have given business researchers and practitioners alike cause to re-examine the antecedents to personal ethical values. We explore the relationship between ethical values and an individual’s long-term orientation or LTO, defined as the degree to which one plans for and considers the future, as well as values traditions of the past. Our study also examines the role of work ethic and conservative attitudes in the formation of a person’s (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Does Bad Company Corrupt Good Morals? Social Bonding and Academic Cheating Among French and Chinese Teens.Elodie Gentina, Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Qinxuan Gu - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (3):639-667.
    A well-known common wisdom asserts that strong social bonds undermine delinquency. However, there is little empirical evidence to substantiate this assertion regarding adolescence academic cheating across cultures. In this study, we adopt social bonding theory and develop a theoretical model involving four social bonds and adolescence self-reported academic cheating behavior and cheating perception. Based on 913 adolescents in France and China, we show that parental attachment, academic commitment, and moral values curb academic cheating; counterintuitively, peer involvement contributes to cheating. We (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Cultural Dimensions, Ethical Sensitivity, and Corporate Governance.Alex W. H. Chan & Hoi Yan Cheung - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):45-59.
    The economic globalization process has integrated different competitive markets and pushes firms in different countries to improve their managerial and operational efficiencies. Given the recent empirical evidence for the benefits to firms and stakeholders of good corporate governance (CG) practice, it is expected that good CG practice would be a common strategy for firms in different countries to meet the increasingly intense competition; however, this is not the case. This study examines the differences in CG practices in firms across different (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Relationship Between Social Cynicism Belief, Social Dominance Orientation, and the Perception of Unethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Examination in Russia, Portugal, and the United States.Valerie Grissom, Miguel M. Torres, Olga Kovbasyuk, Theophilus B. A. Addo & Maria Cristina Ferreira - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Universal Values and Virtues in Management Versus Cross-Cultural Moral Relativism: An Educational Strategy to Clear the Ground for Business Ethics.Geert Demuijnck - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):817-835.
    Despite the fact that business people and business students often cast doubt on the relevance of universal moral principles in business, the rejection of relativism is a precondition for business ethics to get off the ground. This paper proposes an educational strategy to overcome the philosophical confusions about relativism in which business people and students are often trapped. First, the paper provides some conceptual distinctions and clarifications related to moral relativism, particularism, and virtue ethics. More particularly, it revisits arguments demonstrating (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Measuring Consumers' Ethical Position in Austria, Britain, Brunei, Hong Kong and USA.C. C. Cui, V. Mitchell, B. Schlegelmilch & T. B. Cornwell - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):57-71.
    Previous studies have found Forsyth’s Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) to vary between countries, but none has made a systematic evaluation of its psychometric properties across consumers from many countries. Using confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group LISREL analysis, this paper explores the factor structure of the EPQ and the measurement equivalence in five societies: Austria, Britain, Brunei, Hong Kong and USA. The results suggest that the modified scale, measuring idealism and relativism, was applicable in all five societies. Equivalence was found across (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Culture and Consumer Ethics.Ziad Swaidan - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (2):201-213.
    Disparity in consumer ethics reflects cultural variations; these are differences in the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes one culture from another. This study explores the differences in consumer ethics across cultural dimensions using Hofstede's (in Culture's consequences: international differences in work-related values, Sage, Beverly Hills, 1980) model (collectivism, masculinity, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance) and Muncy and Vitell (in J Bus Res 24(4): 297-311, 1992) consumer ethics model (i.e., illegal, active, passive, and no harm). This is the first (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations