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  1. Unconscious Perception: Assumptions and Interpretive Difficulties.Eyal M. Reingold - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):117-122.
    Reingold and MerikleÕs (1988, 1990) critique of the classic dissociation paradigm identified several issues as inherent problems that severely undermine the utility of this paradigm. Erdelyi (2004) extending his prior analysis (Erdelyi, 1985, 1986) points out several additional factors that may complicate the interpretation of empirically obtained dissociations. The goal of the present manuscript is to further discuss some of these commonly neglected interpretive difficulties. Ó 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • Fear Perception: Can Objective and Subjective Awareness Measures Be Dissociated?Remigiusz Szczepanowski & Luiz Pessoa - 2007 - Journal of Vision 7 (4):1-17.
  • Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification: Can Progress Be Made?Daniel Holender - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):768.
  • The Unified Theory of Repression.Matthew Hugh Erdelyi - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):499-511.
    Repression has become an empirical fact that is at once obvious and problematic. Fragmented clinical and laboratory traditions and disputed terminology have resulted in a Babel of misunderstandings in which false distinctions are imposed (e.g., between repression and suppression) and necessary distinctions not drawn (e.g., between the mechanism and the use to which it is put, defense being just one). “Repression” was introduced by Herbart to designate the (nondefensive) inhibition of ideas by other ideas in their struggle for consciousness. Freud (...)
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  • Measuring Perceptual Consciousness.Marjan Persuh - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Extremely Rigorous Subliminal Paradigms Demonstrate Unconscious Influences on Simple Decisions.Michael Snodgrass, Howard Shevrin & James A. Abelson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):39-40.
  • The Validity of D9 Measures.Astrid Vermeiren & Axel Cleeremans - unknown
    Subliminal perception occurs when prime stimuli that participants claim not to be aware of nevertheless influence subsequent processing of a target. This claim, however, critically depends on correct methods to assess prime awareness. Typically, d9 (‘‘d prime’’) tasks administered after a priming task are used to establish that people are unable to discriminate between different primes. Here, we show that such d9 tasks are influenced by the nature of the target, by attentional factors, and by the delay between stimulus presentation (...)
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  • Why Limit the Availability of a Prime-Word in the Study of Automatic Contextual Facilitation?Juan Segui & Cécile Beauvillain - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):766.
  • Semantic Effects Without Awareness: Dichotic Listening and Dichoptic Viewing.J. M. Wilding - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):767.
  • Preconscious Semantic Processing: Why and How?George Kurian - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):766.
  • On Not Knowing the Meanings of Words We Can Detect: Crucial Qualitative Differences.J. A. Groeger - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):765.
  • Subliminal Perception and its Cognates: Theory, Indeterminacy, and Time.Matthew Hugh Erdelyi - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):73-91.
    Unconscious processes, by whatever name they may be known , are invariably operationalized by the dissociation paradigm, any situation involving the dissociation between two indicators , one of availability and the other, of accessibility , such that, ε>α. Subliminal perception has been traditionally defined by a special case of the dissociation paradigm in which availability exceeds accessibility when accessibility is null . Construct validity issues bedevil all dissociation paradigms since it is not clear what might constitute appropriate indicators that, moreover, (...)
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  • The Influence of Intention on Masked Priming: A Study with Semantic Classification of Words.Doris Eckstein & Walter J. Perrig - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):345-376.
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  • Variability in Response Criteria Affects Estimates of Conscious Identification and Unconscious Semantic Priming☆.Jesse J. Bengson & Keith A. Hutchison - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):785-796.
    Three experiments examined the role of response criteria in a masked semantic priming paradigm using an exclusion task. Experiment 1 used on-line prime-report and exclusion instructions in which participants were told to avoid completing a word stem with a word related to a prime flashed for 0, 38 or 212 ms. Semantic priming was significant in the items analysis, but was moderated by peoples’ ability to report the prime in the participant analysis. Prime-report thresholds in Experiment 2 were made more (...)
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  • Subliminal or Not? Comparing Null-Hypothesis and Bayesian Methods for Testing Subliminal Priming.Anders Sand & Mats E. Nilsson - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:29-40.
  • Unconscious Perception Reconsidered.Ian Phillips - 2018 - Analytic Philosophy 59 (4):471-514.
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  • On the Inter-Relatedness of Theory and Measurement in the Study of Unconscious Processes.Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):9-28.
  • The Cognitive Unconscious: An Evolutionary Perspective.Arthur S. Reber - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (2):93-133.
    In recent decades it has become increasingly clear that a substantial amount of cognitive work goes on independent of consciousness. The research has been carried out largely under two rubrics, implicit learning and implicit memory. The former has been concerned primarily with the acquisition of knowledge independent of awareness and the latter with the manner in which memories not readily available to conscious recall or recognition play a role in behavior; collectively these operations comprise the essential functions of the cognitive (...)
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  • A Dissociation Between Detection and Identification of Phobic Stimuli: Unconscious Perception?Paul Siegel, Edward Han, Don Cohen & Jason Anderson - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (7):1153-1167.