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A theory of human motivation

Psychological Review 50 (4):370-396 (1943)

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  1. Fictionalism of Anticipation.Raimundas Vidunas - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-17.
    A promising recent approach for understanding complex phenomena is recognition of anticipatory behavior of living organisms and social organizations. The anticipatory, predictive action permits learning, novelty seeking, rich experiential existence. I argue that the established frameworks of anticipation, adaptation or learning imply overly passive roles of anticipatory agents, and that a fictionalist standpoint reflects the core of anticipatory behavior better than representational or future references. Cognizing beings enact not just their models of the world, but own make-believe existential agendas as (...)
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  • Investment Choice and Perceived Mating Intentions Regulated by External Resource Cues and Internal Fluctuation in Blood Glucose Levels.Li-Lin Rao, Xiao-Tian Wang & Shu Li - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Lessons From Odysseus and Beyond: Why Lacking Morality Means Lacking Totality in the Mental Capacity Act 2005.Elizabeth Robinson - unknown
    The law of England and Wales provides that an adult with capacity has the right to refuse medical treatment both contemporaneously and in an advance refusal. Legislation separates general advance refusals of treatment from advance refusals of life-sustaining treatment. The law, outlined in ss.24 to 26 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005, is stricter for creation of the latter. These sections brought with them a new age of interests by purporting to elevate individual autonomy as the primary concern. Beginning with (...)
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  • Self-Actualisation as a Moral Concept and the Implications for Motivation in Organisations: A Kantian Argument.Patrick Maclagan - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (4):334-342.
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  • Self-Actualisation as a Moral Concept and the Implications for Motivation in Organisations: A Kantian Argument.Patrick Maclagan - 2003 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 12 (4):334–342.
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  • The Idea of Will.M. M. Dorenbosch Drs - unknown
    This article presents a new conceptual view on the conscious will. This new concept approaches our will from the perspective of the requirements of our neural-muscular system and not from our anthropocentric perspective. This approach not only repositions the will at the core of behavior control, it also integrates the studies of Libet and Wegner, which seem to support the opposite. The will does not return as an instrument we use to steer, but rather as part of the way we (...)
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  • Two Models of Moral Judgment.Shane Bretz & Ron Sun - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):4-37.
    This paper compares two theories and their two corresponding computational models of human moral judgment. In order to better address psychological realism and generality of theories of moral judgment, more detailed and more psychologically nuanced models are needed. In particular, a motivationally based theory of moral judgment is developed in this paper that provides a more accurate account of human moral judgment than an existing emotion-reason conflict theory. Simulations based on the theory capture and explain a range of relevant human (...)
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  • Brain Complexity Enhances Speed of Behavioral Evolution.H. P. Lipp - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):42-42.
  • The Future of Brain-Computer Interfaces: Blockchaining Your Way Into a Cloudmind.Melanie Swan - 2016 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 26 (2):60-81.
    The aim of this paper is to explore the development of brain-computer interfacing and cloudminds as possible future scenarios. I describe potential applications such as selling unused brain processing cycles and the blockchaining of personality functions. The possibility of ubiquitous brain-computer interfaces that are continuously connected to the Internet suggests interesting options for our future selves. Questions about what it is to be human; the nature of our current existence and interaction with reality; and how things might be different could (...)
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  • Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics. [REVIEW]Paul R. Ehrlich - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):417-436.
    A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a (...)
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  • Pragmatism and the Mass Public.Richard T. Longoria - 2016 - Contemporary Pragmatism 13 (2):169-180.
    This article examines public opinion as it relates to the primary tenets of the pragmatic philosophy. Anti-foundationalism, fallibilism, and an emphasis on practical consequences are observed in American public opinion. In addition, there is strong support for pragmatic politics in America. The evidence suggests that pragmatism is a common cultural attribute in American society.
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  • The Boy Who Grew a New Brain: Understanding This Miracle From a Neuro-Quantum Perspective.Contzen Pereira & Jumpal Shashi Kiran Reddy - 2018 - Neuroquantology 16 (7):39-48.
    In this paper, we present a case of a boy – Noah Wall, who till today surprises the world of neuroscience with his will to grow his brain and survive. The case presented in this study sets a stepping stone in understanding the advent of the will to make a choice, from a neuro-quantum mechanics interpretation. We propose that besides our internal states of choices (neurogenesis, neuroplasticity, cell differentiation, etc.) we also relate with external states of choices (love, compassion, empathy, (...)
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  • Social Bases of Self-Esteem: Rawls, Honneth and Beyond.Arto Laitinen - 2012 - Nordicum-Mediterraneum 7 (2).
    This paper discusses Rawls’s thesis that the social basis of self-respect is one of the primarysocial goods. While the central element of the social basis consists in the attitudes of others(e.g. respect or esteem) the social basis may include also possession of various goods. Further,one may distinguish, following Honneth, universalistic basic respect from differential esteem andfrom loving care. This paper focuses on esteem, and further distinguishes three importantvarieties thereof (anti-stigmatization; contributions to societal goods, projects of self-realization),which all differ from recognition (...)
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  • An Empirical Comparison of Human Value Models.Paul H. P. Hanel, Lukas F. Litzellachner & Gregory R. Maio - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Quantum Reality and Ethos: A Thought Experiment Regarding the Foundation of Ethics in Cosmic Order.Lothar Schäfer, Diogo Valadas Ponte & Sisir Roy - 2009 - Zygon 44 (2):265-287.
    The authors undertake a thought experiment the purpose of which is to explore possibilities for understanding moral principles in analogy with cosmic order. The experiment is based on three proposals, which are described in detail: an ontological, a neurological, and a moral proposal. The ontological proposal accepts from the phenomena of quantum physics that there is a nonempirical domain of physical reality that consists not of material things but of what is philosophically conceptualized as a realm of nonmaterial forms. This (...)
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  • Clinical Implications of a Phenomenological Study: Being Regarded as a Threat While Attempting to Do One’s Best.Norma Cole - 2016 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 16 (sup1):1-14.
    Cultural messages promote putting forward one’s best effort, and yet any level of success, or the effort itself, can lead to being regarded as a threat. People forming everyday social comparisons may feel threatened by those attempting to do their best, and may react to neutralize the perceived threat. The urge to undermine someone regarded as a threat can result in direct reprisal, social strain, or other repercussions that can range from unpleasantness to life-changing trauma. Given the potential for negative (...)
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  • On Baking a Cake: The Phenomenological Method in Positive Psychology.Graham A. du Plessis & Carolina du Plessis - 2017 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 17 (sup1):1-13.
    The field of positive psychology has burgeoned since its formal inception with Martin Seligman’s 1998 APA presidential address. Aimed at better baking the positive half of the psychology “cake”, the gains in research and practice over the past decade and a half have been substantial. Among the chief reasons for the rapid growth and development in this field is the express emphasis on a positivistic scientific methodology. While this methodology has undoubtedly contributed much to the evolution and growth of the (...)
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  • The Idea of Will.M. M. Dorenbosch - 2015 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 6 (7):449-472.
    This article presents a new conceptual view on the conscious will. This new concept approaches our will from the perspective of the requirements of our neural-muscular system and not from our anthropocentric perspective. This approach not only repositions the will at the core of behavior control, it also integrates the studies of Libet and Wegner, which seem to support the opposite. The will does not return as an instrument we use to steer, but rather as part of the way we (...)
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  • Sharing the Responsibility of Dealing with Climate Change: Interpreting the Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities.Dan Weijers, David Eng & Ramon Das - 2010 - In Jonathan Boston, Andrew Bradstock & David L. Eng (eds.), Public Policy: Why Ethics Matters. ANU ePress. pp. 141-158.
    In this chapter we first discuss the main principles of justice and note the standard objections to them, which we believe necessitate a hybrid approach. The hybrid account we defend is primarily based on the distributive principle of sufficientarianism, which we interpret as the idea that each country should have the means to provide a minimally decent quality of life for each of its citizens. We argue that sufficientarian considerations give good reason to think that what we call the ‘ability (...)
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  • Sisyphus and Climate Change: Educating in the Context of Tragedies of the Commons.Susan T. Gardner - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (4):4-0.
    The tragedy of the commons is a primary contributing factor in ensuring that humanity makes no serious inroads in averting climate change. As a recent Canadian politician pointed out, we could shut down the Canadian economy tomorrow, and it would make no measurable difference in global greenhouse gas emissions. When coordinated effort is required, it would seem that doing the “right thing” alone is irrational: it will harm oneself with no positive consequences as a result. Such is the tragedy. And (...)
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  • Happiness and the Market: The Ontology of the Human Being in Thomas Aquinas and Modern Functionalism.Marco Visentin - 2014 - Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (4):430-444.
    In this paper, we aim at identifying a concept of man that can represent a reference point for those who work or supervise social processes characterized by commercial or economic purposes. Economic, management, and organizational theories and ideas have a large impact on the way we think of ourselves, and we act accordingly. By making a radical departure from the ontological assumptions, this paper proposes a shifting of the current paradigm in terms of how we theorize about man. In order (...)
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  • The Most Important Thing About Climate Change.John Broome - 2010 - In Jonathan Boston, Andrew Bradstock & David Eng (eds.), Public Policy: Why Ethics Matters. ANU E Press. pp. 101-16.
    This book chapter is not available in ORA, but you may download, display, print and reproduce this chapter in unaltered form only for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organization from the ANU E Press website.
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  • Moral (and Ethical) Realism.Howard Richards - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (3):285-302.
    ABSTRACTThis article advocates a naturalist and realist ethics of solidarity. Specifically, it argues that human needs should be met; and that they should be met in harmony with the environment. Realism should include respect for existing cultures and the morals presently being practiced – with reasonable exceptions. Dignity must come in a form understood and appreciated by the person whose dignity is being respected. It is also argued that naturalist ethics are needed to combat liberal ethics, not least because the (...)
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  • Global Medicine: Is It Ethical or Morally Justifiable for Doctors and Other Healthcare Workers to Go on Strike?Sylvester C. Chima - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (S1):S5.
    BackgroundThe issue of stigma is very important in the battle against HIV/aids in Africa since it may affect patient attendance at healthcare centres for obtaining antiretroviral medications and regular medical check-ups. Stigmatization creates an unnecessary culture of secrecy and silence based on ignorance and fear of victimization. This study was designed to determine if there is external stigmatization of people living with HIV and AIDS by health care workers at a tertiary hospital in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. The study investigated (...)
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  • Acceptance as a Positive Attitude.Maria Miceli & Cristiano Castelfranchi - 2001 - Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):112 – 134.
    We argue in favor of the adaptive value of acceptance and that it deserves a definite status within the 'positive paradigm'. Acceptance currently suffers from ambiguous connotations because of its lack of optimistic biases and its similarity to resignation. We endeavor to show that acceptance and resignation are distinct attitudes by exploring their relationships with various phenomena-frustration, disappointment, expectation, positive thinking, replanning, and accuracy. The resulting distinguishing features of acceptance-thriving versus returning to baseline; realistic optimism versus hopelessness; persistence and flexible (...)
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  • Movilización y organización de jóvenes campesinos y su incidencia en la construcción de subjetividades políticas.Jorge Eduardo Restrepo Rodríguez - 2013 - Revista Aletheia 5 (1).
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  • Natural Law and Normative Inclinations.Jonathan Crowe - 2015 - Ratio Juris 28 (1):52-67.
    Natural law ethics holds that practical rationality consists in engaging in non-defective ways with a range of fundamental goods. These basic goods are characteristically presented as reflecting the natural properties of humans, but the details of this picture vary widely. This article argues that natural law ethics can usefully be understood as a type of dispositional theory of value, which identifies the basic goods with those objectives that humans are characteristically disposed to pursue and value for their own sake. Natural (...)
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  • Industrial Education: A Philosophical Evaluation of the Background of the Evolving Situation.Ahmet Kesgin - 2021 - Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 5 (2):87-109.
    The main problem of this text is as follows: While identifying the status of education systems related to moral education with the title of industrial education, the situation is identified through the problems of the morality of education or moral education. Then, a proposal on the education of morality is made through the system evaluation. This point is for the text. These problems are dealt with by using an in-depth and holistic evaluation method together with description and identification. The text (...)
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  • Solitude and Self‐Realisation in Education.Julian Stern & Małgorzata Wałejko - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (1):107-123.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  • Nursing and Justice as a Basic Human Need.Megan-Jane Johnstone - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):34-44.
  • I to We: The Role of Consciousness Transformation in Compassion and Altruism.Cassandra Vieten, Tina Amorok & Marilyn Mandala Schlitz - 2006 - Zygon 41 (4):915-932.
  • The Common Good of the Firm in the Aristotelian-Thomistic Tradition.Alejo José G. Sison & Joan Fontrodona - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):211-246.
    This article proposes a theory of the firm based on the common good. It clarifies the meaning of the term “common good” tracing its historical development. Next, an analogous sense applicable to the firm is derived from its original context in political theory. Put simply, the common good of the firm is the production of goods and services needed for flourishing, in which different members participate through work. This is linked to the political common good through subsidiarity. Lastly, implications and (...)
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  • Emergency Remote Learning During the Pandemic From a South African Perspective.Rashri Baboolal-Frank - 2021 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 17 (1).
    The COVID-19 pandemic created a situation for the implementation of emergency remote learning. This meant that as a lecturer at a traditionalist University of contact sessions, the pandemic forced us to teach remotely through online methods of communication, using online lectures, narrated powerpoints, voice clips, podcasts, interviews and interactive videos. The assessments were conducted online from assignments to multiple choice questions, which forced the lecturers to think differently about the way the assessments were presented, in order to avoid easy access (...)
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  • A Radical Imagination for Nursing: Generative Insurrection, Creative Resistance.Jessica Dillard-Wright - 2022 - Nursing Philosophy 23 (1).
  • Aristotle, Hume and the Goals of Medicine.David Misselbrook - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):544-549.
  • A New Multidimensional Measure of Personal Resilience and its Use: Chinese Nurse Resilience, Organizational Socialization and Career Success.Wei Wei & Robert J. Taormina - 2014 - Nursing Inquiry 21 (4):346-357.
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  • Beyond Association: How Employees Want to Participate in Their Firms' Corporate Social Performance.David J. Hagenbuch, Steven W. Little & Doyle J. Lucas - 2015 - Business and Society Review 120 (1):83-113.
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  • Higher Needs and Personality.A. H. Maslow - 1951 - Dialectica 5 (3‐4):257-265.
    RésuméDans une importante série de publications, et dans un ouvrage sous presse intituléThe instinctoid nature of basic needs, le Dr Maslow à développé une théorie de la motivation dont le présent article résume à grands traits ľune des thèses principales. – Contrairement à la tendance essentielle de la Psychologie américaine, qui est ?expliquer ľaction humaine à partir ?un très petit nombre de besoins purement physiologiques , ľauteur pense qu'il est indispensable de faire place à des besoins ?un ordre plus relevé. (...)
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  • Modern Parenthood Through the Eyes of a Psychiatrist.Manoj Bhatawdekar - 2015 - Mens Sana Monographs 13 (1):125.
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  • Doctor? Who? Nurses, Patient's Best Interests and Treatment Withdrawal: When No Doctor is Available, Should Nurses Withdraw Treatment From Patients?Giles Birchley - 2013 - Nursing Philosophy 14 (2):96-108.
    Where a decision has been made to stop futile treatment of critically ill patients on an intensive care unit – what is termed withdrawal of treatment in the UK – yet no doctor is available to perform the actions of withdrawal, nurses may be called upon to perform key tasks. In this paper I present two moral justifications for this activity by offering answers to two major questions. One is to ask if it can be in patients' best interests for (...)
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  • Bateson, Double Description, Todes, and Embodiment: Preparing Activities and Their Relation to Abduction.John Shotter - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):219-245.
    Does all understanding consist in our using concepts to relate to the things around us, or do we also possess a more direct, spontaneous, bodily way of doing so? I explore this second possibility via Bateson's notion of “double description.” These phenomena are dynamic phenomena, in that they have their existence only in our embodied relations to the temporal unfolding of events in the two or more relevant sources. As such, as Bateson put it, they are of a different “logical (...)
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  • Factors That Influence Spontaneous Reporting of Adverse Drug Reactions: A Model Centralized in the Medical Professional.Maria T. Herdeiro, Jorge Polonia, Juan J. Gestal-Otero & Adolfo Figueiras - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (4):483-489.
  • The Influence of the Debunker’s Identity and Emotional Expression on the Sharing Behavior of Debunking Information.Fan Chao, Xin Wang & Guang Yu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Owing to the proliferation of rumors on social media, it is necessary to disseminate debunking information to minimize the harm caused by them. Using content analysis, sentiment analysis, and regression analysis, this study examined the mediating role of follower count in the relationship between the debunker’s identity and sharing behavior, and it explored the relationship between the text sentiment of debunking information and sharing behavior based on data on the spread of three rumors that circulated extensively on social media. Using (...)
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  • Entrepreneurship for People With Disabilities: From Skills to Social Value.Pilar Ortiz García & Ángel José Olaz Capitán - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Entrepreneurship has undoubted social value as it contributes to socio-economic development of the context where entrepreneurship takes place. When the entrepreneurial activity is undertaken among especially vulnerable groups in the labor market, the multiplying effect of this value is made explicit in society, in general, and in the collective of people with disabilities, in particular. The objective of this research study is to explore under which conditions this happens through the analysis not only of the relationship between the competencies that (...)
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  • Desocialization in and After the Pandemic.Sfetcu Nicolae - manuscript
    Social isolation (desocialization) implies a complete or almost complete lack of contact between an individual and society. This can be a problem for people of any age, although the symptoms may differ depending on the age group. Social isolation can include staying home for long periods of time, and lack of face-to-face communication with family, acquaintances, friends, or co-workers. Social isolation can lead to feelings of loneliness, fear of others or negative self-esteem. We cannot exist independently of our relationships with (...)
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  • Reconceptualizing Entrepreneurial Performance: The Creation and Destruction of Value From a Stakeholder Capabilities Perspective.Ishrat Ali & Griffin W. Cottle - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 170 (4):781-796.
    Although scholars have long known that entrepreneurship involves the interaction of countless individuals beyond the entrepreneur, traditional performance metrics are limited to capturing the economic value that is created for shareholders. Multiple scholars have suggested that it should be possible to develop a more complete assessment that is able to simultaneously capture both the economic and non-economic consequences of entrepreneurship that exist for the broader network of firm stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to provide a more nuanced understanding (...)
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  • Glitters as a Source of Primary Microplastics: An Approach to Environmental Responsibility and Ethics.Meral Yurtsever - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (3):459-478.
    This paper is about “glitters”, one of the sources of primary microplastics, which, in turn, are deemed an emerging source of pollutants affecting the environment. Today, most glitters available on the market are essentially microplastics, as they are made of polyesters and are of a size smaller than 5 mm. The tiny, shiny, decorative and colorful glitters are used in a wide range of products including but not limited to make-up or craft materials, clothing, shoes, bags, ornaments, and various objects. (...)
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  • C. S. Peirce and Intersemiotic Translation.Joao Queiroz & Daniella Aguiar - 2015 - In P. Trifonas (ed.), International Handbook of Semiotics. Berlin: Springer. pp. 201-215.
    Intersemiotic translation (IT) was defined by Roman Jakobson (The Translation Studies Reader, Routledge, London, p. 114, 2000) as “transmutation of signs”—“an interpretation of verbal signs by means of signs of nonverbal sign systems.” Despite its theoretical relevance, and in spite of the frequency in which it is practiced, the phenomenon remains virtually unexplored in terms of conceptual modeling, especially from a semiotic perspective. Our approach is based on two premises: (i) IT is fundamentally a semiotic operation process (semiosis) and (ii) (...)
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  • Kuhn Meets Maslow: The Psychology Behind Scientific Revolutions.Boris Kožnjak - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (2):257-287.
    In this paper, I offer a detailed reconstruction and a critical analysis of Abraham Maslow’s neglected psychological reading of Thomas Kuhn’s famous dichotomy between ‘normal’ and ‘revolutionary’ science, which Maslow briefly expounded four years after the first edition of Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, in his small book The Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance, and which relies heavily on his extensive earlier general writing in the motivational and personality psychology. Maslow’s Kuhnian ideas, put forward as part of a larger (...)
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  • The Art of Happiness: An Explorative Study of a Contemplative Program for Subjective Well-Being.Clara Rastelli, Lucia Calabrese, Constance Miller, Antonino Raffone & Nicola De Pisapia - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In recent decades, psychological research on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions has greatly developed and demonstrated a range of beneficial outcomes in a variety of populations and contexts. Yet, the question of how to foster subjective well-being and happiness remains open. Here, we assessed the effectiveness of an integrated mental training program The Art of Happiness on psychological well-being in a general population. The mental training program was designed to help practitioners develop new ways to nurture their own happiness. This (...)
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