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Douglas L. Medin, Robert L. Goldstone & Dedre Gentner (1993). Respects for Similarity.

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  1.  11
    Bridging the Gap Between Similarity and Causality: An Integrated Approach to Concepts.Corinne L. Bloch-Mullins - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (3):605-632.
    A growing consensus in the philosophy and psychology of concepts is that while theories such as the prototype, exemplar, and theory theories successfully account for some instances of concept formation and application, none of them successfully accounts for all such instances. I argue against this ‘new consensus’ and show that the problem is, in fact, more severe: the explanatory force of each of these theories is limited even with respect to the phenomena often cited to support it, as each fails (...)
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  2.  5
    Familiarity, Priming, and Perception in Similarity Judgments.M. Hiatt Laura & J. Gregory Trafton - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1450-1484.
    We present a novel way of accounting for similarity judgments. Our approach posits that similarity stems from three main sources—familiarity, priming, and inherent perceptual likeness. Here, we explore each of these constructs and demonstrate their individual and combined effectiveness in explaining similarity judgments. Using these three measures, our account of similarity explains ratings of simple, color-based perceptual stimuli that display asymmetry effects, as well as more complicated perceptual stimuli with structural properties; more traditional approaches to similarity solve one or the (...)
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  3.  9
    Metaphorical Accounting: How Framing the Federal Budget Like a Household's Affects Voting Intentions.Paul H. Thibodeau & Stephen J. Flusberg - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1168-1182.
    Political discourse is saturated with metaphor, but evidence for the persuasive power of this language has been hard to come by. We addressed this issue by investigating whether voting intentions were affected by implicit mappings suggested by a metaphorically framed message, drawing on a real-world example of political rhetoric about the federal budget. In the first experiment, the federal budget was framed as similar to or different from a household budget, though the information participants received was identical in both conditions. (...)
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  4.  4
    Coherence Across Consciousness Levels: Symmetric Visual Displays Spare Working Memory Resources.Magda L. Dumitru - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:139-149.
  5.  6
    The Measure of Perceived Similarity Between Faces: Old Issues for a New Method.Ludovica Lorusso, Luca Pulina & Enrico Grosso - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2):317-339.
    Measuring perceived similarity is an important issue in visual perception of faces, since a measure of the perceived similarity between faces may be used to investigate fundamental tasks like face categorization and recognition. Despite its fundamental role, measuring perceived similarity between faces is not trivial from both a theoretical and methodological point of view. In this paper we present theoretical arguments that undermine the method currently most used to measure perceived similarity between faces in visual perception, and we propose an (...)
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  6.  87
    The Inscrutability of Colour Similarity.Will Davies - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 171 (2):289-311.
    This paper presents a new response to the colour similarity argument, an argument that many people take to pose the greatest threat to colour physicalism. The colour similarity argument assumes that if colour physicalism is true, then colour similarities should be scrutable under standard physical descriptions of surface reflectance properties such as their spectral reflectance curves. Given this assumption, our evident failure to find such similarities at the reducing level seemingly proves fatal to colour physicalism. I argue that we should (...)
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  7.  32
    Comments on Quantum Probability Theory.Steven Sloman - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):47-52.
    Quantum probability theory (QP) is the best formal representation available of the most common form of judgment involving attribute comparison (inside judgment). People are capable, however, of judgments that involve proportions over sets of instances (outside judgment). Here, the theory does not do so well. I discuss the theory both in terms of descriptive adequacy and normative appropriateness.
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  8.  16
    Transfer Effects Between Moral Dilemmas: A Causal Model Theory.Alex Wiegmann & Michael R. Waldmann - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):28-43.
  9.  53
    Misconceived Causal Explanations for Emergent Processes.Michelene T. H. Chi, Rod D. Roscoe, James D. Slotta, Marguerite Roy & Catherine C. Chase - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (1):1-61.
    Studies exploring how students learn and understand science processes such as diffusion and natural selection typically find that students provide misconceived explanations of how the patterns of such processes arise (such as why giraffes’ necks get longer over generations, or how ink dropped into water appears to “flow”). Instead of explaining the patterns of these processes as emerging from the collective interactions of all the agents (e.g., both the water and the ink molecules), students often explain the pattern as being (...)
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  10. The Curious Case of the Refrigerator–TV: Similarity and Hybridization.Michael Gibbert, James A. Hampton, Zachary Estes & David Mazursky - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):992-1018.
    This article examines the role of similarity in the hybridization of concepts, focusing on hybrid products as an applied test case. Hybrid concepts found in natural language, such as singer songwriter, typically combine similar concepts, whereas dissimilar concepts rarely form hybrids. The hybridization of dissimilar concepts in products such as jogging shoe mp3 player and refrigerator TV thus poses a challenge for understanding the process of conceptual combination. It is proposed that models of conceptual combination can throw light on the (...)
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  11. Similarity After Goodman.Lieven Decock & Igor Douven - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):61-75.
    In a famous critique, Goodman dismissed similarity as a slippery and both philosophically and scientifically useless notion. We revisit his critique in the light of important recent work on similarity in psychology and cognitive science. Specifically, we use Tversky’s influential set-theoretic account of similarity as well as Gärdenfors’s more recent resuscitation of the geometrical account to show that, while Goodman’s critique contained valuable insights, it does not warrant a dismissal of similarity.
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  12.  8
    A Probabilistic Model of Cross-Categorization.Patrick Shafto, Charles Kemp, Vikash Mansinghka & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):1-25.
  13. Identity and Similarity.Igor Douven & Lieven Decock - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (1):59-78.
    The standard approach to the so-called paradoxes of identity has been to argue that these paradoxes do not essentially concern the notion of identity but rather betray misconceptions on our part regarding other metaphysical notions, like that of an object or a property. This paper proposes a different approach by pointing to an ambiguity in the identity predicate and arguing that the concept of identity that figures in many ordinary identity claims, including those that appear in the paradoxes, is not (...)
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  14.  33
    Bootstrapping the Mind: Analogical Processes and Symbol Systems.Dedre Gentner - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):752-775.
    Human cognition is striking in its brilliance and its adaptability. How do we get that way? How do we move from the nearly helpless state of infants to the cognitive proficiency that characterizes adults? In this paper I argue, first, that analogical ability is the key factor in our prodigious capacity, and, second, that possession of a symbol system is crucial to the full expression of analogical ability.
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  15.  9
    Transformation and Alignment in Similarity.Carl J. Hodgetts, Ulrike Hahn & Nick Chater - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):62-79.
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  16.  12
    Representation Over Time: The Effects of Temporal Distance on Similarity.Samuel B. Day & Daniel M. Bartels - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1504-1513.
  17.  22
    Individual Differences in the Perception of Similarity and Difference.Sabrina Simmons & Zachary Estes - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):781-795.
  18.  12
    Comparison and the Development of Knowledge.Lera Boroditsky - 2007 - Cognition 102 (1):118-128.
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  19.  1
    Causal Relations Drive Young Children’s Induction, Naming, and Categorization.John E. Opfer & Megan J. Bulloch - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):206-217.
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  20.  1
    Olympic Medals as Fruits of Comparison? Assimilation and Contrast in Sequential Performance Judgments.Lysann Damisch, Thomas Mussweiler & Henning Plessner - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 12 (3):166-178.
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  21.  18
    Relations, Objects, and the Composition of Analogies.Dedre Gentner & Kenneth J. Kurtz - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (4):609-642.
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  22.  2
    The Career of Metaphor.Brian F. Bowdle & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):193-216.
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  23. The Allure of the Alignable: Younger and Older Adults' False Memories of Choice Features.Mara Mather, Marisa Knight & Michael McCaffrey - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (1):38-51.
  24.  10
    Infants' Formation and Use of Categories to Segregate Objects.Amy Needham, Gwenden Dueker & Gregory Lockhead - 2005 - Cognition 94 (3):215-240.
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  25.  24
    Properties, Categories, and Categorisation.Sébastien Poitrenaud, Jean-François Richard & Charles Tijus - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):151-208.
  26. The Influence of Memory for Prior Instances on Performance in a Conflict Detection Task.Shayne Loft, Michael Humphreys & Andrew Neal - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 10 (3):173-187.
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  27.  15
    Instance‐Based Learning in Dynamic Decision Making.Cleotilde Gonzalez, Javier F. Lerch & Christian Lebiere - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (4):591-635.
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  28.  20
    Similarity as Transformation.Ulrike Hahn, Nick Chater & Lucy B. Richardson - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):1-32.
    No categories
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  29.  1
    A Symbolic-Connectionist Theory of Relational Inference and Generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  30.  6
    Comparison Processes in Social Judgment: Mechanisms and Consequences.Thomas Mussweiler - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):472-489.
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  31.  7
    Semantic Grounding in Models of Analogy: An Environmental Approach.Michael Ramscar & Daniel Yarlett - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (1):41-71.
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  32. Evidence for the Coincidence Effect in Environmental Judgments: Why Isn't It Easy to Correctly Identify Environmentally Friendly Food Products?Carmen Tanner & Niels Jungbluth - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (1):3.
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  33.  3
    An Instance Theory of Attention and Memory.Gordon D. Logan - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (2):376-400.
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  34.  10
    Rating the Similarity of Simple Perceptual Stimuli: Asymmetries Induced by Manipulating Exposure Frequency.Thad A. Polk, Charles Behensky, Richard Gonzalez & Edward E. Smith - 2002 - Cognition 82 (3):B75-B88.
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  35.  82
    The Trajectory of Color.B. A. C. Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (3):302-355.
    : According to a consensus of psycho-physiological and philosophical theories, color sensations (or qualia) are generated in a cerebral "space" fed from photon-photoreceptor interaction (producing "metamers") in the retina of the eye. The resulting "space" has three dimensions: hue (or chroma), saturation (or "purity"), and brightness (lightness, value or intensity) and (in some versions) is further structured by primitive or landmark "colors"—usually four, or six (when white and black are added to red, yellow, green and blue). It has also been (...)
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  36.  5
    Differential Encoding of Affective and Nonaffective Content Information in Trait Anxiety.Cynthia L. S. Pury & Susan Mineka - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (5):659-693.
  37.  7
    Why Children Learn Color and Size Words so Differently: Evidence From Adults' Learning of Artificial Terms.Catherine M. Sandhofer & Linda B. Smith - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):600.
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  38.  42
    The Impact of Anxiety on Analogical Reasoning.Jean M. Tohill & Keith J. Holyoak - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):27 – 40.
    The effect of state anxiety on analogical reasoning was investigated by examining qualitative differences in mapping performance between anxious and non-anxious individuals reasoning about pictorial analogies. The working-memory restriction theory of anxiety, coupled with theories of analogy that link complexity of mapping with working-memory capacity, predicts that high anxiety will impair the ability to find correspondences based on relations between multiple objects relative to correspondences based on overlap of attributes between individual objects. Anxiety was induced in one condition by a (...)
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  39.  35
    Similarity and the Development of Rules.Dedre Gentner & José Medina - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):263-297.
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  40.  47
    Reuniting Perception and Conception.Robert L. Goldstone & Lawrence W. Barsalou - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):231-262.
  41.  20
    Two Dogmas of Conceptual Empiricism: Implications for Hybrid Models of the Structure of Knowledge.Frank Keil - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):103-135.
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  42.  3
    On the Role of Mathematics in Explaining the Material World: Mental Models for Proportional Reasoning.Daniel L. Schwartz & Joyce L. Moore - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (4):471-516.
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  43.  8
    The Texture Lexicon: Understanding the Categorization of Visual Texture Terms and Their Relationship to Texture Images.Nalini Bhushan, A. Ravishankar Rao & Gerald L. Lohse - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (2):219-246.
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  44.  4
    Constraints on Analogical Inference.Arthur B. Markman - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):373-418.
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  45.  16
    Similar, and Similar Concepts.Lila R. Gleitman, Henry Gleitman, Carol Miller & Ruth Ostrin - 1996 - Cognition 58 (3):321-376.
  46.  26
    On Metaphoric Representation.Gregory L. Murphy - 1996 - Cognition 60 (2):173-204.
  47.  15
    MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity‐Based Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Keith Law - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (2):141-205.
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  48.  2
    The Emergence of Events.Judith Avrahami & Yaakov Kareev - 1994 - Cognition 53 (3):239-261.
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  49.  7
    Generativity Within Language and Other Cognitive Domains.Paul Bloom - 1994 - Cognition 51 (2):177-189.
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  50.  22
    The Role of Similarity in Categorization: Providing a Groundwork.Robert L. Goldstone - 1994 - Cognition 52 (2):125-157.
1 — 50 / 52