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John Calhoun Merrill & S. Jack Odell (1983). Philosophy and Journalism.

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  1.  48
    Media Ethics on a Higher Order of Magnitude.Clifford G. Christians - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):3 – 14.
    Between Summits I and II, media ethics established its legitimacy, summarized into recommendations for the field's future fluorescence. This history points to the challenges through which media ethics moves to another order of magnitude. A historical map of media ethics scholarship since 1980 divides into 5 domains, and each is introduced: theory, social philosophy, religious ethics, technology, and truth. From this content analysis of the literature, an agenda emerges for research and academic study that can raise media ethics to a (...)
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  2.  25
    Predicting Tolerance of Journalistic Deception.Seow Ting Lee - 2005 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 20 (1):22 – 42.
    In a Web-based survey of 740 investigative journalists, competition and medium emerge as the 2 most salient predictors of journalists' tolerance of deception. Journalists who view competition as an important consideration in ethical decision making are more tolerant of deception. Television journalists have a higher tolerance of deception than print journalists. Overall, organizational factors such as medium and organization size are better predictors of deception tolerance than individual-level variables such as age, education, work experience, journalism as a college major, or (...)
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  3.  23
    Comparative International Media Ethics.Tom Cooper - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (1):3 – 14.
    Reviews show that comprehensive studies of international media ethics are necessarily incomplete because not all countries have either media codes or comparable measurement instruments. This article reviews major studies of international and national approaches to media ethics and describes contexts for global studies and comparisons. The three likely universals of truth, responsibility, and the drive for free expression are hypothesized, and codes are explored to see which patterns endured.
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  4.  8
    Doing What is Right: Teaching Ethics in Journalism Programs.Paul E. Kostyu - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (1):45 – 58.
    This article discusses a serious problem in the way ethics is taught in journalism and mass communication programs. The study is based, in part, on a survey of 359 students who have had varied exposure to university journalism programs. The survey consisted of 87 questions that provided information on the demographics of the participants as well as an opportunity to respond to a series of 25 hypothetical ethical dilemmas. Results indicate that although respondents found most of the hypothetical situations to (...)
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  5.  6
    Disappearance of the Truth and Realism in Television Criticism.Robert R. McConnell - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (3):191 – 202.
    Truth and realism have effectively disappeared as critical standards in American television criticism. McConnell researched writings in this area to find what little has been said about truth and realism since 1983. He theorizes that a closed ideological hegemony that is American television makes objective truth uncomfortable, leading to disappearance of truth and realism as a critical standard.
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    'Oikonomia': The Journalist as a Steward.Jerry Harvill - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):65 – 76.
    This research essay explores the ethical implications of the stewardship metaphor for journalists. A three?part examination of stewardship is undertaken: a philological survey of the Greek vocabularly, from which ?oikonomia?; (stewardship) has arisen; an elaboration of four ethical implications for journalist (journalists? incentive to serve, their delivery but not ownership of messages, their ambiguous authority, and their need for professional discipline); and two critical issues arising from the sterwardship metaphor (to define the master of the journalistic house as the long?term (...)
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    Enforcing Media Codes.Clifford Christians - 1985 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 1 (1):14 – 21.
    The longstanding debates aver how to enforce codes of ethics reflect a serious flaw in understanding the nature of ?accountability.?; Fuzziness aver that basic notion has allowed the quantity of codes to expand, without any improvement in their quality or in media behavior. The essay maintains that we repeat the same arguments today that moralistic journalists did in the 1920s, because we lack intellectual precision aver such issues as internal vis a vis external controls, ethics vis a vis First Amendment (...)
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