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  1. Assessing Physicians' Roles on Health Care Ethics Committees.Charlotte McDaniel - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (4):275-286.
    The purpose of this study was to examine the role of physicians on HEC including structural and process features. Four committees were selected from among 12 volunteering to participate with 12 sessions observed. Power analysis confirmed an adequate number of communication exchanges, and no statistical significant difference among two prior surveys affirmed the sample. Data collection included established questionnaires and communication analyses with a tested method. Results revealed physician presence was robust and similar to prior reports on HEC structure; however, (...)
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  • The Changing Composition of a Hospital Ethics Committee: A Tertiary Care Center’s Experience. [REVIEW]Andrew Courtwright, Sharon Brackett, Alexandra Cist, M. Cornelia Cremens, Eric L. Krakauer & Ellen M. Robinson - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (1):59-68.
    A growing body of research has demonstrated significant heterogeneity of hospital ethics committee (HEC) size, membership and training requirements, length of appointment, institutional support, clinical and policy roles, and predictors of self identified success. Because these studies have focused on HECs at a single point in time, however, little is known about how the composition of HECs changes over time and what impact these changes have on committee utilization. The current study presents 20 years of data on the evolution of (...)
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  • The Presence of Ethics Programs in Critical Access Hospitals.William A. Nelson, Marie-Claire Rosenberg, Todd Mackenzie & William B. Weeks - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (4):267-274.
    The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of ethics committees in rural critical access hospitals across the United States. Several studies have investigated the presence of ethics committees in rural health care facilities. The limitation of these studies is in the definition of ‘rural hospital’ and a regional or state focus. These limitations have created large variations in the study findings. In this nation-wide study we used the criteria of a critical access hospital (CAH), as defined by (...)
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  • Collaboration of Ethics and Patient Safety Programs: Opportunities to Promote Quality Care.William A. Nelson, Julia Neily, Peter Mills & William B. Weeks - 2008 - HEC Forum 20 (1):15-27.
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  • Empirical Assessments of Clinical Ethics Services: Implications for Clinical Ethics Committees.Laura Williamson - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (4):187-192.
    The need to evaluate the performance of clinical ethics services is widely acknowledged although work in this area is more developed in the United States. In the USA many studies that assess clinical ethics services have utilized empirical methods and assessment criteria. The value of these approaches is thought to rest on their ability to measure the value of services in a demonstrable fashion. However, empirical measures tend to lack ethical content, making their contribution to developments in ethical governance unclear. (...)
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  • Rural Healthcare Ethics: No Longer the Forgotten Quarter.William Nelson, Mary Ann Greene & Alan West - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (4):510-517.
    The rural health context in the United States presents unique ethical challenges to its approximately 60 million residents, who represent about one quarter of the overall population and are distributed over three-quarters of the country’s land mass. The rural context is not only identified by the small population density and distance to an urban setting but also by a combination of social, religious, geographical, and cultural factors. Living in a rural setting fosters a sense of shared values and beliefs, a (...)
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  • The Quality of Bioethics Debate: Implications for Clinical Ethics Committees.L. Williamson - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):357-360.
    Bioethicists have recently expressed concern over a lack of quality control within the field. This apprehension focuses on bioethics expanding in ways that obscure its distinctive ethical remit and the specialist reasoning skills it requires. This thesis about the quality and conduct of bioethics may have particular relevance for clinical ethics. As one of the youngest offshoots of bioethics, the field focuses on the ethical issues that arise specifically in a clinical context. However, non-ethics specialists are increasingly involved in this (...)
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