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Pierre-Olivier Méthot (2016). Bacterial Transformation and the Origins of Epidemics in the Interwar Period: The Epidemiological Significance of Fred Griffith’s “Transforming Experiment”.

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    Petri dish versus Winogradsky column: a longue durée perspective on purity and diversity in microbiology, 1880s–1980s.Mathias Grote - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):11.
    Microbial diversity has become a leitmotiv of contemporary microbiology, as epitomized in the concept of the microbiome, with significant consequences for the classification of microbes. In this paper, I contrast microbiology’s current diversity ideal with its influential predecessor in the twentieth century, that of purity, as epitomized in Robert Koch’s bacteriological culture methods. Purity and diversity, the two polar opposites with regard to making sense of the microbial world, have been operationalized in microbiological practice by tools such as the “clean” (...)
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