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  1. The Why of the Phenomenal Aspect of Consciousness: Its Main Functions and the Mechanisms Underpinning It.Giorgio Marchetti - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 913309 (13):1-20.
    What distinguishes conscious information processing from other kinds of information processing is its phenomenal aspect (PAC), the-what-it-is-like for an agent to experience something. The PAC supplies the agent with a sense of self, and informs the agent on how its self is affected by the agent’s own operations. The PAC originates from the activity that attention performs to detect the state of what I define “the self” (S). S is centered and develops on a hierarchy of innate and acquired values, (...)
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  • Self-Referential Processing Can Modulate Visual Spatial Attention Deficits in Children With Dyslexia.Aibao Zhou, Baojun Duan, Menglin Wen, Wenyi Wu, Mei Li, Xiaofeng Ma & Yanggang Tan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The Effect of Emotional Arousal on Inhibition of Return Among Youth With Depressive Tendency.Liwei Zhang, Huiyong Fan, Suyan Wang & Hong Li - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Children With Mathematical Learning Difficulties Are Sluggish in Disengaging Attention.Xiaoxian Zhang, Wanlu Fu, Licheng Xue, Jing Zhao & Zhiguo Wang - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • A Theory of Eye Movements During Target Acquisition.Gregory J. Zelinsky - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):787-835.
  • The Time-Course of Endogenous Temporal Attention – Super Fast Voluntary Allocation of Attention.Yaffa Yeshurun & Shira Tkacz-Domb - 2021 - Cognition 206 (C):104506.
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  • Is a Pre-Change Object Representation Weakened Under Correct Detection of a Change?☆.Yei-Yu Yeh & Cheng-Ta Yang - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):91-102.
    We investigated whether a pre-change representation is inhibited or weakened under correct change detection. Two arrays of six objects were rapidly presented for change detection in three experiments. After detection, the perceptual identification of degraded stimuli was tested in Experiments 1 and 2. The weakening of a pre-change representation was not observed under correct detection. The repetition priming effect was observed for a pre-change object and the magnitude was equivalent to the effect for a post-change object. Under change blindness, repetition (...)
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  • Urgency Promotes Affective Disengagement: Effects From Bivalent Cues on Preference Formation for Abstract Images.Ji Xu, Noha Mohsen Zommara, Kajornvut Ounjai, Muneyoshi Takahashi, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Tetsuya Matsuda & Johan Lauwereyns - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Depression, Not PTSD, is Associated with Attentional Biases for Emotional Visual Cues in Early Traumatized Individuals with PTSD.Charlotte E. Wittekind, Christoph Muhtz, Lena Jelinek & Steffen Moritz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Theories and Measurement of Visual Attentional Processing in Anxiety.Mariann R. Weierich, Teresa A. Treat & Andrew Hollingworth - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (6):985-1018.
  • Auditory and Cross-Modal Attentional Bias Toward Positive Natural Sounds: Behavioral and ERP Evidence.Yanmei Wang, Zhenwei Tang, Xiaoxuan Zhang & Libing Yang - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Recently, researchers have expanded the investigation into attentional biases toward positive stimuli; however, few studies have examined attentional biases toward positive auditory information. In three experiments, the present study employed an emotional spatial cueing task using emotional sounds as cues and auditory stimuli or visual stimuli as targets to explore whether auditory or visual spatial attention could be modulated by positive auditory cues. Experiment 3 also examined the temporal dynamics of cross-modal auditory bias toward positive natural sounds using event-related potentials. (...)
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  • Is the Exogenous Orienting of Spatial Attention Truly Automatic? Evidence From Unimodal and Multisensory Studies.Valerio Santangelo & Charles Spence - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):989-1015.
    The last decade has seen great progress in the study of the nature of crossmodal links in exogenous and endogenous spatial attention . Exogenous spatial cuing studies of human crossmodal attention and multisensory integration. In C. Spence, & J. Driver , Crossmodal space and crossmodal attention . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.], for a recent review). A growing body of research now highlights the existence of robust crossmodal links between auditory, visual, and tactile spatial attention. However, until recently, studies of (...)
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  • Neurophysiological Activations of Predictive and Non-Predictive Exogenous Cues: A Cue-Elicited EEG Study on the Generation of Inhibition of Return.Ana B. Vivas, Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Alejandro Castillo & Luis J. Fuentes - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Basics for Sensorimotor Information Processing: Some Implications for Learning.Franck Vidal, Cã©Dric Meckler & Thierry Hasbroucq - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • The Developing Cognitive Substrate of Sequential Action Control in 9- to 12-Month-Olds: Evidence for Concurrent Activation Models. [REVIEW]S. A. Verschoor, M. Paulus, M. Spapé, S. Biro & B. Hommel - 2015 - Cognition 138:64-78.
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  • What is It Like to Be a Patient with Apperceptive Agnosia?Shaun P. Vecera & Kendra S. Gilds - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):237-66.
    Neuropsychological deficits have been widely used to elucidate normal cognitive functioning. Can patients with such deficits also be used to understand conscious visual experience? In this paper, we ask what it would be like to be a patient with apperceptive agnosia . Philosophical analyses of such questions have suggested that subjectively experiencing what another person experiences would be impossible. Although such roadblocks into the conscious experience of others exist, the experimental study of both patients and neurologically normal subjects can be (...)
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  • Ten Testable Properties of Consciousness.Christopher W. Tyler - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Mapping Visual Attention with Change Blindness: New Directions for a New Method.Peter U. Tse - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (2):241.
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  • The Effects of Practice on Mechanisms of Attention.Steven P. Tipper, Thomas Eissenberg & Bruce Weaver - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (1):77-80.
  • Is Inhibition of Return a Reflexive Effect?Christine Tipper & Alan Kingstone - 2005 - Cognition 97 (3):B55-B62.
  • Joint Attention for Stimuli on the Hands: Ownership Matters.J. E. T. Taylor, Jay Pratt & Jessica K. Witt - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Does an Instruction to Forget Enhance Memory for Other Presented Items?Tracy L. Taylor & Jonathan M. Fawcett - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1186-1197.
    In an item-method directed forgetting paradigm, participants were required to attend to one of two colored words presented on opposite sides of a central fixation stimulus; they were instructed to Remember or Forget the attended item. On a subsequent recognition test, the Attended words showed a typical directed forgetting effect with better recognition of Remember words than Forget words. Our interest was in the fate of the Unattended words. When the study display disappeared before the memory instruction, there was no (...)
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  • The Gaze-Cueing Effect in the United States and Japan: Influence of Cultural Differences in Cognitive Strategies on Control of Attention.Saki Takao, Yusuke Yamani & Atsunori Ariga - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Orientation of Attention to Nonconsciously Recognised Famous Faces.Anna Stone & Tim Valentine - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):537-558.
  • Multisensory Prior Entry.Charles Spence, David I. Shore & Raymond M. Klein - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):799.
  • Dissociation of Processing Time and Awareness by the Inattentional Blindness Paradigm☆.Shih-Yu Lo & Su-Ling Yeh - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1169-1180.
    Consciousness researchers are interested in distinguishing between mental activity that occurs with and without awareness . The inattentional blindness paradigm is an excellent tool for this question because it permits the independent manipulation of processing time and awareness. In the present study, we show that implicit texture segregation can occur during inattentional blindness, provided that the texture is exposed for a sufficient duration. In contrast, a Simon effect does not occur during inattentional blindness, even with similar exposure duration of the (...)
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  • Measuring and Modeling the Trajectory of Visual Spatial Attention.Shui-I. Shih & George Sperling - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (2):260-305.
  • How Does Fearful Emotion Affect Visual Attention?Zhe Shang, Yingying Wang & Taiyong Bi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    It has long been suggested that emotion, especially threatening emotion, facilitates early visual perception to promote adaptive responses to potential threats in the environment. Here, we tested whether and how fearful emotion affects the basic visual ability of visual acuity. An adapted Posner’s spatial cueing task was employed, with fearful and neutral faces as cues and a Vernier discrimination task as the probe. The time course of the emotional attention effect was examined by varying the stimulus onset asynchrony of the (...)
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  • Modality Switching in Landmark-Based Wayfinding.Mira Schwarz & Kai Hamburger - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study investigates switching costs in landmark-based wayfinding using olfactory and visual landmark information. It has already been demonstrated that there seem to be no switching costs, in terms of correct route decisions, when switching between acoustically and visually presented landmarks. Olfaction, on the other hand, is not extensively focused on in landmark-based wayfinding thus far, especially with respect to modality switching. The goal of this work is to empirically test and compare visual and olfactory landmark information with regard to (...)
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  • Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control.James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.
    The results of four experiments provide evidence for controlled processing in the absence of awareness. Participants identified the colour of a neutral distracter word. Each of four words was presented in one of the four colours 75% of the time or 50% of the time . Colour identification was faster when the words appeared in the colour they were most often presented in relative to when they appeared in another colour, even for participants who were subjectively unaware of any contingencies (...)
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  • Attending to Emotional Expressions: No Evidence for Automatic Capture in the Dot-Probe Task.Swantje Puls & Klaus Rothermund - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):450-463.
    Research on automatic attention to emotional faces offers mixed results. Therefore we examined validity effects for facial expressions of different emotions with a dot-probe paradigm in seven studies. Systematic variations of type of emotion, CTI, task, cue size, and masking allow for a differentiated assessment of attentional capture by emotions and possible moderating factors. Results indicate a general absence of emotional validity effects as well as a lack of significant interactions with either of the manipulated factors, indicating that facial expressions (...)
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  • Where is the Chocolate? Rapid Spatial Orienting Toward Stimuli Associated with Primary Rewards.Eva Pool, Tobias Brosch, Sylvain Delplanque & David Sander - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):348-359.
  • Joint Attention: Inferring What Others Perceive (and Don't Perceive).Pines Nuku & Harold Bekkering - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):339-349.
    Research has shown that observers automatically align their attention with another’s gaze direction. The present study investigates whether inferring another’s attended location affects the observer’s attention in the same way as observing their gaze direction. In two experiments, we used a laterally oriented virtual human head to prime one of two laterally presented targets. Experiment 1 showed that, in contrast to the agent with closed eyes, observing the agent with open eyes facilitated the observer’s alignment of attention with the primed (...)
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  • Disambiguating Ambiguous Motion Perception: What Are the Cues?Alessandro Piedimonte, Adam J. Woods & Anjan Chatterjee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Implicit Attentional Orienting in a Target Detection Task with Central Cues.Scott A. Peterson & Tanja N. Gibson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1532-1547.
    Studies using Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm have demonstrated that participants can allocate their attention to specific target locations based on the predictiveness of preceding cues. Four experiments were conducted to investigate attentional orienting processes operating in a high probability condition as compared to a low probability condition using various types of centrally-presented cues. Spatially-informative cues resulted in cueing effects for both probability conditions, with significantly larger CEs in the high probability conditions than the low probability conditions. Participants in the high (...)
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  • Examining the Role of Attention and Sensory Stimulation in the Attentional Repulsion Effect.Anna M. Petersson, Matthew D. Hilchey & Jay Pratt - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The Phenomenology of Endogenous Orienting.Paolo Bartolomeo, Caroline Decaix & Eric Siéroff - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):144-161.
    Can we build endogenous expectations about the locus of occurrence of a target without being able to describe them? Participants performed cue–target detection tasks with different proportions of valid and invalid trials, without being informed of these proportions, and demonstrated typical endogenous effects. About half were subsequently able to correctly describe the cue–target relationships . However, even non-verbalizer participants showed endogenous orienting with peripheral cues , not depending solely on practice . Explicit instructions did not bring about dramatic advantages in (...)
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  • Self-Attributed Body-Shadows Modulate Tactile Attention.Francesco Pavani & Giovanni Galfano - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):73-88.
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  • From Body Shadows to Bodily Attention: Automatic Orienting of Tactile Attention Driven by Cast Shadows.Francesco Pavani, Paola Rigo & Giovanni Galfano - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:56-67.
  • Inhibition of Return Is Modulated by Negative Stimuli: Evidence From Subliminal Perception.Fada Pan, Xiaogang Wu, Li Zhang & Yuhong Ou - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • The Function of Consciousness in Multisensory Integration.Terry D. Palmer & Ashley K. Ramsey - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):353-364.
  • Masked Stimuli Modulate Endogenous Shifts of Spatial Attention.Simon Palmer & Uwe Mattler - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):486-503.
    Unconscious stimuli can influence participants’ motor behavior but also more complex mental processes. Recent research has gradually extended the limits of effects of unconscious stimuli. One field of research where such limits have been proposed is spatial cueing, where exogenous automatic shifts of attention have been distinguished from endogenous controlled processes which govern voluntary shifts of attention. Previous evidence suggests unconscious effects on mechanisms of exogenous shifts of attention. Here, we applied a cue-priming paradigm to a spatial cueing task with (...)
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  • A Boost and Bounce Theory of Temporal Attention.Christian N. L. Olivers & Martijn Meeter - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):836-863.
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  • The Role of Attention in the Facilitation Effect and Another “Inhibition of Return”.Sanae Okamoto-Barth & Nobuyuki Kawai - 2006 - Cognition 101 (3):B42-B50.
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  • Negative Priming, Attention, and Discriminating the Present From the Past.Bruce Milliken & Adrienne Rock - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):308-327.
    Priming effects have been used widely as a tool to study attentional processes. However, inferences regarding attention depend on how priming effects are interpreted. In the case of negative priming, an activation-based framework for interpreting priming suggests that attention inhibits the representation of prime distractors and that this inhibition is measured in performance to subsequent probes. Data summarized in this article point out that negative priming does not depend on selection of one of two primes and that attentional influences during (...)
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  • Continuous Visual Cues Trigger Automatic Spatial Target Updating in Dynamic Scenes.Hauke S. Meyerhoff, Markus Huff, Frank Papenmeier, Georg Jahn & Stephan Schwan - 2011 - Cognition 121 (1):73-82.
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  • Leveling the Playing Field: Attention Mitigates the Effects of Intelligence on Memory.Julie Markant & Dima Amso - 2014 - Cognition 131 (2):195-204.
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  • Visuospatial Attention and Saccadic Inhibitory Control in Children With Cerebral Palsy.Claudio Maioli, Luca Falciati, Jessica Galli, Serena Micheletti, Luisa Turetti, Michela Balconi & Elisa M. Fazzi - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  • RT Slowing to Valid Cues on a Reflexive Attention Task in Children and Young Adults.Rebecca A. Lundwall, Jason Woodruff & Steven P. Tolboe - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Alerting and Orienting of Attention Without Visual Awareness.Shena Lu, Yongchun Cai, Mowei Shen, Ying Zhou & Shihui Han - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):928-938.
    Two types of the attentional network, alerting and orienting, help organisms respond to environmental events for survival in the temporal and spatial dimensions, respectively. Here, we applied chromatic flicker beyond the critical fusion frequency to address whether awareness was necessary for activation of the two attentional networks. We found that high-frequency chromatic flicker, despite its failure to reach awareness, produced the alerting and orienting effects, supporting the dissociation between attention and awareness. Furthermore, as the flicker frequency increased, the orienting effect (...)
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