Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. On Participation and Membership in Discursive Practices.Kenneth Shockley - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (1):67-85.
    For a view which grounds norms in the practices of a particular group, determining who is in that group will determine the scope of those norms. Such a view requires an account of what it is to be a member of the group subject to that practice. In this article, the author presents the beginnings of such an account, limiting his inquiry to discursive practices; we might characterize such practices as those which require, as a condition of participation, participants both (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Justification and Application: The Revival of the Rawls-Habermas Debate.Jørgen Pedersen - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (3):399-432.
    The Rawls–Habermas debate is having a revival. In this article I argue that both philosophers develop different freestanding conceptions of political legitimacy, and show how they diverge when it comes to how political legitimacy can be justified. Habermas is looking for a deeper justification than Rawls will allow for. I then proceed to show how the different meta-ethical positions yield two different versions of democratic theory, focusing in particular on rights and popular sovereignty. I demonstrate how both conceive of the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Relationship Between Theory and Practice 1.Linn Kjaerland & Jørgen Pedersen - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):381-407.
    Jürgen Habermas's theories have received enormous attention in the public sphere as well as in political science. It is therefore surprising that his method, rational reconstruction, is not more debated. In political science the method is of particular interest because of its ambition to bridge the gap between empirical and normative approaches. In this article the author traces Habermas's interest in rational reconstruction by going back to his writings on theory and practice and subsequently shows what the method's main principles (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Political Perspective of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Critical Research Agenda.Glen Whelan - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (4):709-737.
    I here advance a critical research agenda for the political perspective of corporate social responsibility. I argue that whilst the ‘Political’ CSR literature is notable for both its conceptual novelty and practical importance, its development has been hamstrung by four ambiguities, conflations and/or oversights. More positively, I argue that ‘Political’ CSR should be conceived as one potential form of globalization, and not as a consequence of ‘globalization’; that contemporary Western MNCs should be presumed to engage in CSR for instrumental reasons; (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  • Discursively Prioritizing Stakeholder Interests: An Inquiry Into Habermas’s Distinction Between Morality and Ethics.Bastiaan van der Linden - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):419-439.
    Contributions to stakeholder theory often do not systematically deal with the prioritization of stakeholder interests. An exception to this is Reed’s Habermasianapproach to stakeholder management. Central to Reed’s discursive approach is Habermas’s distinction between morality and ethics. Many authors in business ethics argue that, because of its distinction between morality and ethics, discourse ethics is well suited for dealing with the pluralism that characterizes modern society, but also mention complications with the application of this distinction. This paper taps into the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • From Chain Liability to Chain Responsibility.Rob Van Tulder, Jeroen Van Wijk & Ans Kolk - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S2):399 - 412.
    This article examines whether the involvement of stakeholders in the design of corporate codes of conduct leads to a higher implementation likelihood of the code. The empirical focus is on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH). The article compares the inclusion of OSH issues in the codes of conduct of 30 companies involved in International Framework Agreements (IFAs), agreed upon by trade unions and multinational enterprises, with those of a benchmark sample of 38 leading Multinational Enterprises in comparable industries. It is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  • Who and What Really Matters to the Firm: Moving Stakeholder Salience Beyond Managerial Perceptions.Pete Tashman & Jonathan Raelin - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (4):591-616.
    We develop the concept of stakeholder salience to account for stakeholders who should matter to the firm, even when managers do not perceive them as important. While managers are responsible for attributing salience to stakeholders, they can overlook or ignore stakeholder importance because of market frictions that affect managerial perceptions or induce opportunism. When this happens, corporate financial and social performance can suffer. Thus, we propose that the perceptions of organizational and societal stakeholders should also codetermine the salience of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  • Reading Habermas in Iran: Political Tolerance and the Prospect of Non-Violent Movement in Iran.Omid Payrow Shabani - 2010 - Journal of Global Ethics 6 (2):141-151.
    In this paper, I intend to appropriate the explanatory power of some of Habermas' recent ideas for the purpose of examining the current political situation in Iran. I would like to argue that the recent history of Iran has offered an occasion for a development away from a dogmatic religious consciousness and toward a more tolerant one. I submit that these opposing modes of thought are, respectively, represented by the hardliners in power and the reformists in opposition. The current impasse, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Reasons and Inclusion: The Foundation of Deliberation.Erik Schneiderhan & Shamus Khan - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (1):1-24.
    This article provides two empirical evaluations of deliberation. Given that scholars of deliberation often argue for its importance without empirical support, we first examine whether there is a "deliberative difference"; if actors engaging in deliberation arrive at different decisions than those who think on their own or "just talk." As we find a general convergence within deliberation scholarship around reasons and inclusion, the second test examines whether these two specific mechanisms are central to deliberation. The first evaluation looks at outcomes (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Does Deliberative Democracy Need Deliberative Democrats? Revisiting Habermas’ Defence of Discourse Ethics.Nick O'Donovan - 2013 - Contemporary Political Theory 12 (2):123-144.
    Many political theorists today appeal to, or assume the existence of, a political culture in which the public values of Western liberal democracies are embedded – a political culture that is necessary to render their ideas plausible and their proposals feasible. This article contrasts this approach with the more ambitious arguments advanced by Jürgen Habermas in his original account of discourse ethics – a moral theory to which, he supposed, all human beings were demonstrably and ineluctably bound by the communicative (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Advancing the Business and Human Rights Agenda: Dialogue, Empowerment, and Constructive Engagement.Sébastien Mena, Marieke de Leede, Dorothée Baumann, Nicky Black, Sara Lindeman & Lindsay McShane - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (1):161 - 188.
    As corporations are going global, they are increasingly confronted with human rights challenges. As such, new ways to deal with human rights challenges in corporate operations must be developed as traditional governance mechanisms are not always able to tackle them. This article presents five different views on innovative solutions for the relationships between business and human rights that all build on empowerment, dialogue and constructive engagement. The different approaches highlight an emerging trend toward a more active role for corporations in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Reformulation of the Kantian Project.Øystein Lundestad & Kjartan Koch Mikalsen - 2011 - Journal of International Political Theory 7 (1):40-62.
    The article sets out to explore the international legal dimension in Jürgen Habermas' latest publications on philosophy of law. It is our view that Habermas deals with the examination of just relations beyond the nation-state first and foremost from a legal perspective, and that the key to a Habermasian reading of international justice is not through an application of discourse-theoretical models of communicative or moral action as such, but primarily through proper legal institutionalisation of the rule of law. In asserting (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Extending the Horizon of Business Ethics: Restorative Justice and the Aftermath of Unethical Behavior.Jerry Goodstein & Kenneth D. Butterfield - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):453-480.
    We call for business ethics scholars to focus more attention on how individuals and organizations respond in the aftermath of unethical behavior. Insight into this issue is drawn from restorative justice, which moves beyond traditional approaches that emphasize retribution or rehabilitation to include restoring victims and other affected parties, reintegrating offenders, and facilitating moral repair in the workplace. We review relevant theoretical and empirical work in restorative justice and develop a conceptual model that highlights how this perspective can enhance theory (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  • The Conditions of Our Freedom: Foucault, Organization, and Ethics.Andrew Crane, David Knights & Ken Starkey - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):299-320.
    The paper examines the contribution of the French philosopher Michel Foucault to the subject of ethics in organizations. The paper combines an analysis of Foucault’s work on discipline and control, with an examination of his later work on the ethical subject and technologies of the self. Our paper argues that the work of the later Foucault provides an important contribution to business ethics theory, practice and pedagogy. We discuss how it offers an alternative avenue to traditional normative ethical theory that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  • The Internet as Friend or Foe of Intellectual Freedom.Elizabeth Buchanan - 2004 - International Review of Information Ethics 2.
    What a long strange trip the Internet has had. From its inception and use by the American military to the billions of users world-wide who log on daily, the Internet is both the promise of access to information and the peril of surveillance and a means of curtailing intellectual freedom. This paper will review this continuum, paying close attention to recent developments in the United States that fuel the dichotomous debate surrounding intellectual freedom.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Normative Underpinnings of Democracy and the Balance Between Morality and Legitimacy.David Martínez Rojas - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 28 (1):1-17.
    Jürgen Habermas’s political philosophy incorporates the view that legitimacy is immanent to law, even though it makes morality a central component of democratic legitimacy. Taking this as a startin...
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Substantivist Construal of Discourse Ethics.Pablo Gilabert - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (3):405 – 437.
    This paper presents a substantivist construal of discourse ethics, which claims that we should see our engagement in public deliberation as expressing and elaborating a substantive commitment to basic moral ideas of solidarity, equality, and freedom. This view is different from Habermas's standard formalist defence of discourse ethics, which attempts to derive the principle of discursive moral justification from primarily non-moral presuppositions of rational argumentation as such. After explicating the difference between the substantivist and the formalist construal, I defend the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Avoiding Bias in Medical Ethical Decision-Making. Lessons to Be Learnt From Psychology Research.Heidi Albisser Schleger, Nicole R. Oehninger & Stella Reiter-Theil - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):155-162.
    When ethical decisions have to be taken in critical, complex medical situations, they often involve decisions that set the course for or against life-sustaining treatments. Therefore the decisions have far-reaching consequences for the patients, their relatives, and often for the clinical staff. Although the rich psychology literature provides evidence that reasoning may be affected by undesired influences that may undermine the quality of the decision outcome, not much attention has been given to this phenomenon in health care or ethics consultation. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Recovering the Role of Reasoning in Moral Education to Address Inequity and Social Justice.Larry Nucci - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (3):291-307.
    This article reasserts the centrality of reasoning as the focus for moral education. Attention to moral cognition must be extended to incorporate sociogenetic processes in moral growth. Moral education is not simply growth within the moral domain, but addresses capacities of students to engage in cross-domain coordination. Development beyond adolescence in moral thinking is in two forms: the gradual application of morality in broader adult contexts, and the result of social discourse and progressive readjustments at the individual and societal level (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Nudging the Public Sphere: A Habermasian Perspective on Public Deliberation as an Aim of Moral Education.Christopher Martin - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (4):440-456.
    This article offers an account of the understanding citizens need in order to justify moral principles in the public sphere and it identifies an important role for moral education in the promotion of that civic understanding. I develop this account through a contrastive analysis of Phillip Kitcher’s conception of public knowledge and Jurgen Habermas’ Discourse Ethics. Kitcher is focused on the social conditions necessary for the circulation of scientific knowledge in advanced democracies; the analysis offered in this article expands on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Paradox of Meaning Well While Causing Harm: A Discussion About the Limits of Tolerance Within Democratic Societies.Silvia Edling - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (4):457-471.
    Curriculum guidelines in many democratic countries argue for the need to practice tolerance as a means to creating peaceful relations. Through moral education, young people are believed to be able to develop a way of being that respects plurality and decreases interpersonal violence in society. But where do students? personal involvements or the issue of unpredictability accompanying inter-personal relations fit into the discussion? This article draws on four young people?s narratives as starting points to discuss the gap between progressive educational (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Methods for Practising Ethics in Research and Innovation: A Literature Review, Critical Analysis and Recommendations.Wessel Reijers, David Wright, Philip Brey, Karsten Weber, Rowena Rodrigues, Declan O’Sullivan & Bert Gordijn - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1437-1481.
    This paper provides a systematic literature review, analysis and discussion of methods that are proposed to practise ethics in research and innovation. Ethical considerations concerning the impacts of R&I are increasingly important, due to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the ubiquitous use of the outcomes of R&I processes in society. For this reason, several methods for practising ethics have been developed in different fields of R&I. The paper first of all presents a systematic search of academic sources that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Animal Rights and the Deliberative Turn in Democratic Theory.Robert Garner - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (3):147488511663093.
    Deliberative democracy has been castigated by those who regard it as exclusive and elitist because of its failure to take into account a range of structural inequalities existing within contemporar...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Communication, Reflexivity and Harm Principle: What Might an Ideal Speech Situation Look Like in Responsibility to Protect?Touko Piiparinen - 2019 - Journal of Global Ethics 16 (1):26-44.
    ABSTRACTPrevious accounts of International Relations research have extensively focused on deontological ethics in analysing Responsibility to Protect. At the same time, discourse ethics – alo...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Religion in Habermas’s Two-Track Political Theory.Adil Usturali - 2017 - The European Legacy 22 (5):566-582.
    This article argues that Habermas’s position on the relationship between religion and politics reaffirms his two-track political theory of the secular state and civic duty. His “hard-core” theory of secularism coupled with an ethics of citizenship seeks new ways of including religious citizens in modern pluralistic societies. The analysis of secularism both as a concept and as a guiding principle in Habermas’s work shows that most critics have misinterpreted his specific use of the term. The result of this is that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Normativity of Work: Retrieving a Critical Craft Norm.Dale Tweedie - 2017 - Critical Horizons 18 (1):66-84.
    Recent social theory has begun to reconsider how the activity of work can contribute to well-being or autonomy under the right conditions. However, there is no consensus on what this contribution consists in, and so on precisely which normative principles should be marshalled to critique harmful or repressive forms of workplace organisation. This paper argues that Richard Sennett’s concept of work as craft provides a normative standard against which the organisation of work can be assessed, especially when explained within a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • What Goes Wrong in Habermas’s Pragmatic Justification of (U)?Juvénal Ndayambaje - 2017 - Dialogue 56 (1):89-110.
    In his moral theory, named ‘discourse ethics,’ Jürgen Habermas holds that a norm is morally valid only when it is universalizable. He establishes the principle of universalization as the procedural principle for testing the moral validity of norms in moral discourse. He argues that this principle can be derived from the pragmatic presuppositions of argumentation in general. By explicating the fiduciary status of pragmatic presuppositions of argumentation, and by distinguishing perspectival from comprehensive universalization, I argue that Habermas fails to justify (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Self-Critical Appropriation: An Assessment of Bauman’s View of Education in Liquid Modernity.Ariel Sarid - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (5):462-472.
    Zygmunt Bauman has devoted considerable amount of attention to the discussion of the educational challenges in liquid modernity. While a good deal of professional attention has been given to Bauman’s concept in various fields and disciplines, his views on education have received relatively little response by educational theorists and practitioners. The aim of this article is to assess Bauman’s prognosis and diagnosis for education in liquid modernity and argue that even if one generally accepts Bauman’s portrayal of current society, his (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Dialogic Consensus In Clinical Decision-Making.Paul Walker & Terry Lovat - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (4):571-580.
    This paper is predicated on the understanding that clinical encounters between clinicians and patients should be seen primarily as inter-relations among persons and, as such, are necessarily moral encounters. It aims to relocate the discussion to be had in challenging medical decision-making situations, including, for example, as the end of life comes into view, onto a more robust moral philosophical footing than is currently commonplace. In our contemporary era, those making moral decisions must be cognizant of the existence of perspectives (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Emerging Concept of Responsible Innovation. Three Reasons Why It is Questionable and Calls for a Radical Transformation of the Concept of Innovation.V. Blok & P. Lemmens - 2015 - In Bert- Jaap Koops, Ilse Oosterlaken, Henny Romijn, Tsjalling Swiwestra & Jeroen Van Den Hoven (eds.), Responsible Innovation 2: Concepts, Approaches, and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing. pp. 19-35.
    Abstract In this chapter, we challenge the presupposed concept of innovation in the responsible innovation literature. As a first step, we raise several questions with regard to the possibility of ‘responsible’ innovation and point at several difficulties which undermine the supposedly responsible character of innovation processes, based on an analysis of the input, throughput and output of innovation processes. It becomes clear that the practical applicability of the concept of responsible innovation is highly problematic and that a more thorough inquiry (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Equal Liberty for All?Thomas Pogge - 2004 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):266–281.
  • Sources of Bias in Clinical Ethics Case Deliberation.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):678-682.
    A central task for clinical ethics consultants and committees (CEC) is providing analysis of, and advice on, prospective or retrospective clinical cases. However, several kinds of biases may threaten the integrity, relevance or quality of the CEC's deliberation. Bias should be identified and, if possible, reduced or counteracted. This paper provides a systematic classification of kinds of bias that may be present in a CEC's case deliberation. Six kinds of bias are discussed, with examples, as to their significance and risk (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Contractualism and the Right to Strike.David A. Borman - 2017 - Res Publica 23 (1):81-98.
    This paper explores the moral and legal status of the right to strike from a contractualist perspective, broadly construed. I argue that rather than attempting to ground the right to strike in the principle of association, as is commonly done in the ongoing legal debate, it ought to be understood as the assertion of a second-order moral right to self-determination within economic life. The controversy surrounding the right to strike thus reflects and depends upon a more basic question of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • “Critique” Immanent in “Practice”: New Frankfurt School and American Pragmatism. [REVIEW]Shijun Tong - 2006 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):295-316.
    As a result of a new understanding of the relation between theory and practice, the "New Frankfurt School," with Jürgen Habermas as its major representative, highly values the philosophical tradition of American pragmatism, in contrast to the first generation Critical Theorists represented by Max Horkheimer. In Habermas, the idea of"critique" is, both substantially and methodologically, closely connected with the idea of "praxis" in the following senses: communicative action, rational argumentation, public discussion and political culture. "Critique" is thus found to be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Consensus in Medical Decision Making: Analyzing the Environment of Discourse Ethics.Tom Koch & Mark Ridgley - 1999 - Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (2):201-217.
    In recent years geographic interest has focused increasingly on the moral and ethical dimensions of social constructions. Much of this work has followed the direction taken by moral philosophers whose principled approach has been applied to a range of ethically or morally problematic contexts. The challenge has been to apply a geographic perspective to an ethical dilemma that seems intractable at the level of ethical principle. This paper uses a geographic perspective to consider in a concrete fashion a current bioethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Geography and Moral Philosophy: Some Common Ground.David M. Smith - 1998 - Ethics, Place and Environment 1 (1):7-34.
    There is an awakening of interest in links between geography and moral philosophy, or ethics. This paper reviews a range of issues where common ground might be found on this new disciplinary interface. These issues include the historical geography of moralities, the notion of moral geographies, inclusion and exclusion in the context of the bounding of spaces, and the moral significance of distance and proximity, as well as the more familiar concern with social justice. Environmental ethics provides a link with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  • Sentimentalist Contractualism—the First Steps.Nenad Miscevic - 2019 - Acta Analytica 34 (4):427-446.
    The paper connects two central ethical views, both with a rich tradition, sentimentalism and contractualism. From the former, it also borrows the response-dependentist metaphysics. The idea of combining the two has been sketched before, but not systematically and explicitly; for instance, in various comments on classical authors, especially on Kant and elsewhere, most prominently in Habermas. Here is the kernel of the present proposal. Our initial practical intuitions are emotion-based and the values, when detected, are response-dependent. This is the starting (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Philosophically Rooted Educational Authenticity as a Normative Ideal for Education: Is the International Baccalaureate’s Primary Years Programme an Example of an Authentic Curriculum?Florian Lüddecke - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (5):509-524.
    Whereas the importance of authenticity in relation to educational contexts has been highlighted, educational authenticity has mainly referred to a real-life/world convergence or the notion of teacher authenticity, implying that authenticity can be taught and learnt. This view, however, has largely overlooked philosophical considerations so that the semantic and ontological vagueness surrounding authenticity has generated an uneven dialectic between the term’s potential significance and its actual relevance for the educational field. This article aims to move closer towards an understanding of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Role for Ethics Theory in Speculative Business Ethics Teaching.Mick Fryer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (1):79-90.
    The paper discusses the role that ethics theory might play in business ethics teaching. It is noted that little attention is devoted to the explanation and application of ethics theory in business ethics textbooks, which suggests that ethics theory is held in low esteem by business ethics educators. This relative disregard has been justified by some critics on the basis of the limited usefulness of ethics theory to business ethics pedagogy. Notwithstanding these criticisms, the paper argues that ethics theory can (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Democratic Boundary Problem and Social Contract Theory.Marco Verschoor - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (1):3-22.
    How to demarcate the political units within which democracy will be practiced? Although recent years have witnessed a steadily increasing academic interest in this question concerning the boundary problem in democratic theory, social contract theory’s potential for solving it has largely been ignored. In fact, contract views are premised on the assumption of a given people and so presuppose what requires legitimization: the existence of a demarcated group of individuals materializing, as it were, from nowhere and whose members agree among (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Discourse Ethics for Computer Ethics: A Heuristic for Engaged Dialogical Reflection.William Rehg - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (1):27-39.
    Attempts to employ discourse ethics for assessing communication and information technologies have tended to focus on managerial and policy-oriented contexts. These initiatives presuppose institutional resources for organizing sophisticated consultation processes that elicit stakeholder input. Drawing on Jürgen Habermas’s discourse ethics, this paper supplements those initiatives by developing a more widely usable framework for moral inquiry and reflection on problematic cyberpractices. Given the highly idealized character of discourse ethics, a usable framework must answer two questions: How should those who lack organizational (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Quest for the Legitimacy of the People: A Contractarian Approach.Marco Verschoor - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):391-428.
    This article addresses the problem of ‘the legitimacy of the people’, that is, what constitutes the legitimate demarcation of the political units within which democracy is practiced? It is commonplace among philosophers to argue that this problem cannot be solved by appeal to democratic procedure because every attempt to do so results in an infinite regress. Based on a social contract theoretical analysis of the problem, this view is rejected. Although contract theorists have ignored the problem of the legitimacy of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Symbolically Laden Sites in the Landscape and Climate Change.Thomas Heyd - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (3):355-369.
    Attention is drawn to the threat posed by climate change to symbolically laden places, landscapes and landmarks, and suggested that, insofar as some of those sites are treated as sacred by certain populations, their disturbance may be especially problematic. Special consideration is given to the significance glacial retreat for local, nearby populations, and its importance from the point of view of climate justice and ethics is discussed. The potential value of iconic sites from the perspective of engagement and action on (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Should We Be Talking About Ethics or About Morals?Paul Walker & Terence Lovat - 2017 - Ethics and Behavior 27 (5):436-444.
    This article seeks to revisit the distinction between the words ethics and morals. First, we understand the word ethics to be focused on the way we seek to live our own life, and hence to connote a relativistic and essentially subjective perspective, whereas we understand the word morals to be focused on the way we should live our lives together, especially through sensitivity to viewpoints other than our own. Second, we perceive a usefulness in such a differentiation when the ethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Applied Ethics in Mental Health in Cuba: Part I-Guiding Concepts and Values.Amy Rossiter, Richard Walsh-Bowers, Isaac Prilleltensky & Laura Sánchez Valdés - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):223-242.
    As part of a project on professionals' lived experience of ethics, this article explores the guiding concepts and values concerning ethics of mental health professionals in Cuba. The data, obtained through individual interviews and focus groups with 28 professionals, indicate that Cubans conceptualize applied ethics in terms of its central role in professional practice and its connection to the social context and subjective processes. Findings also show that Cuban professionals are guided not only by a set of professional values but (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Role of Parents in Moral Development: A Social Domain Analysis.Judith G. Smetana - 1999 - Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):311-321.
    This article provides a social domain theory analysis of the role of parents in moral development. Social knowledge domains, including morality as distinct from other social concepts, are described. Then, it is proposed that, although morality is constructed from reciprocal social interactions, both affective and cognitive components of parents' interactions with their children may facilitate children's moral development. The affective context of the relationship may influence children's motivation to listen to and respond to parents; in addition, affect associated with responses (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Scholars as Global Change Agents: Toward the Idea of Interdisciplinary Critical Spaces in Higher Education.Roger Philip Mourad - 2020 - British Journal of Educational Studies 68 (4):443-460.
  • Medium-Range Narratives as a Complementary Tool to Principle-Based Prioritization in Sweden: Test Case “ADHD”.Pier Jaarsma & Petra Gelhaus - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (1):113-125.
    In this paper, for the benefit of reflection processes in clinical and in local, regional, and national priority-setting, we aim to develop an ethical theoretical framework that includes both ethical principles and medium-range narratives. We present our suggestion in the particular case of having to choose between treatment interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and treatment interventions for other conditions or diseases, under circumstances of scarcity. In order to arrive at our model, we compare two distinct ethical approaches: a generalist (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Democratizing Disability: Achieving Inclusion (Without Assimilation) Through “Participatory Parity”.Amber Knight - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (1):97-114.
    More than two decades after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act , people with disabilities continue to live at the margins of American democracy and capitalist society. This persistent exclusion poses a conundrum to political theorists committed to disability rights, multiculturalism, and social justice. Drawing from feminist insights, specifically the work of Nancy Fraser, among others, I examine the necessary conditions for meaningful inclusion to be realized within a deliberative democracy. Using Fraser's concept of “participatory parity” as a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • On Their Own Ground: Strategies of Resistance for Sunni Muslim Women.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):152-174.
    : Drawing from work in feminist moral philosophy, Tobin argues that the most common methodology used in practical ethics is a questionable methodology for addressing practical problems across diverse cultural contexts because the kind of impartiality it requires is neither feasible nor desirable. She then defends an alternative methodology for practical ethics in a global context and uses her proposed methodology to evaluate a problem that confronts many Sunni Muslim women around the world.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation