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  1. Revising the Past \textfractionsolidus{} Revisiting the Present: How Change Happens in Historiography.Gabrielle M. Spiegel - 2007 - History and Theory 46 (4):1-19.
    This article investigates the various forces that may help to explain the ongoing historio-graphical phenomenon of revision. It takes as its point of departure Michel de Certeau's understanding of the writing of history as a process consisting of an unstable and constantly changing triangulated relationship among a place , analytical procedures , and the construction of a text . For de Certeau, revision is the formal prerequisite for writing history because the very distance between past and present requires continuous innovation (...)
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  • Obstetrical Care as a Matter of Time: Ultrasound Screening, Temporality and Prevention.Eva Sänger - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (1):105-120.
    This article explores the ways in which ultrasound screening influences the temporal dimensions of prevention in the obstetrical management of pregnancy. Drawing on praxeographic perspectives and empirically based on participant observation of ultrasound examinations in obstetricians’ offices, it asks how ultrasound scanning facilitates anticipatory modes of pregnancy management, and investigates the entanglement of different notions of time and temporality in the highly risk-oriented modes of prenatal care in Germany. Arguing that the paradoxical temporality of prevention—acting now in the name of (...)
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  • In Drift Wijsgerig Festival.Deva Waal (ed.) - 2014 - Drift.
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  • Critique and Cognitive Capacities: Towards an Action-Oriented Model.Magnus Hörnqvist - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    In response to an impasse, articulated in the late 1980s, the cognitive capacities of ordinary people assumed central place in contemporary critical social theory. The participants’ perspective gained precedence over scientific standards branded as external. The notion of cognition, however, went unchallenged. This article continues the move away from external standards, and discusses two models of critique, which differ based on their underlying notions of cognition. The representational model builds on cognitive content, misrecognition and normativity; three features which are illustrated (...)
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  • Coping with Descartes’ Error in Information Systems.Peter Brödner - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (2):203-213.
    Coming from Hubert Dreyfus’ recent book ‘‘Retrieving Realism”, the paper presents embodied pre-conceptual perception and representational cognition as two contrasting perspectives on accessing the world. It further characterises the ‘different forms of knowledge emerging from these perspectives and how they dynamically relate to each other. Taking up the Peircean theory of signs and abductive reasoning as methods of discovery, computers are analysed as semiotic machines that formally model and objectify explicit knowledge about social practices and that can be embedded in (...)
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  • Ability Theories of Practice and Turner’s Criticism of Bourdieu.Julie Zahle - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (4):553-567.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a characterization of ability theories of practice and, in this process, to defend Pierre Bourdieu’s ability theory against Stephen Turner’s objections. In part I, I outline ability theorists’ conception of practices together with their objections to claims about rule following and rule explanations. In part II, I turn to the question of what ability theorists take to be the alternative to rule following and rule explanations. Ability theorists have offered, and been ascribed, (...)
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  • Sharing the Background.Titus Stahl - 2013 - In Michael Schmitz, Beatrice Kobow & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), The Background of Social Reality. Springer. pp. 127--146.
    In regard to the explanation of actions that are governed by institutional rules, John R. Searle introduces the notion of a mental “background” that is supposed to explain how persons can acquire the capacity of following such rules. I argue that Searle’s internalism about the mind and the resulting poverty of his conception of the background keep him from putting forward a convincing explanation of the normative features of institutional action. Drawing on competing conceptions of the background of Heidegger and (...)
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  • The Social Calibration of Emotion Expression.Christian von Scheve - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (1):1-14.
    This article analyzes the role of emotions in social interaction and their effects on social structuration and the emergence of micro-social order. It argues that facial expressions of emotion are key in generating robust patterns of social interaction. First, the article shows that actors’ encoding of facial expressions combines hardwired physiological principles on the one hand and socially learned aspects on the other hand, leading to fine-grained and socially differentiated dialects of expression. Second, it is argued that decoding facial expression (...)
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  • Posthumanism, the Social and the Dynamics of Material Systems.Anna Henkel - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (5):65-89.
    Technology has developed to the point where a clear distinction between nature and culture seems to be dissolving. Against this background, a broad aspect of social research has emerged that considers an interdependence between the social and the material. So far, social-systems cybernetics as described by Luhmann has remained rather marginalized in these discussions. This article is intended to overcome this marginalization by developing the concept of meaning. Meaning can abstractly be defined as a ‘doing negativity’. Returning to systems theory, (...)
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  • The Social Calibration of Emotion Expression: An Affective Basic of Micro-Social Order.Christian von Scheve - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (1):1 - 14.
    This article analyzes the role of emotions in social interaction and their effects on social structuration and the emergence of micro-social order. It argues that facial expressions of emotion are key in generating robust patterns of social interaction. First, the article shows that actors' encoding of facial expressions combines hardwired physiological principles on the one hand and socially learned aspects on the other hand, leading to fine-grained and socially differentiated dialects of expression. Second, it is argued that decoding facial expression (...)
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  • Analyzing How Discursive Practices Affect Physicians’ Decision-Making Processes: A Phenomenological-Based Qualitative Study in Critical Care Contexts.Luigina Mortari & Roberta Silva - 2017 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 54:004695801773196.
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  • A Return to the Enduring Features of Institutions: A Process Ontology of Reproduction and Endurance.Elke Weik - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (3):291-314.
    Why and how do institutions endure? The most characteristic feature of institutions—their longevity—seems to be a neglected topic in current institutional analysis, which overwhelmingly is conducted as an analysis of institutional change. This article, in contrast, attempts to answer some basic questions about institutional endurance and reproduction, most notably how institutional reproduction can be distinguished from institutional endurance, how institutions manage to “bind” time and space, and which role structures “out of time and space” play in this. I explore the (...)
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  • Psychological Life as Enterprise: Social Practice and the Government of Neo-Liberal Interiority.Sam Binkley - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (3):83-102.
    This article theorizes the contemporary government of psychological life as neo-liberal enterprise. By drawing on Foucauldian critical social theory, it argues that the constellations of power identified with the psy-function and neo-liberal governmentality can be read through the problematic of everyday practice. On a theoretical level, this involves a re-examination of the notion of dispositif, to uncover the dynamic, ambivalent and temporal practices by which subjectification takes place. Empirically, this point is illustrated through a reflection of one case of neo-liberal (...)
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  • Social Theory and Climate Change.Elizabeth Shove - 2010 - Theory, Culture and Society 27 (2-3):277-288.
    Social theorists have been dealing with issues of environment and climate change for quite some years, but on which topics have they focused and with whom have they been talking? Many of the articles included in this special issue exemplify a tendency to frame problems of climate change in terms of existing concerns, including the character of capitalism, the relation between nature and culture, or the social process of problem definition. Other forms of conceptual development are much more obviously driven (...)
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  • Explanation, Understanding and Determinism in Pierre Bourdieu’s Sociology.Gabriel Peters - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (1):124-149.
    This article locates Bourdieu’s sociology within the lasting controversy concerning the nature of causal explanation and interpretative understanding in the social sciences, with a special focus on the classical problem surrounding the alleged compatibility between these procedures. First, it is argued that Bourdieu’s praxeological and relational perspective on the social universe leads him not only to join the ‘compatibility field’ of the debate, but to sustain, more radically, the identity between explanation and understanding. Second, the article defends the view that (...)
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  • Framing Nature : Searching for (Implicit) Religious Elements in the Communication About Nature.Peter Jansen - unknown
    This PhD thesis is about communication concerning nature in the Netherlands. The purpose of this exploratory study is to take both a theoretical and an empirical look at whether religious elements play a role in this communication about nature in the Netherlands. In this PhD thesis it is argued that the role of communication practitioners is to signal, articulate, and interpret normative elements in the discourse. In other words, to make congruent frames explicit and clarifying the associated world views in (...)
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  • Sociology as Practical Philosophy and Moral Science.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (3):77-97.
    The philosophical assumptions that organize moral sociology as practical philosophy are the outcome of a secular quest to investigate the principles, norms and values behind the constitution of society. As a protracted response to the whole utilitarian-atomistic-individualistic tradition that systematically deemphasizes the constitutive role that morality plays in the structuration of self and society, the sociological tradition has continued, by its own means, the tradition of moral and practical philosophy in theoretically informed empirical research of social practices. Going back to (...)
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  • Cultural Value as Practice: Seeing Future Directions, Looking Back at AHRC Cultural Value Project.Patrycja Kaszynska - forthcoming - In Kim LehmanIan, Ronald Fillis & Mark Wickham (eds.), Exploring cultural value: Contemporary issues for theory and practice.
    This chapter introduces the AHRC Cultural Value Project and the ensuing legacy work. It suggests that this work has resulted in the re-positioning of the field of inquiry into cultural value by shifting attention away from policy constructs and towards lived experiences; away from measuring the outcomes of cultural participation and towards understanding the process of engagement. The challenge still remaining is to develop an empirically grounded pragmatist account of cultural value as a form of practice—a situated interface of agents, (...)
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  • The Genealogical Ethics of Leadership-as-Practice.Joe Raelin - 2020 - Business Ethics Journal Review 8 (5):26-30.
    Mensch and Barge in their interpretation of Alasdair MacIntyre’s critique of genealogical ethics as a basis of ethical weakness in the emerging field of “leadership-as-practice,” suggest that L-A-P is lacking in ethical grounding especially because of its relativist philosophy. I address this valid ethical concern in L-A-P theory by arguing that there is a form of realism in Nietzchean axiology and that the dialogic potentialities in material-social interactions may offer a greater capacity for ethical reflexivity than a reliance on rules.
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  • Institutional rhythms : Combining practice theory and rhythmanalysis to conceptualise processes of institutionalisation.Stanley Blue - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    This article has already been published in, and is available in open access from Time and Society, 0, 2017, pp. 1-29. We thank Stanley Blue for his permission to republish it here.: The practice turn in social theory has renewed interest in conceptualising the temporal organisation of social life as a way of explaining contemporary patterns of living and consuming. As a result, the interest to develop analyses of time in both practice theories and practice theory-based - Sur le concept (...)
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  • Editor's Introduction: Realist Methodology : A Review.W. K. Olsen - unknown
    Critical realists offer a set of philosophical underpinnings for social research. Critical realists also engage constructively with social theory, but they are more than just theorists. In this chapter I list and describe various innovative methodological contributions made in recent years by realists. I point out ways in which research methods (i.e. techniques) fit with particular methodological assertions. There is a historical legacy of empiricism which critical realists often use as a foil to make their own position more clear. However, (...)
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  • Organizational Learning in Practice-Based Studies Approach: Review of Scientific Production.Daniela G. Durante, Fabiana R. Veloso, Diego Q. Machado, Augusto C. A. Cabral & Sandra M. Santos - 2019 - RAM. Revista de Administração Mackenzie 20 (2).
    ABSTRACT Purpose: To review the scientific production on organizational learning, which made use of the practice-based studies approach, concerning the production evolution, the author's profile, methodological characteristics, and correlated themes. Originality/value: Organizational learning presents gaps regarding contributions from other areas, such as Sociology. Practice Based Studies have the sociological bias and the social space as a locus of learning processes and knowledge generation. No studies have been identified that review the national scientific production on organizational learning in the PBS context, (...)
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  • The Evolution of a Practice in Trialectic Space: An Approach Inclusive of Norms and Performance.Miguel Torres García - 2018 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 19 (1):25-45.
    Practice theory has lately taken a turn towards modelling the evolution of practices, which appear situated at the centre of the study of social action. I argue in this paper, following previous criticisms, that such centrality can be revised in order to better incorporate elements of agency and normativity, which are much determinant of the emergence and development of practices. The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative heuristic which advances on lefebvrean trialectics, in order to better account (...)
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  • The Status of the "Material" in Theories of Culture: From "Social Structure" to "Artefacts".Andreas Reckwitz - 2002 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 32 (2):195–217.
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  • Epistemology of Transformative Material Activity: John Dewey's Pragmatism and Cultural-Historical Activity Theory.Reijo Miettinen - 2006 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (4):389–408.
    The paper compares John Dewey's pragmatism and cultural-historical activity theory as epistemologies and theories of transformative material activity. For both of the theories, the concept of activity, the prototype of which is work, constitutes a basis for understanding the nature of knowledge and reality. This concept also implies for both theories a methodological approach of studying human behavior in which social experimentation and intervention play a central role. They also suggest that reflection and thought, mediated by language and semiotic artifacts, (...)
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  • A Critique of an Epistemic Intellectual Culture: Cartesianism, Normativism and Modern Crises.V. P. J. Arponen - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (1):84-103.
    The so-called epistemological turn of the Descartes-Locke-Kant tradition is a hallmark of modern philosophy. The broad family of normativism constitutes one major response to the Cartesian heritage building upon some version of the idea that human knowledge, action and sociality build fundamentally upon some form of social agreement and standards. Representationalism and the Cartesian picture more generally have been challenged by normativists but this paper argues that, even where these challenges by normativism have been taken to heart, our intellectual culture (...)
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  • 'Who Put That on There … Why Why Why?' Power Games and Participatory Techniques of Visual Data Production.Dawn Mannay - 2013 - Visual Studies 28 (2):136-146.
    The use of participant-led visual data production is often seen as advantageous because data can be directed, constructed and created away from the influence of the researcher. The case for employing the visual to engender participatory research, and specifically to limit the intrusive presence of the researcher, is well versed and in vogue within the field of social science; however, although participatory techniques offer an opportunity to disrupt power relations, they are unable to transcend familial practices. Drawing from a study (...)
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  • Exercising Moral Agency in the Contexts of Objective Reality: Toward an Integrated Account of Ethical Consumption.Yana Manyukhina, Nick Emmel & Lucie Middlemiss - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (4):418-434.
    This paper engages with two contrasting approaches to conceptualising and studying consumer behaviour that appear to dominate existing research on consumption. On one hand, agency-focused perspectives take an individual consumer to be the primary author of practice and a basic unit of analysis. On the other hand, socio-centric paradigms focus on the social roots of consumption activities and the wider societal contexts in which they take place. The need to provide a more balanced view of consumption phenomena has been acknowledged, (...)
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  • Uma Abordagem Filosófica Do Capitalismo É Possível? Limites E Possibilidades de Renovação da Filosofia Social Contemporânea.Leonardo da Hora Pereira - 2018 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 59 (141):789-808.
    RESUMO Neste artigo, procuraremos contribuir, dentro dos limites de um trabalho dessa natureza, para uma nova orientação para a filosofia social contemporânea. Com efeito, num primeiro momento mostraremos que a filosofia social recente tem se notabilizado pela análise de experiências negativas, com um acento no processo de formação da subjetividade, assim como pelo foco no diagnóstico de patologias sociais relacionadas aos padrões subjetivos de autorrealização pessoal. Num segundo momento, salientaremos que o problema é que, nesse quadro, o próprio social pode (...)
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  • A Critical Assessment of the Programmes of Producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’.Ali Paya - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):311-335.
    In the present article, working from within the framework of critical rationalism and focusing mostly on the views developed by some Iranian writers, I argue that the programmes of producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’ are doomed to failure. I develop my arguments in three parts. I start by explaining that the advocates of the programmes of producing cIS or IoK subscribe to mistaken images of science that are shaped by either a positivist or outmoded culturalist/interpretivist theories of science. (...)
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  • The Indispensability of Reflexivity to Practice: The Case of Home Energy Efficiency.Oliver Bonnington - 2015 - Journal of Critical Realism 14 (5):461-484.
    This article offers new theoretical and empirical insights into decision-making with regard to the domestication and incorporation of home energy efficiency artefacts. These items, such as insulation and heating systems, are currently of high social, political and environmental importance. Researchers investigating energy consumption and related topics have recently turned to theories of practice — especially that proposed by Shove and colleagues — which treat humans as ‘carriers’. In contrast, this article uses realist social theory to afford a pivotal role to (...)
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  • Reclaiming Agency, Recovering Change? An Exploration of the Practice Theory of Theodore Schatzki.Raymond Caldwell - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):283-303.
  • Siting Praxeology. The Methodological Significance of “Public” in Theories of Social Practices.Robert Schmidt & Jörg Volbers - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):419-440.
    The concept of “site” is at the center of current debates in theories of social practices as well as in cultural anthropology. It is unclear, however, how to assess the associated methodological assumption that overriding social structures or cultural formations can manifest themselves in sites. The article draws on the conception of social practices and introduces the notion of “publicness” in order to explicate how and why sociality and social structures can be accessed through “siting”. Sites as well as social (...)
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  • From Habituality to Change: Contribution of Activity Theory and Pragmatism to Practice Theories.Reijo Miettinen, Sami Paavola & Pasi Pohjola - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):345-360.
    The new social theories of practice have been inspired by Wittgenstein's late philosophy, phenomenology and more recent sociological theories. They regard embodied skills and routinized, mostly unconscious habits as a key foundation of human practice and knowledge. This position leads to an overstatement of the significance of the habitual dimension of practice. As several critics have suggested this approach omits the problems of transformative agency and change of practices. In turn classical practice theories, activity theory and pragmatism have analyzed the (...)
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  • The Practices of Collective Action: Practice Theory, Sustainability Transitions and Social Change.Daniel Welch & Luke Yates - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (3):288-305.
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  • Institutional Entrepreneurship and Agency.Elke Weik - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):466-481.
    The notion of institutional entrepreneurship has become very popular in the last decade. Starting from a review of the literature on the topic, I first focus on the use of the idea of individual entrepreneurs and point out three theoretical incongruities it produces. I then discuss notions of collective entrepreneurship and institutional work to see if they can overcome these incongruities. I conclude that although they can remedy some of the problems, these notions run the risk of describing everything until (...)
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  • Ecovillage Foodscapes: Zooming in and Out of Sustainable Food Practices.Ciska Ulug, Elen-Maarja Trell & Lummina Horlings - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (4):1041-1059.
    This article uses foodscapes as a lens to explore the potential of ecovillages’ food practices towards enhancing sustainable food systems. Ecovillages are collective projects where members attempt to integrate sustainability principles into daily community life. In these communities, food acts, not only as an element of social life, but also as a venue through which to interact with mainstream food systems and society. Yet, how food practices at ecovillages contribute to sustainable food systems remains vague. This article proposes foodscapes, as (...)
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  • Responsible Management-as-Practice: Mobilizing a Posthumanist Approach.Silvia Gherardi & Oliver Laasch - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-13.
    The emerging field of responsible management studies the integration of sustainability, responsibility, and ethics in managerial practices. Therefore, turning to practice theories for the study of RM appears to hold great promise of conceptual and methodological contribution. We propose a posthumanist practice approach for studying RM-as-practice. Managerial practices are conceived as the agencement of heterogeneous elements that achieve agency in their being interconnected. Thus, RM is understood as processual, relational, emergent, and sociomaterial. We contribute a framework for the empirical study (...)
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  • Responsible Practices in the Wild: An Actor-Network Perspective on Mobile Apps in Learning as Translation.Oliver Laasch, Dirk C. Moosmayer & Frithjof Arp - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (2):253-277.
    Competence to enact responsible practices, such as recycling waste or boycotting irresponsible companies, is core to learning for responsibility. We explore the role of apps in learning such responsible practices ‘in the wild,’ outside formal educational environments over a 3-week period. Learners maintained a daily diary in which they reflected on their learning of responsible practices with apps. Through a thematic analysis of 557 app mentions in the diaries, we identified five types of app-agency: cognitive, action, interpersonal, personal development, and (...)
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  • Gender and Social Practices in Migration : A Case Study of Thai Women in Rural Sweden.Natasha Alexandra Webster - unknown
    Set within discussions of gender, migration and social practices, this thesis explores the ways in which Thai women migrants to Sweden build connections between rural areas through their daily activities. Arriving in Sweden primarily through marriage ties, Thai women migrants are more likely to live in Swedish rural areas than in urban areas. Rural areas are typically not seen as a site of globalization or as receivers of international migrants. In contrast to these perceptions, the case of Thai women migrants (...)
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  • Low-Carbon Transitions and the Good Life.John Holmberg, Jörgen Larsson, Jonas Nässén, Sebastian Svenberg & David Andersson - 2012 - The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency:85.
    A transition to a low-carbon economy requires farreaching reductions in emissions, which in addition will have to take place at the same time as the global population is growing. A growing population also makes ever greater demands on welfare, while the ecological, social and economic systems that have to sustain this development are already under severe strain. It is commonly argued that emission reductions in a growing world economy can and should be achieved by technical innovations so that the transition (...)
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  • La teoría de las prácticas sociales: particularidades, posibilidades y límites.Tomás Ariztía - 2017 - Cinta de Moebio 59:221-234.
    Resumen: Este artículo presenta una visión crítica de la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales, etiqueta con la cual se agrupan aquellas teorías que definen las prácticas como el componente fundamental del mundo social. El artículo discute y presenta de modo sintético un conjunto de trabajos teóricos recientes asociados a esta teoría. Concretamente, se describe la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales como un intento por evitar el tradicional dualismo de la teoría social en base al concepto de práctica, la cual es (...)
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  • The Structures of Social Structural Explanation: Comments on Haslanger’s What is (Social) Structural Explanation?Rachel Katharine Sterken - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (50):173-199.
    In a recent paper, Sally Haslanger argues for the importance of structural explanation. Roughly, a structural explana- tion of the behaviour of a given object appeals to features of the struc- tures—physical, social, or otherwise—the object is embedded in. It is opposed to individualistic explanations, where what is appealed to is just the object and its properties. For example, an individualistic explanation of why someone got the grade they did might appeal to features of the essay they wrote—its being well-written, (...)
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  • Design-Led Strategy : How to Bring Design Thinking Into the Art of Strategic Management.Eric Knight, Jarryd Daymond & Sotirios Paroutis - forthcoming - California Management Review.
    Design thinking has emerged as an important way for designers to draw on rich customer insights to enhance their products and services. However, design thinking is now also beginning to influence how corporate managers bring customer data into their day-to-day strategic planning. We call this integration of design thinking into the practice of strategic management “Design-Led Strategy” and show how it complements but extends current design-thinking perspectives. Adopting a strategy-as-practice perspective, this article identifies four archetypal practices that managers can use (...)
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  • Practice Theory and Conservative Thought.Michael Strand - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (5):108-134.
    The concept of practice is thematically central to modern conservative thought, as evident in Edmund Burke’s writings on the aesthetic and his diatribe against the French Revolution. It is also the main organizing thread in the framework in the human sciences known as practice theory, which extends back at least to Karl Marx’s ‘Theses on Feuerbach’. This article historicizes ‘practice’ in conservative thought and practice theory, accounts for the family resemblance between the two, and takes apart that family resemblance to (...)
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  • Perspectives and Theories of Social Innovation for Ageing Population.Andrzej Klimczuk & Łukasz Tomczyk (eds.) - 2020 - Frontiers Media.
    In recent years we may observe increasing interest in the development of social innovation both regarding theory as well as the practice of responding to social problems and challenges. One of the crucial challenges at the beginning of the 21st century is population ageing. Various new and innovative initiatives, programs, schemes, and projects to respond to negative consequences of this demographic process are emerging around the world. However, social theories related to ageing are still insufficiently combined with these new practices, (...)
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  • “Alexa, Who Am I?”: Voice Assistants and Hermeneutic Lemniscate as the Technologically Mediated Sense-Making.Olya Kudina - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (2):233-253.
    In this paper, I argue that AI-powered voice assistants, just as all technologies, actively mediate our interpretative structures, including values. I show this by explaining the productive role of technologies in the way people make sense of themselves and those around them. More specifically, I rely on the hermeneutics of Gadamer and the material hermeneutics of Ihde to develop a hermeneutic lemniscate as a principle of technologically mediated sense-making. The lemniscate principle links people, technologies and the sociocultural world in the (...)
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  • Does Proof of Concept Trump All? RRI Dilemmas in Research Practices.Anita Borch & Harald Throne-Holst - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (1):1-21.
    Responsible Research and Innovation is described as a new way of doing science that brings science closer to society. Based on a qualitatively oriented case study, this article supports previous research indicating that researchers face a variety of ethical problems and dilemmas when implementing RRI for the first time. These include difficulties with anticipating and controlling future impacts, an asymmetry of power between project partners and an elusive understanding of the RRI concept. The researchers’ challenges were rooted in conventional research (...)
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  • Adapting Bodies to Infrastructures.Larissa Schindler - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (2):283-304.
    The material interrelations between bodies and objects are a wide, worthwhile and absorbing field, which has not been sufficiently examined yet. Focusing on such interrelations within air travel, this article contributes to the exploration of this field. It delineates that such interrelations do not simply happen, but that they have to be accomplished continuously by different participants with a certain risk to fail at many points. Within mobilities, such processes of interrelating occur under the specific circumstances of a moving vehicle. (...)
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  • “Super-Intelligent” Machine: Technological Exuberance or the Road to Subjection.Peter Brödner - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (3):335-346.
    Looking back on the development of computer technology, particularly in the context of manufacturing, we can distinguish three big waves of technological exuberance with a wave length of roughly 30 years: In the first wave, during the 1950s, mainframe computers at that time were conceptualized as “electronic brains” and envisaged as central control unit of an “automatic factory”. Thirty years later, during the 1980s, knowledge-based systems in computer-integrated manufacturing were adored as the computational core of the “unmanned factory”. Both waves (...)
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