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  1. ¿Nuevos patrones de investigación? Dinámicas de apertura y cierre en el proceso de integración socio-técnica.Andoni Eizagirre - 2019 - Arbor 195 (794):528.
    La formulación de las políticas de investigación y desarrollo está siendo transformada de manera novedosa en los documentos más recientes que se elaboran en Europa. Una de las peculiaridades es que los patrones de investigación transitan hacia prácticas científico-tecnológicas más interactivas entre los distintos actores de la sociedad. Así, como respuesta a la naturaleza compleja de la investigación las primeras medidas se revelan en aquellas estrategias para la promoción de actitudes emprendedoras y colaborativas entre los actores académico-empresariales de la investigación (...)
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  • AWOSE - A Process Model for Incorporating Ethical Analyses in Agile Systems Engineering.Benjamin Strenge & Thomas Schack - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):851-870.
    Ethical, legal and social implications are widely regarded as important considerations with respect to technological developments. Agile Worth-Oriented Systems Engineering is an innovative approach to incorporating ethically relevant criteria during agile development processes through a flexibly applicable methodology. First, a predefined model for the ethical evaluation of socio-technical systems is used to assess ethical issues according to different dimensions. The second part of AWOSE ensures that ethical issues are not only identified, but also systematically considered during the design of systems (...)
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  • The Anatomy of Electronic Patient Record Ethics: A Framework to Guide Design, Development, Implementation, and Use.Tim Jacquemard, Colin P. Doherty & Mary B. Fitzsimons - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    Background This manuscript presents a framework to guide the identification and assessment of ethical opportunities and challenges associated with electronic patient records. The framework is intended to support designers, software engineers, health service managers, and end-users to realise a responsible, robust and reliable EPR-enabled healthcare system that delivers safe, quality assured, value conscious care. Methods Development of the EPR applied ethics framework was preceded by a scoping review which mapped the literature related to the ethics of EPR technology. The underlying (...)
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  • Ethics Parallel Research: An Approach for (Early) Ethical Guidance of Biomedical Innovation.Karin R. Jongsma & Annelien L. Bredenoord - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundOur human societies and certainly also medicine are more and more permeated with technology. There seems to be an increasing awareness among bioethicists that an effective and comprehensive approach to ethically guide these emerging biomedical innovations into society is needed. Such an approach has not been spelled out yet for bioethics, while there are frequent calls for ethical guidance of biomedical innovation, also by biomedical researchers themselves. New and emerging biotechnologies require anticipation of possible effects and implications, meaning the scope (...)
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  • A Q Methodology Study on Divergent Perspectives on CRISPR-Cas9 in the Netherlands.Anne M. Dijkstra, Menno D. T. De Jong & Mirjam Schuijff - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-13.
    BackgroundCRISPR-Cas9, a technology enabling modification of the human genome, is developing rapidly. There have been calls for public debate to discuss its ethics, societal implications, and governance. So far, however, little is known about public attitudes on CRISPR-Cas9. This study contributes to a better understanding of public perspectives by exploring the various holistic perspectives Dutch citizens have on CRISPR-Cas9.MethodsThis study used Q methodology to identify different perspectives of Dutch citizens on the use of CRISPR-Cas9. The Q-sort method aims at segmenting (...)
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  • A Framework for Ethical Research and Innovation.Andreas Pyka, Alan E. Singer & Harold Paredes-Frigolett - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (1):1-40.
    In this contribution, we set out a framework for ethical research and innovation. Our framework draws upon recent scholarly work recommending the introduction of new models at the intersection of ethics, strategy, and science and technology studies to inform and explicate how the decisions of researchers can be considered ethical. Ethical research and innovation is construed in our framework as a dynamic process emerging from decisions of multiple stakeholders in innovation ecosystems prior to, during and after the execution of a (...)
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  • Practices of Responsible Research and Innovation: A Review. [REVIEW]Mirjam Schuijff & Anne M. Dijkstra - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):533-574.
    This paper presents results of a systematic literature review of RRI practices which aimed to gather insights to further both the theoretical and practical development of RRI. Analysing practices of RRI and mapping out main approaches as well as the values, dimensions or characteristics pursued with those practices, can add to understanding of the more conceptual discussions of RRI and enhance the academic debate. The results, based on a corpus of 52 articles, show that practices already reflect the rich variety (...)
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  • Practices of Responsible Research and Innovation: A Review. [REVIEW]Mirjam Schuijff & Anne M. Dijkstra - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):533-574.
    This paper presents results of a systematic literature review of RRI practices which aimed to gather insights to further both the theoretical and practical development of RRI. Analysing practices of RRI and mapping out main approaches as well as the values, dimensions or characteristics pursued with those practices, can add to understanding of the more conceptual discussions of RRI and enhance the academic debate. The results, based on a corpus of 52 articles, show that practices already reflect the rich variety (...)
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  • What Constitutes Expertise in Research Ethics and Integrity?Robert Braun, Tine Ravn & Elisabeth Frankus - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-16.
    In this paper we reflect on the looming question of what constitutes expertise in ethics. Based on an empirical program that involved qualitative and quantitative as well as participatory research...
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  • AMICAI: A Method Based on Risk Analysis to Integrate Responsible Research and Innovation Into the Work of Research and Innovation Practitioners.Christopher Brandl, Matthias Wille, Jochen Nelles, Peter Rasche, Katharina Schäfer, Frank O. Flemisch, Martin Frenz, Verena Nitsch & Alexander Mertens - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):667-689.
    The integration of ethics into the day-to-day work of research and innovation is an important but difficult challenge. However, with the Aachen method for identification, classification and risk analysis of innovation-based problems an approach from an engineering perspective is presented that enables the integration of ethical, legal and social implications into the day-to-day work of R&I practitioners. AMICAI appears in particular capable of providing a procedural guidance for R&I practitioners based on a method established in engineering science, breaking down the (...)
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  • Responsibility for assisted living technologies.Erik Thorstensen - 2019 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:55-80.
    The approach to innovations known as Responsible research and innovation aims to move the innovation system towards creating products that strive to realize social values along with economic benefits. This paper discusses the systematic assessment of assistive technologies in order for them to meet the aims expressed in RRI. A central issue in the discussion is how to facilitate an integration of insights from the discourse on RRI with more established assessment approaches such as Health Technology Assessment. Based on the (...)
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  • Cybersecurity in Health – Disentangling Value Tensions.Michele Loi, Markus Christen, Nadine Kleine & Karsten Weber - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):229-245.
    Purpose Cybersecurity in healthcare has become an urgent matter in recent years due to various malicious attacks on hospitals and other parts of the healthcare infrastructure. The purpose of this paper is to provide an outline of how core values of the health systems, such as the principles of biomedical ethics, are in a supportive or conflicting relation to cybersecurity. Design/methodology/approach This paper claims that it is possible to map the desiderata relevant to cybersecurity onto the four principles of medical (...)
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  • Moving From Value Sensitive Design to Virtuous Practice Design.Wessel Reijers & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):196-209.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a critique of value sensitive design and to propose an alternative approach that does not depart from a heuristic of value, but from virtue ethics, called virtuous practice design. Design/methodology/approach This paper develops a philosophical argument, draws from a philosophical method and applies this method to a particular case study that draws from a narrative interview. Findings In this paper, authors show how an approach that takes virtue instead of value as (...)
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