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Concepts and stereotypes

Cognition 15 (1-3):237-62 (1983)

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  1. Intentionality, Mind and Folk Psychology.Winand H. Dittrich & Stephen E. G. Lea - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):39-41.
    The comment addresses central issues of a "theory theory" approach as exemplified in Gopnik' and Goldman's BBS-articles. Gopnik, on the one hand, tries to demonstrate that empirical evidence from developmental psychology supports the view of a "theory theory" in which common sense beliefs are constructed to explain ourselves and others. Focusing the informational processing routes possibly involved we would like to argue that his main thesis (e.g. idea of intentionality as a cognitive construct) lacks support at least for two reasons: (...)
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  • Why Theories of Concepts Should Not Ignore the Problem of Acquisition.Susan Carey - 2015 - Disputatio 7 (41):113-163.
    Why Theories of Concepts Should Not Ignore the Problem of Acquisition.
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  • Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use.Jussi Jylkka, Henry Railo & Jussi Haukioja - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 39 (1):105-110.
    Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby’s et al. (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which undermine internalism and the (...)
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  • An Essentialist Theory of the Meaning of Slurs.Eleonore Neufeld - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    In this paper, I develop an essentialist model of the semantics of slurs. I defend the view that slurs are a species of kind terms: slur concepts encode mini-theories which represent an essence-like element that is causally connected to a set of negatively-valenced stereotypical features of a social group. The truth-conditional contribution of slur nouns can then be captured by the following schema: For a given slur S of a social group G and a person P, S is true of (...)
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  • Concepts and Cognitive Science.Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis - 1999 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 3-81.
    Given the fundamental role that concepts play in theories of cognition, philosophers and cognitive scientists have a common interest in concepts. Nonetheless, there is a great deal of controversy regarding what kinds of things concepts are, how they are structured, and how they are acquired. This chapter offers a detailed high-level overview and critical evaluation of the main theories of concepts and their motivations. Taking into account the various challenges that each theory faces, the chapter also presents a novel approach (...)
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  • Putting Together Connectionism – Again.Paul Smolensky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):59-74.
  • The Reality of the Symbolic and Subsymbolic Systems.Andrew Woodfield & Adam Morton - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):58-58.
  • Has the Case Been Made Against the Ecumenical View of Connectionism?Robert Van Gulick - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):57-58.
  • The Essential Opacity of Modular Systems: Why Even Connectionism Cannot Give Complete Formal Accounts of Cognition.Marten J. den Uyl - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):56-57.
  • On the Proper Treatment of Thermostats.David S. Touretzky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):55-56.
    A set of hypotheses is formulated for a connectionist approach to cognitive modeling. These hypotheses are shown to be incompatible with the hypotheses underlying traditional cognitive models. The connectionist models considered are massively parallel numerical computational systems that are a kind of continuous dynamical system. The numerical variables in the system correspond semantically to fine-grained features below the level of the concepts consciously used to describe the task domain. The level of analysis is intermediate between those of symbolic cognitive models (...)
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  • From Data to Dynamics: The Use of Multiple Levels of Analysis.Gregory O. Stone - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):54-55.
  • From Connectionism to Eliminativism.Stephen P. Stich - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):53-54.
  • How Fully Should Connectionism Be Activated? Two Sources of Excitation and One of Inhibition.Roger N. Shepard - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):52-52.
  • Structure and Controlling Subsymbolic Processing.Walter Schneider - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):51-52.
  • Making the Connections.Jay G. Rueckl - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):50-51.
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  • Sanity Surrounded by Madness.Georges Rey - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):48-50.
  • A Two-Dimensional Array of Models of Cognitive Function.Gardner C. Quarton - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):48-48.
  • Subsymbols Aren't Much Good Outside of a Symbol-Processing Architecture.Alan Prince & Steven Pinker - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):46-47.
  • Connections Among Connections.R. J. Nelson - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):45-46.
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  • In Defence of Neurons.Chris Mortensen - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):44-45.
  • Epistemological Challenges for Connectionism.John McCarthy - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):44-44.
  • Symbols, Subsymbols, Neurons.William G. Lycan - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):43-44.
  • Connectionism in the Golden Age of Cognitive Science.Dan Lloyd - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):42-43.
  • Can This Treatment Raise the Dead?Robert K. Lindsay - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):41-42.
  • Physics, Cognition, and Connectionism: An Interdisciplinary Alchemy.Wendy G. Lehnert - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):40-41.
  • Smolensky, Semantics, and the Sensorimotor System.George Lakoff - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):39-40.
  • On the Obvious Treatment of Connectionism.Stephen José Hanson - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):38-39.
  • Some Memory, but No Mind.Lawrence E. Hunter - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):37-38.
  • Common Sense and Conceptual Halos.Douglas R. Hofstadter - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):35-37.
  • Statistical Rationality.Richard M. Golden - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):35-35.
  • Connectionism and the Study of Language.R. Freidin - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):34-35.
  • Dynamic Systems and the “Subsymbolic Level”.Walter J. Freeman - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):33-34.
  • On the Proper Treatment of Smolensky.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Stuart E. Dreyfus - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):31-32.
  • The Promise and Problems of Connectionism.Michael G. Dyer - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):32-33.
  • Some Assumptions Underlying Smolensky's Treatment of Connectionism.Eric Dietrich & Chris Fields - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):29-31.
  • Is Smolensky's Treatment of Connectionism on the Level?Carol E. Cleland - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):27-28.
  • The Psychological Appeal of Connectionism.Denise Dellarosa - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):28-29.
  • Information Processing Abstractions: The Message Still Counts More Than the Medium.B. Chandrasekaran, Ashok Goel & Dean Allemang - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):26-27.
  • Two Constructive Themes.Richard K. Belew - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):25-26.
  • Connectionism and Interlevel Relations.William Bechtel - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):24-25.
  • On the Proper Treatment of the Connection Between Connectionism and Symbolism.Louise Antony & Joseph Levine - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):23-24.
  • On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism.Paul Smolensky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
    A set of hypotheses is formulated for a connectionist approach to cognitive modeling. These hypotheses are shown to be incompatible with the hypotheses underlying traditional cognitive models. The connectionist models considered are massively parallel numerical computational systems that are a kind of continuous dynamical system. The numerical variables in the system correspond semantically to fine-grained features below the level of the concepts consciously used to describe the task domain. The level of analysis is intermediate between those of symbolic cognitive models (...)
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  • Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use.Jussi Jylkk - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37 – 60.
    Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby, Franks, and Hampton's (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which undermine internalism and (...)
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  • The Limits of Conceptual Analysis.Laura Schroeter - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (4):425-453.
    It would be nice if good old a priori conceptual analysis were possible. For many years conceptual analysis was out of fashion, in large part because of the excessive ambitions of verificationist theories of meaning._ _However, those days are over._ _A priori conceptual analysis is once again part of the philosophical mainstream._ _This renewed popularity, moreover, is well-founded. Modern philosophical analysts have exploited developments in philosophical semantics to formulate analyses which avoid the counterintuitive consequences of verificationism, while vindicating our ability (...)
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  • Précis of Doing Without Concepts.Edouard Machery - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 149 (3):602-611.
    Although cognitive scientists have learned a lot about concepts, their findings have yet to be organized in a coherent theoretical framework. In addition, after twenty years of controversy, there is little sign that philosophers and psychologists are converging toward an agreement about the very nature of concepts. Doing without Concepts (Machery 2009) attempts to remedy this state of affairs. In this article, I review the main points and arguments developed at greater length in Doing without Concepts.
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  • Ontological Reflections on What There Is.Matjaž Potrč & Vojko Strahovnik - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):140-151.
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  • Concepts Versus Conceptions (Again).Georges Rey - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):221-222.
    Machery neglects the crucial role of concepts in psychological explanation, as well as the efforts of numerous of the last 40 years to provide an account of that role. He rightly calls attention to the wide variation in people's epistemic relations to concepts but fails to appreciate how externalist and kindred proposals offer the needed stability in concepts themselves that underlies that variation.
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  • Précis of Doing Without Concepts.Edouard Machery - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):195-206.
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  • Replies to Lombrozo, Piccinini, and Poirier and Beaulac.Édouard Machery - 2011 - Dialogue 50 (1):195-212.
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  • Précis de Doing Without Concepts.Édouard Machery - 2011 - Dialogue 50 (1):141-152.