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  1. Preimplantation HLA Typing: Having Children to Save Our Loved Ones.K. Devolder - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):582-586.
    Next SectionPreimplantation tissue typing has been proposed as a method for creating a tissue matched child that can serve as a haematopoietic stem cell donor to save its sick sibling in need of a stem cell transplant. Despite recent promising results, many people have expressed their disapproval of this method. This paper addresses the main concerns of these critics: the risk of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the child to be born; the intention to have a donor child; the limits (...)
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  • Should Selecting Saviour Siblings Be Banned?S. Sheldon - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):533-537.
    By using tissue typing in conjunction with preimplantation genetic diagnosis doctors are able to pick a human embryo for implantation which, if all goes well, will become a “saviour sibling”, a brother or sister capable of donating life-saving tissue to an existing child.This paper addresses the question of whether this form of selection should be banned and concludes that it should not. Three main prohibitionist arguments are considered and found wanting: the claim that saviour siblings would be treated as commodities; (...)
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  • Retter-Kinder, Instrumentalisierung Und Kants ZweckformelSaviour Siblings, Instrumentalization, and Kant’s Formula of Humanity.Tim Henning - 2014 - Ethik in der Medizin 26 (3):195-209.
    Definition of the problem The creation and selection of children as tissue donors is ethically controversial. Critics often appeal to Kant’s Formula of Humanity, i.e. the requirement that people be treated not merely as means but as ends in themselves. As many defenders of the procedure point out, these appeals usually do not explain the sense of the requirement and hence remain obscure. Arguments This article proposes an interpretation of Kant’s principle, and it proposes that two different instrumental stances be (...)
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  • Extending Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Medical and Non-Medical Uses.J. A. Robertson - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):213-216.
    New uses of preimplantation genetic diagnosis to screen embryos prior to transfer raise ethical, legal, and policy issues that deserve close attention. Extensions for medical purposes, such as to identify susceptibility genes, late onset disease, and human leukocyte antigen matching, are usually ethically acceptable. Whether embryo screening for gender, perfect pitch, or other non-medical characteristics are also acceptable depends upon the parental needs served and the harm posed to embryos, children, and society. Speculations about potential future uses of PGD should (...)
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  • Britain's New Preimplantation Tissue Typing Policy: An Ethical Defence.N. R. Ram - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):278-282.
    The UK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority was right to permit tissue typing preimplantation genetic diagnosisOn July 21 2004, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority , Britain’s regulatory agency for reproductive technologies, revised its policy on preimplantation genetic diagnosis for tissue typing.1,2 The authority of the HFEA to enact such a policy was affirmed by the UK’s highest court, the House of Lords, on April 28 2005.3 Preimplantation genetic diagnosis combines in vitro fertilisation with genetic testing. In PGD, embryos generally (...)
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  • Why I Wrote...Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction.S. Wilkinson - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (1):46-50.
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  • Retter-Kinder, Instrumentalisierung und Kants Zweckformel.Dr Tim Henning - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin (3):1-15.
    Die künstliche Zeugung und Selektion von Nachwuchs als Spender von Gewebe für Dritte ist ethisch umstritten. Kritiker des Verfahrens berufen sich oft auf Kants Forderung, Personen seien jederzeit auch als Zwecke an sich selbst zu behandeln. Diese Kritik wird aber oft vorgebracht, ohne dass erläutert würde, was es heißt, Personen als Zwecke an sich selbst zu behandeln. Befürworter des Verfahrens weisen die Kritik daher als dunkel zurück oder deuten sie so, dass sie das Verfahren zulässt. Dieser Artikel erläutert den Kern (...)
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  • ‘Saviour Siblings’? The Distinction Between PGD with HLA Tissue Typing and Preimplantation HLA Tissue Typing.Crystal K. Liu - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):65-70.
    One of the more controversial uses of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) involves selecting embryos with a specific tissue type so that the child to be born can act as a donor to an existing sibling who requires a haematopoietic stem cell transplant. PGD with HLA tissue typing is used to select embryos that are free of a familial genetic disease and that are also a tissue match for an existing sibling who requires a transplant. Preimplantation HLA tissue typing occurs when (...)
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