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Melinda A. Roberts (2009). The Nonidentity Problem and the Two Envelope Problem: When is One Act Better for a Person Than Another?

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  1.  35
    Morally, Should We Prefer Never to Have Existed?Saul Smilansky - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):655-666.
    We can morally compare possible alternative states of affairs, judging that various actual historical occurrences were bad, overall?the Holocaust, World War I, and slavery, for example. We should prefer that such events had not occurred, and regret that they had occurred. But the vast majority of people who now exist would not have existed had it not been for those historical events. A ?package deal? is involved here: those events, together with oneself; or, the absence of the historical calamity, and (...)
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  2.  57
    Animal Disenhancement and the Non-Identity Problem: A Response to Thompson.Clare Palmer - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):43-48.
    In his paper The Opposite of Human Enhancement: Nanotechnology and the Blind Chicken problem (Nanoethics 2:305–316, 2008) Paul Thompson argues that the possibility of disenhancing animals in order to improve animal welfare poses a philosophical conundrum. Although many people intuitively think such disenhancement would be morally impermissible, it’s difficult to find good arguments to support such intuitions. In this brief response to Thompson, I accept that there’s a conundrum here. But I argue that if we seriously consider whether creating beings (...)
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