Switch to: References

Citations of:

Existentialism and Humanism

Haskell House (1948)

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Early Sartre on Freedom and Ethics.Peter Poellner - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):221-247.
    This paper offers a revisionary interpretation of Sartre's early views on human freedom. Sartre articulates a subtle account of a fundamental sense of human freedom as autonomy, in terms of human consciousness being both reasons-responsive and in a distinctive sense self-determining. The aspects of Sartre's theory of human freedom that underpin his early ethics are shown to be based on his phenomenological analysis of consciousness as, in its fundamental mode of self-presence, not an object in the world. Sartre has a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Being Responsible and Holding Responsible: On the Role of Individual Responsibility in Political Philosophy.Lasse Nielsen & David V. Axelsen - 2021 - Res Publica 27 (4):641-659.
    This paper explores the role individual responsibility plays in contemporary political theory. It argues that the standard luck egalitarian view—the view according to which distributive justice is ensured by holding people accountable for their exercise of responsibility in the distribution of benefits and burdens—obscures the more fundamental value of being responsible. The paper, then, introduces an account of ‘self-creative responsibility’ as an alternative to the standard view and shows how central elements on which this account is founded has been prominently (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Deliberating for Our Far Future Selves.Jennifer M. Morton - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):809-828.
    The temporal period between the moment of deliberation and the execution of the intention varies widely—from opening an umbrella when one feels the first raindrops hit to planning and writing a book. I investigate the distinctive ability that adult human beings have to deliberate for their far future selves exhibited at the latter end of this temporal spectrum, which I term prospective deliberation. What grounds it when it is successful? And, why does it fail in some cases? I shall argue (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Recent work on the meaning of life.Thaddeus Metz - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):781-814..
    A critical overview of mainly Anglo-American philosophical literature addressing the meaning of life up to 2002.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  • Wilson on relativism and teaching.Jim Mackenzie - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 21 (1):119–130.
  • A plea for human nature.Edouard Machery - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):321 – 329.
    Philosophers of biology, such as David Hull and Michael Ghiselin, have argued that the notion of human nature is incompatible with modern evolutionary biology and they have recommended rejecting this notion. In this article, I rebut this argument: I show that an important notion of human nature is compatible with modern evolutionary biology.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  • Analytic and Existential Ethics.C. D. MacNiven - 1970 - Dialogue 9 (1):1-19.
  • Speaking Rationally About the Good.Paul Kucharski - 2016 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (1):29-49.
    In this paper, I explain and defend Karol Wojtyła’s claim that “if we wish to speak rationally about good and evil, we have to return to the philosophy of being. If we do not set out from such ‘realist’ presuppositions, we end up in a vacuum.” I begin by outlining Wojtyła’s existential understanding of the good, according to which the good for x is found in those ends that complete the being that is lacking in x, or that enhance its (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Sartre‐Heidegger Controversy on Humanism and the Concept of Man in Education.Leena Kakkori & Rauno Huttunen - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (4):351-365.
    Jean-Paul Sartre claims in his 1945 lecture ‘Existentialism is a Humanism’ that there are two kinds of existentialism: that of Christians like Karl Jaspers, and atheistic like Martin Heidegger. Sartre's ‘spiritual master’ Heidegger had no problem with Sartre defining him as an atheist, but he had serious problems with Sartre's concept of humanism and existentialism. Heidegger claims that the essence of humanism lies in the essence of the human being. After the Enlightenment, the Western concept of man has been presented (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • “Comment Is Free, but Facts Are Sacred”: User-generated Content and Ethical Constructs at the Guardian.Jane B. Singer & Ian Ashman - 2009 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (1):3-21.
    This case study examines how journalists at Britain's Guardian newspaper and affiliated Web site are assessing and incorporating user-generated content in their perceptions and practices. A framework of existentialism helps highlight constructs and professional norms of interest. It is one of the first data-driven studies to explore how journalists are negotiating personal and social ethics within a digital network.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • “Ethics wars”: Reflections on the Antagonism between Bioethicists and Social Science Observers of Biomedicine1. [REVIEW]Klaus Hoeyer - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (2):203 - 227.
    Social scientists often lament the fact that philosophically trained ethicists pay limited attention to the insights they generate. This paper presents an overview of tendencies in sociological and anthropological studies of morality, ethics and bioethics, and suggests that a lack in philosophical interest might be related to a tendency among social scientists to employ either a deficit model (social science perspectives accommodate the sense of context that philosophical ethics lacks), a replacement model (social scientists have finally found the “right way” (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Transcendence, Symbolic Immortality and Evil.James Hardie-Bick - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (3):415-428.
    Ernest Becker’s work addresses the implications that arise from being aware of our own mortality. Like Sartre, Becker recognises that human beings have the potential to transcend and look beyond their immediate situation, but his work also confronts the darker aspects of human existence that arise from our self-awareness. The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of Becker’s work and to show the potential of Becker’s theory of evil to inform a number of contemporary debates in the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Teaching Critical Thinking Virtues and Vices.Stuart Hanscomb - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):173-195.
    In the film and play Twelve Angry Men, Juror 8 confronts the prejudices and poor reasoning of his fellow jurors, exhibiting an unwavering capacity not just to formulate and challenge arguments, but to be open-minded, stay calm, tolerate uncertainty, and negotiate in the face of considerable group pressures. In a perceptive and detailed portrayal of a group deliberation a ‘wheel of virtue’ is presented by the characters of Twelve Angry Men that allows for critical thinking virtues and vices to be (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • New adventures in the dialectic of humanism: Todorov, sebald and Agamben.John Grumley - 2008 - Critical Horizons 9 (2):189-213.
    This paper attempts to assess the state of the contemporary debate over humanism. Beginning with a brief recap of the main historical meanings of the concept of humanism itself, it details both the most recent articulation of the humanist standpoint in the work of Tzvetan Todorov and his "critical humanism" and the most potent anti-humanist replies in W.G. Sebald and Giorgio Agamben. While concerned to critically evaluate these new constellations of the debate, its main contention is not to wholly endorse (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • On visibility and power: An Arendtian corrective of Foucault. [REVIEW]Neve Gordon - 2002 - Human Studies 25 (2):125-145.
    Freedom, conceived ontologically, is power's condition of possibility. Yet, considering that the subject's interests and identity are constantly shaped, one still has to explain how – theoretically speaking – individuals can resist control. This is precisely the issue I address in the following pages. Following a brief overview of Foucault's contribution to our understanding of power, I turn to discuss the role of visibility vis-à-vis control, and show how the development of disciplinary techniques reversed the visibility of power. While Foucault (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Automated Vehicles and Transportation Justice.Shane Epting - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (3):389-403.
    Despite numerous ethical examinations of automated vehicles, philosophers have neglected to address how these technologies will affect vulnerable people. To account for this lacuna, researchers must analyze how driverless cars could hinder or help social justice. In addition to thinking through these aspects, scholars must also pay attention to the extensive moral dimensions of automated vehicles, including how they will affect the public, nonhumans, future generations, and culturally significant artifacts. If planners and engineers undertake this task, then they will have (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Conflicting Reasons and Freedom of the Will.Nadine Elzein - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (3pt3):399-407.
    Incompatibilism is often accused of incoherence because it introduces randomness in support of freedom. I argue that the sort of randomness that's thought to be detrimental to freedom results not from denying causal determinism, so much as denying what we might call ‘rational determinism’: denying that agents' actions are determined by their reasons for acting. Compatibilists argue that introducing the ability to decide differently allows agents to make choices that are irrational, and this undermines rather than furthering freedom. I maintain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Toward an horizon in design ethics.Philippe D’Anjou - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):355-370.
    This paper suggests that design ethics can be enriched by considering ethics beyond the traditional approaches of deontology, teleology, and virtue ethics. Design practice and design ethics literature tend to frame ethics in design according to these approaches. The paper argues that a fundamental and concrete ethical understanding of design ethics can also be found in Sartrean Existentialism, a philosophy centered on the individual and his/her absolute freedom. Through the analysis of four core concepts of Sartrean Existentialism that define a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • A consequentialist account of Narveson’s dictum.John Cusbert & Robyn Kath - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (7):1693-1709.
    In population ethics, Narveson’s dictum states: morality favours making people happy, but is neutral about making happy people. The thought is intuitively appealing; for example, it prohibits creating new people at the expense of those who already exist. However, there are well-known obstacles to accommodating Narveson’s dictum within a standard framework of overall betterness: any attempt to do so violates very plausible formal features of betterness. Therefore, the prevailing view is that the dictum is off-limits to consequentialists, who are thereby (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Sartre on Human Nature: Humanness, Transhumanism and Performance-Enhancement.Leon Culbertson - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):231 - 244.
    This article is concerned with an apparent similarity between the conceptions of human nature found in the early work of Jean-Paul Sartre and certain forms of transhumanism, and the role of a particular conception of human nature in the application of transhumanist ideas to debates on performance-enhancement. The article begins with a brief outline of major features of Sartre's phenomenological work (?I). The article then gives a more detailed account of the relationship between Sartre's phenomenological ontology and the view of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Towards empathy: a human-centred analysis of rationality, ethics and praxis in systems development.Peter J. Carew & Larry Stapleton - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (2):149-166.
    Functionalism has long been the dominant paradigm in systems development practice. However, functionalism promotes an innate and immutable instrumental rationality that is indifferent to human values, rights, society, culture and international stability. It, in essence, lacks empathy. Although alternative paradigms have been promoted for decades in the systems development literature to help address this deficit, functionalism remains dominant. This paper reiterates the call for a fundamental paradigm shift away from myopic functionalism and towards a more empathic and human-centred philosophy. It (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Mental Illness and the Conciousness of Freedom: The Phenomenology of Psychiatric Labelling.Bruce Bradfield - 2002 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 2 (1):1-14.
    Paradigmatically led by existential phenomenological premises, as formulated by Jean-Paul Sartre and Edmund Husserl specifically, this paper aims at a deconstruction of the value of psychiatric labelling in terms of the implications of such labelling for the labelled individual’s experience of freedom as a conscious imperative. This work has as its intention the destabilisation of labelling as a stubborn and inexorable mechanism for social propriety and regularity, which in its unyielding classificatory brandings is Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology , Volume 2, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The ethics of organizational commitment.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (2):142–153.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Business ethics and existentialism.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):218–233.
  • That ‘Nothing’ is ‘Something’: A critique of Sartre’s existentialism.Anthony Afe Asekhauno - 2017 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 29 (1):339-348.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Genetic Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, and Natural Man: An Existential Inquiry into Being and Rights.Anthony Asekhauno & Wesley Osemwegie - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 13 (28):181-193.
    .It is apt and usual to cogitate and ratiocinate man and human rights; it is less so about or with (other) animal rights; and much more less and lesser so with/about “plant rights” and (possibly) the rights of cloned/the artificially intelligent agents’. This condition is unfair and not ideal because man, other animals, plants, and other human manipulations (AI) from nature constitute varying levels of being; therefore, they possess varying levels of rights. Hence there is need to espouse the nature/levels (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Appraisal of African Identity for Sustainable Development.Michael Chugozie Anyaehie - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):150.
    Africa is the poorest continent in the world despite her huge human and material resources. She is at the periphery of global development. Some people attribute the African predicament to her experience of slavery and colonialism which distorted her identity and disoriented her values. But she is not the only continent that was colonised. Other colonised continents are already finding their bearing in global development. What is that unique factor about African identity that hinders her from having her own stake (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Parents perspectives on whole genome sequencing for their children: qualified enthusiasm?J. A. Anderson, M. S. Meyn, C. Shuman, R. Zlotnik Shaul, L. E. Mantella, M. J. Szego, S. Bowdin, N. Monfared & R. Z. Hayeems - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):535-539.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Wittgenstein, Quasi-Fideism, and Scepticism.Robert Vinten - 2022 - Topoi 41 (5):1-12.
    In the discussion of certainties, or ‘hinges’, in Wittgenstein’s On Certainty some of the examples that Wittgenstein uses are religious ones. He remarks on how a child might be raised so that they ‘swallow down’ belief in God (§107) and in discussing the role of persuasion in disagreements he asks us to think of the case of missionaries converting natives (§612). In the past decade Duncan Pritchard has made a case for an account of the rationality of religious belief inspired (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Confessions of an Agnostic: Apologia Pro Vita Sua.Michael Ruse - 2021 - Sophia 60 (3):575-591.
    Francis Collins, the director of the NEH and well-known Christian, has said that agnosticism is a bit of a cop-out. Either be a Christian or be an atheism, but have the guts to make up your mind. I shall argue in a positive way for agnosticism, showing that it can be as vibrant a position as belief or non-belief. It gives you a renewed appreciation of life and the world in which we live.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A semblance of identity: Nietzsche on the agency of drives and their relation to the ego.Nathan Widder - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (8):821-842.
    This article challenges the idea that individual and collective agency require centred, fixed identities to be efficacious and meaningful. In post-foundational political thought, this idea frequently underpins an understanding of the subject as something temporarily consolidated through constitutive exclusions and a claim that political and ethical thought must negotiate the necessity for and inevitable failure of these exclusions. Against this thesis, the article presents a reading of Nietzsche’s analysis of the drives and their relation to the ego, holding that for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Sartre's theory of character.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    Various influential ethical theories propose that we should strive to develop morally sound character traits, either because good actions are those that issue from good character traits, or because good traits are those that generally incline us toward actions that are good for some independent reason such as the intentions with which they are performed or the consequences of performing them. This proposal obviously raises questions about the nature and origins of character traits, and our degree of control over them. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Existentialism and Humanism: Humanity—Know Thyself!Nigel Tubbs - 2013 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (5):477-490.
    At times, an individual in modernity can feel dehumanised by work, by administration, by technology, and by political power. This experience of being dehumanised can take the individual to an existential awareness of the priority of existence over essence. But what does this existential experience mean? Are there ways in which this experience can reconnect the individual to her being human, or to her being part of humanity? Any such reconnection is further complicated by the suspicion that universal presuppositions concerning (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Three theories of human nature.Mikael Stenmark - 2009 - Zygon 44 (4):894-920.
    In The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature , Steven Pinker maintains that at present there are three competing views of human nature—a Christian theory, a "blank slate" theory (what I call a social constructivist theory), and a Darwinian theory—and that the last of these will triumph in the end. I argue that neither the outcome of such competition nor the particular content of these theories is as clear as Pinker believes. In this essay I take a critical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Being-on-the-bench: An existential analysis of the substitute in sport.Emily Ryall - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (1):56 – 70.
    Being a substitute in sport appears to contradict the rationale behind being involved in that sport, especially in those sports whereby substitutes frequently remain unused or are brought on to the field of play for the final moments of that game. For the coach or manager, substitutes function as a way to improve the team achieving a particular end, namely to win the game; whether to replace an injured or tired player, to change a team’s structure or tactics, to complete (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Re-thinking the human: Heidegger, fundamental ontology, and humanism.Gavin Rae - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):23-39.
    This essay engages with Heidegger’s attempt to re-think the human being. It shows that Heidegger re-thinks the human being by challenging the way the human being has been thought, and the mode of thinking traditionally used to think about the human being. I spend significant time discussing Heidegger’s attempt before, in the final section, asking some critical questions of Heidegger’s endeavour and pointing out how his analysis can re-invigorate contemporary attempts to understand the human being.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • آثار جدید درباره معناى زندگى (Persian: 'Recent Work on the Meaning of Life’).Thaddeus Metz - 2003 - Naqd Va Nazar: Quarterly Journal of Philosophy and Theology 8 (29-30):266-313.
    Persian translation by Mohsen Javadi of 'Recent Work on the Meaning of Life' (first published in Ethics 2002).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Modernity, postmodernism and politics (in places like South Africa).Hennie Lotter - 1995 - In Deon Rossouw (ed.), Life in a postmodern culture. Human Sciences Research Council Press.
    In this chapter I show that it is possible to interpret an important group of postmodern texts as presenting intellectual and practical challenges with a specific focus that is worth the serious attention of everyone interested in politics. My interpretation shows that a certain strand of postmodern thought is not only consonant with a liberal democratic political morality, but also modifies and extends it in an eminently desirable direction. Such an interpretation has become possible because a significant consensus has emerged (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Duties of Minimal Wellbeing and Their role in Global Justice.Ambrose Y. K. Lee - unknown
    This thesis is the first step in a research project which aims to develop an accurate and robust theory of global justice. The thesis concerns the content of our duties of global justice, under strict compliance theory. It begins by discussing the basic framework of my theory of global justice, which consists in two aspects: duties of minimal wellbeing, which are universal, and duties of fairness and equality, which are associative and not universal. With that in place, it briefly discusses (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Heterodox religion and post-atheism: Bataille/Klossowski/Foucault.Jones Irwin - 2006 - Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy 10 (1).
    This essay seeks to delineate a heterodox religious hermeneutics developing from the work of Georges Bataille and Pierre Klossowski through to the later work of Michel Foucault. Each of these thinkers can be seen as heavily influenced by Nietzsche, while nonetheless deriving nonatheistic conclusions from his proclamation of the ‘death of God’. The interconnections between the work of the earlier Bataille and Klossowski and the later Foucault are traced through an analysis of Foucault’s genealogy of his own intellectual development, where (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Odera Oruka on Culture Philosophy and its role in the S.M. Otieno Burial Trial.Gail Presbey - 2018 - In Reginald M. J. Oduor, Oriare Nyarwath & Francis E. A. Owakah (eds.), Odera Oruka in the Twenty-first Century. Washington, DC, USA: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. pp. 99-118.
    This paper focuses on evaluating Odera Oruka’s role as an expert witness in customary law for the Luo community during the Nairobi, Kenya-based trial in 1987 to decide on the place of the burial of S.M. Otieno. During that trial, an understanding of Luo burial and widow guardianship (ter) practices was essential. Odera Oruka described the practices carefully and defended them against misunderstanding and stereotype. He revisited related topics in several delivered papers, published articles, and even interviews and columns in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Virtue through Harmony: An Exploration of the Ethical Role of Music in Society.Sylvan Tovar - unknown
    Music can profoundly affect individuals and societies. Individuals use music to express themselves, their opinions, their worldview, their emotions, all channeled through the medium of sound. Societies use music to help give identity to their culture. Music has inspired people to take up arms for their country, or to revolt. It has gathered people of different backgrounds together under the banner of peace and of war. It has inspired people to march, it has driven them to yell, to scream, to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Existentialism, Consumption and Sustainability: Backpackers Fleeing and Finding Themselves.Brendan Canavan - unknown
    This article seeks to understand sustainable tourism consumption through the lens of existentialism. Netnography of backpackers on an extended vacation reveals both existential anxiety and authenticity motivate and shape travel. This in turn has implications for the relative sustainability of otherwise of tourism consumed.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark