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Samuel Scheffler & Alasdair MacIntyre (1983). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory.

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  1. Hardworking as a Heuristic for Moral Character: Why We Attribute Moral Values to Those Who Work Hard and Its Implications.Clinton Amos, Lixuan Zhang & David Read - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    The Protestant Work Ethic is a powerful force in Western culture with far reaching effects on our values and judgments. While research on PWE as a cultural value is abundant in diverse disciplines, little research has explored how this cultural value facilitates the use of heuristics when evaluating the morality of others. Using both PWE and illusory correlation as foundations, this paper explores whether people attribute positive moral characteristics to others merely based upon a description as hardworking. Three experiments suggest (...)
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  2.  3
    Relocating Respect and Tolerance: A Practice Approach in Empirical Philosophy.Trine Anker & Geir Afdal - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-15.
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  3. A Critical Reflection on Codes of Conduct in Vocational Education.Richard G. Bagnall & Sonal Nakar - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-12.
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  4.  2
    Time for Values: Responding Educationally to the Call From the Past.Lovisa Bergdahl & Elisabet Langmann - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-16.
    This paper rethinks the fostering task of the teacher in a time when it, paradoxically, has tended to become marginalized and privatized despite its public urgency. Following post-holocaust thinkers such as Hannah Arendt and Zygmunt Bauman, the position explored here is radical in the sense that it takes ‘the crisis of traditions’ and the erosion of a common moral ground or value basis seriously, and it is conservative in the sense that it insists on responding educationally to the call from (...)
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  5.  8
    Interest-Relative Invariantism and Indifference Problems.Coss David - forthcoming - Acta Analytica:1-14.
    Interest-relative invariantism is the view that practical interests encroach upon knowledge. In other words, the more that is at stake for S, the harder it is for her true belief to be an instance of knowledge. Russell and Doris argue that IRI theorists are committed to indifference being knowledge-making feature of IRI, where knowledge comes easier for subjects the less they care. In this paper, I explain why indifference cases are problematic and which assumptions about IRI generate them. I then (...)
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  6. Learning From Greek Philosophers: The Foundations and Structural Conditions of Ethical Training in Business Schools.Sandrine Frémeaux, Grant Michelson & Christine Noël-Lemaitre - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  7. Technology Development as a Normative Practice: A Meaning-Based Approach to Learning About Values in Engineering—Damming as a Case Study.Mahdi G. Nia, Mehdi F. Harandi & Marc J. De Vries - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    Engineering, as a complex and multidimensional practice of technology development, has long been a source of ethical concerns. These concerns have been approached from various perspectives. There are ongoing debates in the literature of the philosophy of engineering/technology about how to organize an optimized view of the values entailed in technology development processes. However, these debates deliver little in the way of a concrete rationale or framework that could comprehensively describe different types of engineering values and their multi-aspect interrelations in (...)
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  8. A Narrative Approach Exploring Philosophy in Education and Educational Research.Steven A. Stolz & Jānis T. Ozoliņš - forthcoming - Educational Studies:1-16.
    The use of narrative – in this case a fictional dialogue – has been a time-honoured way of exploring ideas and most importantly indispensable for learning, at least since the time of the Sophists. Indeed, the dialogues of Plato exemplify this thesis because the qualities and characteristics of philosophy and philosophising are revealed through their lives. Extending on this premise, we would argue that we learn to understand both the unity and complexity of philosophy – particularly in education and educational (...)
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  9.  1
    Sociology as Practical Philosophy and Moral Science.Frédéric Vandenberghe - forthcoming - Theory, Culture and Society:026327641770934.
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  10.  4
    Collective Intentionality, Complex Pluralism and the Problem of Anarchy.Alex Prichard - 2017 - Journal of International Political Theory 13 (3).
    In this article, I argue that contemporary theories of collective intentionality force us to think about anarchy in new and challenging ways. In the years since Wendt declared the state a person, the collective intentionality of groups has become the focus of important scholarship across the humanities and social sciences. But this literature will not sit easily with mainstream International Relations for two reasons. First, contemporary theories of collective intentionality are difficult to square with the idea that the personified state (...)
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  11.  3
    The Relational Responsibilities of Scientists: Considering Science as a Practice.Louise Bezuidenhout - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (2):65-83.
    Studies of science are increasingly drawing attention to the highly communal nature of research. Ethics, sociology, philosophy, and anthropology of science all emphasize the key role that collaborative actions play in the generation of scientific knowledge. Nonetheless, despite the increasing interest in these communal aspects of scientific research, studies on the relationships underpinning communality are commonly focused on the how the individual interacts with their peers and contributes to the epistemic activities of science. In contrast, there is little literature that (...)
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  12.  7
    Enhancement and the Conservative Bias.Ben Davies - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):339-356.
    Nicholas Agar argues that we should avoid certain ‘radical’ enhancement technologies. One reason for this is that they will alienate us from current sources of value by altering our evaluative outlooks. We should avoid this, even if enhancing will provide us with novel, objectively better sources of value. After noting the parallel between Agar’s views and G. A. Cohen’s work on the ‘conservative bias’, I explore Agar’s suggestion in relation to two kinds of radical enhancement: cognitive and anti-ageing. With regard (...)
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  13.  3
    Brothers in Arms: Virtue and Pragma-Dialectics.Gascón José Ángel - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (4):705-724.
    Virtue argumentation theory focuses on the arguers’ character, whereas pragma-dialectics focuses on argumentation as a procedure. In this paper I attempt to explain that both theories are not opposite approaches to argumentation. I argue that, with the help of some non-fundamental changes in pragma-dialectics and some restrictions in virtue argumentation theory, it is possible to regard these theories as complementary approaches to the argumentative practice.
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  14.  2
    The Flourishing and Dehumanization of Students in Higher Education.E. Kahn Peter - 2017 - Journal of Critical Realism 16 (4):368-382.
    An economic agenda, characterized by the mastery of subject knowledge or expertise, increasingly dominates higher education. In this article, I argue that this agenda fails to satisfy the full range of students’ aspirations, responsibilities and needs. Neither does it meet the needs of society. Rather, the overall purpose of higher education should be the morphogenesis of the agency of students, considered on an individual and on a collective basis. The article builds on recent critical realist theorizing to trace the generative (...)
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  15.  5
    How to Become an Idealist: Fichte on the Transition From Dogmatism to Idealism.R. S. Kemp - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1161-1179.
    In Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, Kant claims that all human beings are originally and radically evil: they choose to adopt a ‘supreme maxim’ that gives preference to sensibility over the moral law. Because Kant thinks that all agents have a duty to develop good character, part of his task in the Religion is to explain how moral conversion is possible. Four years after Kant publishes the Religion, J. G. Fichte takes up the issue of conversion in slightly (...)
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  16. Games and Fiction: Partners in the Evolution of Culture.Scott Kretchmar - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):12-25.
    In this essay, I argue that the time is right in the philosophy of sport to follow the lead of systems thinking and emphasize the contextual embeddedness of sport, not its distinctive characteristics, least of all any claims for metaphysical independence. Accordingly, I analyze similarities between two cultural conventions—namely, literature and games—through the lens of evolution. I argue that common roots can be observed in games and fiction when looking at them structurally, semantically, and socially. I suggest that both games (...)
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  17.  6
    Dismissing the Moral Sceptic: A Wittgensteinian Approach.Sasha Lawson-Frost - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1235-1251.
    Cartesian scepticism poses the question of how we can justify our belief that other humans experience consciousness in the same way that we do. Wittgenstein’s response to this scepticism is one that does not seek to resolve the problem by providing a sound argument against the Cartesian sceptic. Rather, he provides a method of philosophical inquiry which enables us to move past this and continue our inquiry without the possibility of solipsism arising as a philosophical problem in the first place. (...)
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  18. Thought Experiments in Personal Identity: A Dialogue with Beck, Wagner and Wilkes.Alfonso Muñoz-Corcuera - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):456-469.
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  19.  2
    Identity and Morality: Cultivating Persons in the Asia-Pacific Region.Laurance J. Splitter - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (1):12-23.
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  20. Intelligence, Practice and Virtue: A Critical Review of the Educational Benefits of Expertise in Physical Education and Sport.Malcolm Thorburn - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (4):453-463.
    The paper calls for a re-evaluation of physical education’s cognitive value claims, as this issue is fundamental to many of the conceptual difficulties the subject faces. Current epistemological challenges are reviewed before analysing the structural connections between intelligent practice and intelligent virtues, and the possibilities for physical education to better articulate its’ intrinsic and instrumental values claims. The paper evaluates arguments made on this basis and reviews revised curriculum planning and pedagogical practices, which could support an enhanced focus on learners’ (...)
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  21.  3
    From Anticipatory Corpse to Posthuman God.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (6):679-695.
    The essays in this issue of JMP are devoted to critical engagement of my book, The Anticipatory Corpse. The essays, for the most part, accept the main thrust of my critique of medicine. The main thrust of the criticism is whether the scope of the critique is too totalizing, and whether the proposed remedy is sufficient. I greatly appreciate these interventions because they allow me this occasion to respond and clarify, and to even further extend the argument of my book. (...)
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  22.  62
    New Directions in Theorizing Human Rights.E. H. Botting - 2016 - Journal of International Political Theory 12 (1):3-9.
    An introduction to a symposium of new articles on human rights, situating them in trends in contemporary human rights theory more broadly, including debates on moral versus political rights, women's human rights, children's rights, and disability rights. Symposium includes articles by feminist political theorists Brooke Ackerly, Nancy Hirschmann, Regina Kreide, Marina Calloni, and Eileen Hunt Botting.
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  23.  2
    Women’s Human Rights May Be Unicorns, but They Can Fight Wicked Witches.E. H. Botting - 2016 - Journal of International Political Theory 12 (1):58-66.
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  24.  1
    What DoesAnyof This Have to Do With Being a Physician? Kierkegaardian Irony and the Practice of Medicine.Farr A. Curlin - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (1):62-79.
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  25.  44
    Flourishing in Health Care.Andrew Edgar & Stephen Pattison - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (2):161-173.
    The purpose of this paper is to offer an account of ‘flourishing’ that is relevant to health care provision, both in terms of the flourishing of the individual patient and carer, and in terms of the flourishing of the caring institution. It is argued that, unlike related concepts such as ‘happiness’, ‘well-being’ or ‘quality of life’, ‘flourishing’ uniquely has the power to capture the importance of the vulnerability of human being. Drawing on the likes of Heidegger and Nussbaum, it is (...)
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  26.  3
    Understanding Real and Fictional Persons: Narrative Negotiations Seen Through Cognitive Poetics.Alfonso Muñoz-Corcuera - 2016 - Philosophical Papers 45 (1-2):241-265.
    Narrative theories of personal identity have traditionally taken literary characters as models to better understand how our identities are constituted through the narratives of our lives. However, there have been several recent criticisms of these comparisons, showing that philosophers of personal identity paid no attention to the nature of literary characters, and consequently, these philosopher’s comparisons were under-motivated. In the present article, I rely on a cognitive framework to define literary characters. From that point of view, I assert that it (...)
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  27. Macklins Substitutionsthese Und der Begriff der Menschenwürde in der BioethikMacklin’s Redundancy Claim and the Concept of Human Dignity in Bioethics.Sebastian Muders - 2014 - Ethik in der Medizin 26 (1):19-32.
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  28.  10
    'Only in the Leap From the Lion's Head Will He Prove His Worth': Natural Law and International Relations.Amanda Russell Beattie - 2013 - Journal of International Political Theory 9 (1):22-42.
    This article argues the benefits of including a theological interpretation of natural law morality within the normative discourses of international politics. It challenges the assumption of a Grotian secular natural law arguing that practical reason, in a Thomist interpretation, is better suited to the demands of international political theory. It engages with themes of agency, practical reason, and community in order to enhance the content of the post-territorial community evidenced in ethical cosmopolitan debates. Likewise, it envisions simultaneously enhancing a rapprochement (...)
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  29.  1
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
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  30.  4
    Islamism as Communitarianism: Person, Community and the Problem of International Norms in Non-Liberal Theories.Filippo Dionigi - 2012 - Journal of International Political Theory 8 (1-2):74-103.
    This essay discusses how international political theory can become more receptive towards Islamism. The central claim is that Islamism can be interpreted as a form of communitarianism. To underpin this claim, the study relies on an analysis of how the concepts of community and person are conceived in communitarianism and Islamism. On the basis of the affinities of these conceptions between Islamism and communitarianism the essay shows that Islamism can be interpreted as a form of communitarianism. The study then concludes (...)
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  31.  23
    Narratives and Action Explanation.T. Uebel - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):31-67.
    This article discusses an epistemological problem faced by causal explanations of action and a proposed solution. The problem is to justify why one particular reason rather than another is specified as causally efficacious. It is argued that the problem arises independently of one’s preferred conception of singular causal claims, psychological and psychophysical generalizations, and our folk-psychological competence. The proposed fallibilist solution involves the supplementation of the reason given by narratives that contextualize it and provide additional criteria for justifying the causal (...)
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  32.  12
    The Political Imaginary of Care: Generic Versus Singular Futures.Christopher Groves - 2011 - Journal of International Political Theory 7 (2):165-189.
    The impacts of the activities of technological societies extends further into the future than their capacity to predict and control these impacts. Some have argued that the repercussions of this deficiency of knowledge cause fatal difficulties for both consequentialist and deontological accounts of future oriented obligations. Increasingly, international politics encompasses issues where this problem looms large: the connection between energy production and consumption and climate change provides an excellent example. As the reach of technologically-mediated social action increases, it is necessary (...)
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  33.  22
    Norms and Customs: Causally Important or Causally Impotent?T. Jones - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):399-432.
    In this article, I argue that norms and customs, despite frequently being described as being causes of behavior in the social sciences and ordinary conversation, cannot really cause behavior. Terms like "norms" and the like seem to refer to philosophically disreputable disjunctive properties. More problematically, even if they do not, or even if there can be disjunctive properties after all, I argue that norms and customs still cannot cause behavior. The social sciences would be better off without referring to properties (...)
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  34.  3
    Beyond the Elementary Forms of Moral Life: Reflexivity and Rationality in Durkheim's Moral Theory.Robert Wade Kenny - 2010 - Sociological Theory 28 (2):215 - 244.
    Was Durkheim an apologist for the authoritarianism? Is the sociology founded upon his work incapable of critical perspective; and must it operate under the presumption that social agents, including sociologists themselves, are incapable of reflexivity? Certainly some have said so, but they may be wrong. In this essay, I address these questions in the light of Durkheim's revisionary sociology of morals. I elaborate on unfinished elements in Durkheim's abruptly concluded (because of his early and unexpected death) scholarship, pointing out Durkheim's (...)
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  35.  5
    James Turner Johnson's Just War Idea: Commanding the Headwaters of Tradition.Cian O'Driscoll - 2008 - Journal of International Political Theory 4 (2):189-211.
    James Turner Johnson is the foremost scholar of the just war tradition working today. His treatment of the historical development of the just war tradition has been hugely important, influencing a generation of theorists. Despite this, Johnson's work has not generated much in the way of critical commentary or analysis. This paper aims to rectify this oversight. Engaging in a close and critical reading of Johnson's work, it claims that his historical reconstruction of the just war tradition is bounded by (...)
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  36.  2
    Book Review: Beyond Gated Politics: Reflections for the Possibility of Democracy by Romand Coles Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005. [REVIEW]H. Patomaki - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (5):152-158.
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  37. Lawyers, Clients and Friends: A Case Study of the Vexed Nature of Friendship and Lawyering.Kieran Tranter & Lillian Corbin - 2008 - Legal Ethics 11 (1):67-84.
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  38.  18
    Narrative and Legitimacy: U.S. Congressional Debates About the Nonprofit Sector.Ronald N. Jacobs & Sarah Sobieraj - 2007 - Sociological Theory 25 (1):1-25.
    This article develops a theory about the narrative foundations of public policy. Politicians draw on specific types of narratives in order to connect the policies they are proposing, the needs of the public, and their own needs for legitimacy. In particular, politicians are drawn to policy narratives in which they themselves occupy the central and heroic character position, and where they are able to protect the scope of their jurisdictional authority. We demonstrate how this works through a historical analysis of (...)
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  39.  28
    The Power of the Past: A Contribution to a Cognitive Sociology of Ethnic Conflict.Jens Rydgren - 2007 - Sociological Theory 25 (3):225-244.
    The aim of this article is to demonstrate the ways in which the past matters for ethnic conflict in the present. More specifically, by presenting a sociocognitive approach to the problem, this article sets out to specify macro-micro bridging mechanisms that explain why a history of prior conflict is likely to increase the likelihood that new conflicts will erupt. People's inclination toward simplified and/or invalid inductive reasoning in the form of analogism, and their innate disposition for ordering events in teleological (...)
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  40.  29
    Mediated Memories.Michael P. Levine - 2006 - Angelaki 11 (2):117 – 136.
  41.  3
    Communitarianism: What Are the Implications for Education?James Arthur - 1998 - Educational Studies 24 (3):353-368.
    Summary In the context of British communitarianism there has been almost no educational literature which draws on this philosophy. The educational debate in Britain has suffered as a result of this neglect, therefore this article argues that British educational policy will benefit if it engages with the challenges of recent communitarian debates. The article introduces and reviews the meaning of communitarianism and explores the implications for some education policies in England and Wales.
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  42. The Architectonic of the Ethics of Liberation: On Material Ethics and Formal Moralities.Enrique Dussel - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (3):1-35.
    This contribution is a critical and constructive engage ment with discourse ethics. First, it clarifies why discourse ethics has difficulties with the grounding and application of moral norms. Second, it turns to a positive appropriation of the formal and proce dural aspects of discourse ethics. The goal is the elaboration of an ethics that is able to incorporate the material aspects of goods and the formal dimension of ethical validity and consensuability. Every morality is the formal application of some substantive (...)
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  43.  11
    Quality in Education: Meaning and Prospects.John Halliday - 1994 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 26 (2):33–50.
  44.  4
    Practices and Prudence.W. Miller Brown - 1990 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 17 (1):71-84.
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