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Phenomenology of the Social World

Northwestern University Press (1967)

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  1. Towards a phenomenological account of social sensitivity.Elisa Magrì - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):635-653.
    With the exception of James Ostrow’s 1990 study, social sensitivity has received scarce attention in philosophy, whilst it has become an important area of research in social and clinical psychology, where it is commonly known as interpersonal sensitivity. The latter is usually understood as a form of social skill to appropriately recognise and decode the appearance and behaviour of others. However, this view suffers from conceptual limitations in that it tends to reduce social sensitivity to standardised skilful behaviour. Drawing on (...)
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  • ‘Adequacy’ as a Goal in Social Research Practice: Classical Formulations and Contemporary Issues.H. T. Wilson - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (3):473-489.
    This essay provides evidence to support a promising conceptual and potentially practical set of ideas at once both principled and effective found in the work of Max Weber and Alfred Schutz addressed to the issue of ‘adequacy’ as a goal in social research. Efforts to achieve adequacy beyond the epistemological conditions required by Weber’s demand that evidence meet both causal adequacy and adequacy on the level of meaning were significantly refocused by Schutz’s later concern, responding specifically to Weber, that the (...)
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  • The Question of Moral Action: A Formalist Position.Iddo Tavory - 2011 - Sociological Theory 29 (4):272 - 293.
    This article develops a research position that allows cultural sociologists to compare morality across sociohistorical cases. In order to do so, the article suggests focusing analytic attention on actions that fulfill the following criteria: (a) actions that define the actor as a certain kind of socially recognized person, both within and across fields; (b) actions that actors experience—or that they expect others to perceive—as defining the actor both intersituationally and to a greater extent than other available definitions of self; and (...)
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  • Justifying Sociological Knowledge: From Realism to Interpretation.Isaac Reed - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (2):101-129.
    In the context of calls for "postpositivist" sociology, realism has emerged as a powerful and compelling epistemology for social science. In transferring and transforming scientific realism --a philosophy of natural science--into a justificatory discourse for social science, realism splits into two parts: a strict, highly naturalistic realism and a reflexive, more mediated, and critical realism. Both forms of realism, however, suffer from conceptual ambiguities, omissions, and elisions that make them an inappropriate epistemology for social science. Examination of these problems in (...)
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  • Husserlian Affinities in Simmel's Later Philosophy of History: The 1918 Essay.Gary Backhaus - 2003 - Human Studies 26 (2):223-258.
  • Phenomenological method and philosophy of history.David Carr - 2021 - Continental Philosophy Review 54 (2):139-152.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the phenomenological method as it applies to the philosophy of history. This leads me to divide my inquiry into two parts. I shall begin by examining the phenomenological method in a general way, explaining how I view the essential features of the method and its status in the context of philosophy generally conceived. Then, in a second part, I shall turn to its application to the philosophy of history.
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  • George Psathas: Phenomenology and Ethnomethdology.Michael Barber - 2020 - Human Studies 43 (3):343-351.
    In some of his writings, George Psathas suggests that Alfred Schutz’s account of social-scientific methodology as constructing ideal types falls short of ethnomethodology’s approach, which, by giving an account of how actors produce their social order, exemplifies a kind of social-scientific following of Husserl’s stipulation that phenomenology return to “the things themselves”. By distinguishing Schutz’s phenomenology of the natural attitude which does return to the things themselves from his account of social scientific methodology, one can conceive various social-scientific methodologies legitimately (...)
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  • Feeling togetherness online: a phenomenological sketch of online communal experiences.Lucy Osler - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):569-588.
    The internet provides us with a multitude of ways of interacting with one another. In discussions about how technological innovations impact and shape our interpersonal interactions, there is a tendency to assume that encountering people online is essentially different to encountering people offline. Yet, individuals report feeling a sense of togetherness with one another online that echoes offline descriptions. I consider how we can understand people’s experiences of being together with others online, at least in certain instances, as arising out (...)
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  • Phenomenological Ethnography of Radiology: Expert Performance in Enacting Diagnostic Cognition.Mindaugas Briedis - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):373-404.
    The article is based on research conducted at the actual radiology department. It presents a range of descriptions and analyses of concrete operations performed by radiologists during their daily professional routine. After careful ethnographic observations, phenomenological analysis is employed with a view to examining the enactive cognition in the radiologist’s “life-world”. The paper uses both ethnography and phenomenology in order to reveal the essential regularities and sedimentations of everyday radiological processes, and the “everyday background” of certain scientific-cognitive operations. The method (...)
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  • What Can the Human Sciences Contribute to Phenomenology?Kenneth Liberman - 2017 - Human Studies 40 (1):7-24.
    What phenomenological details can investigations by human scientists provide to classical phenomenological inquiries regarding sense-constitution, the reflexivity of mundane understanding, and the production of objective knowledge? Problems of constitutional phenomenology are summarized and specifications are provided regarding ways to study intersubjective events. After a review of some quandaries suggested by an examination of Husserl, Levinas, Merleau-Ponty, Schutz, Gurwitsch, Garfinkel, and Adorno, the author provides two demonstrations of social phenomenologically inspired human studies—the playing of games with rules and the objective determination (...)
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  • Typification in Society and Social Science: The Continuing Relevance of Schutz’s Social Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Kwang-ki Kim & Tim Berard - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (3):263 - 289.
    This paper examines Alfred Schutz’s insights on types and typification. Beginning with a brief overview of the history and meaning of typification in interpretive sociology, the paper further addresses both the ubiquity and the necessity of typification in social life and scientific method. Schutz’s contribution itself is lacking in empirical application and grounding, but examples are provided of ongoing empirical research which advances the understanding of types and typification. As is suggested by illustrations from scholarship in the social studies of (...)
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  • Understanding Empathy: Why Phenomenology and Hermeneutics Can Help Medical Education and Practice.Claire Hooker - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (4):541-552.
    This article offers a critique and reformulation of the concept of empathy as it is currently used in the context of medicine and medical care. My argument is three pronged. First, that the instrumentalised notion of empathy that has been common within medicine erases the term’s rich epistemological history as a special form of understanding, even a vehicle of social inquiry, and has instead substituted an account unsustainably structured according to the polarisations of modernity. I suggest that understanding empathy by (...)
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  • De-Constructing de-Mentia: A Personal and Person Oriented Perspective of de-Personalization and Moral Status: Julian C. Hughes: Thinking Through Dementia. Oxford University Press, New York, 2011, 312 Pp, £37.58, ISBN: 978-0-19-957066-9.Joseph Lehmann & Yechiel Michael Barilan - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):153-158.
  • Research Integrity and Everyday Practice of Science.Frederick Grinnell - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):685-701.
    Science traditionally is taught as a linear process based on logic and carried out by objective researchers following the scientific method. Practice of science is a far more nuanced enterprise, one in which intuition and passion become just as important as objectivity and logic. Whether the activity is committing to study a particular research problem, drawing conclusions about a hypothesis under investigation, choosing whether to count results as data or experimental noise, or deciding what information to present in a research (...)
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  • The Topic of Power.Mary F. Rogers - 1982 - Human Studies 5 (1):183 - 194.
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  • On the Origin of 'Phenomenological' Sociology.Ilja Srubar - 1984 - Human Studies 7 (3-4):163 - 189.
  • Mutual Gaze and Social Cognition.Beata Stawarska - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):17-30.
    I examine the role of mutual gaze in social cognition. I start by discussing recent studies of joint visual attention in order to show that social cognition is operative in infancy prior to the emergence of theoretical skills required to make judgments about other people's states of mind. Such social cognition depends on the communicative potential inherent in human bodies. I proceed to examine this embodied social cognition in the context of Merleau-Ponty's views on vision. I expose some inner difficulties (...)
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  • Ideology, Perspective, and Praxis.Mary F. Rogers - 1979 - Human Studies 4 (1):145 - 164.
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  • Schutz and Parsons: Debate or Dialogue? [REVIEW]David Allan Rehorick - 1980 - Human Studies 3 (1):347 - 355.
  • Interpretive Sociology: The Theoretical Significance of Verstehen in the Constitution of Social Reality. [REVIEW]Arthur S. Parsons - 1978 - Human Studies 1 (1):111 - 137.
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  • Hope: A Phenomenological Prelude to Critical Social Theory. [REVIEW]Thomas Meisenhelder - 1982 - Human Studies 5 (1):195 - 212.
  • A Further Investigation of the Life-World.Thomas Meisenhelder - 1979 - Human Studies 2 (1):21 - 30.
  • The Postulate of Adequacy: Phenomenological Sociology and the Paradox of Science and Sociality.Raymond McLain - 1979 - Human Studies 4 (1):105 - 130.
  • Animal Faith, Puritanism, and the Schutz-Gurwitsch Debate: A Commentary. [REVIEW]Stanford M. Lyman - 1991 - Human Studies 14 (2-3):199 - 206.
  • Talcott Parsons and the Phenomenological Tradition in Sociology: An Unresolved Debate. [REVIEW]Bennetta Jules-Rosette - 1980 - Human Studies 3 (1):311 - 330.
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  • Effectiveness, Expertise and Excellence as Ideological Fictions: A Contribution to a Critical Phenomenology of the Formal Organization. [REVIEW]Roger Jehenson - 1984 - Human Studies 7 (3-4):3 - 21.
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  • Time and Communal Life, an Applied Phenomenology.John R. Hall - 1979 - Human Studies 2 (1):247 - 257.
  • Max Weber's Methodological Strategy and Comparative Lifeworld Phenomenology.John R. Hall - 1979 - Human Studies 4 (1):131 - 143.
  • Intersubjectivity and the Conceptualization of Communication.Lawrence Grossberg - 1982 - Human Studies 5 (1):213 - 235.
  • The Problem of Intersubjectivity: A Comparison of Martin Buber and Alfred Schutz.Frederick Grinnell - 1983 - Human Studies 6 (1):185 - 195.
    Alfred Schutz in his phenomenological studies on the social world, has systematically analyzed the nature of social relationships between individuals, and has arrived at an originating point involving intersubjectivity. This point is described by what he calls the Pure We-relationship. Comparison of Schutz's analysis of the Pure We relationship with Buber's description of his personal experience of intersubjectivity, i.e., the l-Thou relationship, reveals a remarkable convergence. For instance, fundamental to both Schutz and Buber are the notions that intersubjectivity is tied (...)
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  • A Phenomenological Approach to Inquiring Into an Ethically Bankrupted Organization: A Case Study of a Japanese Company. [REVIEW]Nobuyuki Chikudate - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (1):59 - 72.
    This study introduced a phenomenological approach to the study of the companies that committed corporate crimes. The author first developed the epistemology of normative control which is based on the philosophical ground of phenomenology, sociology of knowledge, ethnomethodology, Habermas's normative theories, and Foucault's normalizing discourse in the context of organizations. He, then, showed the procedures for conducting a qualitative and phenomenological empirical case study of an aggressive Japanese company whose name appeared in the media for its scandal in Tokyo. The (...)
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  • Cognitive Functions, Bodily Sensibility and the Brain.Jay Schulkin - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4):341-349.
    Body representations traverse the whole of the brain. They provide vital sources of information for every facet of an animal’s behavior, and such direct neural connectivity of visceral input throughout the nervous system demonstrates just how strongly cognitive systems are linked to bodily representations. At each level of the neural axis there are visceral appraisal systems that are integral in the organization of action. Cognition is not one side of a divide and viscera the other, with action merely a reflexive (...)
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  • The Political Philosophy of Intersubjectivity and the Logic of Discourse.Pyung-Joong Yoon - 2001 - Human Studies 24 (1-2):57-68.
    This paper is concerned with the competing and complimentary relationships between intersubjectivity and discursive logic. It contends that the ultimate failure of Husserlian phenomenology is a testament to the dilemma of subjectivist philosophy. Indeed, political philosophy requires a paradigm-shift from subjectivity to intersubjectivity. With this in mind, this paper examines the classical encounter between morality and ethical life in connection with discursive ethics. While it argues that Habermas still retains a strong residue of subjectivist philosophy, it attempts to clarify the (...)
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  • Odors and Private Language: Observations on the Phenomenology of Scent. [REVIEW]Uri Almagor - 1990 - Human Studies 13 (3):253-274.
  • Sensoriality, Social Interaction, and ‘Doing Sensing’ in Physical-Cultural Ethnographies.Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson, Gareth McNarry & Adam B. Evans - 2021 - Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 50 (5):599-621.
    As recently highlighted, despite a burgeoning field of sensory ethnography, the practices, production, and accountability of the senses in specific social interactional contexts remain sociologically under-explored. To contribute original insights to a literature on the sensuous body in physical–cultural contexts, here we adopt an ethnomethodologically sensitive perspective to focus on the accomplishment, social organization, and accountability of sensoriality in interaction. Exploring instances of the senses at work in social interaction, we utilize data from two ethnographic research projects to investigate the (...)
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  • One Step Further: The Dance Between Poetic Dwelling and Socratic Wonder in Phenomenological Research.Finn T. Hansen - 2012 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 12 (sup2):1-20.
    The phenomenological attitude is essential for practising phenomenology. Many refer to wonder and wonderment as basic attitudes and ways of being present with and listening to phenomena. In this article a critical view is placed on the typically psychologically-loaded language and tonality that is used by phenomenological researchers in the human sciences in order to describe the wonder and openness they try to be a part of when doing phenomenology. With reference to the difference between Heidegger’s and Gadamer’s views on (...)
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  • Teaching Phenomenology to Qualitative Researchers, Cognitive Scientists, and Phenomenologists.Shaun Gallagher & Denis Francesconi - 2012 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 12 (sup3):183-192.
    The authors examine several issues in teaching phenomenology to advanced researchers who are doing qualitative research using phenomenological interview methods in disciplines such as psychology, nursing, or education, and to advanced researchers in the cognitive neurosciences. In these contexts, the term "teaching" needs to be taken in a general and non-didactic way. In the case of the first group, it involves guiding doctoral students in their conception and design of a qualitative methodology that is properly phenomenological. In the case of (...)
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  • Earth(L)y Pleasures and Air-Borne Bodies: Elemental Haptics in Women’s Cross-Country Running.Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson & Patricia Jackman - 2021 - International Review for the Sociology of Sport 3 (Online early).
    A rich and multi-stranded sociology of sporting embodiment has begun to emerge in recent years. Calls have been made to analyze more deeply not only the sensory dimensions of lived sporting bodies but also the values prevailing within particular physical–cultural worlds. This article contributes to a small, developing research corpus by employing theoretical perspectives drawn from phenomenological sociology to explore cross-country runners' sensory encounters with the elemental, contoured by the values of the running lifeworlds they inhabit. Autoethnographic and autophenomenographic data (...)
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  • Accounting for the Banking Crisis: Repertoires of Agency and Structure.Andrea Whittle & Frank Mueller - 2016 - Critical Discourse Studies 13 (1):20-40.
    ABSTRACTIn this article, we conduct a discourse analysis of the testimony of the leaders of British banks during a UK public inquiry into the financial crisis. We examine the discursive devices that were used to handle the accountability of banking leaders, particularly their role in the events leading up to the collapse and subsequent state bail-out of the banks. Our analysis identifies two competing interpretative repertoires: an agentic repertoire and a structural repertoire. These repertoires are significant, we suggest, because they (...)
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  • Feminist Phenomenology and the Woman in the Running Body.Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):297 - 313.
    Modern phenomenology, with its roots in Husserlian philosophy, has been taken up and utilised in a myriad of ways within different disciplines, but until recently has remained relatively underused within sports studies. A corpus of sociological-phenomenological work is now beginning to develop in this domain, alongside a longer-standing literature in feminist phenomenology. These specific social-phenomenological forms explore the situatedness of lived-body experience within a particular social structure. After providing a brief overview of key strands of phenomenology, this article considers some (...)
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  • Phenomenology of Joint Attention.Timothy Martell - 2010 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 10 (2):1-10.
    It is one thing for two or more persons to perceive the same object, and it is quite another for two or more persons to perceive the same object together. The latter phenomenon is called joint attention and has recently garnered considerable interest from psychologists. However, contemporary psychological research has not succeeded in clarifying how persons can share perception of an object. Joint attention thus stands in need of phenomenological clarification. Surprisingly, this has yet to be offered. Phenomenologists have provided (...)
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  • Difficulties Encountered in the Application of the Phenomenological Method in the Social Sciences.Amedeo Giorgi - 2008 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 8 (1):1-9.
    While it is heartening to see that more researchers in the field of the social sciences are using some version of the phenomenological method, it is also disappointing to see that very often some of the steps employed do not follow phenomenological logic. In this paper, several dissertations are reviewed in order to point out some of the difficulties that are encountered in attempting to use some version of the phenomenological method. Difficulties encountered centred on the phenomenological reduction, the use (...)
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  • Triple Contingency: The Theoretical Problem of the Public in Communication Societies.Piet Strydom - 1999 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (2):1-25.
    This paper seeks to show that the proposition of 'double contingency' introduced by Parsons and defended by Luhmann and Habermas is insufficient under the conditions of contemporary communication societies. In the latter context, the increasing differentiation and organization of communication processes eventuated in the recognition of the epistemic authority of the public, which in turn compels us to conceptualize a new level of contingency. A first step is therefore taken to capture the role of the public in communication societies theoretically (...)
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  • Empathy and Openness: Practices of Intersubjectivity at the Core of the Science of Consciousness.Natalie Depraz & Diego Cosmelli - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (sup1):163-203.
  • The Phenomenological Method Revisited: Towards Comparative Studies and Non-Theological Interpretations of the Religious Experience.Åke Sander - 2014 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 4 (1).
    During the last decades, two major and interrelated themes have dominated the study of religion: (a) the theme claiming that the long taken-for-granted so-called secularization thesis was all wrong, and (b) the theme of the so-called “return” or “resurgence of religion”. This global revival of religion — on micro, meso and macro levels — has been chronicled in a number of important books lately. As even a quick glance in some of the many textbooks about religious studies reveal that there (...)
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  • Detroit Bike City and the Reconstitution of Community.D. R. Koukal - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):716-729.
    In recent years a burgeoning bicycle culture has reanimated the city of Detroit. The following essay analyzes this reanimation through the themes of embodiment, mobility, spatiality, and the intersubjective creation of place, using the techniques of phenomenology. The description that emerges is an evolving social ontology with implications for cities like Detroit. In such cities any plan for re-urbanization must re-conceptualize both transportation schemas and public space on terrain once dominated by the automobile. The provisional phenomenological description on offer here (...)
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  • The Changing Nature of the Phenomenological Method: Lessons Learned From Dialogical Psychotherapy Research.Richard S. Zayed - 2008 - Janus Head 10 (2):551-577.
    The human science or qualitative approaches to research have always argued that methodology must be determined by the subject matter under study. Yet the same approaches to data collection and data analysis have been utilized by these approaches since their inception. The most essential lesson of van den Berg's metabletics is that no phenomenon is static or absolute. If human phenomena are ever-changing then the methodologies we use to study them must also change and adapt, so that we can more (...)
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  • Socio-Phenomenology and Conversation Analysis: Interpreting Video Lifeworld Healthcare Interactions.Jane Bickerton, Sue Procter, Barbara Johnson & Angel Medina - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (4):271-281.
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  • Future Directiveness Within the South African Domestic Workers’ Work-Life Cycle: Considering Exit Strategies.Christel Marais & Christo van Wyk - 2015 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 15 (1):1-14.
    The pervasiveness of domestic employment in the South African context gives rise to the question as to why women not only enter into, but remain in, such an undervalued work situation, and whether they are ultimately able to exit this sector. Contextualising the sectoral engagement of domestic workers as a transitional work-life cycle characterised by impoverishment, limited alternatives, acceptance of the work context, and future directedness, with individual transition through these phases determined by a unique set of circumstances, female domestic (...)
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  • Empathy, Embodiment and Interpersonal Understanding: From Lipps to Schutz.Dan Zahavi - 2010 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):285-306.
    When it comes to understanding the nature of social cognition, we have—according to the standard view—a choice between the simulation theory, the theory-theory or some hybrid between the two. The aim of this paper is to argue that there are, in fact, other options available, and that one such option has been articulated by various thinkers belonging to the phenomenological tradition. More specifically, the paper will contrast Lipps' account of empathy—an account that has recently undergone something of a revival in (...)
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