Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Mellor's ‘Bridge–Hand’ Argument.B. L. Hebblethwaite - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):473-479.
    In his article ‘God and Probability’, 1 Hugh Mellor introduced the notion of the ‘ bridge -hand fallacy’, allegedly committed by those who think they can appeal to probabilities in arguments for design. I should like to give this notion another airing, partly because of its recent criticism in two interesting books - R. G. Swinburne' The Existence of God and D. J. Bartholomew's God of Chance - and partly because it seems worth asking how it fares in relation to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Uma avaliação do argumento ontológico modal de Plantinga.Domingos Faria - 2016 - Kairos: Journal of Philosophy and Science 15 (1):71-84.
    My aim in this paper is to critically assess Plantinga’s modal ontological argument for existence of God, such as it is presented in the book “The Nature of Necessity” (1974). Plantinga tries to show that this argument is (i) valid and (ii) it is rational to believe in his main premise, namely “there is a possible world in which maximal greatness is instantiated”. On the one hand, I want to show that this argument is logically valid in both systems B (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Aspects of the Philosophy of Kai Nielsen.Hugo Meynell - 1986 - Dialogue 25 (1):83-.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Primitive Reactions and the Reactions of Primitives: The 1983 Marett Lecture.D. Z. Phillips - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (2):165 - 180.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Miracles and Laws of Nature.E. J. Lowe - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (2):263-78.
    Construing miracles as \textquotedblleft{}violations,\textquotedblright I argue that a law of nature must specify some kind of possibility. But we must have here a sense of possibility for which the ancient rule of logic---ab esse ad posse valet consequentia---does not hold. We already have one example associated with the concept of statute law, a law which specifies what is legally possible but which is not destroyed by a violation. If laws of nature are construed as specifying some analogous sense of what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Is God a Person?Gary Legenhausen - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):307 - 323.
    The most striking difference between Christian and Muslim theologies is that while, for Christians, God is a person, Muslims worship an impersonal deity. Despite the importance of this difference for a host of theological issues, it is a difference which has gone largely unnoticed by Christians and Muslims alike. Yet Christians everywhere will affirm that God is a person, while the average Muslim will readily deny this. Theism is often defined by philosophers of religion who work in the Christian tradition (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Mysticism and Experience.Grace M. Jantzen - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (3):295 - 315.
  • Reconceiving Miracles.James E. Gilman - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):477 - 487.
    I reject the Humean approach to the possibility of miracles and offer a tradition-constituted approach which argues for the possibility of miracles. The Humean tradition, I argue, is based on three false assumptions: one, that the laws of nature are prescriptive and hence inevitable; two, that consequently miracles must be conceived as violations of laws of nature and hence impossible; and three, that miracles so conceived must therefore be ascertainable by nontheists and theists alike. In contrast, I argue, one, that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The One That Got Away: Leslie's Universes.Jonathan Katz - 1990 - Dialogue 29 (4):589-.
  • Philosophy, Drama and Literature.Rick Benitez - 2010 - In Graham Oppy & Steve Gardner (eds.), Companion to Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University Press. pp. 371-372.
    Philosophy and Literature is an internationally renowned refereed journal founded by Denis Dutton at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch. It is now published by the Johns Hopkins University Press. Since its inception in 1976, Philosophy and Literature has been concerned with the relation between literary and philosophical studies, publishing articles on the philosophical interpretation of literature as well as the literary treatment of philosophy. Philosophy and Literature has sometimes been regarded as iconoclastic, in the sense that it repudiates academic pretensions, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Enciclopédia de Termos Lógico-Filosóficos.João Branquinho, Desidério Murcho & Nelson Gonçalves Gomes (eds.) - 2006 - São Paulo, SP, Brasil: Martins Fontes.
    Esta enciclopédia abrange, de uma forma introdutória mas desejavelmente rigorosa, uma diversidade de conceitos, temas, problemas, argumentos e teorias localizados numa área relativamente recente de estudos, os quais tem sido habitual qualificar como «estudos lógico-filosóficos». De uma forma apropriadamente genérica, e apesar de o território teórico abrangido ser extenso e de contornos por vezes difusos, podemos dizer que na área se investiga um conjunto de questões fundamentais acerca da natureza da linguagem, da mente, da cognição e do raciocínio humanos, bem (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • God is Not a Person.Simon Hewitt - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (3):281-296.
    This paper transforms a development of an argument against pantheism into an objection to the usual account of God within contemporary analytic philosophy. A standard criticism of pantheism has it that pantheists cannot offer a satisfactory account of God as personal. My paper will develop this criticism along two lines: first, that personhood requires contentful mental states, which in turn necessitate the membership of a linguistic community, and second that personhood requires limitation within a wider context constitutive of the ’setting’ (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Common Minds, Uncommon Thoughts: A Philosophical Anthropological Investigation of Uniquely Human Creative Behavior, with an Emphasis on Artistic Ability, Religious Reflection, and Scientific Study.Johan De Smedt - unknown
    The aim of this dissertation is to create a naturalistic philosophical picture of creative capacities that are specific to our species, focusing on artistic ability, religious reflection, and scientific study. By integrating data from diverse domains within a philosophical anthropological framework, I have presented a cognitive and evolutionary approach to the question of why humans, but not other animals engage in such activities. Through an application of cognitive and evolutionary perspectives to the study of these behaviors, I have sought to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Mackiean Supervenience Challenge.Victor Moberger - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (1):219-236.
    Non-naturalists about normativity hold that there are instantiable normative properties which are metaphysically discontinuous with natural properties. One of the central challenges to non-naturalism is how to reconcile this discontinuity with the supervenience of the normative on the natural. Drawing on J. L. Mackie’s seminal but highly compressed discussion in Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong, this paper argues that the supervenience challenge as usually conceived is merely a symptom of a more fundamental challenge in the vicinity.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Empiricism and Intelligent Design I: Three Empiricist Challenges.Sebastian Lutz - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (3):665-679.
    Due to the logical relations between theism and intelligent design (id), there are two challenges to theism that also apply to id. In the falsifiability challenge, it is charged that theism is compatible with every observation statement and thus asserts nothing. I argue that the contentious assumptions of this challenge can be avoided without loss of precision by charging theism (and thus id) directly with the lack of observational assertions. In the translatability challenge, it is charged that theism can be (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Molinism and Divine Prophecy of Free Actions.Graham Oppy & Mark Saward - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (2):1-10.
    Among challenges to Molinism, the challenge posed by divine prophecy of human free action has received insufficient attention. We argue that this challenge is a significant addition to the array of challenges that confront Molinism.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Mükemmellik Ve Ontolojik Kanıt.Münteha Beki - 2016 - Dini Araştırmalar 18 (47).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Waging War on Pascal's Wager.Alan Hájek - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (1):27-56.
    Pascal’s Wager is simply too good to be true—or better, too good to be sound. There must be something wrong with Pascal’s argument that decision-theoretic reasoning shows that one must (resolve to) believe in God, if one is rational. No surprise, then, that critics of the argument are easily found, or that they have attacked it on many fronts. For Pascal has given them no dearth of targets.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  • The Persecutor's Wager.Craig Duncan - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (1):1-50.
  • Criteria of Empirical Significance: Foundations, Relations, Applications.Sebastian Lutz - 2012 - Dissertation, Utrecht University
    This dissertation consists of three parts. Part I is a defense of an artificial language methodology in philosophy and a historical and systematic defense of the logical empiricists' application of an artificial language methodology to scientific theories. These defenses provide a justification for the presumptions of a host of criteria of empirical significance, which I analyze, compare, and develop in part II. On the basis of this analysis, in part III I use a variety of criteria to evaluate the scientific (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • تحلیل و نقد برهان وجوب و امکان آکوئیناس.طیبه رضایی ره & محمد جواد رضایی ره - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 20 (76):120-140.
    آکوئیناس، برخلاف تلقی شارحان بزرگی چون ژیلسون، نه تصحیحی در برهان‌های امکان سینوی و ابن‌رشدی صورت داده است، و نه اساساً به مواضع اختلاف آن‌ها آگاهی داشته است. از این رو حتی نتوانسته است در موارد اختلاف آنها، آگاهانه وارد بحث شود و داوری درستی بکند یا دست کم از یکی از آن دو آگاهانه جانبداری کند. تقریر‌ نخست او ترکیبی ناشیانه از تقریرهای سینوی و ابن‌رشدی است که حاکی از عدم تسلط او بر مبانی فلسفی ابن‌سینا و ابن‌رشد است. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Mistaken Morality? An Essay on Moral Error Theory.Emma Beckman - 2018 - Dissertation, Umeå University
    This dissertation explores arguments and questions related to moral error theory – the idea that morality inevitably involves a fundamental and serious error such that moral judgments and statements never come out true. It is suggested that the truth of error theory remains a non-negligible possibility, and that we for this reason should take a version of moral fictionalism seriously. I begin by defining error theory as the claim that moral judgments are beliefs with moral propositions as content, moral utterances (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Moral Error Theory and the Problem of Evil.Chris Daly - 2009 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (2):89 - 105.
    Moral error theory claims that no moral sentence is (nonvacuously) true. Atheism claims that the existence of evil in the world is incompatible with, or makes improbable, the existence of God. Is moral error theory compatible with atheism? This paper defends the thesis that it is compatible against criticisms by Nicholas Sturgeon.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Science and Politics: Dangerous Liaisons.Neven Sesardić - 1992 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 23 (1):129-151.
    In contrast to the opinion of numerous authors (e.g. R. Rudner, P. Kitcher, L. R. Graham, M. Dummett, N. Chomsky, R. Lewontin, etc.) it is argued here that the formation of opinion in science should be greatly insulated from political considerations. Special attention is devoted to the view that methodological standards for evaluation of scientific theories ought to vary according to the envisaged political uses of these theories.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • From Biological Inhibitions to Cultural Prohibitions, or How Not to Refute Edward Westermarck.Neven Sesardic - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):413-426.
    My aim in this paper is to take a closer look at an influential argument that purports to prove that the existence of cultural prohibitions could never be explained by biological inhibitions. The argument is two-pronged. The first prong reduces to the claim: inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions simply because inhibitions undermine the raison dêtre of prohibitions. The second strategy consists in arguing that inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions because the two differ importantly in their contents. I try to show that both (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Animal Suffering as a Challenge to Theistic Theodicy.Andrea Aguti - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 78 (4-5):498-510.
    In the current debate on theodicy, the problem of animal suffering is becoming increasingly relevant, as demonstrated by some recent books devoted to this topic. Such a problem is particularly challenging for a theistic theodicy, as its traditional arguments do not seem able to deal with it. In the first instance, the article aims to provide a brief overview of the main arguments sustained by theists regarding animal suffering, and secondly to provide an evaluation of such arguments which might be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Are There Distinctively Moral Reasons?Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):699-717.
    A dogma of contemporary normative theorizing holds that some reasons are distinctively moral while others are not. Call this view Reasons Pluralism. This essay looks at four approaches to vindicating the apparent distinction between moral and non-moral reasons. In the end, however, all are found wanting. Though not dispositive, the failure of these approaches supplies strong evidence that the dogma of Reasons Pluralism is ill-founded.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Hume and the Argument for Biological Design.Graham Oppy - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):519-534.
    There seems to be a widespread conviction — evidenced, for example, in the work of Mackie, Dawkins and Sober — that it is Darwinian rather than Humean considerations which deal the fatal logical blow to arguments for intelligent design. I argue that this conviction cannot be well-founded. If there are current logically decisive objections to design arguments, they must be Humean — for Darwinian considerations count not at all against design arguments based upon apparent cosmological fine-tuning. I argue, further, that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Defining Atheism and the Burden of Proof.Shoaib Ahmed Malik - 2018 - Philosophy 93 (2):279-301.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Is Theism a Simple, and Hence Probable, Explanation for the Universe?J. Ostrowick - 2012 - South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):354-368.
    Richard Swinburne, in his The Existence of God (2004), presents a cosmological argument in defence of theism (Swinburne 1991: 119, 135). God, Swinburne argues, is more likely to bring about an ordered universe than other states (ibid.: 144, 299). To defend this view, Swinburne presents the following arguments: (1) That this ordered universe is a priori improbable (2004: 49, 150, 1991: 304 et seq.), given the stringent requirements for life (cf. also Leslie 2000: 12), and the Second Law of Thermodynamics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Toward a Sound Perspective on Modern Physics: Capra's Popularization of Mysticism and Theological Approaches Reexamined.Robert K. Clifton & Marilyn G. Regehr - 1990 - Zygon 25 (1):73-104.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Regularities, Laws, and an Exceedingly Modest Premise for a Cosmological Argument.Travis Dumsday - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 83 (1):111-123.
    In reply to certain cosmological arguments for theism, critics regularly argue that the causal principle ex nihilo nihil fit may be false. Various theistic counter-replies to this challenge have emerged. One type of strategy is to double down on ex nihilo nihil fit. Another, very different strategy of counter-reply is to grant for the sake of argument that the principle is false, while maintaining that sound cosmological arguments can be formulated even with this concession in place. Notably, one can employ (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • What God Might Be.John Leslie - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):63-75.
    As Plato suggested, the cosmos may exist because this is ethically necessary. It then might well consist of infinitely many minds, each itself infinite through eternally knowing all that was worth knowing. Our universe would exist inside one of them, as a pattern in its thought. But intrinsic value could be a fiction, making Plato’s suggestion a non-starter. Again, indeterministic free will might have immense value. Those infinite minds could then differ from one another in constantly changing ways through the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • A Kuhnian Critique of Hume on Miracles.Joshua Kulmac Butler - forthcoming - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-21.
    In Part I of “Of Miracles,” Hume argues that belief in miracle-testimony is never justified. While Hume’s argument has been widely criticized and defended along a number of different veins, including its import on scientific inquiry, this paper takes a novel approach by comparing Hume’s argument with Thomas Kuhn’s account of scientific anomalies. This paper makes two arguments: first that certain types of scientific anomalies—those that conflict with the corresponding paradigm theory—are analogous to miracles in the relevant ways. Note, importantly, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Role of Metaphysical Naturalism in Science.Martin Mahner - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (10):1437–1459.
  • Applying Scientific Openmindedness to Religion and Science Education.Tom Settle - 1996 - Science & Education 5 (2):125-141.
  • Is Religious Education Compatible with Science Education?Martin Mahner & Mario Bunge - 1996 - Science & Education 5 (2):101-123.
  • A Resolution to Theeuthyphrodilemma.Simin Rahimi - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (5):753-766.
  • Against Beck: In Defence of Risk Analysis.Scott Campbell & Greg Currie - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (2):149-172.
    For more than 10 years, Ulrich Beck has dominated discussion of risk issues in the social sciences. We argue that Beck's criticisms of the theory and practise of risk analysis are groundless. His understanding of what risk is is badly flawed. His attempt to identify risk and risk perception fails. He misunderstands and distorts the use of probability in risk analysis. His comments about the insurance industry show that he does not understand some of the basics of that industry. And (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Simplicity, Prior Probability and Inductive Arguments for Theism.Marc Marenco - 1988 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (3):225-235.