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Knowledge Societies

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  1. Rational Democracy, Deliberation, and Reality.Manfred Prisching - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (2-3):185-225.
    Deliberative democracy is unrealistic, but so are rational-choice models of democracy. The elements of reality that rationalistic theories of democracy leave out are the very elements that deliberative democrats would need to subtract if their theory were to be applied to reality. The key problem is not, however, the altruistic orientation that deliberative democrats require; opinion researchers know that voters are already sociotropic, not self-interested. Rather, as Schumpeter saw, the problems lie in understanding politics, government, and economics under modern?and postmodern?conditions. (...)
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  • Cities, Knowledge and Universities: Transformations in the Image of the Intangible.Tim May & Beth Perry - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3 & 4):259 – 282.
    The current higher educational landscape in the UK is marked by complex sets of expectations, accompanied by efforts to encourage universities into diversifying and stratifying functions. Yet the picture is far from clear and a number of tensions and contradictions remain, such as in relation to incentivisation and reward structures which impact differentially on universities. For universities that attempt to translate these agendas into meaningful actions at the local level, the result is a mixture of enthusiasm, engagement, retreat and defence. (...)
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  • Science, Society and the University: A Paradox of Values.Beth Perry - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3 & 4):201 – 219.
    The existence of conflicting messages on the role and status of the university is linked to a wider paradox of values about science in society. Value is attributed to science and assumed by the university in the context of the move to knowledge-based economies and societies, yet this has not been accompanied by a systematic and balanced debate about the values that should underpin socio-economic change. Questions are then raised about both the effectiveness of public policy and the role of (...)
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  • International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2014 - Springer.
    This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the (...)
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  • Digital Innovation and the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Epochal Social Changes?Loris Caruso - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (3):379-392.
    ITC technologies have come to comprehensively represent images and expectations of the future. Hopes of ongoing progress, economic growth, skill upgrading and possibly also democratisation are attached to new ICTs as well as fears of totalitarian control, alienation, job loss and insecurity. Currently, with the terms "Industry 4.0." and ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution”, public institutions, private institutions, and literature refer to the inchoate transformation of production of goods and services resulting from the application of a new wave of technological innovations: interconnected (...)
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  • 'Explicating Ways of Consensus-Making: Distinguishing the Academic, the Interface and the Meta-Consensus.Laszlo Kosolosky & Jeroen Van Bouwel - 2014 - In Carlo Martini (ed.), Experts and Consensus in Social Science. Berlin: Springer. pp. 71-92.
  • The Cultural Work of Office Charisma: Maintaining Professional Power in Psychotherapy.Mariana Craciun - 2016 - Theory and Society 45 (4):361-383.
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  • The Evolution of a National Research Funding System: Transformative Change Through Layering and Displacement.Kaare Aagaard - 2017 - Minerva 55 (3):279-297.
    This article outlines the evolution of a national research funding system over a timespan of more than 40 years and analyzes the development from a rather stable Humboldt-inspired floor funding model to a complex multi-tiered system where new mechanisms continually have been added on top of the system. Based on recent contributions to Historical Institutionalism it is shown how layering and displacement processes gradually have changed the funding system along a number of dimensions and thus how a series of minor (...)
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  • Globalization and Scientific Research: The Emerging Triple Helix of State-Industry-University Relations in Japan and Singapore.Zaheer Baber - 2001 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 21 (5):401-408.
    The specific nature and dynamic of the emerging triple helix of state-industry-university relations in Japan and Singapore is analyzed in this article. The impact of globalization and the emergence of trans-disciplinary scientific fields on this institutional reconstitution are examined. Overall, the implications of these transformations for the debates over the knowledge society are discussed.
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  • The Shift in Academic Quality Control.Søren Barlebo Rasmussen & Sven Hemlin - 2006 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 31 (2):173-198.
    Quality control is an important and integrated part of the scientific system. However, developments in science and society are changing quality control into quality monitoring. New, virtual, and fluid organizational forms are emerging. Common boundaries are seen as being broken down as, for example, in the “triple helix” and the “mode 2” concepts. The stakeholders in science are showing an interest in being more involved in science. They want their evaluation criteria to be used, and they want evaluations to be (...)
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  • Informational Ideas.Arnoldi Jakob - 2007 - Thesis Eleven 89 (1):58-73.
    Based on an empirical study of the British think tank Demos, the article deliberates on the nature of current political ideas. The key argument is that such a deliberation must take into account not only ideas of production but also ideas of mediation. The article argues that the ability to disseminate, brand, and market political ideas in the public sphere through the mass media is a crucial part of the activities of modern idea producers such as think tanks. Ideas are (...)
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  • Deciphering Information Technologies: Modern Societies as Networks.Nico Stehr - 2000 - European Journal of Social Theory 3 (1):83-94.
    This essay advances two sets of critical observations about Manuel Castells's suggestion and detailed elaboration of the idea that modern society from the 1980s onwards constitutes a network society and that the unity in the diversity of global restructuring has to be seen in the massive deployment of information and communication technologies in all spheres of modern social life. The criticism attends to the possibility that the emphasis on the social role of information technologies in advanced society amounts to a (...)
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  • Consumption Between Market and Morals: A Socio-Cultural Consideration of Moralized Markets.Marian Adolf & Nico Stehr - 2010 - European Journal of Social Theory 13 (2):213-228.
    At a time when the formerly strictly separated roles of citizen and consumer are arguably blurry, and when once powerful social institutions increasingly must yield to new social forces based on heightened knowledgeability and historically unprecedented wealth, it is likely that the economy of modern society is also subject to implicit changes. In this article, we argue that traditional theories of the market are increasingly losing their basis for analysing economic relationships as purely rational acts of exchange and utility maximization. (...)
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  • Divining the Future of Social Theory: From Theology to Rhetoric Via Social Epistemology.Steve Fuller - 1998 - European Journal of Social Theory 1 (1):107-126.
    The fertility of contemporary social theory is matched only by its problematic relationship to its past. The future of social theory therefore lies with a renegotiation of that relationship. I begin by unearthing the theological origins of theorizing and its secularization as epistemology in the 19th century. I then provide an account of the recent renaissance in social theory - epitomized by the various `structure-agency' debates - that reveals its intellectual kinship to scholastic theology. I diagnose this scholasticism in terms (...)
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  • Capitalism or Information Society? The Fundamental Question of the Present Structure of Society.Christian Fuchs - 2013 - European Journal of Social Theory 16 (4):413-434.
    Theodor W. Adorno asked in 1968: What is the fundamental question of the present structure of society? Do we live in late capitalism or an industrial society? In today’s society, we can reformulate this question: What is the fundamental question of the present structure of society? Do we live in capitalism or an information society? This article deals with these questions. A typology of information society theories is presented. Radical discontinuous information society theories, sceptical views and continuous information society theories (...)
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  • Transformations in Academic Production: Content, Context and Consequence.Tim May - 2005 - European Journal of Social Theory 8 (2):193-209.
    Universities are subject to considerable changes as environmental pressures increasingly place their futures in question. As core sites of social scientific activity, it is important to understand not only why these changes are occurring, but their consequences for practices within universities. Without this and a concern with the future, their distinction and value as sites of activity are left to those whose instrumental practices are short-term and act according to apparent economic necessities. Frequently, explanations for this state of affairs focus (...)
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  • The ‘Knowledge-Based Economy’ and the Relationship Between the Economy and Society in Contemporary Capitalism.Loris Caruso - 2016 - European Journal of Social Theory 19 (3):409-430.
    According to the main theories of the knowledge-based economy, the recent transformations of capitalism are the origins of a general societal change. Managerial theories consider KBE to be a series of win-win mechanisms that simultaneously favour firms, workers and consumers. The cognitive capitalism theory perceives in the development of cognitive capitalism signs of the formation of a post-capitalist economy. This article discusses the main features of these two theoretical orientations and identifies some core ambivalences in KBE. The relationship between the (...)
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  • Dimensions and Antinomies of Modernization in the Globalized World.Yuriy Savelyev - 2020 - Thesis Eleven 158 (1):81-95.
    Existing theoretical interpretations contend that modernization is a global but diverse and multidimensional process. Yet, a systematic analysis of multiple forms of modernity and modernization ‘is the major challenge to current social and political theory’. The paper aims at revealing limitations of current theoretical interpretations of modernization and demonstrating systematically essential features of modernity. I describe the crucial criteria of modernization and suggest an integrated approach within which the most influential theories are simultaneously applied as coherent explanations. Such a synergic (...)
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  • The Problem of Expertise in Knowledge Societies.Reiner Grundmann - 2017 - Minerva 55 (1):25-48.
    This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be discussed with regard to influential theoretical frameworks, such as laboratory studies, regulatory science, lay expertise, post-normal science, and honest brokers. An alternative framework of expertise is introduced, showing (...)
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  • Ethos and Symbolic Violence Among Women of Science: An Empirical Study.Andrea Cerroni & Zenia Simonella - 2012 - Social Science Information 51 (2):165-182.
    While scientific challenges raise relevant debates about the ethics of science, the scientific ethos, shattered by post-Mertonian studies, has received neither due attention nor further conceptualizations in view of the transition to knowledge society. On the contrary, in our investigation of Italian women scientists, it appears to have survived as a reference for scientists, even if the context has changed. Indeed, the ethos of scientists is no longer conceivable as exclusive, but is instead seen as open and dynamic in interaction (...)
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  • The Power of Knowledge: Race Science, Race Policy, and the Holocaust.Jay Weinstein & Nico Stehr - 1999 - Social Epistemology 13 (1):3-35.
    From the beginning of the scientific revolution, scientists, philosophers, and laypersons have been concerned about the effects of knowledge on social relations. Although views differ about the details of this knowledge-society interface, most observers have understood that the kind of knowledge that emanates from establishedscience can indeed be quite powerful in practice. In exploring both the nature of race science discourse and selected features of the practical context within which it resonates effectively, the authors' investigationsof this field and its contribution (...)
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  • Science as a Self-Organizing Meta-Information System.Christian Fuchs - unknown
    Four basic problems that a theory of science has to deal with concern epistemology, structure, causality, and dynamics of science. These problems deal with the relationship of induction/deduction, actors/structures, internal/external factors, and continuity/discontinuity. Traditionally they have been solved one-sidedly. Considering science as a self-organizing system allows a more integrative approach. Science is a complex, nonlinear system that is made up of two moments: scientific actors and scientific structures. Scientific self-organization operates synchronously and diachronically. Synchronous scientific self-organization is a mutual production (...)
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  • Recapturing the Universal in the University.Ronald Barnett - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (6):785–797.
    The idea of ‘the university’ has stood for universal themes—of knowing, of truthfulness, of learning, of human development, and of critical reason. Through its affirming and sustaining of such themes, the university came itself to stand for universality in at least two senses: the university was neither partial nor local in its significance . Now, this universalism has been shot down: on the one hand, universal themes have been impugned as passé in a postmodern age; in the ‘knowledge society’, knowledge (...)
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  • Going Public: Good Scientific Conduct.Gitte Meyer & Peter Sandøe - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):173-197.
    The paper addresses issues of scientific conduct regarding relations between science and the media, relations between scientists and journalists, and attitudes towards the public at large. In the large and increasing body of literature on scientific conduct and misconduct, these issues seem underexposed as ethical challenges. Consequently, individual scientists here tend to be left alone with problems and dilemmas, with no guidance for good conduct. Ideas are presented about how to make up for this omission. Using a practical, ethical approach, (...)
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  • Introduction: The University Revisited.Maarten Simons, Barbara Haverhals & Gert Biesta - 2007 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (5):395-404.
    Although universities are asked to play a role in the European knowledge society, the precise scope and meaning of this role is still under discussion. A major issue in this debate is the trend to adapt universities to economic needs and demands of society. In view of taking a critical stance against a one-sided economic interpretation of activities and functions of universities, their so-called “public” role is increasingly stressed in the debate as a crucial responsibility of universities that should not (...)
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  • Stakeholder Approach: What Effects Should We Take Into Account in Contemporary Societies? [REVIEW]Jose Maria Lopez-De-Pedro & Eva Rimbau-Gilabert - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):147-158.
    In recent years, the stakeholder approach has been widely applied in the debate on corporate social responsibility (CSR). Although many authors of this approach have reviewed many elements of the model, they have unconditionally accepted several criteria assumed by Freeman ( 1984 ) to identify stakeholders. In general, stakeholder authors have assumed that (a) the company establishes dyadic relationships with other agents, and (b) decisions made by a company only have foreseen and direct effects on other agents. These criteria have (...)
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  • Approaching a Viable Comprehension of the Knowledge Society.Josef Hochgerner - 2009 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 31 (3-4):37-44.
    With different cultures and changing times, a meaning of the same phenomena may vary. This applies also to knowledge in knowledge society: a plurality of bodies of knowledge will be preserved depending on social context, cultural significance, values and interests of the concerned groups. However, addressing the topic of the emerging knowledge society, particularly the “knowledge cultures”, implies addressing the issue of “change”: social change, socio-economic change, cultural change, changes in technology, life styles, and “environmental baselines”. A new “knowledge paradox” (...)
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  • Ética de la alteridad para la Sociedad del Conocimiento: Los desafíos de la educación: The "Otherness" Ethics for a Society of Knowledge: The Challenge of Education.M. C. De Ita Rubio - 2006 - Estudios de Filosofía Práctica E Historia de Las Ideas 8:91-102.
    El texto presenta algunas consideraciones acerca de las principales relaciones que se establecen en el momento presente entre la ética, la política y la educación, tres dimensiones fundamentales e interrelacionados en la existencia humana, analizándolas en su expresión en las circunstancias características de los ámbitos socioeconómico, político y cultural. A partir del análisis de estas interrelaciones, se pretende delinear algunas propuestas para una convivencia armónica y respetuosa entre los seres humanos en el siglo XXI, a través de una formación ciudadana (...)
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  • Care of the Self in a Knowledge Economy: Higher Education, Vocation and the Ethics of Michel Foucault.John Drummond - 2003 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (1):57-69.
  • Participación ciudadana y cultura científica.José Antonio López Cerezo - 2005 - Arbor 181 (715):351-362.
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  • Petits Differends: A Reflection on Aspects of Lyotard's Philosophy for Quality of Care.John S. Drummond - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):224-233.
  • Knowledge À la Mode: The Rise of Knowledge Management and its Implications for Views of Knowledge Production.Harry Scarbrough - 2001 - Social Epistemology 15 (3):201 – 213.
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  • Universities: Space, Governance and Transformation.Tim May - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3 & 4):333 – 345.
    This paper takes up the themes in the articles and examines not only the environmental changes that are taking place in relation to universities, but also the dynamics of their organizational implications. It argues that there are parallels between managerially and academic professionalism in that both deny context. Arguing for a context-sensitivity that is not dependant, issues of space and governance become important in order to understand forms of knowledge and the relationship between the contexts of production and the contents (...)
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  • Whither Utility and Knowledgeability? Response to N. Stehr "Knowledge, Markets and Biotechnology".Serra A. Tinic & Kevin D. Haggerty - 2004 - Social Epistemology 18 (4):357 – 363.
    This response raises two critical questions about Nico Stehr's article 'Knowledge, Markets and Biotechnology.' First, it examines his claim that in a 'knowledge society' consumers now base their decisions about purchases on more intangible criteria than a product's utility. We demonstrate that this is not unique to a 'knowledge society.' For more than a century Western consumers have been enmeshed in markets where advertisers aim to fashion consumer desires for products by employing strategies that appeal to anything but a product's (...)
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  • Explaining Media Choice: Theoretical Discussion and an Empirical Experiment.Fumihiko Satofuka, Ismo Kantola & Yasuhiko Kono - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (2):135-150.
    The paper is based on a review of research on media selection and related topics on the one hand and on an explorative pilot survey on the other. In summarising the review, the authors propose that the factors explaining media choice be grouped into five categories: (1) the properties of the media itself affect its choice, (2) properties of the user affect media choice, (3) the communication situation plays an important role, (4) macro factors explain media choice, and (5) media (...)
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  • The Foundations of Innovation in Modern Societies: The Displacement of Concepts and Knowledgeability.Marian Adolf, Jason L. Mast & Nico Stehr - 2013 - Mind and Society 12 (1):11-22.
    Our paper offers a contribution to the growing literature on the sociology of innovation rather than the still dominant economic theory of innovation. We suggest that innovation first and foremost represents a process of cognitive displacement whereby existing metaphorical frameworks are reconstituted to account for new phenomena in a process that changes both the metaphor’s and the new phenomenon’s compositions. We suggest that integral to this process is knowledgeability, or a bundle of social and cognitive competencies that emerge as one (...)
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  • Cities, Knowledge and Universities: Transformations in the Image of the Intangible.Tim May & Beth Perry 1 - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3-4):259-282.
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  • Science, Society and the University: A Paradox of Values.Beth Perry 1 - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3-4):201-219.
    The existence of conflicting messages on the role and status of the university is linked to a wider paradox of values about science in society. Value is attributed to science and assumed by the university in the context of the move to knowledge?based economies and societies, yet this has not been accompanied by a systematic and balanced debate about the values that should underpin socio?economic change. Questions are then raised about both the effectiveness of public policy and the role of (...)
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