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  1. Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  • Virtuous Insightfulness.J. Adam Carter - 2017 - Episteme 14 (4).
    Insight often strikes us blind; when we aren’t expecting it, we suddenly see a connection that previously eluded us—a kind of ‘Aha!’ experience. People with a propensity to such experiences are regarded as insightful, and insightfulness is a paradigmatic intellectual virtue. What’s not clear, however, is just what it is in virtue of which being such that these experiences tend to happen to one renders one intellectually virtuous. This paper draws from both virtue epistemology as well as empirical work on (...)
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  • A Comparison of Information Processing and Dynamical Systems Perspectives on Problem Solving.Stephen K. Reed & Robin R. Vallacher - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-37.
    This article compares the information processing and dynamical systems perspectives on problem solving. Key theoretical constructs of the information-processing perspective include “searchi...
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  • Investigating the Structure of Semantic Networks in Low and High Creative Persons.Yoed N. Kenett, David Anaki & Miriam Faust - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  • The AHA! Experience: Creativity Through Emergent Binding in Neural Networks.Paul Thagard & Terrence C. Stewart - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):1-33.
    Many kinds of creativity result from combination of mental representations. This paper provides a computational account of how creative thinking can arise from combining neural patterns into ones that are potentially novel and useful. We defend the hypothesis that such combinations arise from mechanisms that bind together neural activity by a process of convolution, a mathematical operation that interweaves structures. We describe computer simulations that show the feasibility of using convolution to produce emergent patterns of neural activity that can support (...)
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  • Creativity on Tap? Effects of Alcohol Intoxication on Creative Cognition.Mathias Benedek, Lisa Panzierer, Emanuel Jauk & Aljoscha C. Neubauer - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:128-134.
  • A Cognitive Social Simulation of Tribal Survival Strategies: The Importance of Cognitive and Motivational Factors.Ron Sun & Pierson Fleischer - 2012 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4):287-321.
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  • Creative Sparks or Paralysis Traps? The Effects of Contradictions on Creative Processing and Creative Products.Goran Calic & Sébastien Hélie - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Neural Mechanism Underlying Cognitive and Emotional Processes in Creativity.Simeng Gu, Mengdan Gao, Yaoyao Yan, Fushun Wang, Yi-Yuan Tang & Jason H. Huang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Interaction Effect of Response Medium and Working Memory Capacity on Creative Idea Generation.Ning Hao, Huan Yuan, Rui Cheng, Qing Wang & Mark A. Runco - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • “The Penny Drops”: Investigating Insight Through the Medium of Cryptic Crosswords.Kathryn J. Friedlander & Philip A. Fine - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Sleep Does Not Promote Solving Classical Insight Problems and Magic Tricks.Monika Schönauer, Svenja Brodt, Dorothee Pöhlchen, Anja Breßmer, Amory H. Danek & Steffen Gais - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  • Two Models of Moral Judgment.Shane Bretz & Ron Sun - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):4-37.
    This paper compares two theories and their two corresponding computational models of human moral judgment. In order to better address psychological realism and generality of theories of moral judgment, more detailed and more psychologically nuanced models are needed. In particular, a motivationally based theory of moral judgment is developed in this paper that provides a more accurate account of human moral judgment than an existing emotion-reason conflict theory. Simulations based on the theory capture and explain a range of relevant human (...)
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  • Autonomous Generation of Symbolic Representations Through Subsymbolic Activities.Ron Sun - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (6):888 - 912.
    This paper explores an approach for autonomous generation of symbolic representations from an agent's subsymbolic activities within the agent-environment interaction. The paper describes a psychologically plausible general framework and its various methods for autonomously creating symbolic representations. The symbol generation is accomplished within, and is intrinsic to, a generic and comprehensive cognitive architecture for capturing a wide variety of psychological processes (namely, CLARION). This work points to ways of obtaining more psychologically/cognitively realistic symbolic and subsymbolic representations within the framework of (...)
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  • Formal Ontologies and Semantic Technologies: A “Dual Process” Proposal for Concept Representation.Marcello Frixione & Antonio Lieto - 2014 - Philosophia Scientae 18:139-152.
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  • Potential of Full Human–Machine Symbiosis Through Truly Intelligent Cognitive Systems.Sun Ron - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-12.
    It is highly likely that, to achieve full human–machine symbiosis, truly intelligent cognitive systems—human-like —may have to be developed first. Such systems should not only be capable of performing human-like thinking, reasoning, and problem solving, but also be capable of displaying human-like motivation, emotion, and personality. In this opinion article, I will argue that such systems are indeed possible and needed to achieve true and full symbiosis with humans. A computational cognitive architecture is used in this article to illustrate, in (...)
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  • Ego Depletion Improves Insight.Marci S. DeCaro & Charles A. Van Stockum - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (3):315-343.
    ABSTRACTInitial acts of self-control can reduce effort and performance on subsequent tasks – a phenomenon known as ego depletion. Ego depletion is thought to undermine the capacity or willingness to engage executive control, an important determinant of success for many tasks. We examined whether ego depletion improves performance on a task that favours less executive control: insight problem solving. In two experiments, participants completed an ego-depletion manipulation or a non-depleting control condition followed by an insight problem-solving task. Participants in the (...)
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  • Incubation and Cueing Effects in Problem-Solving: Set Aside the Difficult Problems but Focus on the Easy Ones.Ut Na Sio & Thomas C. Ormerod - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):113-129.
    Evidence for incubation effects in problem-solving is increasing, but the mechanisms that underlie incubation are unclear. An experiment tested two hypotheses about incubation: Spreading activation and opportunistic assimilation. Participants solved easy or difficult remote associates tasks without incubation period, or with an incubation period filled with high or low cognitive load tasks. A lexical decision task with cue and neutral words was given either before or after a second problem attempt. When solving difficult problems, the low-load incubation group benefitted more (...)
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  • Incubation and Creativity: Do Something Different.Ken J. Gilhooly, George Georgiou & Ultan Devery - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (2):137-149.
  • Roles of Implicit Processes: Instinct, Intuition, and Personality.Ron Sun & Nick Wilson - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (1):109-134.
    The goal of this research is to explore implicit and explicit processes in shaping an individual’s characteristic behavioral patterns, that is, personality. The questions addressed are how psychological processes may be separated into implicit and explicit types, and how such a separation figures into personality. In particular, it focuses on the role of instinct and intuition in determining personality. This paper argues that personality may be fundamentally based on instincts resulting from basic human motivation, along with related processes, within a (...)
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  • The Interpretative Heuristic in Insight Problem Solving.Laura Macchi & Maria Bagassi - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (1):97-108.
    The study of insight problem solving could well become one of the most important topics in the contemporary debate on thought. Dealing with insight problems today requires of necessity reconsidering the concept of bounded rationality. Simon’s work has inspired us to reflect on the specific quality of the type of boundaries which, by limiting the search, allow and guarantee the act of creativity; finding the solution to insight problems is emblematic of this creativity and provides a paradigmatic case. According to (...)
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