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  1. Conjoined Twins: Philosophical Problems and Ethical Challenges.Julian Savulescu & Ingmar Persson - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (1):41-55.
    We examine the philosophical and ethical issues associated with conjoined twins and their surgical separation. In cases in which there is an extensive sharing of organs, but nevertheless two distinguishable functioning brains, there are a number of philosophical and ethical challenges. This is because such conjoined twins: 1. give rise to puzzles concerning our identity, about whether we are identical to something psychological or biological;2. force us to decide whether what matters from an ethical point of view is the biological (...)
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  • Discontinuing Life Support in an Infant of a Drug-Addicted Mother: Whose Decision Is It?Renu Jain & David C. Thomasma - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):48-54.
    “Ethical dilemmas…are rarely simple and stark but are, instead, multifaceted, complex, and gut wrenching for parents and care givers alike.” This is never more the case than when one must treat vulnerable babies who are not, nor ever can be competent to offer us some guidance about that treatment. The ethical problems are heightened when the parents, or the single mother, are incompetent to make decisions themselves, for example, because of drug addiction. In such cases, when the baby is premature (...)
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  • The Limits of Individuality: Ritual and Sacrifice in the Lives and Medical Treatment of Conjoined Twins.Alice Domurat Dreger - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):1-29.
  • The Limits of Individuality: Ritual and Sacrifice in the Lives and Medical Treatment of Conjoined Twins.Alice Domurat Dreger - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (1):1-29.
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  • The Ethics of Separating Conjoined Twins: Two Arguments Against.Luke Kallberg - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (1):27-56.
    I argue that the separation of conjoined twins in infancy or early childhood is unethical. Cases may be divided into three types: both twins suffer from lethal abnormalities, only one twin has a lethal abnormality, or neither twin does. In the first kind of case, there is no reason to separate, since both twins will die regardless of treatment. In the third kind of case, I argue that separation at an early age is unethical because the twins are likely to (...)
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