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Platonic Studies

[Princeton, N.J.]Princeton University Press (1973)

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  1. ?Only in the Contemplation of Beauty is Human Life Worth Living? Plato, Symposium 211d.Alexander Nehamas - 2007 - European Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):1–18.
  • Hermes as Eros in Plato’s Lysis.John von Heyking - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (5):0952695113500799.
    This article examines how Plato uses mythological symbolisms in the Lysis, specifically those of Hermes, to show how our experience of the good makes possible our capacity to love our friend as an individual, and in so doing overturns the static dualities usually associated with Plato’s ‘metaphysics’. Instead of appealing to allegedly impersonal ideas, Plato refigures Greek mythological understandings of Hermes to signal, first, that friendship is a movement of divine love in which human beings participate and to which they (...)
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  • Self-Predication and Productive Metonymy.Saul Rosenthal - 2018 - Apeiron 51 (1):1-36.
    What does Plato mean in saying that, for all forms, “F-ness is F”? In such claims, I argue, ‘F’ is being used metonymically to refer to the property of being productive of F-ness rather than to the property of being F, in a way consistent with univocity and the rejection of a genuine Self-Predication Assumption. I explain and defend this productive metonymy reading and show how it can resolve the troubling argument at Phaedo 74b7-c6.
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  • Slaves in Plato's Laws.Amir Meital & Joseph Agassi - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (3):315-347.
    Tel-Aviv University and York University, Toronto Plato suggested ways to regulate and integrate slaves within the legal system of his Utopian Cretan polis Magnesia as described in his work, Laws . This text alone invalidates most criticism of Popper's presentation of Plato's political views. His 50-year-old reading of Plato fits the text better than any other. To preserve the noble tradition of classical scholarship, classical scholars should acknowledge explicitly that he was correct, and that by now they have surreptitiously incorporated (...)
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  • Plato's Project for Education in the Early Socratic Dialogues.Heather Lynne Reid - unknown
    What is the role of philosophy in education? This timeless question may best be answered by examining Plato's earliest dialogues in which he makes a case for philosophy as the centerpiece of education. I call this effort Plato's project for education and interpret the Apology, Crito, Charmides, Laches, Ion, Hippias Minor, Euthyphro, and Lysis as an integrated attempt to promote philosophy as education in ancient Athens. Plato accepted arete as the proper goal of education, but his interpretation of arete as (...)
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  • The Analogies of Justice and Health inRepublic IV.Jorge Torres - 2020 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102 (4):556-587.
    This paper provides a new interpretation of Plato’s account of justice as psychic health in Republic IV. It argues that what has traditionally been considered to be one single analogy is actually a more complex line of reasoning that contains various medical analogies. These medical analogies are not only different in number but also in kind. I discuss each of them separately, while providing a response to various objections.
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  • Virtue Without Gender in Socrates.Patricia Ward Scaltsas - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (3):126-137.
    In this paper I argue that Socrates believed that there is no distinction between man's virtue and woman's virtue and that there is no difference in the achievement of virtue between men and women. My analysis shows Plato's position on the moral equality of guardian women and men in the Republic to be a continuation of the Socratic position of nongendered virtue. I thus disagree with Spelman's recent interpretation of the Republic on this issue.
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  • Puntos de Vista de la Verdad: Sobre El Carácter Polifónico Del Pensamiento Platónico.Cristián De Bravo Delorme - 2020 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 61 (145):131-149.
    RESUMEN El siguiente artículo tiene como objetivo destacar el carácter polifónico del pensamiento platónico y poner en cuestión el sentido de la autoría de Platón. Suponer, a partir de obstinados prejuicios modernos, que Platón, tal como cualquier escritor moderno, habría expuesto su propia doctrina, es ignorar la importancia de la forma dramática de su pensamiento. El testimonio de la variedad de interlocutores y de puntos de vista que se suceden en los diferentes diálogos, nos invita a prestar atención a la (...)
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  • Socrates, Wisdom and Pedagogy.George Rudebusch - 2009 - Philosophical Inquiry 31 (1-2):153-173.
    Intellectualism about human virtue is the thesis that virtue is knowledge. Virtue intellectualists may be eliminative or reductive. If eliminative, they will eliminate our conventional vocabulary of virtue words-'virtue', 'piety', 'courage', etc.-and speak only of knowledge or wisdom. If reductive, they will continue to use the conventional virtue words but understand each of them as denoting nothing but a kind of knowledge (as opposed to, say, a capacity of some other part of the soul than the intellect, such as the (...)
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  • Plato on Not-Being: Some Interpretations of the ΣYMΠΛOKH EIΔΩN (259E) and Their Relation to Parmenides’Problem.Francis Jeffrey Pelletier - 1983 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 8 (1):35-66.
  • What is Ancient Political Thinking?Vilius Bartninkas - 2019 - Problemos 96.
    This paper examines the origins of ancient political thinking from 750 to 348 B.C. The analysis of authors who had been discussing political questions over this period shows that ancient political thinking can be classified into three discourses: political thought, political theory, and political philosophy. The purpose of this paper is to define the characteristics of each discourse and to illustrate them with specific historical examples which show how these discourses interacted with the Greek political experiences and how political thought (...)
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  • No-Existing Beings: Phantasmata in Plato.Barbara Botter - 2016 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 18:113-149.
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  • Socrates on Egoism. Does He Say We Should Be Virtuous and Egoists?Diana Hoyos Valdés - 2013 - Co-herencia 10 (19):41-56.
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  • Plato: The Virtues of Philosophical Leader.Ioanna-Soultana Kotsori - 2018 - Open Journal for Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):1-8.
    The entrance into the reflection of the present work is made with the philosophical necessity of the leader in society, the leader with the particular characteristics of love and wisdom, from which his personality must possess so that by art he can compose opposing situations and move society towards the unity and bliss of citizens. A gentle royal nature, which blends with the excellent treatment of morality, body and spirit, will create the ideal model leader. Thus, noble nature and royal (...)
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  • Rationality, Eros, and Daemonic Influence in the Platonic Theages and the Academy of Polemo and Crates.Kurt Lampe - 2013 - American Journal of Philology 134 (3):383-424.
  • On the Self-Predicative Universals of Category Theory.David Ellerman - manuscript
    This paper shows how the universals of category theory in mathematics provide a model (in the Platonic Heaven of mathematics) for the self-predicative strand of Plato's Theory of Forms as well as for the idea of a "concrete universal" in Hegel and similar ideas of paradigmatic exemplars in ordinary thought. The paper also shows how the always-self-predicative universals of category theory provide the "opposite bookend" to the never-self-predicative universals of iterative set theory and thus that the paradoxes arose from having (...)
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  • A “Questão da Existência” No Poema de Parmênides.José Gabriel Trindade Santos - 2012 - Filosofia Unisinos 13 (2).
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  • Colloquium 7: Happiness, Justice, and Poetry in Plato’s Republic1.Pierre Destrée - 2010 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 25 (1):243-278.
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  • Colloquium 3.Mary Whitlock Blundell - 1992 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):115-133.
  • A Necessary Falsehood in the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2):216-232.
  • Aristotel Proti Platonu: Variacije Dokaza Tretjega Človeka in Samopripis Idej.Boris Vezjak - 2017 - Filozofski Vestnik 38 (1).
    Gregory Vlastos je v svoji znani rekonstrukciji argumenta »tritos anthropos« menil, da je regres tretjega človeka usodna napaka platonske teorije idej, saj vpeljuje najmanj dve protislovni logični značilnosti tega nauka: predpostavlja namreč dve načeli, samopripis in neistovetnost. Argument tretjega človeka zato obravnavam na podlagi upoštevanja omenjenih načel in njune veljavnosti v dveh inačicah, ki ju je podal Aleksander Afrodizijski. V prvi, ki je tradicionalno pripisana Aristotelu pod imenom O idejah in jo najdemo v Aleksandrovem komentarju k Metafiziki, in nato še (...)
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  • Intellectual Trespassing as a Way of Life: Essays in Philosophy, Economics, and Mathematics.David P. Ellerman - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Dramatic changes or revolutions in a field of science are often made by outsiders or 'trespassers,' who are not limited by the established, 'expert' approaches. Each essay in this diverse collection shows the fruits of intellectual trespassing and poaching among fields such as economics, Kantian ethics, Platonic philosophy, category theory, double-entry accounting, arbitrage, algebraic logic, series-parallel duality, and financial arithmetic.
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  • On Concrete Universals: A Modern Treatment Using Category Theory.David Ellerman - 2014 - AL-Mukhatabat.
    Today it would be considered "bad Platonic metaphysics" to think that among all the concrete instances of a property there could be a universal instance so that all instances had the property by virtue of participating in that concrete universal. Yet there is a mathematical theory, category theory, dating from the mid-20th century that shows how to precisely model concrete universals within the "Platonic Heaven" of mathematics. This paper, written for the philosophical logician, develops this category-theoretic treatment of concrete universals (...)
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  • VIII—Beyond Eros: Friendship in the "Phaedrus".Frisbee C. C. Sheffield - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (2pt2):251-273.
    It is often held that Plato did not have a viable account of interpersonal love. The account of eros—roughly, desire—in the Symposium appears to fail, and, though the Lysis contains much suggestive material for an account of philia—roughly, friendship—this is an aporetic dialogue, which fails, ultimately, to provide an account of friendship. This paper argues that Plato's account of friendship is in the Phaedrus. This dialogue outlines three kinds of philia relationship, the highest of which compares favourably to the Aristotelian (...)
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  • Colloquium 5.Charles L. Griswold - 1993 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 9 (1):200-212.
  • Commentary on Scott.David Roochnik - 2000 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):21-27.
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  • A Passion for Life: Love and Meaning.Camilla Kronqvist - 2017 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 6 (1):31-51.
    Does one’s love for a particular person, when it is pure, also constitute a love of life? The significance of speaking about leading a passionate life, I submit, is found in the spontaneous, embodied character of opening up to and finding meaning in one’s life rather than in heightened fleeting feelings or experiences of meaning that help one forget life’s meaninglessness. I contrast this view with Simone Weil’s suspicion that our passionate attachment to another person is an obstacle to attending (...)
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  • Peers on Socrates and Plato.Jim Mackenzie - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (7):1-14.
    There is more to be said about two of the topics Chris Peers addresses in his article Freud, Plato and Irigaray: A morpho-logic of teaching and learning, namely the Socratic method of teaching and Plato’s stance with regard to women and feminism. My purpose in this article is to continue Peers’s discussion of these two topics.
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  • Higher-Order One–Many Problems in Plato's Philebus and Recent Australian Metaphysics.S. Gibbons & C. Legg - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):119 - 138.
    We discuss the one?many problem as it appears in the Philebus and find that it is not restricted to the usually understood problem about the identity of universals across particulars that instantiate them (the Hylomorphic Dispersal Problem). In fact some of the most interesting aspects of the problem occur purely with respect to the relationship between Forms. We argue that contemporary metaphysicians may draw from the Philebus at least three different one?many relationships between universals themselves: instantiation, subkind and part, and (...)
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  • Socratic Courage in Plato's Socratic Dialogues.Shigeru Yonezawa - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (4):645-665.
    This article considers Socrates's conception of courage in Plato's Socratic dialogues. Although the Laches, which is the only dialogue devoted in toto to a pursuit of the definition of courage, does not explicitly provide Socrates's definition of courage, I shall point out clues therein which contribute to an understanding of Socrates's conception of courage. The Protagoras is a peculiar dialogue in which Socrates himself offers a definition of courage. Attending to the dramatic structure and personalities of the dialogue, I will (...)
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  • Wisdom of the Lands of Mount Olympus and Mount Kailāsa: A Coda for Thomas Mcevilley. [REVIEW]Narasingha P. Sil - 2005 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):99-115.
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  • Whose Platonism?Will Rasmussen - 2005 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):131-152.
  • Morality and Ethics in Organizational Administration.Howard Adelman - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):665 - 678.
    The article is a detailed case study of theft and fraud by an employee in an organization. The analysis suggests that in the process of dealing with the employee, the issue was notprimarily one of ethics, but of two moral principles in conflict, compassion and concern for a fellow human being and the morality governing responses to betrayal. The latter governed the results because that morality was congruent with the predominant ethics of the organization concerned with preserving the authority structure (...)
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  • Knowledge as 'True Belief Plus Individuation' in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2012 - Topoi 31 (2):137-149.
    In Republic V, Plato distinguishes two different cognitive powers, knowledge and belief, which operate differently on different types of object. I argue that in Republic VI Plato modifies this account, and claims that there is a single cognitive power, which under different circumstances behaves either as knowledge or as belief. I show that the circumstances which turn true belief into knowledge are the provision of an individuation account of the object of belief, which reveals the ontological status and the nature (...)
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  • Engineering Good: How Engineering Metaphors Help Us to Understand the Moral Life and Change Society.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):371-385.
    Engineering can learn from ethics, but ethics can also learn from engineering. In this paper, I discuss what engineering metaphors can teach us about practical philosophy. Using metaphors such as calculation, performance, and open source, I articulate two opposing views of morality and politics: one that relies on images related to engineering as science and one that draws on images of engineering practice. I argue that the latter view and its metaphors provide a more adequate way to understand and guide (...)
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  • Why Women Must Guard and Rule in Plato's Kallipolis.Catherine Mckeen - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):527–548.
    Plato's discussion of women in the Republic is problematic. For one, arguments in Book V which purport to establish that women should guard and rule alongside men do not deliver the advertised conclusion. In addition, Plato asserts that women are "weaker in all pursuits" than men. Given this assumption, having women guard and rule seems inimical to the health, security, and goodness of the kallipolis. I argue that we best understand the inclusion of women by seeing how women's inclusion contributes (...)
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  • Eros, Philia and community in Plato and Aristotle.Tulio Alexander Benavides Franco - 2019 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 30:14-47.
    Resumen: Tanto en Platón como en Aristóteles el eros es cuestionado como forma de relación con el otro que conduzca a una vida virtuosa y que permita además pensar la vida en común. En la perspectiva de Platón, tal cuestionamiento se daría en favor de una búsqueda de la Belleza que proveería un determinado modelo de philia −el de la philosofía−. En el planteamiento de Aristóteles, el cuestionamiento del eros por particulares se daría en favor de un modelo de philia (...)
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  • Consonnes Et voyelLes: Les Fonctions de l'Être Et de l'Autre Dans le Sophiste de Platon (251 a-25ge).Fulcran Teisserenc - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (2):231-264.
    ABSTRACT This article aims at understanding the functions of the forms of Being and the Other in Plato's Sophist. In contrast with a linguistic interpretation purporting to draw a distinction between uses of the verb “to be,” I shed light on the ontological role ascribed to “the great genus” in the interweaving of forms. Focusing on the vowel analogy, I argue that the roles of Being and the Other respectively are that of a connector and a separator actualizing the participations (...)
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  • The Erlangen Papyrus 4 and Its Socratic Origins.Menahem Luz - 2014 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 8 (2):161-191.
    P. Erlangen 4 is papyrus fragment of an ancient Greek, “Socratic” dialogue discussing cures for the of the beautiful—and, by implication, the meaning of moral beauty itself. Previous discussions have made general comparisons with the works of Plato, Xenophon and Aeschines. Prior to its philosophical analysis, I will re-examine the fragment, suggesting new reconstructions of the text, accompanied by an English translation. Although the precise authorship still remains a mystery, I will attempt to show that its philosophical language, argument and (...)
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  • Socrates and Zeno: Plato, Parmenides 129.David Evans - 1994 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):243-255.
  • The Lysis on Loving One's Own.David K. Glidden - 1981 - Classical Quarterly 31 (01):39-.
    Cicero, Lucullus 38: ‘…non potest animal ullum non adpetere id quod accommodatum ad naturam adpareat …’ From earliest childhood every man wants to possess something. One man collects horses. Another wants gold. Socrates has a passion for companions. He would rather have a good friend than a quail or a rooster. In this way, Socrates begins his interrogation of Menexenus. He then congratulates Menexenus and Lysis for each having what he himself still does not possess. How is it that one (...)
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  • Textual Notes on Plato's Sophist.David B. Robinson - 1999 - Classical Quarterly 49 (01):139-160.
    In editing Plato's Sophist for the new OCT vol. I, ed. E. A. Duke, W. F. Hicken, W. S. M. Nicoll, D. B. Robinson, and J. C. G. Strachan , there was less chance of giving novel information about W = Vind. Supp. Gr. 7 for this dialogue than for others in the volume, since Apelt's edition of 1897 was used by Burnet in 1900 and was based on Apelt's own collation of W. The result was better than the somewhat (...)
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  • On the Very Idea of Criteria for Personhood.Timothy Chappell - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):1-27.
    I examine the familiar criterial view of personhood, according to which the possession of personal properties such as self-consciousness, emotionality, sentience, and so forth is necessary and sufficient for the status of a person. I argue that this view confuses criteria for personhood with parts of an ideal of personhood. In normal cases, we have already identified a creature as a person before we start looking for it to manifest the personal properties, indeed this pre-identification is part of what makes (...)
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  • "WHY BE MORAL?" The Cheng Brothers' Neo-Confucian Answer.Yong Huang - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):321-353.
    In this article, I present a neo-Confucian answer, by Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi, to the question, "Why should I be moral?" I argue that this answer is better than some representative answers in the Western philosophical tradition. According to the Chengs, one should be moral because it is a joy to perform moral actions. Sometimes one finds it a pain, instead of a joy, to perform moral actions only because one lacks the necessary genuine moral knowledge—knowledge that is accessible (...)
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  • Reviving Greco‐Roman Friendship: A Bibliographical Review.Heather Devere - 1999 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (4):149-187.
  • Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1.John N. Martin - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
    The paper is a study of the logic of existence, negation, and order in the Neoplatonic tradition. The central idea is that Neoplatonists assume a logic in which the existence predicate is a comparative adjective and in which monadic predicates function as scalar adjectives that nest the background order. Various scalar predicate negations are then identifiable with various Neoplatonic negations, including a privative negation appropriate for the lower orders of reality and a hyper-negation appropriate for the higher. Reversion to the (...)
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  • Rethinking Male and Female: The Pre-Hellenic Philosophy of Mortal Opinion.Andrea Nye - 1988 - History of European Ideas 9 (3):261-280.
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  • Plato on Utopia.Chris Bobonich - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.