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Marxism and the Philosophy of Language

Harvard University Press (1972)

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  1. Conversation: Possibilities of its Repair and Descent Into Discourse and Computation.K. Krippendorff - 2009 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (3):138-150.
    Context: This essay contends that radical constructivism makes a mistake in focusing on cognition at the expense of where cognitive phenomena surface: in the interactive use of language. Goal: It grounds radically social constructivism by exploring the conversational nature of being human. It also urges abandoning the celebration of observation, inherited from the enlightenment 's preoccupation with description, in favor of participation, the recognition that speaking and writing are acts of continuously reconstructing reality, which is only partly conceivable yet is (...)
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  • Order at the Edge of Chaos: Meanings From Netdom Switchings Across Functional Systems.Jorge Fontdevila, M. Pilar Opazo & Harrison C. White - 2011 - Sociological Theory 29 (3):178-198.
    The great German theorist Niklas Luhmann argued long ago that meaning is the central construct of sociology. We agree, but our scheme of stochastic processes—evolved over many years as identity and control—argues for switchings of intercalated bits of social network and interpretive domain as the core of meaning processes. We thus challenge Luhmann's central claim that modern society's subsystems are based on communicative self-closure. We assert that there is refuting evidence from sociolinguistics, from how languages are put together and how (...)
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  • Talking About Talking : An Ecological-Enactive Perspective on Language.J. C. Van den Herik - 2019 - Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    This thesis proposes a perspective on language and its development by starting from two approaches. The first is the ecological-enactive approach to cognition. In opposition to the widespread idea that cognition is information-processing in the brain, the ecological-enactive approach explains human cognition in relational terms, as skilful interactions with a sociomaterial environment shaped by practices. The second is the metalinguistic approach to language, which holds that reflexive or metalinguistic language use – talking about talking – is crucial for understanding language (...)
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  • Eric Wolf: A Semiotic Exploration of Power.Irene Portis-Winner - 2006 - Sign Systems Studies 34 (2):339-355.
    This paper discusses Eric Wolf’s analysis of power in his last monograph, Anthropology and last book Envisioning Power. In Anthropology, Wolf wrote that the “anthropological point of vantage is that of a world culture, struggling to be born.” What is worth studying is human experience in all its variability and complexity. His aim was to set the framework bridging the humanities with anthropology. He never gave up this quest, only expanding it. In the new introduction to his 1964 monograph, thirty (...)
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  • Intertextuality and Intermediality as Cross-Cultural Comunication Tools: A Critical Inquiry.Asunción López-Varela Azcárate - 2011 - Cultura 8 (2):7-22.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology Jahrgang: 8 Heft: 2 Seiten: 7-22.
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  • Intertextuality and Intermediality as Cross-Cultural Comunication Tools: A Critical Inquiry.Asunción López-Varela Azcárate - 2011 - Cultura 8 (2):7-22.
    Cross-cultural communication is about generating dialogical positions across cultural barriers. Communication is achieved when participants are able to construct meaning across varied sign systems. Oral communication makes use of a wide range of signs that contribute to make meaning, from eye contact to gestures and speech. In written/printed communication, together with the reproduction of visual images through painting, photography, etc., the most important resource is the textual format. Texts are grounded on a cognitive deictic basis and work alongside the cause-effect (...)
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  • Ground, Pivot, Motion: Ecofeminist Theory, Dialogics, and Literary Practice.Patrick D. Murphy - 1991 - Hypatia 6 (1):146 - 161.
    Ecofeminist philosophy and literary theory need mutually to enhance each other's critical praxis. Ecofeminism provides the grounding necessary to turn the Bakhtinian dialogic method into a critical theory applicable to all of one's lived experience, while dialogics provides a method for advancing the application of ecofeminist thought in terms of literature, the other as speaking subject, and the interanimation of human and nonhuman aspects of nature. In the first part of this paper the benefits of dialogics to feminism and ecofeminism (...)
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  • Reconstructing Multimodal Arguments in Advertisements: Combining Pragmatics and Argumentation Theory.Fabrizio Macagno & Rosalice Botelho Wakim Souza Pinto - 2020 - Argumentation 35 (1):141-176.
    The analysis of multimodal argumentation in advertising is a crucial and problematic area of research. While its importance is growing in a time characterized by images and pictorial messages, the methods used for interpreting and reconstructing the structure of arguments expressed through verbal and visual means capture only isolated dimensions of this complex phenomenon. This paper intends to propose and illustrate a methodology for the reconstruction and analysis of “double-mode” arguments in advertisements, combining the instruments developed in social semiotics, pragmatics, (...)
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  • The Law Challenged and the Critique of Identity with Emmanuel Levinas.Susan Petrilli - forthcoming - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-39.
    Identity as traditionally conceived in mainstream Western thought is focused on theory, representation, knowledge, subjectivity and is centrally important in the works of Emmanuel Levinas. His critique of Western culture and corresponding notion of identity at its foundations typically raises the question of the other. Alterity in Levinas indicates existence of something on its own account, in itself independently of the subject’s will or consciousness. The objectivity of alterity tells of the impossible evasion of signs from their destiny, which is (...)
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  • Can Animals Refer? Meta-Positioning Studies of Animal Semantics.Sigmund Ongstad - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-25.
    This meta-study applies a socio-semiotic framework combining five basic communicational aspects, form, content, act, time, and space, developed to help answering the question Can animals refer? It further operates with four levels, sign, utterance, genre, and lifeworld, studying relations between utterance and genre in particular. Semantic key terms found in an excerpted ‘resource collection’ consisting of three anthologies, two academic journals, and a monography, studying content in animal communication, are inspected, and discussed, especially information, functional reference, and reference. Since a (...)
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  • Rereading Durkheim in Light of Jewish Law: How a Traditional Rabbinic Thought-Model Shapes His Scholarship.Taylor Paige Winfield - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (4):563-595.
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  • Uneasy Companions: Language and Human Collectivities in the Remaking of Chinese Society in the Early Twentieth Century.Jeffrey Weng - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (1):75-100.
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  • Reenactment: An Embodied Cognition Approach to Meaning and Linguistic Content. [REVIEW]Sergeiy Sandler - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):583-598.
    A central finding in experimental research identified with Embodied Cognition (EC) is that understanding actions involves their embodied simulation, i.e. executing some processes involved in performing these actions. Extending these findings, I argue that reenactment – the overt embodied simulation of actions and practices, including especially communicative actions and practices, within utterances – makes it possible to forge an integrated EC-based account of linguistic meaning. In particular, I argue: (a) that remote entities can be referred to by reenacting actions performed (...)
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  • From Participatory Sense-Making to Language: There and Back Again.Elena Clare Cuffari, Ezequiel Di Paolo & Hanne De Jaegher - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1089-1125.
    The enactive approach to cognition distinctively emphasizes autonomy, adaptivity, agency, meaning, experience, and interaction. Taken together, these principles can provide the new sciences of language with a comprehensive philosophical framework: languaging as adaptive social sense-making. This is a refinement and advancement on Maturana’s idea of languaging as a manner of living. Overcoming limitations in Maturana’s initial formulation of languaging is one of three motivations for this paper. Another is to give a response to skeptics who challenge enactivism to connect “lower-level” (...)
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  • Morality and Personal Experience: The Moral Conceptions of a Muscovite Man.Jarrett Zigon - 2009 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 37 (1):78-101.
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  • Morality and Personal Experience: The Moral Conceptions of a Muscovite Man.Jarrett Zigon - 2009 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 37 (1):78-101.
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  • Analysing Social Values in Identification; A Framework for Research on the Representation and Implementation of Values.Rusten Menard - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):122-142.
    This article contributes to the concept of social values by presenting analytical tools that explore how social values are classified, re-presented and interpersonally performed in the construction of identities. I approach social values as classificatory systems of acceptability and desirability that are collectively generated. The meanings of social values are embedded in culture and in power imbalanced social relations; they constantly undergo reformulation in identification processes and are also used to define the social order. I suggest that social values can (...)
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  • Undisciplining Social Science: Wittgenstein and the Art of Creating Situated Practices of Social Inquiry.John Shotter - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (1):60-83.
    There are now countless social scientific disciplines—listed either as the science of … X … or as an -ology of one kind or another—each with their own internal controversies as to what are their “proper objects of their study.” This profusion of separate sciences has emerged, and is still emerging, tainted by the classical Cartesian-Newtonian assumption of a mechanistic world. We still seem to assume that we can begin our inquiries simply by reflecting on the world around us, and by (...)
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  • Harré, Vygotsky, Bakhtin, Vico, Wittgenstein: Academic Discourses and Conversational Realities.John Shotter - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (4):459-482.
  • The Role of Rhetoric in a Dialogical Approach to Thinking.Antonia Larraín & Andrés Haye - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (2):220-237.
    The central idea of the paper is that human thinking consists in a movement through which a person socially interacts with herself. Consequently, thinking does not offer the experience of a private refuge in the intimacy of the individual thinker's self-knowing, but a field where multiple points of view interact by contesting, distancing, approaching, agreeing or disagreeing, one to another. Classical (Isocrates, 1929/1968) and contemporary (Billig, 1987) rhetorical approaches to thinking stress that both “inner” and “social” discourse are addressed to (...)
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  • Towards an Epistemology of Social Representations.Ivana Marková - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (2):177–196.
  • Coding Elementary Contributions to Dialogue: Individual Acts Versus Dialogical Interactions.Ivana Marková & Per Linell - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (4):353-373.
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  • The Fascist Seduction of Narrative: Walter Benjamin’s Historical Materialism Beyond Counter-Narrative.Tadashi Dozono - 2018 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 37 (5):513-527.
    This essay introduces Walter Benjamin’s historical materialism to illuminate how history teachers may invoke a critique of the past and present through democratizing the production of knowledge in the classroom. Historical materialism gives students access to the means of knowledge production and entrusts them with the task of generating a critique of politics though encounters with historical objects. The rise of the alt-right, alternative facts, and fake news sites necessitates social studies methods that intervene into the fascist seductions of narrative (...)
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  • C. S. Peirce and Intersemiotic Translation.Joao Queiroz & Daniella Aguiar - 2015 - In P. Trifonas (ed.), International Handbook of Semiotics. Berlin: Springer. pp. 201-215.
    Intersemiotic translation (IT) was defined by Roman Jakobson (The Translation Studies Reader, Routledge, London, p. 114, 2000) as “transmutation of signs”—“an interpretation of verbal signs by means of signs of nonverbal sign systems.” Despite its theoretical relevance, and in spite of the frequency in which it is practiced, the phenomenon remains virtually unexplored in terms of conceptual modeling, especially from a semiotic perspective. Our approach is based on two premises: (i) IT is fundamentally a semiotic operation process (semiosis) and (ii) (...)
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  • The Politics and the Demographics of Veganism: Notes for a Critical Analysis.Dario Martinelli & Aušra Berkmanienė - 2018 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 31 (3):501-530.
    The present essay aims to offer some reflections concerning the cultural and political aspects of veganism, on the basis of the available surveys and statistics, plus some more gathered by the authors—with the tools of different methodologies, including the semiotic one. After an introduction to veganism as phenomenon and movement, with general reflections and also a number of specific data, the essay proceeds to focus on the more political aspects, with an emphasis on some of the most intriguing and multifaceted (...)
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  • Why Being Dialogical Must Come Before Being Logical: The Need for a Hermeneutical–Dialogical Approach to Robotic Activities.John Shotter - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (1):29-35.
    Currently, our official rationality is still of a Cartesian kind; we are still embedded in a mechanistic order that takes it that separate, countable entities, related logically to each other, are the only ‘things’ that matter to us—an order clearly suited to advances in robotics. Unfortunately, it is an order that renders invisible ‘relational things’, non-objective things that exist in time, in the transitions from one state of affairs to another, things that ‘point’ toward possibilities in the future, which mean (...)
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  • Is It Possible to Grow an I–Thou Relation with an Artificial Agent? A Dialogistic Perspective.Stefan Trausan-Matu - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (1):9-17.
    The paper analyzes if it is possible to grow an I–Thou relation in the sense of Martin Buber with an artificial, conversational agent developed with Natural Language Processing techniques. The requirements for such an agent, the possible approaches for the implementation, and their limitations are discussed. The relation of the achievement of this goal with the Turing test is emphasized. Novel perspectives on the I–Thou and I–It relations are introduced according to the sociocultural paradigm and Mikhail Bakhtin’s dialogism, polyphony inter-animation, (...)
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  • Discourse or Dialogue? Habermas, the Bakhtin Circle, and the Question of Concrete Utterances.John Michael Roberts - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (4):395-419.
  • Revelation and Rhetoric: A Critical Model of Forensic Discourse. [REVIEW]Chris Heffer - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (2):459-485.
    Over the past thirty years or so, theoretical work in such fields as legal semiotics and law and literature has argued that the legal process is profoundly rhetorical. At the same time, a number of communication-based disciplines such as semiotics, sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology have provided, particularly in interdisciplinary combination with law, a wealth of empirical evidence on, and insight into, the micro-contexts of language and communication in the legal process. However, while these invaluable nitty-gritty analyses provide empirical support for (...)
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  • Monologic and Dialogic Styles of Argumentation: A Bakhtinian Analysis of Academic Debates Between Mainland China and Taiwan.Tzu-Hsiang Yu & Wei-Chun Wen - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (3):369-379.
    This study applies the concept of reported speech advanced by the renowned Russian literary scholar Mikhail Bakhtin to compare the argumentative styles of Mainland China and Taiwan. These societies in question are considered by many scholars as sharing the same argumentative style. The study reports that the Mainland debaters more frequently than the Taiwanese debaters maintained the authenticity of the quotations cited from ancient Confucian sources, whereas Taiwanese debaters paraphrased more frequently. On the other hand, this difference cannot be found (...)
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  • A Blank Sheet of Paper: The Phenomenological Foundation of Comparative Media Theory. [REVIEW]Ian Angus - 1994 - Human Studies 17 (1):9 - 22.
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  • An Interpretation of Political Argument.William Bosworth - 2020 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (3):293-313.
    How do we determine whether individuals accept the actual consistency of a political argument instead of just its rhetorical good looks? This article answers this question by proposing an interpretation of political argument within the constraints of political liberalism. It utilises modern developments in the philosophy of logic and language to reclaim ‘meaningless nonsense’ from use as a partisan war cry and to build up political argument as something more than a power struggle between competing conceptions of the good. Standard (...)
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  • Hattiangadi's Langue- Ing and Ours.David Mertz - 1989 - Social Epistemology 3 (1):71 – 79.
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  • Pragmatism, Bourdieu, and Collective Emotions in Contentious Politics.Mustafa Emirbayer & Chad Alan Goldberg - 2005 - Theory and Society 34 (5-6):469-518.
  • Dynamic Touch as Common Ground for Enactivism and Ecological Psychology.David Travieso, Lorena Lobo, Carlos de Paz, Thijme E. Langelaar, Jorge Ibáñez-Gijón & David M. Jacobs - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • A Semiotic Approach to Language Ideologies: Modelling the Changing Icelandic Languagescape.Stephen Pax Leonard - 2021 - Sign Systems Studies 48 (2-4):271-296.
    Attempts have been made to examine how speakers frame linguistic varieties by employing social semiotic models. Using ethnographic data collected over many years, this article applies such a model to Iceland, once described as the ‘e-coli of linguistics’ – its size, historical isolation and relative linguistic homogeneity create conditions akin to a sociolinguistic laboratory. This semiotic model of language ideologies problematizes the prevailing discourse of linguistic purism at a time of sociolinguistic upheaval. The analysis shows how an essentializing scheme at (...)
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  • Accounting Practices as Situated Knowing: Dilemmas and Dynamics in Institutional Categorization.Åsa Mäkitalo - 2003 - Discourse Studies 5 (4):495-516.
    This article analyses the dynamics of the use of institutional categories in institutional encounters. The focus is on documenting how categories are invoked to index what is relevant to situated knowing in interactional sequences where there is a need to bridge the gap between action and expectation. This general problem has been studied in the context of interactions between job applicants and vocational guidance officers in a public employment agency. Institutional categories are inference-rich, and they work as flexible tools that (...)
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  • Antonio Gramsci: Beyond Marxism and Postmodernism.Renate Holub - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book provides the first detailed account of Gramsci's work in the context of current critical and socio-cultural debates. Renate Holub argues that Gramsci was ahead of his time in offering a theory of art, politics and cultural production. Gramsci's achievement is discussed particularly in relation to the Frankfurt School (Adorno, Horkheimer, Benjamin, Bloch, Habermas), to Brecht's theoretical writings and to thinkers in the phenomenological tradition especially Merleau-Ponty. She argues for Gramsci's continuing relevance at a time of retreat from Marxist (...)
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  • M. M. Bakhtin and the German Proto-Romantic Tradition.John Cook - 2020 - Studies in East European Thought 72 (1):59-81.
    This paper seeks to explore the relationship between Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin’s theoretical apparatus and ideas of the immediate precursors of the Jena Romantik school of German Romanticism: Johann Georg Hamann (1730–1788) and Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803). In doing so, it examines the themes and treatments that are common to these two thinkers and Bakhtin, tracing the tradition of anti-systematic thought through Hamann, Nietzsche and Bakhtin, and the transmission of Herder’s philosophy of Bildung through the Russian cultural milieu and Goethe. Initially, (...)
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  • Culture, Events, Speech Genres and Stories.Peter Michalovič - 2011 - Human Affairs 21 (2):98-107.
    The aim of this paper is to interpret systematically M. M. Bakhtin’s views on genre. Although Aristotle was the first philosopher—and one of the first thinkers in general who focused on the issues of artistic and rhetorical genres, philosophy as such did not treat these issues for a considerably long time. One of the first philosophers who approached the genre issue within the larger context of the philosophy of language was Mikhail M. Bakhtin, a Russian philosopher and a literary scholar. (...)
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  • Discourse Analysis with Peirce? Making Sense of Discursive Regularities: The Case of Online University Prospectuses.Jeoffrey Gaspard - 2015 - Semiotica 2015 (207):551-565.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2015 Heft: 207 Seiten: 551-565.
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  • The Grotesque Knot of the Symptom: Heterogeneity and Mutability.Rahman Veisi Hasar - 2020 - Semiotica 2020 (233):19-34.
    The present paper aims to shed light on some post-oedipal moments of the Freudian-Lacanian psychoanalysis. Going beyond the stereotypical opposition between the oedipal psychoanalysis and the anti-oedipal schizoanalysis, it endeavors to reinvestigate the semiotic nature of the knotenpunkt and the sinthome by applying some Deleuzian and Bakhtinian concepts. Thus, the knotenpunkt is described as a grotesque knot bringing together some heterogeneous elements. The involved disparate components establish a rhizomatic multiplicity irreducible to a common determiner. As far as the sinthome is (...)
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  • Conceptual Frameworks for Social and Cultural Big Data Analytics: Answering the Epistemological Challenge.Lucy Resnyansky - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (1).
    This paper aims to contribute to the development of tools to support an analysis of Big Data as manifestations of social processes and human behaviour. Such a task demands both an understanding of the epistemological challenge posed by the Big Data phenomenon and a critical assessment of the offers and promises coming from the area of Big Data analytics. This paper draws upon the critical social and data scientists’ view on Big Data as an epistemological challenge that stems not only (...)
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  • Nailing Down an Answer: Participations of Power in Trial Talk.Gregory Matoesian - 2005 - Discourse Studies 7 (6):733-759.
    This article examines a questioning strategy in trial crossexamination designed to control an evasive witness, and how that control functions through the interactive contours of verbal and visual conduct to index identity, construct multidimensional forms of participation and project intertextual relations. In the process of nailing down an answer, attorney and witness manipulate linguistic ideologies and project participations of power to calibrate the epistemological criteria for determining the legitimacy of legal realities. I demonstrate how indexical iconicities of trial dialogic form (...)
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  • Reported Speech in Chinese Political Discourse.Sai-hua Kuo - 2001 - Discourse Studies 3 (2):181-202.
    Based on video-taped data from five televised 1998 Taipei mayoral debates, this article examines the use of reported speech in Chinese political discourse, with a particular focus on direct quotation. The findings are that direct quotation or constructed dialogue not only creates the rhetorical effect of vividness and immediacy but also establishes interpersonal involvement. More importantly, the three debaters in this study use direct quotation as an indirect strategy for self-promotion and for denigration. Citing someone else's words objectifies debaters' praise (...)
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  • Photography, Memory, and the Construction of Identities on the Former East—West German Border.Dariusz Galasiński & Ulrike H. Meinhof - 2000 - Discourse Studies 2 (3):323-353.
    This article discusses pilot data for a major research project into the discursive construction of identity in three-generation families living in border communities where each generation has experienced fundamental changes in their socio-political environment. The oral data on which the analysis is based were triggered by photographs from the communities in question, and are being analysed with discourse-analytical procedures. The article demonstrates how an innovative method of using symbolically-charged photography as triggers for oral narratives can solve a major dilemma for (...)
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  • Discourse Studies and the Ideology of `Liberalism'.Robert de Beaugrande - 1999 - Discourse Studies 1 (3):259-295.
    A controversial question in critical discourse analysis has been whether and how discourse may manifest or at least implicate the ideologies of the discourse participants. This question should be seen in the context of the long history of uneasiness concerning whether ideology can be an object of inquiry for science, whose stance of authority and objectivity implies a claim to be freed of all ideology. This claim has been quite emphatic in formalist linguistics, which has even proposed to investigate human (...)
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  • Communicating a Feeling: The Social Organization of `Private Thoughts'.Duncan Moss & Rebecca Barnes - 2007 - Discourse Studies 9 (2):123-148.
    This article examines the design and situated employment of reported `private thoughts' in both everyday and institutional interaction. By reported `private thoughts' we mean the `active voicing' of utterances characterized as `private thought' done in the first place for the speaker-feeler, rather than the listener. Examples are drawn from a large UK collection of over 240 instances from domestic telephone calls, interview talk, therapy sessions, and patient—provider interactions. Instead of treating reported `private thoughts' as neutral and transparent descriptions of the (...)
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  • Interaction Between Grammar and Multimodal Resources: Quoting Different Characters in Korean Multiparty Conversation.Yujong Park - 2009 - Discourse Studies 11 (1):79-104.
    This article examines the interaction between grammar and multimodal resources by analyzing reported speech in Korean multiparty face-to-face interaction. The operation of two relevancy rules — minimization and recognition in interaction — is examined together with how the absence or presence of grammar is complemented by multimodal resources of various sorts. For the analysis, three categories are posited depending on who the quoted character is in the talk. In quoting oneself or co-participants in the talk, syntactic resources, prosody, sequential organization (...)
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  • Jurus, Jazz Riffs and the Constitution of a National Martial Art in Indonesia.Lee Wilson - 2009 - Body and Society 15 (3):93-119.
    Pencak Silat is a martial art, performance practice and system of body cultivation prevalent throughout much of Indonesia and the Malay-speaking world. This article compares different modalities of the practice and pedagogy of Sundanese Pencak Silat in West Java with more recent attempts to standardize practice at a national level under the auspices of the Indonesian Pencak Silat Association. Drawing on David Sudnow’s seminal account of learning how to play jazz piano, it is suggested that learning how to improvise is (...)
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