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  1. Can Bohmian Quantum Information Help Us to Understand Consciousness?Paavo Pylkkänen - 2016 - In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS). Springer Publishing Company. pp. 76-87.
    The paper explores whether David Bohm’ s proposal about quantum theoretical active information, and the mind-matter scheme he developed on the basis of it, can help us to explain consciousness. Here it is important to acknowledge that other researchers in philosophy of mind and consciousness studies have also made use of the concept of information in their theories of mind and consciousness. For example, Dretske and Barwise and Seligman have explored the possibility that information in the sense of factual semantic (...)
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  • Fundamental Physics and the Mind – Is There a Connection?Paavo Pylkkänen - 2016 - In H. Atmanspacher, T. Filk & E. Pothos (eds.), Quantum Interaction 2015: 9th International Conference, QI 2015,. Heidelberg: Springer Publishing Company. pp. 76-87.
    Recent advances in the field of quantum cognition suggest a puzzling connection between fundamental physics and the mind. Many researchers see quantum ideas and formalisms merely as useful pragmatic tools, and do not look for deeper underlying explanations for why they work. However, others are tempted to seek for an intelligible explanation for why quantum ideas work to model cognition. This paper first draws attention to how the physicist David Bohm already in 1951 suggested that thought and quantum processes are (...)
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  • Consciousness in the Light of Quantum Theory.Paavo Pylkkänen - 2016 - In Prem Saran Satsangi, Stuart Hameroff, Vishal Sahni & Pami Dua (eds.), Consciousness: Integrating Eastern and Western Perspectives. New Delhi: New Age Books. pp. 23-34.
    This paper explores the theme “quantum approaches to consciousness” by considering the work of one of the pioneers in the field. The physicist David Bohm not only made important contributions to quantum physics, but also had a long-term interest in interpreting the results of quantum physics and relativity in order to develop a general world view. His idea was further that living and mental processes could be understood in a new, scientifically and philosophically more coherent way in the context of (...)
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  • Interference Effects of Categorization on Decision Making.Zheng Wang & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2016 - Cognition 150:133-149.
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  • Reintroducing the Concept of Complementarity Into Psychology.Zheng Wang & Jerome Busemeyer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • A Double‐Slit Experiment for Non‐Classical Interference Effects in Decision Making.Pierfrancesco La Mura - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):58-62.
    We discuss the possible nature and role of non-physical entanglement, and the classical vs. non-classical interface, in models of human decision-making. We also introduce an experimental setting designed after the double-slit experiment in physics, and discuss how it could be used to discriminate between classical and non-classical interference effects in human decisions.
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  • A Quantum Question Order Model Supported by Empirical Tests of an A Priori and Precise Prediction.Zheng Wang & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):689-710.
    Question order effects are commonly observed in self-report measures of judgment and attitude. This article develops a quantum question order model (the QQ model) to account for four types of question order effects observed in literature. First, the postulates of the QQ model are presented. Second, an a priori, parameter-free, and precise prediction, called the QQ equality, is derived from these mathematical principles, and six empirical data sets are used to test the prediction. Third, a new index is derived from (...)
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  • On Quantum Models of the Human Mind.Hongbin Wang & Yanlong Sun - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):98-103.
    Recent years have witnessed rapidly increasing interests in developing quantum theoretical models of human cognition. Quantum mechanisms have been taken seriously to describe how the mind reasons and decides. Papers in this special issue report the newest results in the field. Here we discuss why the two levels of commitment, treating the human brain as a quantum computer and merely adopting abstract quantum probability principles to model human cognition, should be integrated. We speculate that quantum cognition models gain greater modeling (...)
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  • Comments on Episodic Superposition of Memory States.Ariane Lambert‐Mogiliansky - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):63-66.
    This article develops a commentary to Charles Brainerd, Zheng Wang and Valerie F. Reyna's article entitled “Superposition of episodic memories: Overdistribution and quantum models” published in a special number of topiCS 2013 devoted to quantum modelling in cognitive sciences.
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  • Superposition of Episodic Memories: Overdistribution and Quantum Models.Charles J. Brainerd, Zheng Wang & Valerie F. Reyna - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):773-799.
    Memory exhibits episodic superposition, an analog of the quantum superposition of physical states: Before a cue for a presented or unpresented item is administered on a memory test, the item has the simultaneous potential to occupy all members of a mutually exclusive set of episodic states, though it occupies only one of those states after the cue is administered. This phenomenon can be modeled with a nonadditive probability model called overdistribution (OD), which implements fuzzy-trace theory's distinction between verbatim and gist (...)
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  • EEG Correlates of Cognitive Time Scales in the Necker-Zeno Model for Bistable Perception.J. Kornmeier, E. Friedel, M. Wittmann & H. Atmanspacher - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:136-150.
  • Conditions for Quantum Interference in Cognitive Sciences.Vyacheslav I. Yukalov & Didier Sornette - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):79-90.
    We present a general classification of the conditions under which cognitive science, concerned, e.g. with decision making, requires the use of quantum theoretical notions. The analysis is done in the frame of the mathematical approach based on the theory of quantum measurements. We stress that quantum effects in cognition can arise only when decisions are made under uncertainty. Conditions for the appearance of quantum interference in cognitive sciences and the conditions when interference cannot arise are formulated.
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  • Comments on Quantum Probability Theory.Steven Sloman - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):47-52.
    Quantum probability theory (QP) is the best formal representation available of the most common form of judgment involving attribute comparison (inside judgment). People are capable, however, of judgments that involve proportions over sets of instances (outside judgment). Here, the theory does not do so well. I discuss the theory both in terms of descriptive adequacy and normative appropriateness.
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  • Quantum Cognition: A New Theoretical Approach to Psychology.Peter D. Bruza, Zheng Wang & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (7):383-393.
  • On Selective Influences, Marginal Selectivity, and Bell/CHSH Inequalities.Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov & Janne V. Kujala - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):121-128.
    The Bell/CHSH inequalities of quantum physics are identical with the inequalities derived in mathematical psychology for the problem of selective influences in cases involving two binary experimental factors and two binary random variables recorded in response to them. The following points are made regarding cognitive science applications: (1) compliance of data with these inequalities is informative only if the data satisfy the requirement known as marginal selectivity; (2) both violations of marginal selectivity and violations of the Bell/CHSH inequalities are interpretable (...)
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  • Quantum Walks in Brain Microtubules—A Biomolecular Basis for Quantum Cognition?Stuart Hameroff - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):91-97.
    Cognitive decisions are best described by quantum mathematics. Do quantum information devices operate in the brain? What would they look like? Fuss and Navarro () describe quantum lattice registers in which quantum superpositioned pathways interact (compute/integrate) as ‘quantum walks’ akin to Feynman's path integral in a lattice (e.g. the ‘Feynman quantum chessboard’). Simultaneous alternate pathways eventually reduce (collapse), selecting one particular pathway in a cognitive decision, or choice. This paper describes how quantum walks in a Feynman chessboard are conceptually identical (...)
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  • Is There a Conjunction Fallacy in Legal Probabilistic Decision Making?Bartosz W. Wojciechowski & Emmanuel M. Pothos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Quantum Theory and Human Perception of the Macro-World.Diederik Aerts - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • The Necker–Zeno Model for Bistable Perception.Harald Atmanspacher & Thomas Filk - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):800-817.
    A novel conceptual framework for theoretical psychology is presented and illustrated for the example of bistable perception. A basic formal feature of this framework is the non-commutativity of operations acting on mental states. A corresponding model for the bistable perception of ambiguous stimuli, the Necker–Zeno model, is sketched and some empirical evidence for it so far is described. It is discussed how a temporal non-locality of mental states, predicted by the model, can be understood and tested.
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  • Quantum Cognition: Key Issues and Discussion.Jerome R. Busemeyer & Zheng Wang - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):43-46.
    Quantum cognition is an emerging field that uses mathematical principles of quantum theory to help formalize and understand cognitive systems and processes. The topic on the potential of using quantum theory to build models of cognition (Volume 5, issue 4) introduces and synthesizes its new development through an introduction and six core articles. The current issue presents 14 commentaries on the core articles. Five key issues surface, some of which are interestingly controversial and debatable as expected for a new emerging (...)
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  • Schrödinger’s Cat and the Dog That Didn’T Bark: Why Quantum Mechanics is Irrelevant to the Social Sciences.David Waldner - 2017 - Critical Review 29 (2):199-233.
    ABSTRACTAlexander Wendt’s Quantum Mind and Social Science reopens the question of the relevance of quantum mechanics to the social sciences. In response, I argue that due to “quantum decoherence,” the macroscopic world filters out quantum effects. Moreover, quantum decoherence makes it unlikely that the theory of quantum brains, on which Wendt relies, is true. Finally, while quantum decision theory is a potentially revolutionary field, it has not clearly accounted for alleged anomalies in classical understandings of decision making. However, the logic (...)
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  • Corrigendum: Is There a Conjunction Fallacy in Legal Probabilistic Decision Making?Bartosz W. Wojciechowski & Emmanuel M. Pothos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Sometimes It Does Hurt to Ask: The Constructive Role of Articulating Impressions.Lee C. White, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):48-64.
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